lundi 27 juillet 2015

En vacances


 

 Le blog Historiens de la santé prend quelques semaines de vacances.

Il sera de retour le 17 août.



Très bel été à tous !

dimanche 26 juillet 2015

Oeuvres d'Arnaud de Villeneuve

Arnaldi de Villanova Opera Medica Omnia XIV

ed. and intro. Michael R McVaugh

Barcelona: Fundació Noguera/
Universitat de Barcelona, 2014
ISBN 978-84-9975-568-7

This latest volume to be published in the collected medical writings of Arnau de Vilanova provides editions, with introductions and indexes to words and sources, to his two surviving commentaries on individual Hippocratic aphorisms (unlike some of his Montpellier contemporaries, he seems not to have produced a commentary or set of questiones on the Aphorisms as a whole) . His commentary on “In morbis minus” (Aph. II.34), composed in the mid-1290s, was apparently driven by an early belief that the aphorism encapsulated a general rule for an aspect of medical practice; the text does not survive in manuscript and is edited here from its Renaissance editions. The accompanying edition of his commentary on “Vita brevis” (Aph. I.1), which he finished in 1301, uses manuscript sources to correct the text given in the various sixteenth-century collections of his Opera, which scholars until now have automatically used without recognizing that a fifth of Arnau’s original had been intentionally discarded by a later bored scribe, and another ten percent replaced by a very long passage from Avicenna’s Metaphysics! The restored complete text is of great interest, especially for Arnau’s detailed, almost step-by-step account of how a physician should deal with a new patient, moving through the stages of diagnosis to those of therapeutic prescription (he was delivering the commentary, of course, to his students at Montpellier). And it shows, too, how his conviction that general rules were possible in medicine had weakened since he had prepared his commentary on II.34, and that he had come to realize that the contingent factors which make each case an individual one were of equally great importance to a physician.

Poste d'enseignement en histoire de la médecine

Teaching Fellow in the History of Medicine

Call for applications

University of Warwick - History
Location: Coventry
Salary: £28,695 to £37,394 per annum
Hours: Full Time
Contract Type: Contract / Temporary

Placed on: 24th July 2015
Closes: 17th August 2015
Job Ref: 1482967

Fixed term contract for 10 months.

The Department of History seeks to appoint a full-time Teaching Fellow in the History of Medicine. You will take seminars on the first-year undergraduate module ‘Making of the Modern World’ and you will convene, taking lectures and seminars, the second-year undergraduate module ‘From Cradle to Grave: Health, Medicine & Society in Modern Britain’, for a total of eight seminar groups of approximately fourteen students per group. You will also teach occasional lectures for other undergraduate modules as required by the Head of Department and as appropriate to subject knowledge.

You will undertake lecturing, seminar teaching, essay tutorials, office hours, marking of undergraduate work, exam invigilation, and monitoring of student attendance in accordance with the Department’s quality assurance practices. You will also act as personal tutor to an assigned group of undergraduate students, providing pastoral support and guidance during the academic year. You will be actively engaged in research in the History of Medicine, or a comparable field.

You will possess experience in undergraduate teaching and subject specialism appropriate for research-led teaching in the History of Medicine. You should also possess a PhD (or equivalent) in History.

All applications must be accompanied by a CV and covering letter. Writing samples may be requested from candidates during the latter stages of the recruitment process and should not be submitted with the initial application.

Please direct all informal inquiries to Mr Robert Horton, the History Department Administrator, at R.S.Horton@warwick.ac.uk.

samedi 25 juillet 2015

Les normes médicales

Norm als Zwang, Pflicht und Traum: Normierende versus individualisierende Bestrebungen in der Medizin

Eva Brinkschulte, Mariacarla Gadebusch Bondio (Editors)

Series: Medizingeschichte im Kontext (Book 19)
Hardcover: 212 pages
Publisher: Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften (June 30, 2015)
Language: German
ISBN-13: 978-3631660645

Erklärte Ziele der Medizin sind Wiederherstellung, Erhaltung sowie Förderung der psychischen und physischen Gesundheit. Dabei wird in der alltäglichen Praxis oft die Grenzziehung zwischen dem «Normalen» und dem «Pathologischen» unreflektiert vorgenommen. Der Band ist der interdisziplinären Aufarbeitung von medizinischen Normierungsdiskursen und -praktiken vom 19. bis 21. Jahrhundert gewidmet. In den Beiträgen werden die Bestrebungen, normale bzw. durchschnittliche medizinische Werte zu definieren, ausgelotet: Von der gesundheitspolitischen Normierung der Gesundheit bis zu den Visionen einer anzustrebenden gesunden «Normalität», deren Grenzen heute durch die Optimierungspraktiken der wunscherfüllenden Medizin verwischt sind.

Histoire et cultures de l'alimentation

Deuxième Conférence Internationale d’Histoire et des Cultures de l’Alimentation

Appel à communications et à sessions


26-27 mai 2016 – Tours (France)


L’Institut Européen d’Histoire et des Cultures de l’Alimentation (IEHCA) organisera les jeudi 26 et vendredi 27 mai 2016 à Tours (France) la seconde édition de sa désormais annuelle Conférence Internationale.

Cette manifestation s’inscrit dans le prolongement des actions que mène l’IEHCA depuis douze ans à travers sa politique éditoriale, son soutien à la recherche et son travail de mise en réseau des chercheurs en Food Studies.

Le succès de l’année précédente où près de 120 chercheurs ont été réunis, nous a conforté dans notre volonté de pérenniser cette manifestation et d’en faire un rendez-vous de référence, organisé en partenariat avec l’Equipe Alimentation de l’université François-Rabelais de Tours et la Chaire UNESCO « Sauvegarde et Valorisation des Patrimoines Alimentaires » (Université de Tours).

Toutes les propositions relevant des Food Studies seront examinées et tous les chercheurs seront les bienvenus (doctorants, post-doctorants, enseignants-chercheurs, chercheurs indépendants...). Ce symposium est par essence pluri- et transdisciplinaire et couvrira l’ensemble des périodes historiques.

Contrairement à l’année précédente, le présent appel consiste en priorité en un appel à sessions, seront donc d’abord examinés et retenus les candidatures portant sur l’organisation de panels thématiques. Les candidatures individuelles ne seront examinées que dans un second temps.

Chaque session devra durer 1H30. Elle comportera un modérateur et de deux à quatre communicants. Idéalement trois (avec, dans ce cas, des communications d’une durée de vingt minutes).

Les candidatures devront être en français ou en anglais et mentionner :

· le thème général de la session

· le nom du modérateur et des communicants,

· Bref CV (250 mots) de tous les participants de la session

· leur(s) institution(s) de rattachement (si nécessaire),

· le titre de leur intervention

· leurs coordonnées

· un résumé de 250 mots pour chaque communication

Le chercheur soumettant la proposition de session pourra en être le modérateur. S’il est au nombre des communicants, il lui revient de trouver un modérateur ou, à défaut, un modérateur sera attribué par les organisateurs.


Les éventuelles candidatures individuelles devront être présentées comme suit :

· Titre de la communication

· Un résumé de la communication (250 mots)

· Un bref CV (250 mots)

· Institution de rattachement (si nécessaire) et coordonnées


Les candidatures seront examinées et sélectionnées par le comité scientifique de l’IEHCA.

Les communications pourront être présentées en anglais ou en français.

La date limite d’envoi des candidatures est fixée au 30 octobre 2015.

Les réponses vous parviendront aux alentours du 15 janvier 2016.



Elles sont à adresser, ainsi que vos questions, à Loïc Bienassis et Allen Grieco :
loic.bienassis@iehca.eu ; agrieco@itatti.harvard.edu

IMPORTANT : aucun frais d’inscription n’est demandé mais aucun défraiement n’est prévu pour les participants à la conférence.


Organisation scientifique :
IEHCA (Institut Européen d’Histoire et des Cultures de l’Alimentation, Tours)
LÉA (L’Équipe Alimentation, Université François-Rabelais (Tours), EA 6294)
Chaire UNESCO Sauvegarde et Valorisation des Patrimoines Alimentaires (Université François-Rabelais (Tours)

vendredi 24 juillet 2015

La connaissance de la reproduction dans l'Angleterre pré-moderne

Bodies, Speech, and Reproductive Knowledge in Early Modern England 

Sara D. Luttfring 

Series: Routledge Studies in Renaissance Literature and Culture
Hardcover: 12 pages
Publisher: Routledge (August 3, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1138849426


This volume examines early modern representations of women’s reproductive knowledge through new readings of plays, monstrous birth pamphlets, medical treatises, court records, histories, and more, which are often interpreted as depicting female reproductive bodies as passive, silenced objects of male control and critique. Luttfring argues instead that these texts represent women exercising epistemological control over reproduction through the stories they tell about their bodies and the ways they act these stories out, combining speech and physical performance into what Luttfring calls 'bodily narratives.' The power of these bodily narratives extends beyond knowledge of individual bodies to include the ways that women’s stories about reproduction shape the patriarchal identities of fathers, husbands, and kings. In the popular print and theater of early modern England, women’s bodies, women’s speech, and in particular women’s speech about their bodies perform socially constitutive work: constructing legible narratives of lineage and inheritance; making and unmaking political alliances; shaping local economies; and defining/delimiting male socio-political authority in medical, royal, familial, judicial, and economic contexts. This book joins growing critical discussion of how female reproductive bodies were used to represent socio-political concerns and will be of interest to students and scholars working in early modern literature and culture, women’s history, and the history of medicine.

La nourriture entre festin et famine



Food, Feast and Famine 

Call for Papers

International Medieval Congress – Leeds, UK, 4-7 July 2016

The history of medieval food is a burgeoning field of research but its health dimensions are still neglected (see attached flier for more details). In order to redress some aspects of this neglect, up to three sessions are proposed for IMC 2016 for its special thematic strand of Food, Feast and Famine. The potential sessions are:

1 – Ingestion and digestion: anatomy, physiology, pathology

Proposals for this theme could consider medieval theories of digestion, medieval understanding of the parts of the body involved and their functions – which might also involve wider cultural beliefs about the mouth, teeth, stomach, intestines, evacuation, etc – and ideas about what might go wrong with these processes and members and what could be done about it.

2 – Food-related illness and injury

Proposals for this theme could consider (fears of) food poisoning (both intentional and as a result of adulteration or other issue), choking, cooking and other food-related occupational injuries, cases of diarrhoea or dysentery linked to food intake, unusual unintentional ingestion e.g. leeches, snakes, spiders, or status-related illness due to not being able to eat the foods deemed appropriate to one’s station.

3 – Hunger, obesity and emaciation as health problems

Proposals for this theme could include food cravings, surfeit, alcoholism, mobility problems linked to obesity, hunger as a sign of illness/cure, any perceived medieval relationship between hunger, poverty and disease, emaciation as sign of voluntary fasting (where perceived to be a health problem), or emaciation as a sign of involuntary starvation or serious illness (the latter already recognized in the Hippocratic corpus).

Please send a title and a 200-word abstract to Iona McCleery at the University of Leeds by 10 September 2015 via email at i.mccleery@leeds.ac.uk.

Please visit https://www.leeds.ac.uk/ims/imc/imc2016_call.html for more details on the congress including estimated registration and accommodation costs and the bursary fund. 

jeudi 23 juillet 2015

Histoire épistémologique de la médecine chinoise

Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine 

Howard Chiang


Hardcover: 262 pages
Publisher: Manchester University Press; 1 edition (August 1, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0719096006
ISBN-13: 978-0719096006


This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range from the spread of gingko's popularity from East Asia to the West to the appeal of acupuncture for complementing in-vitro fertilisation regimens, from the modernisation of Chinese anatomy and forensic science to the evolving perceptions of the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine.

The individual essays cohere around the powerful theoretical-methodological approach, historical epistemology, with which scholars in science studies have already challenged the seemingly constant and timeless status of such rudimentary but pivotal dimensions of scientific process as knowledge, reason, argument, objectivity, evidence, fact and truth. Yet given that landmark studies in historical epistemology rarely navigate outside the intellectual landscape of Western science and medicine, this book broadens our understanding of its application and significance by drawing on and exploring the rich cultures of Chinese medicine. In studying the globalising role of medical objects, the contested premise of medical authority and legitimacy, and the syncretic transformations of metaphysical and ontological knowledge, contributors illuminate how the breadth of the historical study of Chinese medicine and its practices of knowledge-making in the modern period must be at once philosophical and transnational in scope.

This book will appeal to students and scholars working in science studies and medical humanities as well as readers who are interested in the broader problems of translation, material culture and the global circulation of knowledge.