mercredi 1 juillet 2015

Dernier numéro de Medical History

Medical History. An International Journal for the History of Medicine and Related Sciences

Volume 59 - Issue 03 (Skill in the History of Medicine and Science) - juillet 2015


Editors: Nicholas Whitfield and Thomas Schlich


Articles

Surgical Skills Beyond Scientific Management
Nicholas Whitfield
pp 421 - 442



Book Review


Aya Homei and Michael Worboys, Fungal Disease in Britain and the United States, 1850–2000: Mycoses and Modernity(Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. xiii, 225, $23.00, paperback, ISBN: 9781137392633.
Scott H. Podolsky
p 490 - 491

Hoi-eun Kim, Doctors of Empire: Medical and Cultural Encounters between Imperial Germany and Meiji Japan (Toronto, Buffalo and London: University of Toronto Press, 2014), pp. xiv, 249, $55.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-4426-4440-3.
Susan L. Burns
p 491 - 493

Maimonides, On Rules Regarding the Practical Part of the Medical Art. A parallel Arabic–English edition by Gerrit Bos & Y. Tzvi Langermann (Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2014), pp. xxvi, 123  $+$ pp. 32 (Arabic), $89.95, hardback, ISBN: 978-0-8425-2837-5.
N. Peter Joosse
p 493 - 495

Daniel Pick, The Pursuit of the Nazi Mind: Hitler, Hess, and the Analysts (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 368, £18.99, hardback, ISBN: 978-0-19-954168-3.
Ran Zwigenberg
p 495 - 497

María-Isabel Porras-Gallo and Ryan A. Davis, The Spanish Influenza Pandemic of 1918–1919. Perspectives from the Iberian Peninsula and the Americas (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2014), pp. viii, 282, $99.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-580046-496-3.
Josep L. Barona
p 497 - 499



Books also Received

Books also received
p 503 - 507


Doctorat en histoire du risque

PhD Studentship on history of everyday dangers and risks

Call for applications

The Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of Portsmouth is making available a number of PhD studentships in core areas of interest. Within the History area, one of the topics is the history of everyday dangers and risks and how they have been understood and managed in Britain since c.1900.

Debates about safety and risk management are integral to contemporary British society, but are as yet under-historicised. This PhD will lead the development of this broad area. Within the broad remit of a focus on 20th-century Britain, there is great freedom for the successful candidate to define the parameters of the project in conjunction with the supervisor, Dr Mike Esbester. Possible areas might include: how people have constructed and responded to risk in everyday life; the development and role of safety organisations such as the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents and local safety councils; the use of safety education as a means of governing individuals and actions; the role of the state in managing risk. These areas might be accessed by exploring topics including workplace safety, road safety or home safety.

The studentship will start on 1 September 2015 and last for 3 years full-time; it covers fees, with additional payment for teaching during the course of the PhD. Applications are welcomed from suitably qualified UK/ EU candidates.


Informal enquiries about this topic to Mike Esbester: mike.esbester@port.ac.uk

The deadline for applications is midnight on 31 July 2015; interviews are expected to take place in the week commencing 10 August, in Portsmouth.

mardi 30 juin 2015

Genre et maladie dans l'Angleterre pré-moderne

Ill Composed. Sickness, Gender, and Belief in Early Modern England


Olivia Weisser 

Yale University Press
Jun 30, 2015
296 p., 6 1/8 x 9 1/4
15 b/w illus.
ISBN: 9780300200706


In the first in-depth study of how gender determined perceptions and experiences of illness in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century England, Olivia Weisser invites readers into the lives and imaginations of ordinary men and women. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including personal diaries, medical texts, and devotional literature, the author enters the sickrooms of a diverse sampling of early modern Britons. The resulting stories of sickness reveal how men and women of the era viewed and managed their health both similarly and differently, as well as the ways prevailing religious practices, medical knowledge, writing conventions, and everyday life created and supported those varying perceptions.

A unique cultural history of illness, Weisser’s groundbreaking study bridges the fields of patient history and gender history. Based on the detailed examination of over fifty firsthand accounts, this fascinating volume offers unprecedented insight into what it was like to live, suffer, and inhabit a body more than three centuries ago.

Archives et corporalité à l'époque moderne

Corps manuscrits. Archives et corporalité à l'époque moderne

Appel à communications


Le 28 novembre 2015 l'Archivio Storico Diocesano de Gênes (Italie) organise une journée d'études "Corpi manoscritti. Archivi e corporalità nell'età moderna".

A l'époque moderne, le corps - dans le sens de corps physique mais aussi de corps social et institutionnel - trouve son extension dans le langage écrit mais aussi dans le langage figuré des archives (historiques et privées) et plus en général dans les manuscrits (lettres, art, musique). A travers l'analyse de ces sources, nous nous proposons de repérer, avec une approche multidisciplinaire, les fils conducteurs de la corporalité mais aussi - si elles se présentent - les ruptures épistémologiques du corps et des langages qu'il peut générer. Les actes seront publiés en format papier. Nous vous prions d'envoyer un proposition de 200 mots maximum au plus tard le 9 août 2015 en précisant coordonnées et position académique, en copie aux organisateurs: Elena Taddia (Centre de Recherche du Château de Versailles) elenataddia@hotmail.fr et Paolo Fontana (Archivio Storico Diocesano di Genova), fontana.orero@gmail.com. Langues acceptées: Italien, Français, Anglais. Une bonne connaissance de la langue italienne est nécessaire pour le déroulement de la journée d'études.

lundi 29 juin 2015

Raconter la maladie au 18e siècle

Raconter la maladie

Revue Dix-Huitième Siècle n°47

éd. La Découverte, juillet 2015
Prix : 45 €
ISBN : 9782707186317
Dimensions : 135 * 215 mm
Nb de pages : 740


Tenaillées entre la volonté d’établir des systèmes généraux et l’attention portée aux cas singuliers, les approches de la maladie au 18e siècle se présentent comme de grandes entreprises nosologiques aussi bien que des récits individuels. Ce numéro de Dix-Huitième Siècle s’intéresse aux différentes formes de mise en récit de la maladie, qu’elles se situent dans le cadre de discours savants, de narrations privées, de fictions, ou même de tableaux.
Raconter la maladie réunit des contributions portant sur la douleur et le plaisir, la sexualité, les pathologies des gens de lettres, la mélancolie, la peste, la nostalgie, ou encore l’électrothérapie. Du soldat à la vaporeuse et du compte-rendu clinique à la lettre intime, c’est tout un pan de l’expérience de la maladie au 18e siècle qui se dévoile à nous. Les récits de maladie ouvrent également sur certains grands chantiers intellectuels des Lumières : progrès de la physiologie, objectivation de la sensation de soi, maux dus au mode de vie, mais aussi rapport soignant-soigné, représentation de la mort et besoin de rire du corps pathologique. Autant de questions qui nous envoient à nos propres attitudes face à la maladie.

Éditorial
I / Raconter la maladie

Avant-propos par Sophie Vasset, Alexandre Wenger

Catégoriser les malades. L’Histoire de la quantification : la guerre-franco-anglaise et le développement des statistiques médicales, par Erica Charters
« La maladie des Suisses » : les origines de la nostalgie, par Charles Rice-Davis
« Malade de son génie… » : raconter les pathologies des gens de lettres, de Tissot à Balzac, par Anne C. Vila et Ronan Y. Chalmin

Consulter à distance
Souffrances et maladies dans les mémoires à consulter (France, 16e-19e siècles). Une approche narratologie quantitative, par Joël Coste
Rendre sensible une souffrance psychique : lettres de mélancoliques au 18e, par Micheline Louis-Courvoisier
« Je décharge quelquefois sans bander parfaitement… » : évocations masculines de la sexualité avec le médecin Samuel-Auguste Tissot, par Nahema Hanafi
La maladie des enfants : quand les parents racontent et s’investissent, par Séverine Parayre

Observer et mettre en récit
La médecine pratique : une activité heuristique à la fin du 18e siècle ?, par Philip Rieder
Histoires(s) de la naissance. L’observation obstétricale au 18e siècle, par Lucia Aschauer
Recherches sur les causes des maladies par un gentilhomme des Lumières. Fermentation de l’air, astrologie et sensations internes, par Jean-François Viaud
Utilisation et mise en forme des récits de maladie dans l’expérimentation de l’électricité médicale, par François Zanetti

Se raconter dans la maladie
La maladie comme triomphe de la nature ? : «My Own Life » de David Hume, par Robert Mankin
De la crise à la formation : le récit de la maladie chez Goethe et Rousseau, par Mathieu Gonod

Sociabilités de la maladie dans les lettres de Mme d’Epinay, Mme de Charrière, Mme Riccoboni, Mme du Deffand et Mlle de Lespinasse, par Marianne Charrier Vozel
« Je tombai malade » : dispositifs romanesques et questionnement éthique dans le roman-mémoire du 18e siècle, par Emmanuelle Sempère
Le médecin narrateur : le roman et l’interprétation de la maladie au tournant des Lumières, par Samuel Macaigne

Figurer la maladie
Le mémoire Blanchet ou l’autobiographie clinique d’un prêtre défroqué. Célibat, sensibilité et droits naturels, par Alessandra Doria
La maladie en récit et en image dans La Vérité des miracles de Louis-Basile Carré de Montgeron, par Barbara Stenz
Peste, texte et contagion : Le Journal de l’année de la peste (1722) de Daniel Defoe, par Hélène Dachez
Du dévoiement aux vapeurs : malades et maladies dans les parades mondaines du 18e siècle, par Jennifer Ruimi
Faire vivre ou laisser mourir : la comédie allégorique comme dispositif thérapeutique, par Martial Poirson

Grand entretien
La « folie Mercier » de Portabéraud. Entretien avec Véronique Bouët-Wuillaumez, Gérard Brady, Jean Ehrard et Pascal Piéra
La bibliothèque d’un sage : les livres de la « folie Mercier », par Jean Ehrard

II / Varia

III / Notes de lecture, sous la direction de Gérard Laudin

Science, magie et technologie

Science, Magic and Technology

Biennial London Chaucer Conference

10-11 July 2015

Institute of English Studies, Senate House, London

Generously supported by the New Chaucer Society and by Boydell & Brewer

Registration fees: Standard fee: £65; IES students/members concessionary fee: £45

PLEASE CLICK HERE TO REGISTER



PROGRAMME

Friday 10 July

09.30- 10.00: Registration

10.00 -11.30: 3-paper sessions

1. Nature 

• Kellie Robertson (University of Maryland): Speaking in Nature’s Voice

• Andrew Higl (Winona State University): The Nature of Nature in the Parliament of Fowls

• Karen Gross (Lewis and Clark College): The Science of the End: The Use of Anglo-Norman Apocalypses in Medieval Reference Works


2. Science: patronage and communication 

• Hilary Carey (Bristol): Eleanor Cobham, Duke Humfrey and the Patronage of Science and Medicine

• Seb Falk (University of Cambridge): “I wel wot it is figured boistosly”: didactic writing in the Equatorie of the Planetis

• Elly Truitt (Bryn Mawr): “I n’am but a lewd compilator:” Translatio and Scientific Knowledge in Chaucer’s Treatise on the Astrolabe


11.30 -12.00:Refreshments

12.00 -13.30: 3-paper sessions


3. Theories of Knowledge 

• Anke Bernau (University of Manchester): ‘Crafty and Curious’: Seeking the Boundaries of Knowledge in the Late Middle Ages

• David Wallace (University of Pennsylvania): in limine

• Bernhard Hollick (University of Cologne): Ovidian Psychology: Poetry, Literary Criticism, and Science in 14th Century England


4. Astrology and Divination 

• Anne Mathers-Lawrence (University of Reading): The weather and the stars: astro-meteorology in late medieval England

• Jo Edge (Cambridge): Chaucer’s poure scoler, the quadrivial curriculum and the ‘Sphere of Life and Death’

• Clare Fletcher (Trinity College Dublin): 'Al is thurgh constellacion': Planetary Influence in John ‎Gower's Confessio Amantis


5. Psychology and Literature 

• Megan Leitch (Cardiff University): Ricardian Dream Visions and the Science of Sleep

• Connie Bubash (Pennsylvania State University): Poetics of the Plague: Melancholia and Prescriptive Reading in The Book of the Duchess

• Alastair Bennett (Royal Holloway): The Franklin’s Tale and the technology of consolation


13.30 -14.30:Lunch

14.30 -16.30: 4-paper session


6. Elemental

• Hetta Howes (Queen Mary, University of London): ‘April with his shoures soote’:
Watery Tropes in Late Medieval Literature’

• Stephanie Trigg (University of Melbourne) ‘Þe borȝ brittened and brent to brondeȝ
and askez’: The City on Fire in Middle English Literature

• Sophia Wilson (King’s College London) ‘Nothinge is fix but earth alon’: The
Uncertainty of Earth and Anxiety of Animacy

• Jeffrey Jerome Cohen (George Washington University): Heavy Atmosphere


7. Medical Narratives and Images

• Marion Turner (University of Oxford): Illness and the Limits of Narrative: Arderne, Hoccleve, and Chaucer

• Peter Murray Jones (King’s College Cambridge): Medicine and narrative in the later Middle Ages

• Sarah Griffin (University of Oxford): Ordering the Internal Body: Constructing the organ diagrams of an English thirteenth-century medical compendium

• Lea Olsan (University of Louisiana at Monroe): Artists’ recipes and medical remedies: useful knowledge in Cambridge University Library MS Dd.5.76


16.30-17.00: Refreshments

17.00 -18.00: Sponsored by the New Chaucer Society


Plenary 1: 
Allan Mitchell (University of Victoria)
'Chaucer’s Translation Machine, or, Astrolabes and Augmented Bodies of Science'

18.00 Reception


Saturday 11 July

09.00- 10.30: 3-paper session


8. Magic and Technology

• Carolina Escobar (Reading): Technology is not magic, or is it? A twelfth-century debate

• Alison Harthill (Cardiff): Necromantic Mechanics: Misunderstood Medieval Technology

• Sara Tagliagamba (Ecole Pratiques des Hautes Etudes, Sorbonne, Paris): Bewitched by demons and angels: Automata, magic and technology in the Renaissance


9. The Science of Experience and the Experience of Science in Chaucerian Dream Poetry

• Charlotte Rudman (King’s College London): Soundscapes in Chaucer’s Dream Poems

• Charlotte Knight (King’s College London): Exploring the Science of Memory in Chaucer’s Dream Poems

• Koren Kuntz (Durham): Ekphrasis, Cognition, and Multimodality in Chaucer’s Dream Poetry


10. Literary Technologies

• Juliette Vuille (University of Oxford): ‘Don’t Shoot the Messenger’: Chaucer’s Experimentation with Messenger Figures

• Jenni Nuttall (St Edmund Hall, University of Oxford): The Techne of Verse-Making: Poetry’s Termes in Middle English

• Sarah Noonan (Lindenwood University): Silent Emendations: Modern Foliation and the Obscured Sophistication of Late-Medieval Technologies of Mise-en-page


10.30 -11.00:Refreshments

11.00 -12.30:3-paper sessions


11. Magic and Medicine

• Katherine Hindley (Yale): ‘Mak a rynge and wryte with in’: Text as Technology in Late Medieval England

• Elma Brenner (Wellcome) 'Between Magic and Religious Culture: Charms in Late Medieval English Medical Manuscripts'

• Mike Leahy (Birkbeck): Relics and Urinals: The Power of Objects in The Canterbury Tales


12. Time in Chaucer

• Kara Gaston (University of Toronto): “Quid enim non carmina possunt?”: Magic and the Poetics of Time Management from Metamorphoses 7 to The Franklin's Tale

• Dawn Walts (Lewis University): The Monk’s Chilindre and the Merchant’s Reckoning in The Shipman’s Tale

• Simon Meecham-Jones (Birkbeck): Technophobia in ‘The Former Age’


13. Philosophical Questions

• Tekla Bude (Newnham College Cambridge): Fetheres of Philosopye: Chaucer and the Metaphysics of Music

• Alexander Gabrovsky (Trinity College Cambridge): Chaucer and the Physics of Sublunary Transformation

• Wan-Chuan Kao (Washington and Lee University): Salvific Energy, Sustainable Faith


12.30 -13.30:Lunch

13.30 -15.00: 3-paper sessions


14. Fertility and Infertility

• Catherine Rider (University of Exeter): Magic, Science and Fertility in Late Medieval England

• Anita Obermeier (University of New Mexico): Birth and Birth Control in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales

• Jennifer Alberghini (CUNY): ‘Unkynde Abhouminaciouns’: Monstrous Birth in the Man of Law’s Tale


15. Matter, Spirit and Alchemy

• Susanna Fein (Kent State University): Perceptions of Matter and Spirit: Corpus Christi in Two Canterbury Tales

• Shazia Jagot (University of Southern Denmark): Senior, Sufism and Secrets: The Alchemy of Chaucer’s Canon’s Yeoman’s Tale

• Sandy Feinstein (Penn State University): Teasing Science, Teasing Love: “Dalliance” in “To Rosemounde”


16. Scientific discourses in Chaucer

• Roberta Magnani (University of Swansea): Astronomical Discourse and Queer Identities in the Glosses to The Man of Law’s Tale and The Wife of Bath’s Prologue

• Rebecca Pawel (Columbia University): Chaucer’s Science Fiction

• Ben Parsons (University of Leicester): The Windmills of the Mind: Milling, Madness and ‎Merry-making 


15.00-15.30:Refreshments

15.30 -17.30: 4-paper sessions


17. Magic and Morality

• Jacqueline Borsje (Amsterdam): Gluttony and magic

• Tara Williams (Oregon State University): Moral Chaucer and Magical Gower

• Carole Maddern (Goldsmiths): 'In Rome was swich oon': Virgil the Necromancer

• Robert Epstein (Fairfield University): Magical Properties: The Anthropology of Sorcery and Ownership in Medieval Romance


18. Vision

• Jonathan Hsy (George Washington University): Lyric Devices: Toward a New Cultural History of Medieval Eyeglasses

• Victoria Flood (Phillips-Universität Marburg/ University of Durham): ‘With a look his herte wex a-fere’: The ‘Aggressive Eyes Topos’ and Chaucerian Tragedy

• Jacqueline Tasioulas (Cambridge) Recognition and the ‘Idole of ane Thyng’ in Henryson and Chaucer

• David Raybin (Eastern Illinois University): Stories of Canterbury: Chaucer and the Stained Glass of Canterbury Cathedral


17.45-18.45 Plenary 2
Lisa H Cooper (University of Wisconsin-Madison), On Location: Agronomy and Other Affective Arts


19.00 Conference dinner at Antalya

dimanche 28 juin 2015

Histoire de la grossesse dans le christianisme

A History of Pregnancy in Christianity: From Original Sin to Contemporary Abortion Debates 


Anne Stensvold 

Series: Routledge Music Bibliographies
Hardcover: 218 pages
Publisher: Routledge (June 29, 2015)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0415857581


This book examines changing views of procreation and fetal development throughout the history of the Christian tradition. This is the first comprehensive study of cultural perceptions of pregnancy, an area of scholarship that been understudied in the past. Pregnancy holds a central place in Christian ritual, iconography, and theology, including the dogma of the incarnation and the cult of Virgin Mary. This book provides a broad introduction to the attitudes and ideas within Western Christian communities by focusing on four periods of transition: Antiquity, the Enlightenment, modernity, and the present day. It lays the groundwork for further study of the interactions between biological models, cultural preconceptions, and religious beliefs.

Congrès de l'AAHM

American Association for the History of Medicine 2016 Annual Meeting

Call for Papers


The American Association for the History of Medicine (AAHM) invites abstracts for papers in any area of medical history for its 89th annual meeting, to be held in Minneapolis, MN, April 28 to May 1, 2016. The AAHM welcomes papers on the history of health and healing; the history of medical ideas, practices, and institutions; and the history of illness, disease, or public health. Submissions pertaining to all eras and regions of the world are welcome. Papers and panels that expand the horizons of medical history and engage related fields are particularly encouraged. In addition to single-paper proposals, the Program Committee, led by co-chairs Sarah Tracy (swtracy@ou.edu) and Scott Podolsky (scott_podolsky@hms.harvard.edu), encourages proposals for creatively structured panels and for luncheon workshops. Please contact one or both of the Program Committee co-chairs if you are planning a panel or workshop. The Program Committee will judge individual papers in each of these venues on their own merits.

Presentations are limited to no more than twenty minutes. Papers must represent original work not already published or in press. Speakers are encouraged to make their manuscripts available to the Bulletin of the History of Medicine, the official journal of the AAHM.

This year, for the first time, the Program Committee also invites a limited number of poster presentations. Poster proposals likewise will be considered individually.

The AAHM uses an online abstract submissions system, accessible through the organization website at http://histmed.org/cfp2016. If you are unable to submit your proposal online, please contact the Program Committee co-chairs at the email addresses above immediately and be prepared to submit a copy of your paper abstract (no more than 350 words) with title, your name and institutional affiliation, three key words that describe your proposed paper, and three Continuing Medical Education (CME) learning objectives (the learning objectives are not considered part of the word count). For suggestions on developing learning objectives, see http://www.histmed.org/learning-objectives. Late submissions will not be accepted.

Over the past two years, the number of abstracts submitted for consideration has increased significantly. The acceptance rate for proposals has decreased accordingly. With this in mind, the Program Committee offers some guidelines for writing a successful abstract.

1. Provide an overview of the problem or story that your paper addresses; include the major actors and interests involved as well as the specific dates or historical timeframe of your paper. BIG PICTURE.

2. Contextualize your problem or story within the history of medicine and/or scholarly literature. HISTORICAL/HISTORIOGRAPHIC CONTEXT.

3. Discuss the methods your paper employs to address the problem or story. SOURCES, ANALYSIS, AND PERSPECTIVE EMPLOYED.

4. Present your conclusion or interpretation of the narrative or problem you discuss and state its significance. SUMMARY AND IMPLICATIONS.

5. Include three key words that best describe your paper’s focus. KEY WORDS.

6. State three CME learning objectives for those seeking CME credit. Please note that such credit is vital to many AAHM members. CME OBJECTIVES.


Collections of successful abstracts from the 2014 and 2015 programs are available online at http://www.histmed.org/meetings. Individuals are not required to be AAHM members at the time of submitting abstracts, but must join AAHM before registering for and presenting at the meeting.

Abstracts must be submitted by September 28, 2015. We will make your email address available, if your paper is accepted, unless you opt out of this by emailing scott_podolsky@hms.harvard.edu.