dimanche 23 octobre 2016

Odontologie médico-légale et Seconde Guerre mondiale

Odontologie médico-légale et Seconde Guerre mondiale
Mélanie Decobert

Préface de Xavier Riaud 

Collection "Médecine à travers les siècles" Octobre 2016 • 186 pages
ISBN : 978-2-343-10134-7 •

Environ 60 millions de personnes sont mortes pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. la majorité des corps n'a pas pu être identifiée, laissant des familles dans l'impossibilité de faire le moindre deuil ; Mélanie Decobert s'est attachée à démontrer que les techniques utilisées en odontologie médico-légale pouvaient apporter une aide considérable à cette fin, dans la connaissance de cette période et dans la résolution des problèmes consécutifs à toute disparition. L'auteur est parvenu également à attester du bon usage des analyses ADN dans l'identification de restes humains (civils ou militaires).

Les cardiologies médiévales

Affairs of the Heart: Medieval Cardiologies

A Symposium

28-29 October

Indiana University

28 October, Friday, 
Hoagy Carmichael Room, Morrisson 006

3:00-3:15 p.m. Lucas Wood, Introductory Remarks

3:15-5:00 p.m. Session 1 (Moderator: Diane Reilly)
Julie Orlemanski, "The Wound Man's Heart"

Elizabeth Sandoval, "Cordiform Identity in Young Man Holding a Prayer Book"

5:00-6:00 p.m. Reception

29 October, Saturday, CAHI

10:00-11:45 a.m. Session 2 (Moderator: Karma Lochrie)
Guadalupe Gonzalez Dieguez, "The Cleansing of the Prophet Muhammad's Heart in Early Castilian Texts"

Shannon Gayk, "Lo, here my herte": "O Man Unkinde," Prayer Rolls, and the Power of the Pierced Heart"

Lunch Break

1:00-2:45 p.m. Session 3 (Moderator: Rosemarie McGerr)
Lucas Wood, "The Taste of Desire in Ignaure, or, Do Courtly Lovers Speak from the Heart?"

Claire Jones, "The Heart as Relic in Konrad von Wuerzburg's Herzmaere"

3:00-4:45 p.m. Session 4 (Moderator: Hall Bjørnstad)
Elizaveta Strakhov, "Gone 'Hert-huntyng' for Meaning in Chaucer's Book of the Duchess"

Sonia Velazquez, "Cannibalizing the Past: Eating the Heart, Birthing the Novel in Cervantes"


4:55-5:10 p.m. Patty Ingham, Closing Remarks

5:20-6:00 p.m. Performance of heart-themed medieval music

L'invention de la médecine académique au 12e siècle

How the Twelfth Century Invented Academic Medicine

Lecture by by Professor Faith Wallis 

2016 History & Classical Studies Homecoming lecture

Saturday October 29, 2016
4:00 – 6:00 PM

Théâtre J. Armand Bombardier
McCord Museum/Musée McCord
690 Sherbrooke St. West

The fact that medicine is now taught in universities, and is considered a science as well as an art, is the achievement of western Europe in the 12th century. To illustrate how this academic turn came about, and how medicine was re-shaped as a science and a learned profession, we will explore the lectures of a pioneering professor, Bartholomaeus of Salerno. Not only was Bartholomaeus extremely influential, but his lectures are vivid and racy, filled with examples from daily life, and controversial statements about the burning issues of the day.

Faith Wallis is a prolific historian of medieval Europe, specializing in the history of science and medicine. At McGill University, she holds a joint appointment with the Department of Social Studies and Medicine and the Department of History and Classical Studies. She is a a winner of the H. Noel Fieldhouse Award for Distinguished Teaching in McGill’s Faculty of Arts, and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London.

samedi 22 octobre 2016

Le IIIe Reich, les Allemands et la drogue

L'extase totale. Le IIIe Reich, les Allemands et la drogue

Norman OHLER

Postface de Hans MOMMSEN
Traduit par Vincent PLATINI

Collection : Hors collection Sciences Humaines
Parution : septembre 2016
Prix : 21 €
ISBN : 9782707190727
Dimensions : 155 * 240 mm
Nb de pages : 250

La drogue est la continuation de la politique par d’autres moyens : telle est sans doute l’une des leçons les plus méconnues du IIIe Reich… Découverte au milieu des années 1930 et commercialisée sous le nom de pervitine, la méthamphétamine s’est bientôt imposée à toute la société allemande. Des étudiants aux ouvriers, des intellectuels aux dirigeants politiques et aux femmes au foyer, les petites pilules ont rapidement fait partie du quotidien, pour le plus grand bénéfice du régime : tout allait plus vite, on travaillait mieux, l’enthousiasme était de retour, un nouvel élan s’emparait de l’Allemagne.
Quand la guerre a éclaté, trente-cinq millions de doses de pervitine ont été commandées pour la Wehrmacht : le Blitzkrieg fut littéralement une guerre du « speed ». Mais, si la drogue peut expliquer les premières victoires allemandes, elle a aussi accompagné les désastres militaires. La témérité de Rommel, l’aveuglement d’un Göring morphinomane et surtout l’entêtement de l’état-major sur le front de l’Est ont des causes moins idéologiques que chimiques.
Se fondant sur des documents inédits, Norman Ohler explore cette intoxication aux conséquences mondiales. Il met notamment en lumière la relation de dépendance réciproque qui a lié le Dr Morell à son fameux « Patient A », Adolf Hitler, qu’il a artificiellement maintenu dans ses rêves de grandeur par des injections quotidiennes de stéroïdes, d’opiacés et de cocaïne. Mais, au-delà de cette histoire, c’est toute celle du IIIeReich que Ohler invite à relire à la lumière de ses découvertes.

Les innovations pharmaceutiques après la Seconde Guerre mondiale

Pharmaceutical innovation after World War II: from rational drug discovery to biopharmaceuticals

Call for papers

Professor Tilli Tansey (QMUL) and Dr Apostolos Zarros (QMUL) are organising a Research Topic / eBook in collaboration with ‘Frontiers in Pharmacology’ (IF = 4.418):

The twentieth century has witnessed an unprecedented advancement of biomedical sciences, especially in drug discovery and design. After World War II, life-saving pharmaceutical innovation has materialised primarily through systematic research, and has consisted of a series of thematic developments that have been tightly-linked not only to the contemporary technological advances, but also particularly to the contemporary understanding of human physiology and pathophysiology.

This Research Topic aims to delineate and conceptualise pharmaceutical innovation within the twentieth century, with an emphasis on the post-World War II era, and to highlight its roots and pathways throughout that period. From the systematic assessment of botanicals and vital stains to the era of structural biology and computational modelling, authors are invited to contribute to the analysis of the historical and scientific details that have shaped pharmaceutical innovation.

For more information please see the announcement on our website, here:

Santé, médecine et Première Guerre mondiale

Scholarship "Health, Medicine and the First World War : New Perspectives"

Call for applications

Number of scholarships : 1
ValueHome/EU Fees and Full Stipend for 3 years
Deadline : 1 December 2016
Help with Tuition fees
Duration: Three Years

The School of Humanities at the University of Strathclyde is seeking to invest in ground-breaking research into the impacts of the First World War on health and medicine. The field has been dominated by major debates about the impact of conflict on the mental health of combatants, the condition of populations in nations engaged in the war, and about the extent to which the medical challenges posed by industrial warfare stimulated innovation in surgery and medicine.

This studentship is designed to encourage imaginative and highly original projects that get beyond these debates to offer fresh perspectives on the period, particularly the ways in which people experienced and responded to conflict. Applications that include combatants and/or non-combatants, men and/or women, medical, cultural, social and/or political contexts, national case studies or transnational histories, and primary sources as diverse as pension records, works of art or medical journals would all be considered.

The project will be supervised by Dr. Emma Newlands and Professor Jim Mills and will be supported by the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare (CSHHH) Glasgow and the School of Humanities Peace, Conflict & Identity research group. The successful candidate will join the thriving postgraduate community at the CSHHH Glasgow and will be a full member of the Graduate School in Humanities and Social Sciences. History at Strathclyde was ranked second in Scotland, and ninth in the UK, by the Times Higher Education Supplement for research intensity after REF2014.

Applications should include a CV and a proposal of no more than 1000 words, which includes a clear research question, and explanation of why it is highly original, and an outline of a timetable for tackling the project.


To apply for the scholarship, you must:

Hold (or expect to achieve in 2016) a Masters Degree with Merit or Distinction.

Hold an undergraduate degree with First-Class or Upper Second-Class Honours in relevant fields or subjects

Be available to commence your academic studies in the UK by end of February 2017

Project Details

The studentship will be supervised within the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare (CSHHH) Glasgow. A collaboration between the University of Strathclyde and Glasgow Caledonian University, it has grown since 2005 to become Scotland’s leading centre for the history of health and medicine. 

The CSHHH Glasgow has an outstanding track-record in postgraduate progression. PhD students meet on a weekly basis with their supervisors, are required to attend six-monthly progress panels, and are encouraged to plan publications while completing their doctorate. Students have opportunities to build a wider set of skills through teaching on undergraduate history of medicine courses, organising seminar series and workshops, through internships with organisations such as the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST) and NHS Scotland, and participating in the full range of activities of a thriving research centre. 

The Centre’s collaboration with Shanghai University means that s/he will be able to spend a fourth year on a fully-funded fellowship in China to complete writing-up if necessary.

Contact us
For informal enquiries, please contact: 
Dr Emma Newlands: e.newlands@strath.ac.uk
Professor Jim Mills: jim.mills@strath.ac.uk

How to apply
All applicants must complete an application via the University's PEGASUS application portal
(Apply via “PhD History” and include the phrase “'Health, Medicine and the First World War: New Perspectives” in funding section.)

and then upload the following documents to this application:
  • CV
  • Research proposal of no more than 1000 words, which includes a clear research question, and explanation of why it is highly original, and an outline of a timetable for tackling the project.
  • Covering letter describing in detail your interest in and suitability for undertaking this project
  • Degree transcripts (this may be an interim transcript if you are still studying)
  • Two academic references**

**References may be provided directly from your referees if they would prefer and should be sent to hass-scholarships@strath.ac.uk no later than the deadline of 30 November. Email subject should contain: applicant name + phrases “Reference” and “REA Application – 'Health, Medicine and the First World War’.

vendredi 21 octobre 2016

L'histoire d'un couple d'artisans au siècle des Lumières

La révolte de Mme Montjean - L'histoire d'un couple d'artisans au siècle des Lumières

Arlette Farge

Date de parution : 31/08/2016 
Editeur : Albin Michel (Editions) 
ISBN : 978-2-226-32009-4 

1775, Paris est en colère. Mme Montjean aussi. Cette femme d'artisan en a assez des heures passées à coudre, à s'occuper de son foyer, des enfants... Elle veut vivre comme les aristocrates, être belle et désirable, connaître l'ivresse des sens ! Mme Montjean vient en réalité de découvrir les petits plaisirs libertins : pinceries, fouet et culottes déboutonnées… d'où son effervescence. Pendant deux ans, elle va faire tourner les têtes et conduire son mari au bord de la ruine.

Sous la plume du mari trompé, qui a tenu le journal de cette métamorphose, c'est un savoureux récit tragi-comique, digne d'une comédie de Marivaux. Mais de cette héroïne délurée dont la crise de conscience préfigure en quelque sorte la Révolution, Arlette Farge tire un passionnant livre d'histoire, celle des petites gens, du quotidien et des femmes qu'elle a toujours su à merveille illustrer. Récompensée par le prestigieux prix international Dan David, en 2016, pour l'ensemble de son œuvre, elle s'inscrit dans la lignée des études qui ont fait sa réputation (Le Goût de l'archive ; Dire et mal dire ; Le Désordre des familles…).



Appel à communications / Call for papers

An interdisciplinary graduate student conference in French and Francophone Studies
The Department of Romance Languages and Literatures
Harvard University

January 28, 2017

Keynote speaker: Irit Kleiman (Boston University)

Au-delà de la notion contestée de canon littéraire, on a tendance à désigner le recueil littéraire comme un corp(u)s, comme une collection composite d'œuvres. Chirurgiens, on découpe traditionnellement le corpus littéraire en périodes, en mouvements, en dialectes, en d’autres classifications variées... D'où vient cette obstination à assimiler la littérature au corps humain ? Et quand la littérature elle-même traite la thématique du corps, comment cette pratique change-t-elle ? En considérant l'idée du corporel dans la littérature sous diverses formes (l'identité sexuelle, la performativité, le texte et le tissu, l'abject, les affects, la violence, etc...) ainsi que le rapport entre l’intellectuel et le corporel, on pourrait toucher à une meilleure compréhension de cette tendance au seuil (et au sein) de notre discipline.

Nous cherchons des propositions qui sont en rapport avec des questions et des théories sur le corps et sa place dans l’écriture de toute période. Nous encourageons des propositions provenant d’une variété de disciplines, y compris, mais non limitées à : littérature comparée, langues modernes et classiques, études de théâtre, études de genre, musique, histoire, etc. Les propositions devraient toucher à une source ou une inspiration francophone, mais les projets interdisciplinaires sont les bienvenus.

Nous cherchons des propositions de communications sur les sujets suivants, mais cette liste n’est pas exhaustive :
  • Le traumatisme
  • Le plaisir / le dégoût
  • Des corps grotesques ou monstrueux
  • La voix
  • Le genre / gender
  • Les dissections / les catégorisations
  • La canonisation / les reliques
  • Le handicap
  • La maladie / la santé
  • Des textes médicaux
  • Le transhumanisme
  • Des corps “marqués”
  • Des tabous
Nous invitons des propositions des étudiants de Master et de Doctorat. Les communications peuvent être en français ou en anglais et ne devraient pas dépasser 20 minutes. Veuillez envoyer les propositions (250 mots maximum) à harvardfrenchgradconference17@gmail.com avant le 4 novembre 2016. Les propositions doivent indiquer le titre de la communication, le nom de l’étudiant(e), ses coordonnées, et son affiliation institutionnelle/départementale.


Beyond the contested notion of the literary canon as an object of study, we as scholars have a marked tendency to treat literary collections as a corpus, as a composite collectivity of works that seems to stand on its own. Surgeons, we traditionally slice ‘bodies of literature’ into periods, movements, dialects, and other various classifications. What gives rise to this stubborn drive to assimilate literature to the human body? And when literature itself addresses the human body as a theme, how does this usage change? By considering the idea of the corporeal within literature in its diverse forms (sexual identity, performativity, text and its various tissues or textiles, the abject, questions of affect, violence, etc…) as well as the connection between the intellectual and corporeal, one might sound out a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of this proclivity on the surface (and at the heart) of our discipline.

We are now seeking submissions that are in dialogue with questions and theories of the body’s place in written texts from any time period. We encourage papers founded in a variety of disciplines, including but not limited to: Comparative Literature, Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures, Theatre, Gender and Women’s Studies, Music, History, etc. Abstracts should demonstrate a concern for or a connection with French or Francophone sources, but we especially welcome interdisciplinary projects.

Topics may include but are not limited to:
  • Trauma
  • Pleasure / Disgust
  • Grotesque or monstrous bodies
  • The voice
  • Genre / Gender
  • Dissections / Categorizations
  • Canonization / Relics
  • Disability
  • Sickness / Health
  • Medical texts
  • Transhumanism
  • “Marked” bodies
  • Taboos

We welcome submissions from current graduate students. Presentations may be in French or English and should not exceed 20 minutes. Please send abstracts (250 words maximum) to harvardfrenchgradconference17@gmail.com by November 4, 2016. Proposals should include your paper title, name, contact information, and institutional/departmental affiliation.