dimanche 24 septembre 2017

La santé globale à l'heure de l'urgence

Unprepared. Global Health in a Time of Emergency

Andrew Lakoff

University of California Press
Paperback, 240 pages
August 2017
ISBN: 9780520295766

Recent years have witnessed an upsurge in global health emergencies—from SARS to pandemic influenza to Ebola to Zika. Each of these occurrences has sparked calls for improved health preparedness. In Unprepared, Andrew Lakoff follows the history of health preparedness from its beginnings in 1950s Cold War civil defense to the early twenty-first century, when international health authorities carved out a global space for governing potential outbreaks. Alert systems and trigger devices now link health authorities, government officials, and vaccine manufacturers, all of whom are concerned with the possibility of a global pandemic. Funds have been devoted to cutting-edge research on pathogenic organisms, and a system of post hoc diagnosis analyzes sites of failed preparedness to find new targets for improvement. Yet, despite all these developments, the project of global health security continues to be unsettled by the prospect of surprise.

Le prix Wallace Stegner

The Wallace Stegner Prize for a manuscript in Environmental Humanities

Call for applications

The Wallace Stegner Prize will be awarded to the best monograph submitted to the Press in the broad field of environmental humanities. To compete for this award, manuscripts must emphasize interdisciplinary investigations of the natural and human environments and their fundamental interconnectedness, research in primary and secondary sources, and high quality writing in the tradition of Wallace Stegner. Preference will be given to projects that discuss issues related to the American West. We welcome book-length manuscripts that emphasize narrative form and draw on the humanities, as well as the particular methods and perspectives of history, geography, natural history, environmental science, creative nonfiction, or related disciplines to consider environmental subjects, broadly defined. These criteria reflect the legacy of Wallace Stegner as a student of the American West, as a spokesman for the environment, and as a teacher of creative writing. The winner of the Wallace Stegner Prize will receive a $5,000 award and a publication contract with the University of Utah Press.

Submission deadlines are in odd numbered years.

Stegner Prize Judges:
Peter J. Blodgett, H. Russell Smith Foundation Curator of Western American History, Huntington Library

Robert B. Keiter, Wallace Stegner Professor of Law and Director, Wallace Stegner Center for Land, Resources, and the Environment, University of Utah

Stephen Trimble, award-winning photographer and writer, author of twenty-two books.

2017 Prize Submission Guidelines
Manuscripts must be in English and double-spaced in a 12-point font and should include contemplated figures. Photocopies of figures are acceptable for initial consideration.
Manuscript length is limited to a maximum of 170,000 words.
Manuscripts must be postmarked by December 30, 2017. Early submissions are encouraged. If you desire proof of delivery, send the manuscript using a delivery confirmation service.
Manuscripts that do not win the Wallace Stegner Prize will also be considered for book publication.
Works simultaneously submitted to other publishers or contests will not be considered.
Portions of submitted manuscripts may have appeared previously in journals or anthologies, but previously published monographs will not be considered.
The competition is open to all authors except current students, faculty, and staff of the University of Utah as well as current and former employees of The University of Utah Press.
All submissions should include a cover letter indicating that this is a submission for the Wallace Stegner Prize, the complete manuscript including all illustrations and supplementary materials, and a c.v. or resumé. 
The winning manuscript will be announced by The University of Utah Press in September 2018.

Please send all submissions to:

The University of Utah Press
c/o The Wallace Stegner Prize
J. Willard Marriott Library
295 South 1500 East, Suite 5400
Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-0860
Contact Info: 

For more information, please contact Hannah new at hannah.new@utah.edu

The University of Utah Press
295 South 1500 East, Ste 5400
SLC, Utah 84112

Contact Email: 

samedi 23 septembre 2017

Une histoire du canapé d'analyse

On the Couch. A Repressed History of the Analytic Couch from Plato to Freud

Nathan Kravis

MIT Press
 224 pp. | 124 color illus., 48 b&w illus
August 2017 
ISBN: 9780262036610

The peculiar arrangement of the psychoanalyst’s office for an analytic session seems inexplicable. The analyst sits in a chair out of sight while the patient lies on a couch facing away. It has been this way since Freud, although, as Nathan Kravis points out in On the Couch, this practice is grounded more in the cultural history of reclining posture than in empirical research. Kravis, himself a practicing psychoanalyst, shows that the tradition of recumbent speech wasn’t dreamed up by Freud but can be traced back to ancient Greece, where guests reclined on couches at the symposion (a gathering for upper-class males to discuss philosophy and drink wine), and to the Roman convivium (a banquet at which men and women reclined together). From bed to bench to settee to chaise-longue to sofa: Kravis tells how the couch became an icon of self-knowledge and self-reflection as well as a site for pleasure, privacy, transgression, and healing.

Kravis draws on sources that range from ancient funerary monuments to furniture history to early photography, as well as histories of medicine, fashion, and interior decoration, and he deploys an astonishing array of images—of paintings, monuments, sculpture, photographs, illustrations, New Yorker cartoons, and advertisements. 

Kravis deftly shows that, despite the ambivalence of today’s psychoanalysts—some of whom regard it as “infantilizing”—the couch continues to be the emblem of a narrative of self-discovery. Recumbent speech represents the affirmation in the presence of another of having a mind of one’s own.

Séminaire du CHSTM

CHSTM seminar series

September–December 2017 

On Tuesdays at 4pm in 2.57 Simon Building, University of Manchester, with tea and biscuits from 3.30 pm.

26 September
Jonas Kure Buer (University of Oslo)
Pharmaceutics and semantics: Drug categories as meaning-making devices – or how medical facts become “hard”

10 October
Marianne de Laet (Harvey Mudd College)
Sniffing on a leash: Where body boundaries end

24 October
Robin Scheffler (MIT)
A contagious cause: The search for cancer viruses and the growth of American biomedicine

7 November
Graham Mooney (Johns Hopkins University)
Healing in transit: Moving towards a critical history of the ambulance

21 November

James Poskett (University of Warwick)
Django’s phrenologist: Science, slavery and material culture, 1791–1861

12 December
Kathryn Schoefert (King’s College London)
One medicine, one brain? Comparative neuropathologies around 1960

If you have any questions please direct them to the organisers: Pratik Chakrabarti (Pratik.chakrabarti@manchester.ac.uk) or me (dmitriy.myelnikov@manchester.ac.uk). We look forward to seeing you at the first seminar of the term on 26 September at 4pm with Dr Jonas Kure Buer (University of Oslo).

vendredi 22 septembre 2017

Les femmes poivrotes

Lady Lushes: Gender, Alcoholism, and Medicine in Modern America 

Michelle L. McClellan

Series: Critical Issues in Health and Medicine
Hardcover: 234 pages
Publisher: Rutgers University Press; 1 edition (August 31, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0813576985

According to the popular press in the mid twentieth century, American women, in a misguided attempt to act like men in work and leisure, were drinking more. “Lady Lushes” were becoming a widespread social phenomenon. From the glamorous hard-drinking flapper of the 1920s to the disgraced and alcoholic wife and mother played by Lee Remick in the 1962 film “Days of Wine and Roses,” alcohol consumption by American women has been seen as both a prerogative and as a threat to health, happiness, and the social order.

In Lady Lushes, medical historian Michelle L. McClellan traces the story of the female alcoholic from the late-nineteenth through the twentieth century. She draws on a range of sources to demonstrate the persistence of the belief that alcohol use is antithetical to an idealized feminine role, particularly one that glorifies motherhood. Lady Lushes offers a fresh perspective on the importance of gender role ideology in the formation of medical knowledge and authority.

Histoire des cordons sanitaires

Barriers without Borders. Global and transdisciplinary perspectives on sanitary cordons throughout history

Call for Papers

2nd International Conference of the QSN 
University of the Balearic Islands, Palma de Mallorca, 

7-8 November 2018 

Sanitary cordons to regulate and control the spread of bubonic plague were developed in Italy in the 14th century in parallel with maritime quarantine (mainly lazarettos) and came to be quickly imposed by other Mediterranean/European countries. Today, various types of cordons are still being used ‘to control the spread of epizootics and to mitigate the impact of both newly emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases upon the human population’ (Cliff, 2009) with the 21st-century pandemics of Ebola or avian flu showing their continued utility. At this juncture one finds a stunning paradox: despite their functions as instruments of isolation/separation, sanitary cordons came to be highly appreciated, legitimized and defended by state authorities and frequently by the populations themselves. By the 1800s, they had already been accepted and utilized in most countries of the world.

The success of sanitary cordons was also measured by their widespread adoption across various social and cultural domains. Thus, sanitary cordons became inseparable from military and political demarcations of territorial borders especially, but by no means exclusively, at the state level.

Well-known cases include the cordon set-up against the plague in the Austrian-Ottoman border as from 1770; the so called ‘yellow fever cordon’ set up in the Catalan sector of the French-Spanish border in 1822; and the one established against cholera on the Ottoman-Persian frontier during the 1850s. The concept of the ‘common good’ via the preservation of public health was also used as an argument to legitimize, consolidate and militarize borders through the setting up of cordons. On the other hand, as sanitary cordons were set up to separate healthy sectors of a community – or indeed whole populations – from others considered sick, they were directly involved in processes of nation-building, international conflict or colonial domination. Sanitary cordons helped to define and ‘protect’ national identities and, at the same time, ‘isolate’ and control various provincial, national and colonial ‘others’. This was legitimized through old and new medical theories, scientific discourse or just pure prejudice or a combination of all these.

Sanitary cordons were also successfully ‘translated’ into the fields of politics and diplomacy, where the concept has been employed metaphorically to refer to attempts to prevent the spread of an ideology or another deemed dangerous to the international or the social order. For example, in 1917, the French minister of Foreign Affairs employed such a term to designate the new states (Finland, the Baltic republics, Poland and Romania) established along the Western border of the USSR (as buffer states) against the spread of the Bolshevist revolution into Central and Western Europe. Besides geography, politics and diplomacy, personal narratives of sanitary cordons became a sort of subgenre in modern literature, where they have also been used as metaphors to deal with issues of social control, identity/alterity or dystopic futures.

Incorporating all these perspectives and seeking papers with original research approaches, this conference wants to explore sanitary cordons throughout history to the present as they were put in place and employed in different parts of the globe and different social and cultural domains. Topics to be addressed could include, among others:
- Origins and development of sanitary cordons for the prevention of epidemics throughout history to the present: concepts, practices, regulations, global expansion, unknown or understudied historical cases throughout the world.
- Patterns of sanitary cordons throughout history and in different regions/countries of the world.
- Sanitary cordons as border sites of negotiation and/or resistance.
- Pre-modern and non-European forms of isolation/separation of diseased groups or communities from the rest in all their diversity (and cultural specificities).
- Literary narratives recounting eye-witness accounts/experience of cordons or employing the metaphor ‘sanitary cordons’ on issues of identity and otherness, liminality, movement/migration, global inequality, and so on.
- Memorialization: sanitary cordons in the collective imaginaries, shared memories, material culture/heritage sites, lieux de mémoire.
- Sanitary cordons and the construction, and expansion, of early-modern/modern borders of states, provinces or any other territorial demarcations.
- Place of non-human creatures and organisms (animals, plants, substances) within cordons.
- Juridical, ethical, humanitarian and religious issues raised by the use of cordons in public health, war, political struggle, migration control, and human rights.
- Sanitary cordons and science: particularly the connections between contagionism and hygiene, as well as the part played by novel advances in medicine – bacteriology.
- Relations with power: effective sanitary cordons and types of state projections of power (national sovereignty, central administrative state development, Imperial/colonial state power).
- Connections between cordons and other forms of quarantine, isolation hospitals and the public health systems. Sanitary cordons and western medicalization of society: surveillance and disciplinary processes.

Please submit your paper proposal of up to 400 words before 31st October 2017 to this address: quarantinestudies@gmail.com

After that date, more information will be provided about the venue, travel and accommodation options, as well as funding opportunities.

jeudi 21 septembre 2017

Histoires de la contagion post-mortelle

Histories of Post-Mortem Contagion. Infectious Corpses and Contested Burials

Editors: Lynteris, Christos, Evans, Nicholas (Eds.)

Palgrave Macmillan
Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History
Copyright 2018 
278 p. 
ISBN 978-3-319-62929-2

This edited volume draws historians, anthropologists and archaeologists together to explore the contested worlds of epidemic corpses and their disposal. Why are burials so frequently at the center of disagreement, recrimination and protest during epidemics? Why are the human corpses produced in the course of infectious disease outbreaks seen as dangerous, not just to the living, but also to the continued existence of society and civilization? Examining cases from the Black Death to Ebola, contributors challenge the predominant idea that a single, universal framework of contagion can explain the political, social and cultural importance and impact of the epidemic corpse.

Perdants, outsiders et hérétiques dans l'histoire de la médecine

Rewrite Conflicts: The Role of Losers, Heretics, and Outsiders in the History of Medicine

Call for Papers

Invited editor: Fabrizio Baldassarri
Webpage: https://fbaldassarriphilo.wordpress.com/home/cfp-outcomes/

A multifaceted narration characterizes the contrapositions between schools, factions, theories, and practices in the history of medicine. Yet, studying these conflicts helps to shed light on those actors traditional historiographies usually relegate to secondary roles: surgeons, practitioners, apothecaries, botanists, astronomers, chymists, men and women devoted to the knowledge of simples. Especially when following losers, outsiders, heretics, and marginalized scholars, medical conflicts reveal epistemologically fruitful paths that help to track the changes buttressing early modern bio-medical revolution. While academic physicians required the support of theologians to rule out these practices as responsible for heresies, errors, and charlatanisms, kings frequently credited such outsiders as court physicians (i.e., Ambroise Paré, Guy de La Brosse), elevating their knowledge and experience to a crucial role. Slowly, these actors entered medical schools and academies, rewriting early modern history of medicine.
This fascicule aims to reconstruct this conflicting situation, and to analyse diverse cases of such outsiders and losers, moving from the sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries (wider focuses are accepted as well). Research articles coming from different fields (history of philosophy, psychology, science, medicine, botany, ideas, intellectual history, and history of life sciences…) are welcome.
Societate și Politică is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal published by Vasile Goldiș Western University of Arad, Romania. See http://uvvg.ro/socpol/.
Papers no longer than 8.000 words or book reviews no longer than 800 words should be submitted by email to fabrizio.baldassarri@gmail.com by 15 December 2017. Paper will go through double-blind peer-review process. Publication is scheduled by 30 April 2018.
For the authors guidelines see: http://socpol.uvvg.ro/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=48&Itemid=53