samedi 30 mai 2015

Psychose, psychanalyse et psychiatrie dans l'Amérique d'après-guerre

Psychosis, Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry in Post War USA: On the borderland of madness


Orna Ophir

Hardcover: 226 pages
Publisher: Routledge (June 1, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 113882352X
ISBN-13: 978-1138823525


Covering the last four decades of the 20th century, this book explores the unwritten history of the struggles between psychoanalysis and psychiatry in post war USA, inaugurated by the neo-somatic revolution which had profound consequences for the treatment of psychotic patients. Analysing and synthesising major developments in this critical and clinical field, Orna Ophir discusses how leading theories redefined what schizophrenia is, and how to treat it, offering a fresh interpretation of the nature and challenges of the psychoanalytic profession. The book also considers the internal dynamics and conflicts within mental health organizations, their theoretical paradigms and therapeutic practices.

Opening a timely debate considering both the continuing relevance and the inherent limitations of the psychoanalytic approach, the book demonstrates how psychoanalysts reinterpreted their professional identity by formalizing and disseminating knowledge among their fellow practitioners, while negotiating with neighbouring professions in the medical fields, such as psychiatry, pharmacology, and the burgeoning neurosciences. Chapters explore the ways in which psychoanalysts constructed - and also transgressed upon - the boundaries of their professional identity and practice as they sought to understand schizophrenia and treat its patients. The book argues that among the many relationships psychoanalysis sustained with psychiatry, some weakened their own social role as service providers, while others made the theory and practice of psychoanalysis a viable contender in the jurisdictional struggles between professions.

Psychosis, Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry in Post War USA will appeal to researchers, academics, graduate students and advanced undergraduates who are interested in the history of psychoanalysis, psychiatry, the medical humanities, and the history of science and ideas. It will also be of interest to clinicians, health care professionals and other practitioners.

Colloque de la SFHSH

Colloque de la SFHSH - Histoire des sciences humaines et sociales

Appel à communications


Paris, 5-6 novembre 2015



De nombreux travaux de recherches, souvent isolés, ont porté et portent sur l'histoire des sciences humaines et sociales. En France, une société (la Société Française pour l'Histoire des Sciences de l'Homme, SFHSH) et une revue (La Revue d'histoire des sciences
humaines) ont entrepris depuis plusieurs décennies de donner à ce domaine de recherche une consistance intellectuelle qui fasse apparaître des thématiques émergentes, souvent transversales aux disciplines des sciences humaines et sociales contemporaines.

Emanant de la SFHSH, cet appel à communication vise à renforcer la visibilité des recherches en histoire des sciences humaines et sociales et à susciter échanges et dialogues entre jeunes chercheurs et chercheurs confirmés qui travaillent souvent dans des institutions ou des disciplines distinctes. Au cours de ces échanges, des problématiques et des objets nouveaux pourront émerger, tandis que des objets déjà étudiés pourront être revisités.

Les propositions de symposium et de communications pourront porter sur les pistes de recherche et de problématisation suivantes (liste non
limitative) :

-Enquêtes et terrains.

-Usages et applications. Des sciences pour l'action.

-Acteurs et actrices.

-La question des frontières des sciences humaines et sociales. Arts, littérature, sciences de la nature etc.

-Pratiques, méthodes, cultures matérielles des sciences humaines et sociales.

-Historicité, sources, historiographies des sciences humaines et sociales.

-Institutions

-Circulations, réceptions, appropriations



Les propositions de symposiums (trois à cinq participants) devront comporter une présentation générale de la thématique (une page environ accompagnée d’une courte bibliographie, quelques lignes de présentation de l’auteur) et les résumés de chaque communication (une page environ accompagnée d’une courte bibliographie, quelques lignes de présentation de l’auteur)

Les propositions de communication hors symposium comporteront une page environ, accompagnées d'une courte bibliographie et quelques lignes de biographie de l’auteur.

Ces propositions devront être adressées à la fois à Jacqueline Carroy (secrétaire de la SFHSH) et Nathalie Richard (présidente de la SFHSH) pour le lundi 20 juin 2015.




Le conseil d'administration de la SFHSH est le comité scientifique du colloque. Il examinera les propositions en juin 2015 et fera connaître ses réponses aux participants début juillet 2015.


Composition du conseil scientifique du colloque : Jacqueline Carroy,  
Anne-Sophie Chambost, Laurent Clauzade, Jean-Christophe Coffin, Stéphanie  Dupouy, Wolf Feuerhahn, Hervé Guillemain, Nathalie Richard.



Frais d’inscription au colloque :
Non membres : 40€
Membres de la SFHSH à jour de leur cotisation : 10€
Étudiants : 10€

Nathalie Richard
Chargée de mission culture scientifique, technique et industrielle Professeur d'histoire contemporaine CERHIO (CNRS UMR 6258) Université du Maine, Le Mans, France

vendredi 29 mai 2015

La création du système de santé amércain

Ensuring America's Health: The Public Creation of the Corporate Health Care System 

Christy Ford Chapin 

Hardcover: 368 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (May 31, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 110704488X
ISBN-13: 978-1107044883


Ensuring America's Health explains why the US health care system offers world-class medical services to some patients but is also exceedingly costly with fragmented care, poor distribution, and increasingly bureaucratized processes. Based on exhaustive historical research, this work traces how public and private power merged to favor a distinctive economic model that places insurance companies at the center of the system, where they both finance and oversee medical care. Although the insurance company model was created during the 1930s, it continues to drive health care cost and quality problems today. This wide-ranging work not only evaluates the overarching political and economic framework of the medical system but also provides rich narrative detail, examining the political dramas, corporate maneuverings, and forceful personalities that created American health care as we know it. This book breaks new ground in the fields of health care history, organizational studies, and American political economy.

L'éthique médicale dans la Colombie du XIXe siècle

Medical Ethics in 19th-Century Colombia: The medical profession in a newly independent country


Eduardo Diaz Amado, MD PhD
Associate Professor, Bioethics Institute, Pontifical Xavierian University, Bogota, Colombia


Wednesday, 24 June 2015, 11.00 a.m., Department of Philosophy, Seminar Room 005, 48 Old Elvet, Durham



With the rise and rapid worldwide expansion of bioethics since the mid-20th century the way to define “the ethical” in medicine has changed dramatically. In this context, the term “medical ethics” ended up being associated with what bioethicists themselves depict as the old (unacceptable) style of practising medicine, that is, medical paternalism and medical ethics understood as mere “medical etiquette”. However, in the last few years scholars from different sides, including historians of medicine and bioethicists themselves, have started to adopt a historical approach instead of the bioethicists’ tale to explain the nature and history of medical ethics. This has proven to be a very fruitful undertaking. Inspired by this trend, a collaborative research project on the history of medical ethics in Colombia and the United Kingdom in the 19th century, a comparative study, was launched at the end of 2014. In this presentation I will discuss three aspects related to the Colombian branch of the project: first, the expected contributions of this research initiative not only for bioethics, but also for the development of related fields like history and philosophy of medicine as well as medical humanities; second, the question of how to understand “medical ethics” in a “historical perspective”; and third, an overview of some preliminary findings of the project, in particular that in Colombia shaping the medical profession and building a new country were processes that went hand in hand in this century. 

jeudi 28 mai 2015

Hippocrate et l'institution de la médecine

La pratique, le discours et la règle. Hippocrate et l'institution de la médecine

Jean Lombard

L'Harmattan
Hippocrate et Platon, études de philosophie de la médecine
ISBN : 978-2-343-06371-3 • 15 mai 2015 • 164 pages




La médecine antique nous semble balbutiante et périmée. Elle peut se lire comme un début, une avancée glorieuse mais réversible à laquelle la médecine moderne aurait d'une certaine façon mis un terme. Pourtant, plus qu'un moment daté elle est un commencement, où la médecine de l'Occident est instituée. Hippocrate représente un accès à la genèse archivée mais vivante du geste médical.

Peter Warren Travelling Scholarship

The Peter Warren Travelling Scholarship

Call for applications


The Peter Warren Travelling Scholarship funds research projects undertaken by residents, in Royal College accredited programs, studying the history of specialty medicine or postgraduate medical education in Canada. It honours Dr. Charles Peter Warren, FRCPC, the inaugural chair of the Royal College’s History and Heritage Advisory Committee, who provided leadership in our history and heritage activities until his death in May 2011 and made significant contributions over his professional career to the history of medicine in Canada.


Scholarship funds up to $1,500 for studies in specialty medical history

Residents pursuing studies in the history of specialty medicine or postgraduate medical education in Canada are invited to apply for the Royal College’s Peter Warren Travelling Scholarship.

The scholarship funds up to $1,500 per project and encourages recipients to visit our celebrated Roddick Room library in Ottawa, Ont., and research the historical archives of the Royal College.

Click here to apply. Send your submissions to awards@royalcollege.ca before September 11, 2015, 4 p.m., EST. Contact us via the same email address if you have any questions.

This opportunity is open to residents in a Royal College accredited postgraduate program. Full eligibility criteria and submission details are on our website.

mercredi 27 mai 2015

Anatomies humaine et animale sous Lousi XIV

The Courtiers' Anatomists: Animals and Humans in Louis XIV's Paris 

Anita Guerrini


Hardcover: 352 pages
Publisher: University Of Chicago Press; 1 edition (May 27, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0226247663

The Courtiers' Anatomists is about dead bodies and live animals in Louis XIV's Paris--and the surprising links between them. Examining the practice of seventeenth-century anatomy, Anita Guerrini reveals how anatomy and natural history were connected through animal dissection and vivisection. Driven by an insatiable curiosity, Parisian scientists, with the support of the king, dissected hundreds of animals from the royal menageries and the streets of Paris. Guerrini is the first to tell the story of Joseph-Guichard Duverney, who performed violent, riot-inducing dissections of both animal and human bodies before the king at Versailles and in front of hundreds of spectators at the King's Garden in Paris. At the Paris Academy of Sciences, meanwhile, Claude Perrault, with the help of Duverney’s dissections, edited two folios in the 1670s filled with lavish illustrations by court artists of exotic royal animals.

Through the stories of Duverney and Perrault, as well as those of Marin Cureau de la Chambre, Jean Pecquet, and Louis Gayant, The Courtiers' Anatomists explores the relationships between empiricism and theory, human and animal, as well as the origins of the natural history museum and the relationship between science and other cultural activities, including art, music, and literature.

Vaccination and Anti-Vaccination

Vaccination and Anti-Vaccination: The Science, History, Ethics, Public Health, Medical, and Policy Aspects of a Contested Issue

McMaster Demystifying Medicine seminar series 2015

This event is co-organized with the Hannah Unit in the History of Medicine.


Thursday, May 28, 2015
2:00 pm to 5:00 pm (NEW: please see detailed program here)

MDCL 3020, building 52 (please click here for map)

Speakers:
Ellen Amster | Jason A. Hannah Chair in the History of Medicine, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of History [Historian]

Julie Emili | Director of Public Health and Preventive Residency Program, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics [Public Health]

Gordon Guyatt | Distinguished Professor, Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Department of Medicine, CLARITY program [EBM]

Mark Loeb | Director of Infectious Disease Program, Department of Pathology and Molecular Medicine, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics [Infectious disease]

Matthew Miller | McMaster Immunology Research Center, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedicine. [Immunology]

Jeffrey Pernica | Head of the Division of Pediatric Infectious Disease and Associate Professor in the Department of Pediatrics [Pediatrics, infectious disease]

Learning Objectives:
To develop a more complex and interdisciplinary understanding of vaccination itself and its social, ethical, legal, medical, economic, scientific, historical, and political implications.
To understand anti-vaccination and vaccine hesitancy in multidisciplinary perspective, (social, ethical, legal, medical, economic, and political).
To provide clinical health care professionals with specific information about vaccines, vaccination, contagious disease and anti-vaccination, for use in interactions with patients, the public, and stakeholders.
To develop new strategies for educating the public and patients about vaccines, and strategies for inviting collaboration by key social actors and stakeholders.

Contact Info:
Dr. Kjetil Ask or Dr. Ellen Amster
Email: demystifyingmedicine@gmail.com, amstere@mcmaster.ca

Sara Sellers
Phone: 905-525-9140 Ext. 76706
Accreditation statement:

Each seminar meets the accreditation criteria of The College of Family Physicians of Canada and has been accredited by McMaster Continuing Health Science Education for up to 1.5 Mainpro-M1 credits.

This activity is an Accredited Group Learning Activity (Section 1) as defined by the Maintenance of Certification program of The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and approved by McMaster Continuing Health Science Education for up to 1.5 MOC Section 1 credits

Attendees seeking accreditation will need an ETA (Event Tracking Assistant) account. Please contact Sara Sellers to set up an account.