mercredi 22 février 2017

Histoire de la psychiatrie écossaise

Histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland


History of psychiatry, Volume 28, Issue 1, March 2017

Special Issue edited by Chris Philo and Jonathan Andrews



Articles


Introduction: histories of asylums, insanity and psychiatry in Scotland
Chris Philo, Jonathan Andrews

A ‘Scottish Poor Law of Lunacy’? Poor Law, Lunacy Law and Scotland’s parochial asylums
Lauren Farquharson

Liberty and the individual: the colony asylum in Scotland and England
Gillian Allmond

‘Noisy, restless and incoherent’: puerperal insanity at Dundee Lunatic Asylum
Morag Allan Campbell

‘The Head Carver’: Art Extraordinary and the small spaces of asylum
Cheryl McGeachan

Henderson and Meyer in correspondence: a transatlantic history of dynamic psychiatry, 1908–29
Hazel Morrison

Reconstructing the eclectic psychiatry of Thomas Ferguson Rodger
Sarah Phelan

From asylum to action in Scotland: the emergence of the Scottish Union of Mental Patients, 1971–2
Mark Gallagher

‘Heading up a blind alley’? Scottish psychiatric hospitals in the era of deinstitutionalization
Vicky Long


Classic Text No. 109

James Frame’s The Philosophy of Insanity (1860)

Jonathan Andrews, Chris Philo



Littérature, trauma et le soi

Literature, Trauma and the Self

Call for chapter proposals

CALL FOR CHAPTER PROPOSALS–LITERATURE AND PSYCHOLOGY: WRITING, TRAUMA AND THE SELF

contact email:

Centuries ago, Aristotle fashioned a term that brought literature and psychology face to face: catharsis (psychological or mental purification of the feelings). From that time onwards, literature and human psyche have been correlated either by various writers, philosophers, critics, or by means of several techniques or movements. Not only was it tragedy that combined the elements of psychology with literary production, it was also novel, poetry, short story and even some psychoanalytical theories that brought psyche and literature together. There has always been a mutual partnership of the two: psychology of men and literature of men. It was Sigmund Freud, for instance, who introduced Oedipus complex from what Sophocles held as the plot of Oedipus the King. It was Samuel Richardson who carried the earlier features of sentimental novel and the early flashes of psychological novel through his Pamela. It was Henry James who borrowed the stream of consciousness technique from psychology and introduced it to be used in literature, and then was subtly employed by James Joyce in Ulysses and by Virginia Woolf in Mrs. Dalloway. Charles Dickens, with his famous industrial novel Great Expectations, reflected the well-established norms of psychological realism. George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion was named after the mythological figure of Greek Pygmalion, and the name was also adapted into the Pygmalion effect to emphasize the observable phenomena related to the psychology and performance of men. Similarly, Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita became a focal work that impacted the birth of Lolita complex. Friedrich Nietzsche’subermensch (just as it is employed by Bernard Shaw in Superman), MartinEsslin’s theatre of the absurd (employed by Samuel Beckett in Waiting for Godot), Antonin Artaud’s theatre of cruelty (employed by Edward Bond in Saved) and etc. all could be tackled in terms of interrelation of human psyche and literariness.

Psychology has also some observable impacts on the writer’s writing skill. Causing extreme changes in mood, bipolar disorder is addressed by many critics to be the central origin behind creativity. Such writers and critics as John Ruskin, Virginia Woolf, Edgar Allan Poe, Alan Garner, Hams Christian Anderson and Sherman Alexei among others are known to have bipolar disorder that impacted their literary creativity. Feminist urges also produced the female creativity within some genres of literature. It was Emily Dickenson, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Virginia Woolf, George Eliot, and Bronte Sisters that embraced the psychology of the power of female creativity on the way to writing. For that reason, psychology and literature live in each other’s pockets.

This proposal suggests a forum of differing ideas on the link between literature and psychology, psychology of writing, traumatic literature, the construction of the Self within literature, the psychology of characterization, psychoanalytical approaches, and the psychology of literary creativity.

The topics of interest include but not limited to the following titles:
  • Psychology of Literature
  • Literature of Psychology
  • Psychology and literary genres
  • Psychological theories and movements
  • Traumatic literature
  • Literature and psyche
  • Auto/biography and psyche
  • Psychoanalytical approaches
  • The psychology of Self and Literature
  • The Psychology of Writing
  • Trauma and Writing
  • The Self and Writing
  • Psychology and Creativity

Submission Procedure
Researchers and practitioners are invited to submit on or before March 31, 2017, a chapter proposal of 1,000 to 2,000 words clearly explaining the mission and concerns of his or her proposed chapter. Authors will be notified by April 30, 2017 about the status of their proposals and sent chapter guidelines. Full chapters are expected to be submitted by October 30, 2017, and all interested authors must consult the guidelines for manuscript submissions athttp://www.cambridgescholars.com/t/AuthorFormsGuidelines prior to submission. All submitted chapters will be reviewed on a double-blind review basis. Contributors may also be requested to serve as reviewers for this project.

Note: There are no submission or acceptance fees for manuscripts submitted to this book publication, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. All manuscripts are accepted based on a double-blind peer review editorial process.

Publisher
This book is scheduled to be published by Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. For additional information regarding the publisher, please visit http://www.cambridgescholars.com/. This publication is anticipated to be released in 2018.

Important Dates
March 31, 2017: Proposal Submission Deadline
April 30, 2017: Notification of Acceptance
October 30, 2017: Full Chapter Submission
December 30, 2017: Review Results Returned
January 30, 2018: Final Acceptance Notification
February 15, 2018: Final Chapter Submission
April 15, 2018:Manuscript delivery date

Inquiries
Editor’s Name: Önder Çakırtaş
Editor’s Affiliation: PhD, Assistant Professor, Bingol University (Turkey), Department of English Language and Literature
Editor’s Contact Information
Bingöl Üniversitesi
Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi
Oda No:D2-8 12000 Bingöl/TÜRKİYE

Alcool, psychiatrie et société

Alcohol, Psychiatry and Society

Call for Abstracts 


International Research Symposium – St Anne’s College, Oxford, 29 – 30 June 2017

The medicalisation of alcohol use has become a prominent discourse that guides policy makers and impacts public perceptions of alcohol and drinking. This symposium intends to map the historical and cultural dimensions of these phenomena. Emphasis is on medical attitudes and theories regarding alcohol and the changing perception of alcohol consumption in the fields of psychiatry and mental healing. The intention is to explore the shift from the use of alcohol in clinical treatment, as part of dietary regimens, incentive to work and reward for desirable behaviour during earlier periods to the emergence of alcoholism as a disease category that requires medical intervention, is covered by medical insurance and considered as a threat to public health.

Papers on all historical periods, on different cultures and on orthodox as well as heterodox forms of mental healing are invited. Deadline for submission of abstracts: 31 March 2017.

The conference is a collaborative initiative and supported by Humanities and Social Sciences at Oxford Brookes University (UK) and the Research Unit for the History of Medicine at the Centre for Psychiatry Südwürttemberg, Ravensburg (FRG).

Contact for inquiries and submission of abstracts:

Professor Waltraud Ernst, MA, Dipl-Psych, PhD, FRHistS
Professor in History of Medicine, 1700-2015
Department of History, Philosophy and Religion
Oxford Brookes University
UK
wernst@brookes.ac.uk

Priv.-Doz. Dr. med. Thomas Müller, M.D., M.A.
Research Unit for the History of Medicine
Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I
The University of Ulm /
Centre for Psychiatry Südwürttemberg
FRG
th.mueller@zfp-zentrum.de

mardi 21 février 2017

Les dessins de Ramon y Cajal

Beautiful Brain: The Drawings of Santiago Ramon y Cajal

Larry W. Swanson, Eric Newman, Alfonso Araque & Janet M. Dubinsky 

Hardcover: 208 pages
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams (January 17, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1419722271


At the crossroads of art and science, Beautiful Brain presents Nobel Laureate Santiago Ramón y Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience through his groundbreaking artistic brain imagery.

Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934) was the father of modern neuroscience and an exceptional artist. He devoted his life to the anatomy of the brain, the body’s most complex and mysterious organ. His superhuman feats of visualization, based on fanatically precise techniques and countless hours at the microscope, resulted in some of the most remarkable illustrations in the history of science. Beautiful Brain presents a selection of his exquisite drawings of brain cells, brain regions, and neural circuits with accessible descriptive commentary.

These drawings are explored from multiple perspectives: Larry W. Swanson describes Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience; Lyndel King and Eric Himmel explore his artistic roots and achievement; Eric A. Newman provides commentary on the drawings; and Janet M. Dubinsky describes contemporary neuroscience imaging techniques. This book is the companion to a traveling exhibition opening at the Weisman Art Museum in Minneapolis in February 2017, marking the first time that many of these works, which are housed at the Instituto Cajal in Madrid, have been seen outside of Spain.

Beautiful Brain showcases Cajal’s contributions to neuroscience, explores his artistic roots and achievement, and looks at his work in relation to contemporary neuroscience imaging, appealing to general readers and professionals alike.

Le cerveau médiéval

The Medieval Brain

Interdisciplinary  Conference

9th, 10th, and 11thMarch

The Treehouse, Humanities Research Centre
(Berrick Saul Building),
University of York


Thursday 9thMarch

9.00–9.30: Registration and Coffee

9.30:Welcome: Deborah Thorpe, University of York

9.45–11.15:Session1: Language, Sound, Reconstruction
Chair: Victoria Blud

Hannah Bower(University of Oxford): ‘“Similes We Live (or Die) By”: The Use of Similes in Late Medieval English Remedy Collections’

Anja Weingart (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) and Emiliano Gio vannetti (Istituto di Linguistica Computazionale –CNR): ‘From canabo to Cannabis sativa L.: Modelling Diachronic Termino-ontological Resources in the Context of DiTMAO’

Bonnie Millar (NIHR Nottingham Hearing Biomedical Research Unit, University of Nottingham):‘Listening differently: Harmonies and cacophonies of sound, medieval and modern’

11.15–11.45:Refreshments

11.45–13.15:Session 2: Grey Matters: Structuring the Brain
Chair: Sunny Harrison

Fernando Salmón (University of Cantabria): ‘A complexional brain: Medical approaches to brain
structure and functioning in the 13 th and 14th centuries’

Shahrzad Irannejad (Johannes Gutenberg University): ‘The Brain in Avicenna'sCanon of Medicine’

Cher Casey (University of York): ‘Making Matter of the Mind: reconstructing the medieval
cranial anatomy of Cologne’s 11,000 Holy Virgin skull relics’

13.15–14.00:Lunch

14.00–15.00:Keynote, Corinne Saunders (Durham University): ‘Writing the Inner Life: Voices and Visions in Medieval Literary Texts’

15.00–15.30:Refreshments

15.30–17.00:Session 3: Emotions 
Chair: Juliana Dresvina

Jamie McKinstry (Durham University): ‘“Heavy Matters!”: Medieval Cognition and the Expression of Sadness’

Philippe Depairon (Université de Montréal):‘Laughing with Thomas: A Short History of Laughter in the 13th Century’

Alice Jorgensen (Trinity College Dublin): ‘Emotion and thought, emotion and behaviour in the
Old English Boethius’

INFORMAL DRINKS, 8.30PM BREW YORK, WALMGATE.
(Unit 6, Enterprise Complex Walmgate, York YO1 9TT)


Friday 10th March
9.30–11.00:Session 4:Order and Disorder: Physical and Psychological
Chair:  Jamie McKinstry

Rachel Gillibrand (University of Leeds): ‘Extension or Lack?: The Relationship Between Prosthetic Technologies and the Body in the Late Middle Ages’

Christina Hildebrandt (Saint Louis University): ‘Reading William Dunbar’s “My heid did ȝak ȝester nicht”as a Narrative of Impairment’

Mark Ronan (University College Dublin) : ‘Behavioral Addictions in Henryson's  Fables’

Sunny Harrison (University of Leeds): ‘Behavioural disorder, control, and occupational health in  later medieval horse medicine’

11.00 – 11.30: Refreshments

11.30 – 12.30 : Keynote talk by Carole Rawcliffe (University of East Anglia): ‘Mental Illness  and Mental Health in the Late Medieval Monastery’

Histoire des hôpitaux

History of hospitals over time

Call for Papers

The Chinese Journal of Social History of Medicine and Health is organising a special themed issue on the history of hospitals over time. The issue will be edited jointly by Professor Jonathan Reinarz (Birmingham) and Dr Fanxiang Min (Nanjing). The journal is interested in articles between 8,000-10,000 words in length. These may be sweeping surveys of particular periods (medieval, early modern, modern), or chart recent work in particular national contexts, but also map out new directions and themes in hospital history, from architecture and funding to colonial and comparative contexts. Please send one page abstracts to Jonathan Reinarz (j.reinarz@bham.ac.uk) by 30 April 2017

lundi 20 février 2017

La vieillesse dans la pensée antique

Philosophie du vieillir. Existence et temporalité dans la pensée antique

Jean Lombard


L'Harmattan
Collection « Hippocrate et Platon – Études de philosophie de la médecine »
ISBN : 978-2-343-11383-8 • 14,50 € • 126 pages

La vieillesse apparaît avec une espèce d’évidence énigmatique. Être vieux, c’est vivre dans la certitude que le véritable après se fera sans vous. Pour autant, vieillir n’est pas seulement passer de la maturité à un âge qu’on dit avancé, mais commencer, à un moment par nature insaisissable, à devenir autre en continuant à devenir soi. La vieillesse s’est ainsi imposée à l’observation des hommes dès les premiers temps de la Grèce, d’abord dans une anthropologie fondée sur le regard des dramaturges, des poètes et des acteurs de la cité, puis sur la science naissante et sur le premier discours médical, avant que la philosophie, avec Platon, disciple du septuagénaire Socrate, y découvre un poste avancé de l’existence, où se croisent la vie, la mort et le temps. De cette rencontre du chant du cygne et de l’oiseau de Minerve naîtra une éthique de l’existence ultime dont la modernité, si ardente à prolonger la vie, éprouve chaque jour le besoin.

L’AUTEUR
Jean Lombard, ancien élève de l’École Normale Supérieure de Saint-Cloud, Inspecteur d’Académie, docteur d’État, a confronté dans une vingtaine d’ouvrages l’Antiquité et la modernité à partir des champs philosophiques de la politique, de l’éducation et de la médecine en Grèce ancienne.

Maigreur et minceur dans les sociétés anciennes

Maigreur et minceur dans les sociétés anciennes. Grèce, Orient, Rome

Colloque international

Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès
Nouvelle Maison de la Recherche
(Amphi F417)

16-17 mars 2017

Dans nos sociétés contemporaines occidentales prédomine le culte de la minceur et on observe une augmentation constante des pathologies graves liées aux troubles de l’alimentation (dont la boulimie et l’anorexie). La réflexion sur la représentation de la minceur (connotée positivement), sur la conception de la maigreur (jugée négativement) dans les sociétés anciennes peut permettre de souligner les points communs mais aussi les différences notables entre ces cultures et la nôtre, à travers l’étude de leur regard et de leur jugement de valeur sur ce qu’est un corps jugé sain. Une telle analyse peut constituer un apport non négligeable dans la question encore ouverte sur la part de l’impact de l’environnement extérieur et de la pression sociale dans la quête de la minceur et le développement de la maigreur.
Le colloque international pluridisciplinaire « Maigreur et minceur dans les sociétés anciennes. Grèce, Orient, Rome » réunira des chercheurs venus de France et de l’étranger, et issus d’horizons divers : philologues, historiens (de l’alimentation, de la médecine), sociologues, anthropologues, philosophes,
littéraires, archéologues, historiens de l’art. Il s’agira d’analyser toutes les facettes de la question. Seront notamment abordées les pratiques alimentaires de restriction selon les circonstances (famine, maladie, diète), tout comme la définition et les représentations de la minceur et de la maigreur dans les sociétés anciennes, dans l’art comme dans la littérature, tous genres confondus. L’approche cherchera à combiner, voire à confronter, histoire des mentalités et étude des réalités antiques.

16 mars 2017

8h45 Accueil des participants
1. Introduction : méthodologie et vocabulaire

9h Entre histoire de l'alimentation et histoire du corps, pour une étude de la maigreur et de la minceur dans les sociétés anciennes. Estelle GALBOIS et Sylvie ROUGIER-BLANC (UT2J)

9h20
Le vocabulaire de la maigreur et de la minceur dans les langues indo-européennes : les cas du
grec et du latin.
Éric DIEU (UT2J)

9h40 Discussion

2. Maigreur, alimentation et pauvreté (prés. Pascal PAYEN)

10h
2.1 « J’ai donné du pain à celui qui avait faim… ». Manque de nourriture et inégalités alimentaires en Égypte ancienne (IIIe-IIe millénaire avant J.-C.). Christelle MAZÉ (chercheuse associée ArScAn)

10h20 Discussion

10h30 Pause café

10h50
2.2. To limon ostrakido : food and social identity in Athenian Literature (V-IVe B.C.) Aida FERNANDEZ PRIETO (Madrid)

11h10
2.3. Alimentation et classes sociales dans l’espace culturel grec : le régime des « pauvres » et des « riches » en confrontation. Andrea FESI (Paris Sorbonne)

11h30 Discussion

12h Pause Déjeuner

3. Esthétique de la maigreur et de la minceur Orient et Grèce (prés. Estelle GALBOIS)

14h
3.1. Minceur ou obésité sous les rayons d’Aton ? De la représentation du corps dans l’art atoniste. Dimitri LABOURY (FNRS, Liège)

14h20
3.2. De beaux corps « ni trop gras », « ni trop maigres ». Florence GHERCHANOC (Paris-Diderot Paris VII)

14h40 Discussion

15h
3.3. La forme animale : maigreur des bêtes et norme esthétique en Grèce ancienne. Marco VESPA, Université Côte d’Azur (CEPAM, UMR 7264) – Università di Siennà

15h20
3.4. Thin Poets and Their Poetics : Observations on Greek Comedy and Aesthetic Theory. Andreas FOUNTOULAKIS (Crète)

15h40 Discussion

16h Pause

Rome (prés. François RIPOLL)

16h20
3.5. Maigreur et esthétique dramatique à Rome. Marie-Hélène GARELLI (UT2J)

16h40
3.6. Être maigre à Rome : une autre forme d’injure sous les Julio-Claudiens ? Jean Mariole KOMBILA YEBENMAKOUNDOU (Paris-Sorbonne)

17h Discussion

17 mars 2017
4. Santé, maladie, minceur et maigreur (prés. Jean-Christophe COURTIL)

Régime de l’athlète

9h
4.1. L’athlète grec à la recherche de la minceur. Valérie VISA-ONDARÇUHU (UT2J)

9h20
4.2. Régime alimentaire de l'athlète et défense de la minceur chez Tertullien. Elina FRESLON (Strasbourg)

9h40 Discussion

10h Pause café


Médecine, minceur et maigreur

10h20
4.3. Indices de la perte de poids et du refus ou de l’impossibilité de s’alimenter dans les prescriptions médicales cunéiformes. Vérène CHALENDAR (EPHE, Paris)

10h40 Discussion

10h50
4.4. Bonne maigreur, mauvaise maigreur dans la médecine antique. Danielle GOUREVITCH (EPHE, Paris)

11h20
4.5. Galien, sur le régime amincissant. John WILKINS (Exeter, UK)

11h 40-12h Discussion

12h Pause déjeuner

5. Maigreur, minceur, religion et philosophie (prés. Jean-Claude CARRIèRE)

14h
5.1. La minceur de l’âme : entre refus et acceptation de la corporéité. Anna GUEDON et Fabio PORZIA (UT2J)

14h20 Discussion

14h30
5.2. Ni gros, ni maigre, ni mince : la simplicité comme mesure chez Diogène le cynique. Étienne HELMER (Porto Rico, USA). Visioconférence.

14h50
5.3. Maigreur, santé du corps et santé de l’âme dans la philosophie stoïcienne. Le Portique fait-il l’apologie de la maigreur ? Jean-Christophe COURTIL (UT2J)
15h10 Discussion
15h30 Bilan du colloque


Comité scientifique français
Véronique Boudon-Millot (CNRS-Paris Sorbonne)
Paul Demont (Paris Sorbonne)
Estelle Galbois (UT2J)
Jean-Marc Luce (UT2J)
Juan Carlos Moreno Garcia (CNRS-Orient et Méditerranée)
Pascal Payen (UT2J)
Sylvie Rougier-Blanc (UT2J)

Comité scientifique international
Janick Auberger (UQAM, Montréal)
Paul Erdkamp (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Fernando Notario (New Europe College, Bucarest)
David Pritchard (University of Queensland, Australia)
John Wilkins (emeritus, University of Exeter, United Kingdom)

Langues du colloque : français et anglais.

Organisation
Estelle Galbois et Sylvie Rougier-Blanc
Contact estelle.galbois@univ-tlse2.fr