mardi 21 avril 2015

Historiographie de la médecine chinoise

The Art of Medicine in Early China: The Ancient and Medieval Origins of a Modern Archive

Miranda Brown

Hardcover: 250 pages
Publisher: Cambridge University Press (April 20, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1107097053
ISBN-13: 978-1107097056


In this book, Miranda Brown investigates the myths that acupuncturists and herbalists have told about the birth of the healing arts. Moving from the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and Song (960-1279) dynasties to the twentieth century, Brown traces the rich history of Chinese medical historiography and the gradual emergence of the archive of medical tradition. She exposes the historical circumstances that shaped the current image of medical progenitors: the ancient bibliographers, medieval editors, and modern reformers and defenders of Chinese medicine who contributed to the contemporary shape of the archive. Brown demonstrates how ancient and medieval ways of knowing live on in popular narratives of medical history, both in modern Asia and in the West. She also reveals the surprising and often unacknowledged debt that contemporary scholars owe to their pre-modern forbearers for the categories, frameworks, and analytic tools with which to study the distant past.

lundi 20 avril 2015

La formation du corpus galénique

Pseudo-Galenic Texts and the Formation of the Galenic Corpus


An international conference at the Warburg Institute, London
 14 and 15 May 2015
Organiser: Caroline Petit (Warwick)



The conference is supported by the Wellcome Trust, the University of Warwick, the Institute of Classical Studies and the Warburg Institute.


Thursday 14 May

10.00-10.20 : Registration and welcome, tea and coffee

10.20-10.30 Welcome address (Prof. Greg Woolf, Director of the Institute of Classical Studies).

10.30-10.45 Caroline Petit (Warwick): Pseudo-Galenic texts from antiquity to the Renaissance: different patterns (an introduction)


Antiquity (chair: Simon Swain)

10.45-11.15 Vivian Nutton (UCL):  Crumbs from the rich man’s table? Three Roman pharmacological texts.

11.15-11.45 Laurence Totelin (Cardiff): Easy Remedies - Difficult texts: the pseudo-Galenic Euporista.

11.45-12.00 tea and coffee

12.00-12.30 Véronique Boudon-Millot (CNRS, Paris): Is the Theriac to Piso attributed to Galen authentic?

12.30-13.00 Nathalie Rousseau (Paris IV-Sorbonne): Remarques sur la langue de la Thériaque à Pison 

Lunch

Oriental tradition (chair: Charles Burnett)
 
14.00-14.30 Siam Bhayro (Exeter): Galen and Pseudo-Galen in the Syriac tradition

14.30-15.00 Aileen Das (Manchester): Universalizing Medicine: the ps.-Galenic Commentary On Hippocrates 'Sevens

15.00-15.30 Mauro Zonta (Roma): About the authenticity of Galen's Perì alypìas in Judeo-Arabic and Hebrew, compared to the recently found Greek text

15.30-16.00 Tea & coffee

Middle Ages (West) (chair: Cloudy Fischer)

16.00-16.30 Arsenio Ferraces Rodríguez (Universidad da Coruña): An early medieval pseudo-Galen: the chapter De ponderibus medicinalibus 

16.30-17.00 Charles Burnett (Warburg): The Ps. Galenic De spermate in the middle ages 

17.00-17.30 Outi Merisalo (Jyväskylä): La fortune du De spermate dans les éditions imprimées de Galien du XVe au XVIIe s.



17.30-18.30 Reception (all participants)



Friday 15 May

Late antiquity and Byzantium (chair: Peregrine Horden)

10.15-10.45 Klaus-Dietrich Fischer (Mainz): Drugs to declare. A fresh look at some works with pharmaceutical content attributed to Galen

10.45-11.15 Petros Bouras-Vallianatos (KCL): Pseudo-Galenic Texts on Urines and Pulse in Late Byzantium: The Case of Wellcome MS.MSL.60




11.15-11.45 Tea & coffee

11.45-12.15 Brigitte Mondrain (EPHE, Paris): Les traités pseudo-galéniques dans les manuscrits byzantins

12.15-12.45 Barbara Zipser (Royal Holloway): Pseudo-Galenic texts in Byzantine Iatrosophia

12.45-13.15 Marie Cronier (CNRS, Paris): Les Definitiones Medicae pseudo-galéniques à Byzance

Lunch

Latin translations and editions (chair: Vivian Nutton)

14.15-14.45 Christina Savino (Humboldt-Universität, Berlin): The Pseudogalenic commentaries on Hippocrates edited by G.B. Rasario (1517-1578)


14.45-15.15 Mareike Jas (Munich): Nicolaus of Rhegium as an independent witness to the text of pseudo-Galen´s historia philosopha


15.15-15.45 Stefania Fortuna (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona): Pseudo-Galenic texts in the printed editions of Galen


 

Lecturer à l'Université de Liverpool

Lecturer grade 8 in the History of Medicine

Call for applications

The University of Liverpool
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Institute of Psychology, Health and Society
Department of Public Health and Policy
In affiliation with the Department of History


£38,511 - £42,067 pa


We are seeking to appoint a Temporary Lecturer in the Department of Public Health and Policy, in affiliation with the Department of History. You will be expected to deliver undergraduate teaching in the Faculties of Health and Life Sciences and Humanities and Social Sciences and postgraduate teaching on the Master of Public Health course. You should have a PhD in History or a relevant discipline and duties include: delivering lectures, seminars and individual student project tutoring; assessment of coursework and examinations; development and maintenance of teaching and examination materials and attendance at staff meetings. You will also support the Development of History of Medicine within local healthcare and community organisations. The post is available until 31 May 2016.


Job Ref: A-587856 Closing Date: 30 April 2015


For full details, or to request an application pack, visit www.liv.ac.uk/working/job_vacancies/


or e-mail jobs@liv.ac.uk, please quote Job Ref in all enquiries

dimanche 19 avril 2015

La médecine cherokee et les germes coloniaux

Cherokee Medicine, Colonial Germs: An Indigenous Nation’s Fight against Smallpox, 1518–1824 

Paul Kelton


Hardcover: 296 pages
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press (April 8 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0806146885
ISBN-13: 978-0806146881


How smallpox, or Variola, caused widespread devastation during the European colonization of the Americas is a well-known story. But as historian Paul Kelton informs us, that’s precisely what it is: a convenient story. In Cherokee Medicine, Colonial Germs Kelton challenges the “virgin soil thesis,” or the widely held belief that Natives’ lack of immunities and their inept healers were responsible for their downfall. Eschewing the metaphors and hyperbole routinely associated with the impact of smallpox, he firmly shifts the focus to the root cause of indigenous suffering and depopulation—colonialism writ large; not disease.

Kelton’s account begins with the long, false dawn between 1518 and the mid-seventeenth century, when sporadic encounters with Europeans did little to bring Cherokees into the wider circulation of guns, goods, and germs that had begun to transform Native worlds. By the 1690s English-inspired slave raids had triggered a massive smallpox epidemic that struck the Cherokees for the first time. Through the eighteenth century, Cherokees repeatedly responded to real and threatened epidemics—and they did so effectively by drawing on their own medicine. Yet they also faced terribly destructive physical violence from the British during the Anglo-Cherokee War (1759–1761) and from American militias during the Revolutionary War. Having suffered much more from the scourge of war than from smallpox, the Cherokee population rebounded during the nineteenth century and, without abandoning Native medical practices and beliefs, Cherokees took part in the nascent global effort to eradicate Variola by embracing vaccination.

A far more complex and nuanced history of Variola among American Indians emerges from these pages, one that privileges the lived experiences of the Cherokees over the story of their supposedly ill-equipped immune systems and counterproductive responses. Cherokee Medicine, Colonial Germs shows us how Europeans and their American descendants have obscured the past with the stories they left behind, and how these stories have perpetuated a simplistic understanding of colonialism.

JAS 2015

Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of Medicine

Call for Papers

October 16 – 17, 2015

University of Pennsylvania

The University of Pennsylvania is pleased to host the 13th Joint Atlantic Seminar for the History of Medicine on October 16 – 17, 2015 in Philadelphia. JAS Med is convened annually for the presentation of research by young scholars working on the history of medicine and public health. The meeting was founded in 2002 to foster a collegial intellectual community that provides a forum for sharing and critiquing graduate student research.

We welcome student presentations on any topic and time period and especially hope to receive submissions that speak to this year’s theme of Materiality Medica. Conceived broadly, this theme directs our attention to the physicality of bodies and the implements, practical ministrations, and drugs involved in their care. Analytic focus on materiality also invites consideration of the practical ways that non-human actors, including the built/natural environment and animals and other living organisms, have had a crucial bearing on population and personal health.

Materials in the history of medicine provide both methodological challenges and opportunities as objects that resist translation into abstract discourse but may also provide unique clues into elusive domains of historical experience. What resources, for instance, do the objects preserved in historical collections—such as old surgical tools, anatomical specimens, or personal hygiene goods—provide to the historian accustomed to working with textual documentation? How do we do narrative justice to the physical messiness of bodies that develop burning fevers, inexplicable twinges, or experience suffering and pain?

Other topics encompassed by this theme include but are by no means limited to:
  • Trans-regional commodity chains that link objects and people in disparate settings
  • Affective responses to intimate body work and the manual labor of care
  • Practices and tools that translate between abstract and embodied ways of knowing
  • Spaces and infrastructures of clinical care
  • The inscription of social and racial difference in material conditions of health

Submissions are welcome from a wide range of scholarly disciplines. Abstracts should be no more than 300 words and clearly convey the argument, sources, and relationship to existing literature of the paper to be presented. Please submit here no later than May 25, 2015.

Registration for the conference is free and required. You may register on Eventbrite before October 1.

If you have any questions, please be in touch via email at jasmedpenn2015@gmail.com.

samedi 18 avril 2015

Santé publique au Moyen-âge en Norvège

Health and the City: Disease, Environment and Government in Norwich, 1200-1575 

Isla Fay


Hardcover: 276 pages
Publisher: York Medieval Press (April 16 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1903153603
ISBN-13: 978-1903153604


In 1559, William Cuningham MD published an image of a quintessentially healthy city. The source of his inspiration was Norwich, one of England's largest and wealthiest provincial boroughs. Though idealized, Cuningham's "map" fairly represented the municipalities' attempts to rebuild and improve the infrastructure. But his image also covered up many problems: Norwich in reality was pocked by decayed housing, deteriorating streets and polluted waterways, and was home to significant numbers of sick and impoverished residents. This book brings both viewpoints to life. Cuningham's particular brand of "environmental health" imitated ancient ideas (in particular the Hippocratic text Airs, Waters, Places), and drew upon astrology, the study of the weather, and local topography. The book shows that amongst the citizens, a complementary form of medical culture existed that put individuals under the spotlight. It included neighbourhood reactions to illness and disability; the responsibilities of the governing elite for sanitation; and judgments about the lifestyles of different members of the community. Hygiene from this perspective was not only about cleanliness, but also about behaviour, hierarchy, and property. The study draws together a wide range of source materials (including images, medical notebooks and objects, human remains, the corporation's archives, and civic ritual and drama), considering both high and low culture.

Bourse de voyage à Yale

Research travel grant for Yale's Cushing/Whitney Medical Historical Library


Call for applications 


The Historical Library of the Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library at Yale University is pleased to announce its eighth annual Ferenc Gyorgyey Research Travel Award for use of the Historical Library.

The Medical Historical Library, located in New Haven, Connecticut, holds one of the country’s largest collections of rare medical books, journals, prints, photographs, and pamphlets. Special strengths are the works of Hippocrates, Galen, Vesalius, Boyle, Harvey, Culpeper, Priestley, and S. Weir Mitchell, and works on anesthesia, and smallpox inoculation and vaccination. The Library owns over fifty medieval and renaissance manuscripts, Arabic and Persian manuscripts, and over 300 medical incunabula. The notable Clements C. Fry Collection of Prints and Drawings has over 2,500 fine prints, drawings, and posters from the 15th century to the present on medical subjects. The library also holds a great collection of tobacco advertisements, patent medicine ephemera, and a large group of materials from Harvey Cushing, one of the founding fathers of neurosurgery.

The 2015-2016 travel grant is available to historians, medical practitioners, and other researchers who wish to use the collections of the Medical Historical Library (http://historical.medicine.yale.edu/). There is a single award of up to $1,500 for one week of research during the academic fiscal year July 1, 2015 - June 30, 2016. Funds may be used for transportation, housing, food, and photographic reproductions. The award is limited to residents of the United States and Canada. Applicants should send a completed application form, curriculum vitae and a description of the project including the relevance of the collections of the Historical Library to the project, and two references attesting to the particular project. Preference will be given to applicants beyond commuting distance to the Historical Library. This award is for use of Medical Historical special collections and is not intended for primary use of special collections in other libraries at Yale. Applications are due by Monday, MAY 4th, 2015. They will be considered by a committee and the candidates will be informed by JUNE 8th, 2015. An application form can be found on our website: (http://historical.medicine.yale.edu/us/grant)

Applications and requests for further information should be sent via email or mail to:

Melissa Grafe, Ph.D
John R. Bumstead Librarian for Medical History
Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library
Yale University
P.O. Box 208014
New Haven, CT 06520-8014
Telephone: 203- 785-4354
Fax: 203-785-5636

Additional information about the Library and its collections may be found at: http://historical.medicine.yale.edu/

vendredi 17 avril 2015

Une histoire de l'Institut Pasteur

Une histoire de l'Institut Pasteur. Au coeur de la santé publique mondiale 

François GROS (Secrétaire perpétuel honoraire de l'Académie de sciences) et Marie-Hélène MARCHAND (Secrétaire général honoraire de l'insitut Pasteur)





Privant
Collection : Histoire
À paraître le 17 avril 2015
350 p, Broché
18 euros
ISBN : 978-2-7089-1780-4


Qu'évoque l'Institut Pasteur si ce n'est l'image de l'illustre savant auteur du premier vaccin contre la rage? Si celle-ci lui confère une grande notoriété, les activités de l'Institut demeurent cependant méconnues du grand public. Quelles révolutions scientifiques, comme le passage de la microbiologie àla biologie moléculaire et à la génomique, l'ont maintenu au premier rang de la lutte contre les maladies infectieuses? Comment cette grande fondation privée reconnue d'utilité publique a-t-elle pu créer et animer un réseau d'Instituts à travers le monde? Comment la générosité des donateurs (parmi lesquels la duchesse de Windsor) lui a-t-elle permis de se développer? L'Institut Pasteur occupe une place unique en France et dans le monde. En retraçant son histoire riche de découvertes scientifiques majeures et de personnalités exceptionnelles, cet ouvrage appréhende le monde de la recherche et celui d'une institution qui a su s'adapter aux nouveaux enjeux mondiaux de santé publique.