samedi 31 janvier 2015

La médecine des anciens égyptiens (1)

The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians: 1: Surgery, Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Pediatrics

Eugen Strouhal  Bretislav Vachala et Hana Vymazalová (Author)

Katerina Millerova (Translator) 


  • Hardcover: 272 pages
  • Publisher: The American University in Cairo Press; 1 edition (January 14, 2015)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 977416640X
  • ISBN-13: 978-9774166402

Ancient Egyptian medicine employed advanced surgical practices, while the prevention and treatment of diseases relied mostly on natural remedies and magical incantations. In the first of two volumes, The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians explores these two different aspects, using textual sources and physical evidence to cast light on the state of ancient medical knowledge and practice and the hardships of everyday life experienced by the inhabitants of the land on the Nile.

The first part of the book focuses on ancient Egyptian surgery, drawing mainly on cases described in the Edwin Smith papyrus, which details a number of injuries listed by type and severity. These demonstrate the rational approach employed by ancient physicians in the treatment of injured patients. Additional surgical cases are drawn from the Ebers papyrus.

The chapters that follow cover gynecology, obstetrics, and pediatric cases, with translations from the Kahun gynecological papyrus and other medical texts, illustrating a wide range of ailments that women and young children suffered in antiquity, and how they were treated.

Illustrated with more than sixty photographs and line drawings, The Medicine of the Ancient Egyptians is highly recommended reading for scholars of ancient Egyptian medicine and magic, as well as for paleopathologists, medical historians, and physical anthropologists.

Standards alimentaires et santé urbaine dans l'Angleterre médiévale

“Poky Pigges and Stynkynge Makerels”: food standards and urban health in later medieval England’

Lecture by Prof Carole Rawcliffe (University of East Anglia)

There is still a widespread assumption that medieval men and women smothered their meat and fish with spices in order to conceal the stench of decay, and rarely consumed anything that was fresh or wholesome. The problems facing a society that lacked refrigeration, the means of transporting food rapidly from producer to consumer and, of course, the microscope, should not be underestimated. But nor should we assume that medieval Englishmen and women were indifferent to the quality of what they ate, or unaware of the dangers posed by contamination. On the contrary, the profusion of evidence in national and local archives of attempts to regulate markets and victuallers, and the growing number of vernacular texts devoted to dietary health would suggest that food standards were something of a late medieval obsession.

In certain respects, such as the insistence that bulls should be baited before slaughter, ideas about what actually constituted a threat to survival were very different to our own, yet they were no less logical, being based upon what then appeared to be sound physiological principles. Successive outbreaks of plague, from 1348 onwards, gave an added impetus to the sanitary measures introduced by urban authorities, since it was understood that poor nutrition would render communities more vulnerable to infection. The religious imperative that obliged the rich to provide food for their less affluent neighbours also played a vital role in this regard.





Location: Wellcome Library, 183 Euston Road, London, NW1 2BE.
Doors open at 6pm and we'll start the seminar at 6.15pm.


More info: http://blog.wellcomelibrary.org/2015/01/poky-pigges-and-stynkynge-makerels/ and on the other seminars in the series: http://blog.wellcomelibrary.org/2015/01/pre-modern-medicine-seminars-spring-2015-programme/

vendredi 30 janvier 2015

Archéologie de la psychothérapie en Corée

Archaeology of Psychotherapy in Korea: A study of Korean therapeutic work and professional growth

Haeyoung Jeong

Series: Routledge Studies in Asian Behavioural Sciences
Hardcover: 164 pages
Publisher: Routledge (January 23, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1138793804


This is the first English book dedicated solely to the historical development of psychotherapy in Korea. It is an archaeological research of literature relating to the care and treatment of mind in Korean history in dialogue with spiritual, philosophical, cultural, social, and medical perspectives. It reviews the evolution of different approaches on mental illnesses covering autochthonous practices, psychiatry, clinical psychology, counseling, Western psychotherapy, and Korean psychotherapy. Archaeology of Psychotherapy in Korea inspects:
  • Folk Treatment
  • First Psychiatry
  • Influence from Clinical Psychology
  • Counselling Development
  • Implementation of Western Psychotherapy
  • Shaping of Korean Psychotherapy
Its discussion engages firmly with the Korean culture and perspective while acknowledging various extrinsic influences and the fact that Korean psychotherapy continues to evolve in its own unique manner. It aims to refine the understanding of psychotherapy development in Korea in connection with its historical and social backgrounds, and to interpret a way to highlight the culturally relevant psychotherapy that is more suitable as a Korean psychotherapy better attuned to the distinct cultural and societal expectation of Korea.

La psychiatrie et les autres cultures

Psychiatry and other cultures: a historical perspective

Call for papers

Study conference
Museum of the History of Psychiatry S. Lazzaro, Reggio Emilia, Italy
September 2015, exact date to be confirmed

Historically, psychiatry had to measure itself with various kinds of diversity (ethnic, cultural, religious, linguistic, gender), often labelling them as lacking, inferior or even dangerous.The Centre for the History of Psychiatry of Reggio Emilia announces a study conference in order tofocus on the various "encounters" psychiatry has had, since its origins, with those diversities.In particular, presentations on the following issues are sought for:
· Colonial psychiatry: contributions which, through case studies (e.g. biographies ofpsychiatrists, chronicles of mental hospitals, debates on scientific journals etc.), may expandour understanding of this topic reporting Italian and foreign experiences, also comparing different national traditions.
· How psychiatry has dealt, as early as the nineteenth century, but especially in the lastcentury, with the consequences ofmigration on the lives and mental health of millions ofpeople. Papers concerning Italian emigration abroad (transoceanic and European) and also internal migration after World War II, are particularly welcome.
· The history of ethnopsychiatry. Contributions on the origins of transcultural psychiatry aswell as on the most significant representatives of this “boundary” discipline will beaccepted,. We would like to promote research onthe way ethnopsychiatry re-read the historyof psychiatry and re-framed between mental illness, culture and care adopting an historical perspective.
Scholars of all experience levels are invited to submit proposals for papers, sending a Summary inItalian or English (max 500 words),) by 31 March 2015. A completed application form (see attached) and Author’scurriculum vitae should by sent by email together with the Summary to the following email address: chiara.bombardieri@ausl.re.it (specifying in subject: Conference: Psychiatry and other cultures: a historical perspective).
The Scientific Committee of the Centre for the History of Psychiatry will screen submissions and chosen contributions will be included in the official program of the Conference by May 2015.

Conference proceedings will be published.

Website www.ausl.re.it
The Scientific Committee of the Centre: Laura Carlini Fanfogna, Vinzia Fiorino, Gian Maria Galeazzi, Giorgia Lombardini, Roberto Macellari, Francesco Paolella, Paolo Francesco Peloso, Luca Pingani, Lisa Roscioni, Roberto Salati, Mauro Simonazzi, Luigi Tagliabue
The Executive Committee of the Centre: Gaddomaria Grassi, Mila Ferri, Giordano Gasparini, Elisabetta Farioli, Chiara Bombardieri
Conference Coordinator: Francesco Paolella
Conference Institutional Partners: AUSL of Reggio Emilia, Municipality of Reggio Emilia.

jeudi 29 janvier 2015

L'audition au XVIIIe et XIXe siècles

Society, Culture and the Auditory Imagination in Modern France: The Humanity of Hearing

Ingrid Sykes

  • Hardcover: 184 pages
  • Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (January 27, 2015)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1137455349
  • ISBN-13: 978-1137455345

This book examines the striking way in which medical and scientific work on hearing in eighteenth and nineteenth-century France helped to shape modern French society and culture. Contemporary scientists and anatomists had to come to terms with a new kind of transformative physiology within the material site of the human ear, one that had the potential to construct space and place in the most powerful way imaginable. Auditory medical specialists found themselves at the center of pivotal philosophical, political and social debates on how the individual citizen might use their ears to reach out to those around them constructing broader, protective models of social reform. Sykes makes the case that of all the senses hearing offered the greatest resources for remodelling the idea of the universal human condition within the modern French historical setting.

Discussion autour du livre Histoire de la médecine au Québec

Discussion autour du livre Histoire de la médecine au Québec 1800-2000 (Septentrion, 2014)

vendredi 6 février 2015 -12h30
UQAM salle N-8150


Denis Goulet, médecine, Université de Sherbrooke et histoire, UQAM
Robert Gagnon, histoire, UQAM (présentateur)


Commentateur :
Peter Keating (histoire, UQAM)
Julien Prud'homme (histoire, UQAM)

Résumé: La médecine n'a pas toujours été celle que l'on connaît aujourd'hui. Il aura fallu plus de deux siècles pour passer de la naissance de la médecine clinique aux fulgurants développements de l'approche biomédicale. Denis Goulet et Robert Gagnon présentent l'évolution des pratiques et des institutions médicales ainsi que les processus de professionnalisation et de spécialisation des soins médicaux. Au cours de cette longue période, de modestes hôpitaux sont devenus de grands complexes hospitaliers, de petits regroupements de médecins ont donné naissance aux grandes fédérations médicales et de timides mesures sanitaires ont pavé la voie au développement de la médecine préventive. Dans ce long et passionnant parcours, les auteurs montrent que certains phénomènes récents tels que la surconsommation de produits thérapeutiques, la pénurie de médecins ou les débordements des hôpitaux ne datent pas d'hier et que l'évolution de la médecine au Québec est le reflet de celle de la société en général. Cet ouvrage met aussi en lumière l'importante contribution de la médecine québécoise à l'avancement des pratiques et des savoirs médicaux.

mercredi 28 janvier 2015

La photographie médicale et le symbolisme

Stiffs, Skulls & Skeletons: Medical Photography and Symbolism
 
 Stanley B. Burns & Elizabeth A. Burns







Hardcover: 304 pages
Publisher: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.; 1 edition (December 28, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0764347462
ISBN-13: 978-0764347467

This intriguing and comprehensive exploration of the skeleton and the dead body includes more than 400 rare photographs. Stanley B. Burns, MD, has studied, collected and written on medical photography for over four decades focusing on unexplored areas. His books have placed him in the forefront of medical photographic history scholarship. This work reveals the nineteenth-century fascination with the dead body and body parts. The classic visual iconography of postmortem, dissection, and bone photography is presented and expanded to include early autopsy images and X-ray studies. No prior visual work has presented the once very popular hobby of collecting skulls and also shown their use in racial and psychological profiling research. This sumptuously illustrated book with previously unpublished photographs is an extraordinary work of medical, historical and cultural research. It is a timeless visual essay that will surely become a standard resource for collectors, curators, artists, and scholars.

Vie et mort dans les archives médicales

Archival Afterlives: Life, Death, and Knowledge-Making in Early Modern British Scientific and Medical Archives

Call For Papers


The Royal Society, London, UK
June 2, 2015

Early modern naturalists and physicians collected, generated, and shared massive amounts of paper.  Inspired by calls for the wholesale reform of natural philosophy and medicine and schooled in humanist note-taking practices, they generated correspondence, reading notes (in margins, on scraps, in notebooks), experimental and observational reports, medical case histories, and drafts (rough, partial, fair) of treatises intended for circulation in manuscript or further replication in print. If naturalists claimed all knowledge as their province, natural philosophy was a paper empire.

In our own day, naturalists’ and physicians’ materials, ensconced in archives, libraries, and (occasionally) private hands, are now the foundation of a history of science and medicine that have taken a material turn towards paper, ink, pen, and filing systems as technologies of communication, information management, and knowledge production. Recently, the creation of such papers, and their originators’ organization of them and intentions for them have received much attention. The lives archives lived after their creators’ deaths have been explored less often. The posthumous fortunes of archives are crucial both to their survival as historical sources today and to their use as scientific sources in the past. 

The symposium organizers (Vera Keller, Anna Marie Roos, and Elizabeth Yale) invite thirty minute papers which engage us in thinking about genealogies of scientific influence, the material and intellectual resources that had to be deployed to continue the scientific project beyond the life of any one individual, the creation and management of scientific genius as a posthumous project, and scientific activity as a collective endeavor in which scribes, archives and library keepers, editors, digital humanists and naturalists’ and physicians’ surviving friends and family members had a stake. We especially welcome papers that treat such themes in relation to the history of medicine. Conference travel and accommodation support is available pending the outcome of grant applications. 

Please send a brief paper abstract and CV to vkeller@uoregon.edu  by February 22, 2015.

Confirmed participants:
 Richard Serjeantson, Trinity College, Cambridge University
Leigh Penman, The University of Queensland, Australia
Lauren Kassell (keynote), Pembroke College, Cambridge University
Michael Hunter (commentary), Birkbeck College, University of London
Anna Marie Roos, University of Lincoln
Vera Keller, University of Oregon
Elizabeth Yale, University of Iowa 
Victoria Sloyan, Wellcome Library