mardi 15 avril 2014

Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine 31/1

Canadian Bulletin of Medical History / Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine 
Volume 31, number / numéro 1, Spring / Printemps 2014 

Special Issue / Numéro spécial: History of Eugenics Revisited

Le dernier numéro en date du Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la médecine est désormais disponible en accès libre à l'adresse suivante:


FRANK W. STAHNISCH, The Early Eugenics Movement and Emerging Professional Psychiatry: Conceptual Transfers and Personal Relationships between Germany and North America, 1880s to 1930s

PER ANDERS RUDLING, Eugenics and Racial Biology in Sweden and the USSR:
Contacts across the Baltic Sea

GRAHAM J. BAKER , Eugenics and Migration: A Case Study of Salvation Army Literature about Canada and Britain, c.1890-1921

LESLIE BAKER, "A Visitation of Providence:" Public Health and Eugenic Reform in the Wake of the Halifax Disaster

SHEILA GIBBONS, "Our Power to Remodel Civilization": The Development of Eugenic Feminism in Alberta, 1909-1921

AMY SAMSON, Eugenics in the Community: Gendered Professions and Eugenic Sterilization in Alberta, 1928-1972

ERIKA DYCK, Sterilization and Birth Control in the Shadow of Eugenics:
Married, Middle-Class Women in Alberta, 1930-1960s

MOLLY LADD-TAYLOR, Contraception or Eugenics? Sterilization and "Mental Retardation" in the 1970s and 1980s

Book Reviews / Comptes Rendus
Compte rendu: Névrose et folie dans le corps expéditionnaire canadien (1914-1918). Le cas québécois par Geneviève Allard
Marie-Claude Thifault

Review: Caring and Killing: Nursing and Psychiatric Practice in Germany, 1931-1943 par Thomas Foth
Alexandre Pelletier-Audet

Review: The Last Plague: Spanish Influenza and the Politics of Public Health in Canada by Mark Osborne Humphries
Jane Jenkins

Review: Vaccinations and Public Concern in History: Legend, Rumor and Risk Perception by Andrea Kitta
Heather MacDougall

Review: Vaccine: The Debate in Modern America by Mark A. Largent
Sarah Glassford

Compte Rendu: Anatomie d’une institution médicale. La Faculté de médecine de Genève (1876-1920) par Philip Rieder
Alexandre Klein

Review: Telling Genes: The Story of Genetic Counseling in America by Alexandra Minna Stern
Leslie Baker

Review: “And Neither Have I Wings To Fly”: Labeled and Locked Up in Canada’s Oldest Institution by Thelma Wheatley
Robert Menzies

Theatre Review: Tainted by Kat Lanteigne and Vikki Anderson
Jacalyn Duffin

Obituaries / Annonces Nécrologiques:

William Feindel
Frank Stahnisch

Appel à candidature de la SCHM

Société Canadienne d'Histoire de la Médecine / Canadian Society for the History of Medicine  

Appel à candidature/ Call for nominations


Le Comité de mises en candidature de la SCHM/CSHM sollicite des candidatures pour les postes au conseil d’administration suivants: secrétaire-trésorier (2014-2016), représentant régional pour les provinces de l’Ouest et de la Nord (2014-2016) et représentant etudiants (2014-2016).

The Nominating committee is calling for nominations for three positions on the board of the CSHM/SCHM: the secretary-treasurer (2014-2016), a regional representative for Western and Northern Canada (2014-2016), and a student representative (2014-2016).

Pour proposer une candidature, veuillez envoyer une lettre ou un fax incluant la signature de trois membres de la société et la signature du candidat. Ceux et celles qui soumettent leur candidature doivent être membres de la SCHM/CSHM et avoir le statut de résident permanent du Canada.

To nominate a candidate please submit a letter or a fax with the signatures of three members and the signature of the nominee. Those nominating the candidate must be members in good standing of the CSHM/SCHM with permanent residence in Canada.

SVP envoyer les lettres au plus tard le 15 mai 2014 à :
On or before May 15 2014, please send the nomination letters to:

Susanne Klausen, Chair of the Nominating Committee
Carleton University
Department of History
1125 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa, ON
Fax: (613)520-2819 and Tel: (613)520-2600

lundi 14 avril 2014

Médecine et loi au Moyen Âge

Medicine and the Law in the Middle Ages

Edited by Wendy J. Turner and Sara M. Butler

Series: Medieval Law and Its Practice (Book 17)
Publisher: Brill Academic Pub (April 15, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 9004269061

Medicine and the Law in the Middle Ages offers fresh insight into the intersection between these two distinct disciplines. A dozen authors address this intersection within three themes: medical matters in law and administration of law, professionalization and regulation of medicine, and medicine and law in hagiography. The articles include subjects such as medical expertise at law on assault, pregnancy, rape, homicide, and mental health; legal regulation of medicine; roles physicians and surgeons played in the process of professionalization; canon law regulations governing physical health and ecclesiastical leaders; and connections between saints’ judgments and the bodies of the penitent. Drawing on primary sources from England, France, Frisia, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, the volume offers a truly international perspective.
Contributors are Sara M. Butler, Joanna Carraway Vitiello, Jean Dangler, Carmel Ferragud, Fiona Harris-Stoertz, Maire Johnson, Hiram Kümper, Iona McCleery, Han Nijdam, Kira Robison, Donna Trembinski, Wendy J. Turner, and Katherine D. Watson.

Jardin médicinal et plantes au Royal College of Physicians

History of the Royal College of Physicians medicinal garden and plants in the classical era 

Monday, 2 June 2014
2pm to 5pm.

Royal College of Physicians
11 St Andrews Place
Regent’s Park

Programme details

History of the RCP garden of medicinal plants, by Ms Jane Knowles

The Royal College of Physicians was founded in 1518 but there is no evidence that they made a physic garden prior to the one created on the present site. This, the College’s 5th home, was designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and opened in 1965 with a quarter of an acre of space for a garden. Initial planting was financed by a Fellow of the College, his only stipulation being the inclusion of a willow and a castor oil plant. For 10 years from 1978 Dr Hollman, cardiologist and FRCP, looked after the garden and made the planting more relevant to the history of the college and to the practice of British medicine. Several significant trees and shrubs from this period give the present garden a mature framework. In 2005 the College brought in Mark Griffiths to redesign the garden with a medicinal plant theme and this redevelopment continues, now managed by the Garden Fellows and the Head Gardener. This talk will describe how we aim to create a place of beauty which is also an educational resource relevant to its situation and where each plant in the collection of 1100 different species has a story to tell about medicine.

Doctrine of Signatures and Doctrine of Humours, by Dr Henry Oakeley

While the use of certain plants as medicines, such as opium from poppies, was on the basis of observed effects, these two belief systems appear to be the basis for why certain plants were held to be medicinal from around 400BCE until the mid. 19th century. The concept that the world and its contents were divinely created in an instant of time, with plants created and given (or signed with) a shape or colour by the Creator to indicate their medicinal use to mankind, came to be called the Doctrine of Signatures. The Empedoclean concept of the four elements of fire, water, air and earth from which all matter was made was adapted by Hippocrates to be represented as the four humours that make up living things. Imbalance of these humours caused illnesses, which could be relieved by plants which contained opposite properties – the Doctrine of the Humours. The lecture traces the rise and fall of these concepts, and how they were used, through 2,400 years of the written word.

Disocorides and plants in the Classical era, by Professor Michael de Swiet

Disocorides was a giant in the history of medicine and medicinal plants. He was a Greek physician practicing in the 1stcentury AD and wrote De materia medica, an account of more than 500 different medicinal plants. This was far more than in any other treatise previously written. It remained the standard text for about 1600 years. In the classical era, and for many years later, medical thinking was dominated by the doctrine of humours which stated that disease resulted from an imbalance of the four humours: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. Dioscorides did not write about how plants might redress imbalances in the humours. Rather his writing was disease orientated stating what plants were helpful for which diseases.

Registration: from 1.30pm.

Garden tour: will be taking place in between the lecture with a coffee break.

Cost: The lectures are open to all and are free to RCP fellows, members and their guests; £10 per general public; £6 per students.

dimanche 13 avril 2014

Les écrits psychologiques de Galien

Galen: Psychological Writings

P. N. Singer

Series: Cambridge Galen Translations
Hardcover: 553 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (April 7, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 052176517X

All Galen's surviving shorter works on psychology and ethics - including the recently discovered Avoiding Distress, and the neglected Character Traits, extant only in Arabic - are here presented in one volume in a new English translation, with substantial introductions and notes and extensive glossaries. Original and penetrating analyses are provided of the psychological and philosophical thought, both of the above and of two absolutely central works of Galenic philosophy, Affections and Errors and The Capacities of the Soul, by some of the foremost experts in the field. Each treatise has also been subjected to fresh textual study, taking account of the latest scholarly developments, and is presented with accompanying textual discussions, adding greatly to the value and accuracy of the work without detracting from its accessibility to a wider readership. The volume thus makes a major contribution to the understanding of the ancient world's most prominent doctor-philosopher in his intellectual context.

Les sources médicales de la connaissance de l’homme

Les sources médicales de la connaissance de l’homme

Séminaire organisé par Gilles BARROUX

Jeu 15 mai, Jeu 22 mai, Jeu 5 juin
Salle Germaine Tillion, Carré des Sciences, 1 rue Descartes, 75005 Paris

« Je me porte bien dans la mesure où je me sens capable de porter la responsabilité de mes actes, de porter des choses à l’existence et de créer entre les choses des rapports qui ne leur viendraient pas sans moi, mais qui ne seraient pas ce qu’ils sont sans elles. Et donc j’ai besoin d’apprendre à connaître ce qu’elles sont pour les changer ».
Georges Canguilhem, La Santé : concept vulgaire et question philosophique

La médecine – sciences et techniques, théorie et pratique – est d’abord une relation, entre soignant et soigné, exprimée à travers une gestuelle médicale ancestrale. Que s’échange-t-il entre médecin et malade ? Les séminaires précédents se sont interrogés sur la nature d’une telle relation, à partir des trois dimensions suivantes : le regard du médecin, le sentiment du malade, et le dialogue qui s’établit entre ces deux sujets sous des formes très diverses. Tout un ensemble de savoirs, d’expériences, de gestes et de paroles investissent cette relation : science, expérience, maladie, thérapeutique, mais aussi conflit, informations, discours explicite et implicite… Ce sont autant de données essentielles pour comprendre la complexité de cette relation, si richement et diversement restituée par la littérature médicale des siècles passés comme par des textes plus contemporains. Une étude suivie de la construction de la relation médecin malade dans la médecine occidentale, prenant en compte la variété et la diversité des documents relatifs à cette étude, invite à interroger les sources médicales de la connaissance de l’Homme, à travers des questions d’épistémologie, d’histoire, de philosophie ou encore d’éthique.
Dans la mesure où la maladie est l’objet principal, sous toutes les formes qu’elle peut revêtir, de la médecine, une partie du travail de la médecine réside dans les conditions de sa découverte comme de son traitement. Traiter une maladie, c’est reconnaître qu’elle a une histoire. Précisément, si les maladies ont une histoire, de quelle nature est cette dernière ? Histoire naturelle ? Histoire culturelle ? Comment la notion de pathocénose répond-elle à ces questions ?
Durant ce nouveau cycle, trois séances déclineront ces questions. La première séance évoquera la place particulière que les fièvres ont occupé dans l’histoire des maladies, et comment la découverte du quinquina a influencé l’appréhension des fièvres. La seconde séance, avec Fabrice Gzil, spécialiste de la maladie d’Alzheimer, reprendra l’histoire de l’apparition de cette maladie, en la distinguant des démences séniles. La troisième et dernière séance de ce cycle, avec Joël Coste, médecin et historien de la médecine, reprendra de manière plus globale et réflexive l’histoire des maladies.

Intervenants :
- Jeudi 15 mai : Gilles Barroux (CIPh) : Une petite histoire du quinquina et une grande histoire
des fièvres
- Jeudi 22 mai : Fabrice Gzil (Pôle Études et recherche, Fondation Médéric Alzheimer, Paris) :
Quelques éléments d’une histoire de la maladie d’Alzheimer
- Jeudi 5 juin : Joël Coste (EPHE, Université Paris 5) : L’histoire des maladies en questions

Pour ce séminaire, vous devez donner votre nom et présenter votre pièce d’identité ou votre passeport, à l’exclusion de tout autre document, au vacataire du Collège.

samedi 12 avril 2014

Cent ans de psychiatrie et d’espoir au Beau-Vallon

Des murs et des femmes. Cent ans de psychiatrie et d’espoir au Beau-Vallon

Anne Roekens (dir.)

PUN, 2014, 196 p.
ISBN 978-2-87037-812-0
20 Euros

Le Beau-Vallon à Saint-Servais (Namur, Belgique), c'est d'abord une histoire de murs. Des murs qui, en 1914, constituent le premier asile pavillonnaire de Wallonie. Des murs qui sont destinés à protéger les malades et la société. Des murs qui, au fil des décennies, s'ouvrent sur la ville grâce à la percée de nouvelles brèches et portes de sortie. Le Beau-Vallon, c'est surtout une histoire de femmes. D'une part, des sœurs de la Charité qui s’initieront à l’art de soigner les malades mentaux avant de passer le relais aux laïcs. Et d'autre part, des milliers de patientes d'abord internées contre leur gré, puis, de plus en plus, demandeuses de leur propre hospitalisation. 

Les méthodes dans les archives médicales

Methods in the medical archives


On 23th April 2014, Walferdange Campus, Luxembourg

Meeting and reflexions between PhD and post doctoral students working with medical sources that were produced in medical institutions in the 19th and 20th century (patient files, admission books, administrative or personal correspondence and documents, photos or moving images, etc). It will be an exchange about methodological approach to these sources: How are we using them (quantitative/qualitative analysis)? What kind of history do we intent to write? How are we choosing our material (criteria for exclusion and inclusion)? among other questions…


09h00-09h15 : Welcoming and presentation of the day

Morning Session
- 09h15-10h00 :
Presentation of Tinne Claes and Veronique Deblon (KU Leuven, University of Leuven, PhD fellow)
“Anatomy, scientific authority and the visualized body in medicine and culture (Belgium, 1780-1930)”

- 10h00-10h30 :
Presentation of Sophie Richelle (UniLu, University of Luxembourg, PhD)
” Between administration, assistance and care : the elderly hospices archives (Bruxelles – 19th century)

- 10h30-11h00 :
Presentation of Chantal Marazia (DHVS, Département d’histoire des sciences de la vie et de la santé, Strasbourg, Post-doctorante).
” Methodologische Verschiebungen: Vom Archiv eines kleinen Privatkrankenhauses in die Universitätsklinik”

- 11h00-11h20 : Pause

- 11h20-11h50 :
Présentation of Max Gawlich (Ruprecht-Karls Universität, Historisches Seminar, PhD Candidate, Professorship for Economic and Social History)
“Therapeutical practices in psychiatric patient files. Methodological questions between absence and positivism”

- 11h50-12h20:
Présentation of Johanna Tietje (UniLu, University of Luxembourg, PhD)
“The Patient File in Contemporary Medical History: Problems and Possibilities”

12h20-13h30 : Lunch

Afternoon Session:
- 13h30-14h00: Introduction to general discussion (by Sophie Richelle et Johanna Tietje)
- 14h00-16h00 : General Discussion (Benoit Majerus)