mercredi 27 août 2014

Platon contre la médecine

Plato's Rivalry with Medicine: A Struggle and Its Dissolution 

Susan B. Levin


Hardcover: 320 pages
Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (August 25, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0199919801
ISBN-13: 978-0199919802


While scholars typically view Plato's engagement with medicine as uniform and largely positive, Susan B. Levin argues that from the Gorgias through the Laws, his handling of medicine unfolds in several key phases. Further, she shows that Plato views medicine as an important rival for authority on phusis (nature) and eudaimonia (flourishing). Levin's arguments rest on careful attention both to Plato and to the Hippocratic Corpus. 

Levin shows that an evident but unexpressed tension involving medicine's status emerges in theGorgias and is explored in Plato's critiques of medicine in the Symposium and Republic. In theLaws, however, this rivalry and tension dissolve. Levin addresses the question of why Plato's rivalry with medicine is put to rest while those with rhetoric and poetry continue. On her account, developments in his views of human nature, with their resulting impact on his political thought, drive Plato's striking adjustments involving medicine in the Laws.

Levin's investigation of Plato is timely: for the first time in the history of bioethics, the value of ancient philosophy is receiving notable attention. Most discussions focus on Aristotle's concept of phronêsis (practical wisdom); here, Levin argues that Plato has much to offer bioethics as it works to address pressing concerns about the doctor-patient tie, medical professionalism, and medicine's relationship to society.

Revisiter l'histoire de la sexualité

Revisiting The History of Sexuality: Foucault's Legacy after 40 Years

Call for papers

Special Issue of Cultural History 5, no. 2 (October 2016).

Cultural History is a peer-reviewed journal published by Edinburgh University Press.

Guest Editor: Howard Chiang

The year 2016 marks the 40th anniversary of Michel Foucault’s The History of Sexuality: An Introduction, Volume 1. One of the most important legacies of this book has been the analytical elucidation of sexuality as a product of history. Foucault’s study has shaped scholarly debates about power, medical science, sexual identity, political life, authorship, the practice of history, and many other topics. Cultural History invites submissions of concise research articles and opinion essays that reflect on Foucault’s text, drawing on either personal research and teaching experiences or pivotal encounters with the text in various scholarly contexts in the 40 years since its publication.

This special issue will place a particular emphasis on the influence of Foucault’s work in the fields of the history of sexuality and feminist and queer studies. As Foucault’s work has been critiqued from sophisticated postcolonial perspectives, contributions by scholars whose area of specialization falls outside of Europe and the United States are therefore especially welcome. Equally, this special issue provides scholars of Western culture with a forum to revisit old debates, cast new light on familiar sources, or raise refreshing methodological questions for the historical study of gender and sexuality.


Procedures for submission of articles: At this time we are requesting abstracts that are no longer than 350 words; these are due by October 15, 2014 and should be submitted electronically as an e-mail attachment to the guest editor Howard Chiang (H.H.Chiang@warwick.ac.uk ), with “Cultural History Issue 5.2 Submission” in the subject line. By October 31, 2014, authors will be notified whether they are invited to submit a full version of their essay to undergo the peer review process. The due date for completed drafts of essays is March 1, 2015. An invitation to submit a full article does not guarantee publication; publication depends on the peer review process and the overall shape the journal issue will take.

For preliminary e-mail inquiries, please contact the guest editor at H.H.Chiang@warwick.ac.uk and include “Cultural History Issue 5.2” in the subject line.

Abstract Deadline: October 15, 2014

Final Manuscript Deadline: March 1, 2015

Article submissions should follow the journal’s in-house submission guidelines (http://www.euppublishing.com/page/cult/submissions) with the exception that the maximum article length is 6,000 words (instead of the usual 9,000 words).

mardi 26 août 2014

Histoires de la santé en Asie du sud-est

Histories of Health in Southeast Asia: Perspectives on the Long Twentieth Century

Tim Harper, Sunil S. Amrith (Editors)



Hardcover: 264 pages
Publisher: Indiana University Press (August 14, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0253014867
ISBN-13: 978-0253014863


Health patterns in Southeast Asia have changed profoundly over the past century. In that period, epidemic and chronic diseases, environmental transformations, and international health institutions have created new connections within the region and the increased interdependence of Southeast Asia with China and India. In this volume leading scholars provide a new approach to the history of health in Southeast Asia. Framed by a series of synoptic pieces on the "Landscapes of Health" in Southeast Asia in 1914, 1950, and 2014 the essays interweave local, national, and regional perspectives. They range from studies of long-term processes such as changing epidemics, mortality and aging, and environmental history to detailed accounts of particular episodes: the global cholera epidemic and the hajj, the influenza epidemic of 1918, WWII, and natural disasters. The writers also examine state policy on healthcare and the influence of organizations, from NGOs such as the China Medical Board and the Rockefeller Foundation to grassroots organizations in Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines.

Histoire des LGBT

The 2nd What is & How to Do LGBT History Conference 

Call for papers


The LGF conference venue, Canal Street, Manchester
Saturday 14th & Sunday 15th February 2015
http://lgbthistorymonth.org.uk/


An important part of the 10th anniversary celebrations of LGBT History month is the 1st National Festival over St Valentine’s Weekend 2015 in Manchester (aka ‘Manchester in Love 2015’) that seeks to lead and develop the growing discourse into past attitudes towards sex and gender diversity within the academy and among the general public.

The academic conference 'What is & How to DO LGBT History?' runs parallel to the 'Manchester in Love' Festival and seeks to place attitudes, experiences and identities in their historical context. In doing so, we hope to uncover and understand regional, temporal and ideological differences in past attitudes towards gender and sex. The organisers of “What is & How to Do LGBT History?” conference invite twenty minute papers or three paper panels on the following range of broad topics and their relationship to the study of past attitudes towards sex, and gender diversity.

● Archival research and the uncovering of source materials

● The influence of other disciplines on historical study

● Experiences of conducting research within the academy

● Reclaiming forgotten histories

● Writing the history of under/unexplored regions

● The relationship between historical study and political activism

● Considering the impact of our work as historians

● The problem of naming in a historical context

● Ethical issues in historical research


Papers on other issues related to the study of past attitudes towards sex and gender diversity are also most welcome. All abstracts and enquires should be sent to Mark Walmsley & Helen Smith @: lgbthmaap@gmail.com no later than 1st October along with a short biography for each presenter. Individual abstracts should be no more than 250 words. Abstracts for panels should be submitted together with an additional 250 word summary outlining the panel’s key themes.


The Distinguished Academic Patrons of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual & Trans History Month (UK)

Harry Cocks (Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts, Nottingham) , Matt Cook (Senior Lecturer in History & Gender Studies, Birkbeck, London University.), Martin Hall (Vice-Chancellor of Salford University & Archaeologist), Shelia Rowbotham (Professor, School of Social Sciences, Manchester University), Melanie Tebbutt (Reader in History, Director of the Manchester Centre for Regional History, MMU), Charles Upchurch (Associate Professor of History, Florida State University), Jeffrey Weeks (Research Professor, Arts and Human Sciences, South Bank University).

lundi 25 août 2014

Santé publique et reconstruction nationale dans l'Asie d'après-guerre

Public Health and National Reconstruction in Post-War Asia: International Influences, Local Transformations


Liping Bu, Ka-che Yip (Editors)



Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia
Hardcover: 218 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (August 13, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0415719054
ISBN-13: 978-0415719056

This book, based on extensive original research, considers the transformation of public health systems in major East, South and Southeast Asian countries in the period following the Second World War. It examines how public health concepts, policies, institutions and practices were improved, shows how international health standards were implemented, sometimes through the direct intervention of transnational organisations, and explores how indigenous traditions and local social and cultural concerns affected developments, with, in some cases, the construction of public health systems forming an important part of nation-building in post-war and post-independence countries. Throughout, the book relates developments in public health systems to people’s health, demographic changes, and economic and social reconstruction projects.

Histoire et philosophie du souffle

'The Life of Breath' Philosophy of Medicine

Wellcome Trust PhD Studentship, University of Bristol - Philosophy




Location: Bristol

Salary:  £21,586 The studentship provides full tuition fees and a tax-free stipend of £64,759 over 3 years (£21,586 per annum), as well as £11,700 studentship fees and £1,500 for travel and conference attendance.

Hours: Full Time


Contract: Contract / Temporary


Placed on: 13th August 2014
Closes: 3rd November 2014


The project: The Department of Philosophy at the University of Bristol is seeking to award a fully-funded PhD studentship from January 2015. The studentship is for a doctoral project on a topic related to the WT Senior Investigator Award Life of Breath, led by Prof Havi Carel and Prof Jane Macnaughton.

The Life of Breath Senior Investigator Award is a 5-year research project exploring the cultural, philosophical, historical, and anthropological foundations of breathing and its pathological counterpart, breathlessness. The project is motivated by the view that breathing and breathlessness can only be understood fully by drawing on both biomedical information and on cultural, literary, historical and phenomenological research. In the project we will study breathing and breathlessness through a range of humanities disciplines, and use the outcomes to inform medical practice. This innovative humanities perspective, alongside empirical research, will enhance the medical understanding of breathlessness. The project will contribute to our knowledge of this common symptom and will inform medical approaches to preventing and treating diseases for which breathlessness is the primary symptom. The goal of the project is to use medical humanities research outcomes to inform medical interventions in diseases in which breathlessness is a key symptom.

How to apply: Please make an online application for this project at http://www.bris.ac.uk/pg-howtoapplyspecifying that you wish to be considered for the studentship. Please also supply:

1. An up to date academic CV
2. A writing sample of up to 5,000 words
3. The names of two referees
4. A 2,000-3,000 word research proposal


In your research proposal, explain how your proposed research would make a valuable contribution to the Life of Breath project. This contribution is currently envisaged as a PhD project that would shed light on the experience of breathing and of breathlessness, a phenomenology of health and illness, or a related project within the philosophy of medicine. The closing date for receipt of applications is 3 November 2014. Interviews will be held in mid-November.


Applicants should have a strong undergraduate degree in philosophy or medical humanities and should ideally have or be undertaking a Masters degree in a relevant discipline or have relevant research experience in these or a related field. The successful candidate will work within the Department of Philosophy at the University of Bristol http://www.bris.ac.uk/philosophy/.


Funding: The studentship is funded by the Wellcome Trust (WT). The studentship provides full tuition fees and a tax-free stipend of £64,759 over 3 years (£21,586 per annum), as well as £11,700 studentship fees and £1,500 for travel and conference attendance.


Contacts: Informal enquiries may be addressed to Prof Havi Carel in the Department of Philosophy by telephone at +44 (0)117 954 6690 or by email at havi.carel@bris.ac.uk. 


dimanche 24 août 2014

Les arts sanitaires

The Sanitary Arts: Aesthetic Culture and the Victorian Cleanliness Campaigns 

Eileen Cleere



Hardcover: 224 pages
Publisher: Ohio State University Press; 1 edition (July 28, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0814212581
ISBN-13: 978-0814212585

Eileen Cleere argues in this interdisciplinary study that mid-century discoveries about hygiene and cleanliness not only influenced public health, civic planning, and medical practice but also powerfully reshaped the aesthetic values of the British middle class. By focusing on paintings, domestic architecture, and interior design, The Sanitary Arts: Aesthetic Culture and the Victorian Cleanliness Campaigns shows that the “sanitary aesthetic” significantly transformed the taste of the British public over the nineteenth century by equating robust health and cleanliness with new definitions of beauty and new experiences of aisthesis. Covering everything from connoisseurs to custodians, Cleere demonstrates that Victorian art critics, engineers, and architects—and even novelists from George Eliot to Charles Dickens, Charlotte Mary Young to Sarah Grand—all participated in a vital cultural debate over hygiene, cleanliness, and aesthetic enlightenment.

The Sanitary Arts covers the mid-forties controversy over cleaning the dirt from the pictures in the National Gallery, the debate over decorative “dust traps” in the overstuffed Victorian home, and the late-century proliferation of hygienic breeding principles as a program of aesthetic perfectibility, to demonstrate the unintentionally collaborative work of seemingly unrelated events and discourses. Bringing figures like Edwin Chadwick and John Ruskin into close conversation about the sanitary status of beauty in a variety of forms and environments, Cleere forcefully demonstrates that aesthetic development and scientific discovery can no longer be understood as separate or discrete forces of cultural change.

Poste à St Louis

Tenure-Track Assistant Professor-History of Medicine - Washington University in St. Louis

Call for applications 

The History Department at Washington University in St. Louis invites applications for an historian of medicine starting in the fall of 2015. The search is at the rank of tenure-track assistant professor. A Ph.D. in hand by August 1, 2015 and evidence of scholarly potential are required. Area and chronological expertise are open. The successful candidate will teach an introductory course in the history of medicine, prepare classes in her/his area of specialization, be active in research and publication, perform university service, and contribute to a growing community of faculty interested in the medical humanities.


Please send a letter of application, c.v., and three letters of reference (under separate cover) via e-mail to artsci-history.search@email. wustl.edu or via postal mail to the Chair, History of Medicine Search Committee, Department of History, Washington University, 1 Brookings Dr., Campus Box 1062, St. Louis, MO 63130. Screening of applications will begin on October 15, 2014, and will continue until the position is filled.

Washington University is an AA/EOE and is strongly committed to enhancing the diversity of its faculty.