samedi 25 octobre 2014

Histoire de la médecine américaine

Open rank position for a historian of medicine, preferably with a specialization in North or Latin America

Call for applications


The Department of History, Philosophy and Religion of the School of Humanities & Social Sciences (SHSS) at Nazarbayev University invites applications for an open rank position for a historian of medicine, preferably with a specialization in North or Latin America. 

The position requires a Ph.D. in History and teaching and research experience commensurate with the sought rank. We are looking for a candidate with an active research agenda, promise or evidence of excellence in teaching, and a commitment to active involvement in the life of the Department. This is a three-year appointment with the possibility of renewal. 

The Department currently has ten full-time Faculty members representing the breadth of the discipline, with an emphasis on Eurasian history and civilizations. Besides offering a major in History and minors both in History and in Philosophy/Religious Studies, the Department plays a key role in providing instruction in these disciplines to students across the School and beyond, as well as in contributing to the recently established MA in Eurasian Studies. The Department is responsible for offering an innovative course in the history of Kazakhstan, which is compulsory for all undergraduates. 

The Department is housed within the School of Humanities & Social Sciences which offers six majors and has approximately 600 students. Nazarbayev University is a modern, English-language institution based on best practices drawn from partner higher education institutions in the US, UK and Singapore. The strategic partner for SHSS and the Department is the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Nazarbayev University is located in the capital of Kazakhstan, Astana. 

The salary and benefit package are highly competitive. The benefit package includes the following: 
 Housing based on family size and rank; 

 A relocation allowance;

 Air tickets to home country, twice per year;

 No-cost medical insurance, with global coverage;

 An educational allowance for children.
Applicants should submit a cover letter, curriculum vitae, one writing sample, and the names and contact information for three referees to: nu.shss@nu.edu.kz.


Deadline for submission is 1 December 2014.

vendredi 24 octobre 2014

Idées et pratiques en histoire de la médecine

Ideas and Practices in the History of Medicine, 1650–1820

Adrian Wilson (University of Leeds, UK)

Imprint: Ashgate Variorum
Published: October 2014
Format: 224 x 150 mm
Extent: 276 pages
Binding: Hardback
ISBN: 978-1-4094-5156-3


Although articles in this volume fall into three thematic clusters, each of those groups exemplifies three general themes: micro-social processes; innovations and the question of continuity versus discontinuity; and the relationship between ideas and practice. 

Most of these essays touch upon, and some of them are exclusively concerned with, small scale social processes: e.g. the routines of the all-female early-modern childbirth ritual, the different ways that male practitioners were summoned to such occasions, the functioning of voluntary hospitals, the protocols underlying patient records. Such social practices are well worth studying as both the sites and drivers of larger-scale historical change.

Whenever there comes into being something new - whether an institution (a hospital), a social practice (the summoning of men as midwives) or a concept (a new approach to disease) - the question arises as to its relationship with what went before. This concept resonates throughout these essays, but is most to the fore in the chapters on early Hanoverian London (which asks explanatory questions) and on Porter versus Foucault (who represent the extremes of continuity and discontinuity respectively).

A couple of generations ago, the ‘history of ideas’ was pursued largely without reference to practice; in recent times, the danger has appeared of the very reverse taking place. This book ranges across a broad spectrum in this respect, the emphasis being sometimes upon practice (Eleanor Willughby’s work as a midwife) and sometimes upon ideas (concepts of pleurisy across the centuries); but in every case there is at least the potential for relating the two to one another. 

None of these themes is specific to medical history; on the contrary, they are the bread-and-butter of historical reconstruction in general.


Contents: Introduction. Part 1 Childbirth and Midwifery: William Hunter and the varieties of man-midwifery; The ceremony of childbirth and its interpretation; A memorial of Eleanor Willughby, a seventeenth-century midwife. Part 2 Medical Institutions: The politics of medical improvement in early Hanoverian London; Conflict, consensus and charity: politics and the provincial voluntary hospitals in the eighteenth century; The Birmingham General Hospital and its public, 1765-79. Part 3 Medical Concepts and Practices: On the history of disease-concepts: the case of pleurisy; Porter versus Foucault on the ‘birth of the clinic’. Index.

La réinvention des maladies chroniques au XXè siècle

La réinvention des maladies chroniques au XXè siècle

George Weisz, Prof. d'Histoire, Université Mc Gill
 
Lundi, Octobre 27, 2014 - 15:00 - 17:00

Local 4212 du Pavillon Jean-Coutu, Université de Montréal.

Le 27 octobre 2014 se tiendra la prochaine conférence du MÉOS à 15h intitulée «La réinvention des maladies chroniques au XXè siècle». Le prof. George Weisz y discutera les conclusions de son récent ouvrage: Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press 2014).
La conférence sera suivie d'une discussion.

In this talk I will discuss my recent book Chronic Disease in the Twentieth Century (Johns Hopkins Univ. Press 2014). Long and recurring illnesses have burdened sick people and their doctors since ancient times, but until recently the concept of "chronic disease" had limited significance. In this book I try to explain why the idea of chronic disease assumed critical importance in the twentieth century and how it acquired new meaning as one of the most serious problems facing national healthcare systems. In doing this I challenge the conventional wisdom that the concept of chronic disease emerged because medicine’s ability to cure infectious disease led to changing patterns of disease. Instead, I suggests, the concept was constructed and has evolved to serve a variety of political and social purposes. How and why the concept developed differently in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France are my central concerns. In the United States, anxiety about chronic disease spread early in the twentieth century and was transformed in the 1950s and 1960s into a national crisis that helped shape healthcare reform. In the United Kingdom, the concept emerged only after World War II, was associated almost exclusively with proper medical care for the elderly population, and became closely linked to the development of geriatrics as a specialty. In France, the problems of the elderly and infirm were handled as technical and administrative matters until the 1950s and 1960s, when medical treatment of elderly people emerged as a subset of their wider social marginality. While an international consensus now exists regarding a chronic disease crisis that demands better forms of disease management, the different paths taken by these countries during the twentieth century continue to exert profound influence.

jeudi 23 octobre 2014

Empirisme et méthode dans les manuscrits médicaux de John Locke


Empirisme et méthode dans les manuscrits médicaux de John Locke

Journée d’étude

13 novembre 2014 
Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon.
Salle des Conseils, site Monod.

Journée organisée par P. Anstey (University of Sydney) et C. Crignon (Université Paris-Sorbonne IV). Avec le soutien de l’ANR Anthropos.


10h00 : Accueil des participants.

Président de séance : A. Milanese (ENS-Lyon, projet ANR Anthropos)

10h30 : François Duchesneau (Université de Montréal) : "L'adhésion de Locke à la méthodologie médicale de Sydenham: une question épistémologique?"

11h30 : Peter Anstey (University of Sydney) : « Citation and allusion in Locke’s medical remains ».

12h30-14h00 : déjeuner.

Président de séance : D. Antoine (ENS-Lyon, projet ANR Anthropos)

14h00. Olivia Smith (Wolfson College, Oxford) : « Locke and Old Wives' Tales ».

15h00. C. Crignon (Université Paris IV). “Le cas Lord Ashley : observer l’homme malade”.

16h00. Sylvie Kleiman-Laffon (Université Paris VIII). “Bernard Mandeville lecteur de Locke et Sydenham”.

17h00. Charles Wolfe (Ghent University) : Synthèse et discussion. 

Réunion projet « experiments as forms of writing, registering, recording and new scientific genres in early modern Europe ».

Histoire de la santé et de la famille

University Academic Fellow in the History of Health, Family and the Everyday

Call for applications

University of Leeds - Faculty of Arts
School/Institute: School of History
Salary: £38,511 to £45,954 Grade 8
Hours: Full Time
Contract: Permanent
Job Ref: ARTHI1000


You will be an outstanding participant in the lively research area of the social and cultural history of health, making a distinctive contribution to knowledge by shedding light on how personal experiences have changed over time; and engaging with, and contributing to, important current debates on historical methodologies and scales of historical analysis. You will work to strengthen existing internal and external collaborations on perceptions and experiences of health, illness and the family in the past, and into the present day, in order to develop a new impact case study in collaboration with other members of the School of History’s Health, Medicine and Society research group. You will be expected to enhance the position of the University of Leeds as a major centre for the study of the medical humanities.

You will offer an historical perspective on health issues in contemporary society, building on the work of social historians whose work has had a broader resonance for society’s understanding of the family and life course. Cultural historians have played a crucial role in shaping our understanding of ‘culture’ and you will expand definitions of ‘culture’ to encompass cultures of the everyday. Your impact activity will enhance the engagement of the School with cultural institutions, relevant heritage organisations and other third sector external partners, in Leeds, Yorkshire and beyond. You will also contribute to the School’s MA in Social and Cultural History and will explore the possibility of establishing a multi-disciplinary MA in Medical Humanities.

A University Fellow in this field would be exceptionally well placed to make a significant contribution to knowledge, secure funding, and attract students, not least since the Brotherton Library has several notable research collections in this field.

You will have demonstrated research excellence, and teaching ability, in the broadly-defined field of the history of health, family and the everyday. You will also demonstrate an awareness of, and aptitude for, maximising the advantages offered by the funding landscape. Some prior involvement with ‘impact’ work would be desirable.


As part of the application process you will be required to upload the following documents:
1. A CV;
2. A list of publications;
3. A statement detailing your research and academic plan (no more than 2 sides of A4).

Before 16th November

For informal enquiries about the role please contact Professor Graham A. Loud, tel: +44 (0)113 343 3601, email: G.A.Loud@leeds.ac.uk or Dr Shane Doyle, tel: +44 (0)113 343 3655, email S.D.Doyle@leeds.ac.uk.

For enquiries about the application process please contact the recruitment team, tel: +44 (0)113 343 0518, email: 250GreatMinds@leeds.ac.uk.

To find out more about Academic Fellowships and our 250 Great Minds recruitment campaign please visit: 250GreatMinds.leeds.ac.uk.


mercredi 22 octobre 2014

La genèse du concept de perversion sexuelle

Les déséquilibres de l’amour. La genèse du concept de perversion sexuelle, de la Révolution française à Freud

Julie Mazaleigue-Labaste


Parution : 17 novembre 2014
153 x 220 mm, 296 pages

ISBN : 978-2-916120-53-9

Depuis Foucault, l’histoire de la perversion sexuelle est hantée par deux grands mythes : les théories psychiatriques qui l’ont façonnée seraient le cache-misère pseudo-savant d’une morale répressive ; et, en pratique, l’homosexualité aurait été sa cible essentielle, voire son paradigme. Ces mythes, Julie Mazaleigue-Labaste les déconstruit ici radicalement. 
Elle s’appuie à cette fin sur une série d’archives inédites, complétées d’analyses épistémologiques pointues. Elle réhabilite l’aliénisme français de la première moitié du XIXe siècle. Car le concept de perversion n’est pas, comme on l’a dit, le fruit tardif de la psychiatrie et de la sexologie allemandes d’avant Freud. Et elle conteste vigoureusement le privilège de l’homosexualité, recentrant le débat sur le sadisme.

On découvrira ainsi comment, loin de résulter uniquement d’une farouche volonté de normalisation des amours déviantes, la notion de « perversion sexuelle » est devenue logiquement nécessaire au sein de la rationalité médico-psychologique, mais aussi bien en droit. Car son histoire s’enracine dans un problème qui nous reste à charge : celui du rapport du sujet à ses actes (les contrôle-t-il ? Et si non, en est-il alors encore l’auteur, ou la victime ?), problème dont psychiatres, psychologues, criminologues, sexologues et magistrats ont tenté de démêler l’écheveau à même la chair et les corps. Coupeurs de nattes et violateurs de tombes, atroces dépeceurs de petits bergers et pauvres collectionneurs de mouchoirs furent alors emportés, tous ensemble, dans un tourbillon de théories de plus en plus sinistres.

Julie Mazaleigue-Labaste apporte ainsi une contribution majeure à l’anthropologie de nos sociétés. Comment le Mal y a-t-il été naturalisé ? Comment la sexualité y est-elle devenue un problème de psychologie ? Comment, enfin, notre pensée s’est-elle enrichie de la dimension du fantasme ?
L'auteur
Julie Mazaleigue-Labaste est épistémologue et historienne des sciences. Ses travaux portent sur la sexualité, ses déviances et leurs enjeux philosophiques et anthropologiques.

Electrothérapie et marché medical au début du 20e siècle

‘‘Modern Scientific Artificial Electric Feeding” Electrotherapy, Rejuvenation, and the Medical Trade in Early Twentieth Century Britain


James Stark (University of Leeds)


Birmingham University History of Medicine & Health Seminars: 23rd October

College of Medical and Dental Sciences
School of Health and Population Sciences

The second seminar of the 2014 Autumn Term will take place in WG38 on the first floor of the Medical School at 5.30pm

Although historians have shown that there has been a complex and multi-layered relationship between the body, medicine and the force of electricity, many avenues remain to be explored. One of the most prominent of these is the way in which electrotherapy technologies were marketed to a wide variety of different end users and intermediaries. This paper engages with the role and use of one such device – the Overbeck Rejuvenator – a 1920s electrotherapy machine designed for use by the general public. Its inventor, Otto Overbeck, was not a medical man and this enabled him to use aggressive strategies of newspaper advertising, using testimonials to market his product alongside appeals to his own scientific authority. He commissioned the prestigious Ediswan Company to manufacture the Rejuvenator on a large scale, and took out patents in eleven countries to persuade users of the efficacy of the device. In response to Overbeck’s activities, the British Medical Association enlisted an electrical engineer to examine the Rejuvenator, contacted practitioners whose endorsements were being used in publicity material, and denied Overbeck permission to advertise in the British Medical Journal. Despite this, the Rejuvenator brought its inventor wealth and notoriety, and helped redefine the concept of “rejuvenation”, even if the professional reception of such a device was almost universally hostile. This paper shows how the marketing, patenting and publishing of Overbeck combined to persuade members of the laity to try the Rejuvenator as an alternative form of therapy, bypassing and irking the medical profession in the process.

ALL ARE WELCOME TO ATTEND

Details of future seminars are available from: Dr Vanessa Heggie, History of Medicine Unit, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT.
Email: v.heggie@bham.ac.uk Tel: 0121 415 8184

mardi 21 octobre 2014

Les infirmières britanniques pendant le Première Guerre Mondiale

British nurses of the First World War

 Events at the Royal College of Nursing





From 2014 to 2018, across the world, nations, communities and individuals of all ages are coming together to commemorate the First World War, from its outbreak on 4 August 1914.

At the RCN, the RCN History of Nursing Society is launching a public programme of exhibitions and events commemorating the professional nurses who worked, served and died between 1914 and 1918.



06 November
Find out more

Sister Edith Appleton – Front Line nurse and diarist in the Great War
Dick Robinson

5.30 - 7pm
Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RE


04 December
Find out more

In the Company of Nurses: The British Army Nursing Service in the Great War
Yvonne McEwen

5.30 - 7pm
Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RE



15 January 2015
Find out more

Nursing on the Home Front in the First World War
Stuart Wildman

5.30 - 7pm
Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RE


12 February 2015
Find out more

Scottish Women’s Hospitals: The Nurses of Royaumont
Alison O’Donnell

4 - 6pm
RCN Archives, 42 South Oswald Road,Edinburgh EH9 2HH


12 March 2015
Find out more

Kate Luard’s Unknown Warriors
Tim Luard

5.30 - 7pm
Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London W1G 0RE



Booking and visitor information

The Royal College of Nursing Library and Heritage Centre is home to Europe’s largest nursing specific collection. In 2013 we opened an exciting new space which includes public exhibitions, a cafe and a shop within the library space. All events take place here, unless specified above.

Events are open to all, but space is limited and advance booking is required. Use the direct links above to book online, or contact RCN Event Registrations on 029 2054 6460 or eventsreg@rcn.org.uk

Opening Hours
9am – 7pm Monday – Friday
9am – 5pm Saturday

Royal College of Nursing Library and Heritage Centre
20 Cavendish Square
London
W1G 0RN

T: 0345 337 3368
E: rcn.library@rcn.org.uk

How to get to us
Tube: Bond Street/Oxford Circus (Central, Victoria, Bakerloo and Jubilee lines)

Our full event listings and other information is available on the RCN website