dimanche 22 avril 2018

La pratique médicale de Richard Napier

Medicine, Religion, and Magic in Early Stuart England: Richard Napier's Medical Practice 

Ofer Hadass

Series: Magic in History
Hardcover: 232 pages
Publisher: Penn State University Press; 1 edition (March 26, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0271080185

The astrologer-physician Richard Napier (1559-1634) was not only a man of practical science and medicine but also a master of occult arts and a devout parish rector who purportedly held conversations with angels. This new interpretation of Napier reveals him to be a coherent and methodical man whose burning desire for certain, true knowledge contributed to the contemporary venture of putting existing knowledge to useful ends.

Originally trained in theology and ordained as an Anglican priest, Napier later studied astrological medicine and combined astrology, religious thought, and image and ritual magic in his medical work. Ofer Hadass draws on a remarkable archive of Napier’s medical cases and religious writings—including the interviews he claimed to have held with angels—to show how Napier’s seemingly inconsistent approaches were rooted in an inclusive and coherent worldview, combining equal respect for ancient authority and for experientially derived knowledge. Napier’s endeavors exemplify the fruitful relationship between religion and science that offered a well-founded alternative to the rising mechanistic explanation of nature at the time.

Carefully researched and compellingly told, Medicine, Religion, and Magic in Early Stuart England is an insightful exploration of one of the most fascinating figures at the intersection of medicine, magic, and theology in early modern England and of the healing methods employed by physicians of the era.

Les peaux médiévales


Call for Papers

Mid-America Medieval Association 42nd Annual Conference
University of Kansas, Lawrence
September 22, 2018

We construe the notion of skin, or skins, as having multiple meanings, contexts, and sites of enquiry; it could pertain to humans or animals; as a covering or a disguise, revealing or concealing identity, a marker of difference and similarity, race, class, and gender; the mutilated witness to heroic and saintly deeds, or the epitome of idealized beauty; it can be sacred or profane; it may also evoke science, medicine, and the body; skin as writing surface and manuscript; as palimpsest, the scraping away of layers of meaning; it may allude to blank spaces and lacunae; skin as the polychrome surface of a statue, or a fresco; architectural skins and façades; it could relate to surfaces, spaces, and landscapes; to the veneers of civilization and society. We invite papers thatengage these topics, or any related to the fieldof medieval studies.

Plenary address by Dr. Andrew Beresford,
University of Durham: "Dermal
Identities in the Legend of St Bartholomew"

Professor Beresford is the Associate Director of the Centre for Visual Arts and Culture, and a founding member of the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies at Durham. His internationally recognized work focuses on intersections in early Spanish literature, art, and culture, with a focus on hagiography, gender, and literary theory. His many publications include The Severed Breast: The Legends of Saints Agatha and Lucy in Medieval Castilian Literature (2010), The Legend of Saint Agnes in Medieval Castilian Literature (2007), and The Legends of the Holy Harlots: Thaïs and Pelagia in Medieval Spanish Literature (2007).

Please send proposals of 250 words by June 1st to Caroline Jewers at cjewers@ku.edu.

Sponsored by The University of Kansas College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Hall Center for the Humanities, KU School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, The Franklin D. Murphy Lecture Fund, The Kress Foundation Department of Art History, KU Libraries, KU School of Music, and the KU Departments of: French, Francophone & Italian Studies, English, Germanic Languages & Literatures, History, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Slavic Languages & Literatures, Spanish and
Portuguese. Our special thanks to the journal La Corónica.

Organized by:
University of Kansas MEMS (Medieval and Early Modern Studies)

samedi 21 avril 2018

Histoires transculturelles des psychothérapies

Towards Transcultural Histories of Psychotherapies

European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 20 (1), 2018

Guest Editor: Sonu Shamdasani

Introduction to special issue ‘Towards transcultural histories of psychotherapies’
Del Loewenthal Editor-in-Chief

Towards transcultural histories of psychotherapies
Sonu Shamdasani

Suggestion, persuasion and work: Psychotherapies in communist Europe
Sarah Marks

Manualizing psychotherapy: Aaron T. Beck and the origins of Cognitive Therapy of Depression
Rachael I. Rosner

Modernist Pills against Brazilian Alienism (1920–1945)
Cristiana Facchinetti

Buddhism, Christianity, and psychotherapy: A three-way conversation in the mid-twentieth century
Christopher Harding

Inferiority and bereavement: Implicit psychological commitments in the cultural history of Scottish psychotherapy
Gavin Miller

Towards trans-cultural histories of psychotherapies
Hans Pols

Transcultural histories of psychotherapy
Keir Martin

Book Reviews  

Slavoj Žižek and radical politics
Nebojša Blanuša

Diagnostic cultures: A cultural approach to the pathologisation of modern life
Anne Cooke

Immigrants and refugees. Trauma, perennial mourning, prejudice and border psychology
Diana Brotherton

50e congrès Cheiron

Cheiron 50th Anniversary Conference 

The Cummings Center for the History of Psychology is pleased to host the 50th anniversary of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences. This special celebratory year promises to be filled with great presentations, stimulating conversation, and special surprises!

When: June 21-24, 2018

Where: The University of Akron campus What: The annual meeting of Cheiron, formed in 1968 to promote international cooperation and multidisciplinary studies in the history of the behavioral and social sciences.

Program : https://www.uakron.edu/cheiron/annual-meeting/Program2018.pdf

vendredi 20 avril 2018

L'histoire de la psychiatrie en dix traitements

The Drugs That Changed Our Minds: The history of psychiatry in ten treatments 

Lauren Slater

Hardcover: 416 pages
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Ltd (March 22, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1471136887

As our approach to mental illness has oscillated from biological to psychoanalytical and back again, so have our treatments. With the rise of psychopharmacology, an ever-increasing number of people throughout the globe are taking a psychotropic drug, yet nearly seventy years after doctors first began prescribing them, we still don't really know exactly how or why they work - or don't work - on what ails our brains. In The Drugs that Changed Our Minds, Lauren Slater offers an explosive account not just of the science but of the people - inventors, detractors and consumers - behind our narcotics, from the earliest, Thorazine and Lithium, up through Prozac, Ecstasy, 'magic mushrooms', the most cutting-edge memory drugs and neural implants. In so doing, she narrates the history of psychiatry itself and illuminates the signature its colorful little capsules have left on millions of brains worldwide, and how these wonder drugs may heal us or hurt us.

Postdoctorat sur les pathologies de la solitude

3 year Postdoc to work on ‘Pathologies of Solitude, 18th – 21st century’

Call for applications 

The School of History at Queen Mary University of London wishes to recruit a three-year Postdoctoral Research Assistant to work on a Wellcome Trust funded research project, ‘Pathologies of Solitude, 18th – 21st century’, led by Professor Barbara Taylor (PI).

This project, which begins in September 2018, is a four-year investigation into changing perceptions of solitude in Britain from the 18th century to the present, with particular emphasis on the perceived health risks of solitude and loneliness. The project is collaborative, involving a research network and visiting scholars who will explore solitude from multiple disciplinary perspectives. The project will also engage with campaigns devoted to alleviating loneliness, while an ambitious outreach programme will take its findings to the general public.

Two further Postdoctoral Research Assistant posts will be advertised in the course of the project (for posts beginning in January 2019 and September 2019).Full details of the project can be requested from Professor Taylor: b.g.taylor@qmul.ac.uk.

The successful candidate will hold a PhD in a relevant area which will have been awarded before the start of the role. Relevant subject areas include but are not limited to: history of the emotions; medical humanities; English literature; history of religion; cultural history; philosophy; intellectual history; gender studies; scientific studies of the emotions; psychology; psychiatry; psychoanalysis; social anthropology; sociology; urban studies; gerontology; comparative literature.

Applications close 24 April 2018. More details are available here.

jeudi 19 avril 2018

Médecine et magie dans la Norvège moderne

Medicine, Magic and Art in Early Modern Norway: Conceptualizing Knowledge

Ane Ohrvik

Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic
Hardcover: 302 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2018 edition (April 2, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1137467416

This book addresses magical ideas and practices in early modern Norway. It examines a large corpus of Norwegian manuscripts from 1650-1850 commonly called Black Books which contained a mixture of recipes on medicine, magic, and art.

Ane Ohrvik assesses the Black Books from the vantage point of those who wrote the manuscripts and thus offers an original study of how early modern magical practitioners presented their ideas and saw their practices. The book show how the writers viewed magic and medicine both as practical and sacred art and as knowledge worth protecting through encoding the text. The study of the Black Books illuminates how ordinary people in Norway conceptualized magic as valuable and useful knowledge worth of collecting and saving despite the ongoing witchcraft prosecutions targeting the very same ideas and practices as the books promoted. 

Medicine, Magic and Art in Early Modern Norway is essential for those looking to advance their studies in magical beliefs and practices in early modern Europe as well as those interested in witchcraft studies, book history, and the history of knowledge.

Les handicapés de la Première Guerre mondiale

War-disabled people: the continuing 1914-1918 war

Call for papers

The Journal ALTER European Journal of Disability Research welcomes all propositions of articles to the issue of war-disabled people during the post WW1 period (1918-1939).It seems necessay to foster the production of new research focused on war-wounded people during the inter-war period at local, national and international levels. A number of issues deserve attention : - Daily life of war wounded people returning to civilian life- Feelings and emotions (resentment, pride, etc.)- The impact of high social visibility of war-wounded people on the social representation of disability- Work, economic and family situation- Gender and physical, psychological and sexual violence- Transnational dimension of organizations mobilization and the making of rehabilitation policies for war wounded.

World War I led to six to seven million maimed men at international level. In Europe, governments afterwards had to face an issue which varied in magnitude in different countries. In each of the following five countries, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, more than 800 000 war disabled men had to be provided for, whereas other countries (Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian Kingdom, United States) had to deal with 100 000 to 350 000 men disabled by the conflict. In all these countries, war-disabled men formed organizations whose political positioning was often adversarial (apolitical, communist, social catholic, etc.). Because they had so many members, and because they spoke for war victims, they became influential partners of public authorities. Generally, these associations did not challenge existing social attitudes but prided themselves in promoting the sacrifice of soldiers and their wounded members[1].

Almost all war disabled were men, a majority of them being between 20 to 40 years old, however, there were a few war disabled female nurses too. Many encountered difficulties in returning to their agricultural, artisanal, or industrial jobs. Although they had been in working life for only 10 or 20 years, a number of them were forced to consider another career to provide for their families. To solve the problem of their continuing employment, in many European countries (Austria, Germany, Great Britain, France, Italy) associations demanded that all employers whether public or private were forced to hire a certain proportion of disabled men. Therefore several European countries (Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Poland) adopted legal measures between 1916 and 1924 imposing an obligation on private and public companies to employ war-wounded workers.

The first studies on war wounded people focused on public policies, legislation and mobilization of organizations. More recent studies focus on life experience, on the representation of war disabled in media[2] and on other aspects such as the pain associated with lost limbs[3]. Many of these studies are centered on the local or national level (France[4], Great Britain, Italy[5], Belgium[6], Germany[7], Austria, Poland[8], etc.).Very few collective or individual books[9] plus the recent special issue of the First World War Studies journal[10] allow crossing view points on several national cases. Historians have started adopting transnational perspectives on the matter[11]. This interest is likely to develop considering the increasing exchange of experience and data between associations and medical doctors from different countries.

However, a vast majority of these studies focus on the war and post-war period itself, overlooking mid- and long-term consequences of the war on the life of individuals. It seems therefore necessary to foster the production of new research focused on war-wounded people during the inter-war period at local, national and international levels. A number of issues deserve attention:
  • Daily life of war wounded people returning to civilian life
  • Feelings and emotions (resentment, pride, etc.)
  • The impact of high social visibility of war-wounded people on the social representation of disability
  • Work, economic and family situation
  • Gender and physical, psychological and sexual violence
  • Transnational dimension of organizations mobilization and the making of rehabilitation policies for war wounded.

Submission Guidelines 
The journal welcomes all responses to the issue of war-disabled people during the post WW1 period (1918-1939). Articles should be submitted to the Journal ALTER European Journal of Disability Research on the website http://ees.elsevier.com/alter/ before October 31th 2018.

Articles selected after blind peer reviewing will be published in a special issue of ALTER-European Journal of Disability Research in commemoration of WW1, end of 1919.

[1] Gerber David (ed.), Disabled Veterans in History, University of Michigan Press, Enlarged and revised edition, 2012, p. xiii.

[2] Alexandre Sumpf, "War disabled on screen : remembering and forgeting the Great War in the Russian and Soviet cinema, 1914-1940", First World War Studies, 2015, pp. 57-79.

[3] Delaporte Sophie, « Le corps et la parole des mutilés de la Grande Guerre », Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, n° 205, 2002/1, p. 5-14.

[4] Jean-François Montès, 1915-1939, (re)travailler ou le retour du mutilé : une histoire de l’entre-deux-guerres, Rapport de recherche effectué pour l’Office national des anciens combattants et victimes de guerre, 1991 ; Romien (Pierre), « A l’origine de la réinsertion professionnnelle des personnes handicapées : la prise en charge des invalides de guerre », Revue Française des Affaires Sociales, n°2, 2005, pp. 229-247 ; Rebecca Scales, "Radio Broadcasting, Disabled Veterans, and the Politics of National Recovery in Interwar France", French Historical Studies, vol. 31, n°4, 2008, pp. 643-678.

[5] Ugo Pavan Dalla Torre, "Entre public et privé : l’assistance aux invalides de guerre et les origines d’un nouveau système de welfare en Italie (1915-1923)", Revue d'histoire de la protection sociale, 2015, p. 46-64.

[6] Pieter Verstraete, Christine Van Everbroeck, Le silence mutilé. Les soldats invalides belges de la grande guerre, Presses Universitaires de Namur, 2014.

[7] Heather R. Perry, Recycling the disabled : Army, medicine, and modernity in WWI Germany, Manchester University Press, 2014.

[8] Magowska, Anita, "The Unwanted Heroes : War invalids in Poland after World War I", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, vol. 69 (2), 2014, pp. 185-220.

[9] Deborah Cohen, The War Come Home. Disabled Veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939, University of California Press, 2001.

[10] Pieter Verstraete, Martina Salvante and Julie Anderson, "Commemorating the disabled soldier : 1914-1940", First World War Studies, 2015, p. 1-7

[11] Gildas Brégain, « Un problème national, interallié ou international ? La difficile gestion transnationale du problème des mutilés de guerre (1917-1923) », Revue d'Histoire de la protection sociale, n°9, 2016, pp. 110-132.

courriel : gildasbregain [at] hotmail [dot] fr