mardi 16 septembre 2014

Maladie, santé et Etat

Disease, Health & the State

Social History of Medicine Virtual Issue

Guest editors Laurinda Abreu and Sally Sheard hand-pick 20 articles and 18 book reviews from our back issues. All articles and reviews are free to access until 8 August 2014 and can also be found here.








Laurinda Abreu and Sally Sheard
Introduction

Paul Slack
Dearth and Social Policy in Early Modern England

Harold J. Cook
Policing the Health of London: the College of Physicians and the Early Stuart Monarchy

Simon Szreter
The Importance of Social Intervention in Britain's Mortality Decline c.1850–1914: a Re-interpretation of the Role of Public Health

F. B. Smith
The Contagious Diseases Acts Reconsidered

Nadja Durbach
‘They Might As Well Brand Us’: Working-Class Resistance to Compulsory Vaccination in Victorian England

E. P. Hennock
Vaccination Policy Against Smallpox, 1835–1914: A Comparison of England with Prussia and Imperial Germany

Jane Lewis
Presidential Address: Family Provision of Health and Welfare in the Mixed Economy of Care in the late Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Margaret Jones
Infant and Maternal Health Services in Ceylon, 1900–1948: Imperialism or Welfare?

Seán Lang
Drop the Demon Dai: Maternal Mortality and the State in Colonial Madras, 1840–1875

Susan Gross Solomon
The Limits of Government Patronage of Sciences: Social Hygiene and the Soviet State, 1920-1930

Patrice Pinell
Cancer Policy and the Health System in France: "Big Medicine" Challenges the Conception and Organization of Medical Practice

Ornella Moscucci
The British Fight against Cancer: Publicity and Education, 1900–1948

Liping Bu
Public Health and Modernisation: The First Campaigns in China, 1915 –1916

Henk Van Der Velden
The Dutch Health Services before Compulsory Health Insurance, 1900-1941

Martin Gorsky
The British National Health Service 1948–2008: A Review of the Historiography

Anne Digby
‘Vision and Vested Interests’: National Health Service Reform in South Africa and Britain during the 1940s and Beyond

Rosemary Stevens
History and Health Policy in the United States: The Making of a Health Care Industry, 1948–2008

John Welshman
Compulsion, Localism, and Pragmatism: The Micro-Politics of Tuberculosis Screening in the United Kingdom, 1950–1965

John Abraham and Courtney Davis
Discovery and Management of Adverse Drug Reactions: The Nomifensine Hypersensitivity Syndrome, 1977–1986

Heli Leppälä
Duty to Entitlement: Work and Citizenship in the Finnish Post-War Disability Policy, early 1940s to 1970

Histoire des visiteurs médicaux

Faire passer la pilule. Visiteurs médicaux et entreprises pharmaceutiques face aux médecins : une relation socio-économique sous tensions privées et publiques (1905-2014)


Soutenance de thèse de sociologie de Jérôme Greffion


Le mercredi 24 septembre à 14 heures à l'ENS,
au 45 rue d’Ulm, salle Cavaillès (premier étage).



Le jury sera composé de :
  • Valérie BOUSSARD, Professeure de sociologie à l'Université Paris Ouest Nanterre-La défense, rapporteur
  • Pierre FOURNIER, Professeur de sociologie à l’Université Aix-Marseille, rapporteur
  • Jean-Paul GAUDILLIÈRE, Directeur de recherche à l’INSERM
  • Jean-Pierre HASSOUN, Directeur de recherche au CNRS, directeur de la thèse
  • Olivier MARTIN, Professeur de sociologie à l’Université Paris Descartes
  • Olivier SCHWARTZ, Professeur de sociologie à l’Université Paris Descartes


Pour penser les visiteurs médicaux comme un groupe professionnel à la frontière du monde médical et du monde de l’industrie pharmaceutique, l’auteur a dû avoir recours à des méthodes historiographiques (archives et presse associatives et syndicales), statistiques (enquêtes de l’INSEE, de l’Assurance Maladie, ad hoc), ethnographiques (observations des visiteurs médicaux dans leur pratique professionnelle et entretiens non directifs).
Il montre comment l’industrie pharmaceutique a construit, et continue de construire, un marché à prescripteurs sous son contrôle afin de répondre à ses propres objectifs. Trois espaces sont considérés : l’espace public, c’est-à-dire les rapports entre patronat, syndicats de visiteurs médicaux et pouvoirs publics ; les entreprises pharmaceutiques ; les interactions entre visiteurs médicaux et médecins.
Au sein du premier espace, cette recherche retrace une sociohistoire de l’action des visiteurs médicaux, des entreprises pharmaceutiques et de l’État, visant à déterminer les contours du dispositif de mise en relation industrie-médecins. On souligne l’échec des mobilisations des visiteurs médicaux – un groupe né au début du XXe siècle – pour s’émanciper du monde de la vente et le peu d’effet de l’action publique. Cette thèse éclaire la façon dont cette industrie met en œuvre de dispositifs de gestion pour « rationaliser » ses services de vente, adapte la main d’œuvre au marché, contrôle ses salariés « hors les murs » et impose la performance commerciale. Enfin, cette recherche examine la relation visiteurs-médecins. Elle cherche à identifier ce qui s’échange, ce que les acteurs en tirent et la façon dont ils interagissent, dans cette situation ambiguë de démarchage d’un prescripteur socialement dominant. Cette relation mouvante, où l’aspect économique s’exprime sous la forme d’euphémismes, est le lieu de rapports de force contradictoires où les médecins se trouvent influencés tout en dominant les visiteurs médicaux dans les interactions. L’analyse des rapports hétérogènes des médecins aux visiteurs médicaux permet de dégager des lignes de partage au sein des médecins, notamment entre ceux privilégiant le refus et l’exit et ceux profitant de la relation pour favoriser leur intégration au groupe professionnel.




La soutenance sera suivie d'un pot (dans le salon au rez-de-chaussée, à côté du restaurant) auquel vous êtes chaleureusement invité-e-s. Afin de le préparer au mieux, je vous remercie de me prévenir de votre présence.

lundi 15 septembre 2014

Professionnaliser le nursing et la médecine

Professionalizing Nursing and Medicine: the Early Years


Poste en histoire et études sociales de la médecine

Position in History and Social Studies Medicine

Call for applications

UCLA’s Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior (an interdisciplinary research and education institute devoted to the understanding of complex human behavior), are seeking applications for a full-time tenure-equivalent faculty position at the Assistant, Associate or Full Professor rank; levelto be commensurate with background and experience. Applicants must have a demonstrated record of excellence in scholarship that focuses on the intersection of the social sciences and medicine. Candidates must possess an established record of publication. A demonstrated ability to secure extramural funding is preferred. 
The position includes doctoral and postdoctoral teaching and training responsibilities; excellent teaching skills and the ability to mentor students is required. Though preference will be given to individuals with expertise in the history of medicine and who hold both an M.D. and a Ph.D., we welcome applications from scholars in other fields such as, but not limited to, sociology, anthropology, and public health. The successful candidate will hold his or her primary appointment in the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences and a joint appointment in the department(s)best suited to his or her research.He or she will also play an active role in the newly created Social Science Track of the David Geffen School of Medicine Medical Scientist Training Program and in expanding the role of history and social studies of medicine within the Medical School. 
For further information please contact Joel Braslow, M.D., at jbraslow@mednet.ucla.edu
Review of applications will begin September 15 and the deadline for applications is November 1, 2014. The University of California is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or protected veteran status.

Apply

dimanche 14 septembre 2014

Congrès annuel de l'association américaine d'histoire de la médecine


American Association for the History of Medicine annual meeting

Call for Papers 2015 

Submit abstracts here: https://aahm.conference-services.net/authorlogin.asp?conferenceID=4270&language=en-uk


The American Association for the History of Medicine invites abstracts for papers in any area of medical history for its 88th annual meeting, to be held in New Haven, Connecticut, 30 April to 3 May 2015.  The Association welcomes papers on the history of health and healing; on the history of medical ideas, practices, and institutions, and on any aspect of the history of illness, disease or public health. The Program Committee, led by Co-Chairs Ann Carmichael <carmicha@indiana.edu> and Stephen Inrig <sinrig@msmc.la.edu >, encourages single-paper proposals, and we further welcome proposals for creatively structured panels that expand the horizons of medical history and abstracts for luncheon workshops. Please contact one or both of the Program Committee Co-chairs if you are planning a workshop or panel. The Program Committee will judge individual papers for workshops and panels on their own merits.
Limit presentations to 20 minutes. We do not require you to be members of AAHM before submitting an abstract, but you must join AAHM before registering for and presenting at the meeting. All papers must represent original work not already published or in press. We also encourage speakers to make their manuscripts available for consideration for publication by the official journal of the AAHM, the Bulletin of the History of Medicine.
The AAHM uses an online abstract submissions system, accessible here.  If you are unable to submit proposals online, send two paper copies of a one-page abstract (350 words maximum not including learning objectives) to Co-Chair Ann Carmichael [Indiana University History Department/1020 E. Kirkwood Ave./ Bloomington, IN 47405-7103]
Instructions: First, when proposing a historical argument, state your major claim, summarize the evidence supporting your claim, and state your major conclusion(s). When proposing a narrative, summarize the story, identify the major agents, and specify the conflict. Second, to facilitate approval of your paper for CME/CNE credit (such credit is vital to many AAHM members), please include three learning objectives with your abstracts.  We don’t count these objectives towards the 350 word abstract limit, and we have listed some sample objectives on the meeting website you can use. Finally, remember to provide the following information on the same sheet as the abstract: your name, preferred mailing address, work and home telephone numbers, e-mail address, present institutional affiliation, and academic degrees.
We must receive your abstract by 26 September 2014. We cannot accept e-mailed or faxed proposals. We will make your email address available, if your paper is accepted, unless you opt out of this by emailing sinrig@msmc.la.edu.

To see examples of past accept abstracts please see the the annual programs from 2014 and 2013. For health care practitioners who are developing abstracts for the first time, please consider using the abstract consult service of the AAHM. An AAHM volunteer consultant is available to read over a draft of your abstract and suggest ways to highlight argument, method, and innovation.  The consultant will not be a member of the program committee and will not influence the overall decision on submitted abstracts.  Click here to submit your draft abstract to the AAHM abstact consult service aahm.abstract.consult@gmail.com. Please seek assistance before 12 September 2014.

Ethique et histoire des sciences chez Georges Canguilhem

“Ethics and History of Science in Georges Canguilhem : Psychology, Milieu, Medicine.”

Dr. Jean Francois Braunstein
Professor l’Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne


WEDNESDAY September 17, 2014 - 4:30 p.m.

The Department of Social Studies of Medicine
3647 Peel Street
Don Bates Seminar Room 101



Georges Canguilhem is not primarily an epistemologist or an historian of science, unlike what is commonly thought. He began his work long before his classical 1943 Essay concerning some problems related to the normal and the pathological with less well known publications, focusing on ethics and politics, criticizing two main themes, that of psychology as a school of subjection and the « deterministic » and racist view of milieu. But Canguillhem will return to these issues later in his works in the history of science and provide scientific arguments in support of his earlier criticisms. His interest in medicine also does not come primarily from an epistemological point of view : it follows from his reflection on « technique » and «concrete human problems ». And medicine remains, for Canguilhem, throughout his work, an example of ethics according to his taste, which incidentally happens to be the exact opposite of bioethics. 


For more information consult our website http://www.mcgill.ca/ssom/upcoming-seminars-events

samedi 13 septembre 2014

Poste en histoire de la médecine à Lewisburg

Tenure-track assistant professor in history of  Science, Medicine or Technology, Lewisburg, PA

Call for applications

The Department of History at Bucknell University in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania, seeks a historian of science, technology, or medicine to begin as a full-time, tenure-track assistant professor in July 2015.

The search committee will consider scholars whose research examines any aspect of the history of science, technology, or medicine in the world outside of the United States between the early 1600s and the end of the 19th century.

The committee seeks candidates whose work is embedded within broader social, economic, and cultural processes; whose work has a global, transnational, or colonial aspect; and whose work is confined neither to the history of the philosophy of science nor to the intellectual history of a discrete scientist. A PhD or ABD is required.

Submit a letter of application, a CV, a teaching portfolio, a sample of scholarship, and three letters of recommendation. Candidates for this position must address their comprehension of and commitment to diversity, the liberal arts mission, and the teacher-scholar model in their application materials.

It is expected that the scholar hired for this position will teach courses on the history of modern science, technology, and medicine in general as well as more focused topics and courses in their area of research and/or regional specialization.

Review of applications will begin on November 7, 2014. The position is open until filled.

Applications are only accepted through Interfolio ByCommittee. Please go to http://apply.interfolio.com/25504 to apply.

Bucknell University is a private, highly ranked, national liberal arts institution that also offers strong professional programs in engineering, business, education, and music. Located in Central Pennsylvania along the Susquehanna River, Bucknell is nestled in the Borough of Lewisburg, an appealing Victorian-style town ranked as one of America's best small towns. The Lewisburg area offers a unique combination of outdoor recreation opportunities, small-town charm, and appealing amenities such as restaurants, art galleries, an art deco theater, museums, and boutiques. In addition to the many cultural and athletic events offered by the University and the Borough, the surrounding region offers outstanding schools, medical facilities, and an affordable cost of living. For those who crave the city, Bucknell is within an easy three-hour drive to Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and Washington, DC.

Bucknell University, an EOE, believes that students learn best in a diverse, inclusive community and is therefore committed to academic excellence through diversity in its faculty, staff, and students. We seek candidates who are committed to Bucknell's efforts to create a climate that fosters the growth and development of a diverse student body, and we welcome applications from members of groups that have been historically underrepresented in higher education.

Bourse Molina

Molina Fellowship in the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences

Call for applications

The Huntington is delighted to announce the creation of a new long-term fellowship which will allow the recipient to work on the Huntington’s substantial holdings in the history of medicine, which extend from the medieval period through the twentieth century and include, in particular, the archive of the Los Angeles County Medical Association.

Eligibility: Applicants must have completed all requirements for the PhD by no later than November 15, 2014.
Tenure of fellowship: Nine to twelve months.
Amount of award: $50,000.
Applicants must be pursuing scholarship in the history of medicine and related sciences, including public health.

Application deadline: November 15, 2014.

For more details about the Huntington’s fellowship program and instructions on how to apply, visit the “Research” section of our website at www.huntington.org.