dimanche 19 octobre 2014

Rêver à Byzance

Dreaming in Byzantium and Beyond

Christine Angelidi, George T. Calofonos (Editors) 



Hardcover: 232 pages
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Co; New edition edition (October 8, 2014)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1409400554

Although the actual dreaming experience of the Byzantines lies beyond our reach, the remarkable number of dream narratives in the surviving sources of the period attests to the cardinal function of dreams as vehicles of meaning, and thus affords modern scholars access to the wider cultural fabric of symbolic representations of the Byzantine world. Whether recounting real or invented dreams, the narratives serve various purposes, such as political and religious agendas, personal aspirations or simply an author's display of literary skill. It is only in recent years that Byzantine dreaming has attracted scholarly attention, and important publications have suggested the way in which Byzantines reshaped ancient interpretative models and applied new perceptions to the functions of dreams. This book - the first collection of studies on Byzantine dreams to be published - aims to demonstrate further the importance of closely examining dreams in Byzantium in their wider historical and cultural, as well as narrative, context. Linked by this common thread, the essays offer insights into the function of dreams in hagiography, historiography, rhetoric, epistolography, and romance. They explore gender and erotic aspects of dreams; they examine cross-cultural facets of dreaming, provide new readings, and contextualize specific cases; they also look at the Greco-Roman background and Islamic influences of Byzantine dreams and their Christianization. The volume provides a broad variety of perspectives, including those of psychoanalysis and anthropology.

Les textes médicaux grecs et leur public

Greek Medical Texts and their Audience: Percetion, Transmission, Reception

Symposium

Friday 12th - Saturday 13th December 2014


SW 1.09, Somerset House East Wing

Strand Campus, King's College London

http://www.kcl.ac.uk/artshums/ahri/eventrecords/2014-2015/CHS/gmtconference.aspx


This event is open to all and free to attend, but booking is required via our Eventbrite page:

http://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/greek-medical-texts-their-audience-perception-transmission-reception-tickets-12512187289


Any enquiries please email the organisers: petros.bouras-vallianatos@kcl.ac.uk or sophia.xenofontos@glasgow.ac.uk


Friday 12 December


14.00 Registration


14.15 Introduction


14.30 Session 1

Stavros Kouloumentas (Berlin) Alcmaeon & his addresses: revisiting the preface of a treatise On Nature

Jordi Crespo Saumell (Cagliari) The Anonymus Londinensis & the paideia of the Imperial Period


Michiel Meeusen (Leuven) Solving medical problems 101: an interpretation of Ps.-Alexander of Aphrodisias' Med. puzz. 1, Praef.in light of medical school practice


16.00 Break


16.30 Session 2

Lesley Dean-Jones (UT Austin) Extending the family, the protreptic aim of some Hippocratic treatises


Chiara Thumiger (Berlin) The multiple audiences of the Hippocratic Epidemics


Laurence Totelin (Cardiff) Gone with the wind: laughter & the audience of the Hippocratic treatises


Daniel Bertoni (Miami) A popular history of medicine



Saturday 13 December


09.00 Registration


09.30 Session 3

Antoine Pietrobelli (Reims) Galen's books & friends


Sophia Xenophontos (Glasgow) Philosophical protreptic in Galen's Exhortation to the Study of Medicine: construction of authority & audience response


Maria Luisa Garofalo (Rome) The De Propriis Placitis: evolution & systematisation of medical doctrines in Galen's medical & philosophical testament


Dimitris Karambelas (London) Greek medicine & the law: juristic readings & reception of medical texts in the Imperial Age


11.30 Break


12.00 Session 4


Uwe Vagelpohl (Warwick) The user-friendly Galen: Hunayn ibn Ishāq & the Syro-Arabic translation tradition


Elvira Wakelnig (Vienna) Arabic De Natura Hominis-treatises: their tradition, scope & audience


Katherine van Schaik (Boston, MA) Text-less medical instruction? The evolving role of texts in an experiential profession


Joshua Olsson (Cambridge) Medical tetrads in Medieval Islam


14.00 Lunch


15.30 Session 5

Petros Bouras-Vallianatos (London) Reading Galen in Byzantium


Christophe Erismann (Lausanne) Medicine & philosophy according to Meletius' De Natura hominis


Erika Gielen (Leuven) Physician versus physician: a comparison of On the Constitution of Man by Meletius and On the Nature of Man by Leo Medicus


17.00 Concluding remarks


17.30 Drinks reception

samedi 18 octobre 2014

Anesthésie, Analgésie, Réanimation et Samu

Anesthésie, Analgésie, Réanimation et Samu (de 1945 aux années 2000)

TOME I : L’ANESTHÉSIE-RÉANIMATION


Club de l’histoire de l’anesthésie et de la réanimation




Glyphe Editions
ISBN 978-2-35815-139-9
340 pages

Née aux États-Unis au milieu du xixe siècle, l’anesthésie a permis, avec l’asepsie, l’essor de la chirurgie. Elle va connaître un développement considérable au lendemain de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Bénéficiant des progrès pharmacologiques et techniques de l’époque, elle engendre également les siens, comme ceux de la ventilation artificielle, ouvrant la voie à la réanimation.

En France, l’anesthésie doit surmonter de nombreux obstacles pour devenir une discipline à part entière. Elle étend alors son domaine hors des blocs opératoires, dans la lutte contre la douleur et vers la réanimation pré-hospitalière.

C’est l’histoire, tant humaine que technique, de l’essor de l’anesthésie-réanimation en France à partir de 1945 qu’aborde ce volume. Il sera suivi d’autres, traitant de la réanimation et du Samu.

Œuvre collective, élaborée par le Club de l’histoire de l’anesthésie et de la réanimation, l’ouvrage mêle anecdotes et témoignages aux données scientifiques.

Les anciens y voient retracées leurs années de jeunesse, les plus jeunes y trouveront les origines de leur activité et des enseignements pour l’avenir.

Corps féminins et praticiennes dans les traditions médicales antiques

Female Bodies and Female Practitioners in the Medical Traditions of the Late Antique Mediterranean World


Berlin, 27.-29.10.2014
Convenors:
Lennart Lehmhaus, Matteo Martelli, Christine Salazar

Research project A03 "The Transfer of Medical Episteme in the '˜Encyclopaedic' Compilations of Late Antiquity" (Heads: Philip J. van der Eijk/Markham J. Geller)
http://www.sfb-episteme.de/en/teilprojekte/sagen/A03/index.html

Collaborative Research Center (SFB 980) "Episteme in Motion", Freie Universität Berlin.
http://www.sfb-episteme.de/en/index.html


The conference aims at discussing the emergence and transmission of gynaecological knowledge from different angles in ancient medical theory and practice. Beside the medical approach, we will consider cultural practices and socio-religious norms that enable and constrain the production and application of gynaecological know-how (e.g. certain taboos on examining or touching the female body, etc.). The role and function of female specialists (e.g. healers, midwives or wet-nurses) as objects and subjects within ancient medical discourses will also be elaborated in further detail.

The combination of topics from various disciplines will provide ample possibilities for a comparative exploration of this field. The multi-perspective approach will help to sharpen our understanding of similarities and differences between Talmudic knowledge on this topic and the medical traditions in Ancient Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Graeco-Roman, Persian, Byzantine, and Syriac cultures.

PROGRAMME
Monday evening, 27/10/2014 (Freie Universitat Berlin, SFB-Villa, Schwendenerstrate 8, 14195 Berlin), 

Conference opening: 18.00 ct.;


Keynote Lecture (in colaboration with BabMed project)
Charlotte Fonrobert (Stanford)
Talmudic Gynecology and its Relationship to Late Antique Medical Literature: Transfigurations of ‚Women’s Affairs‘(Gynaikeia)



Tuesday, 28/10/2014
(Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, Institut für klassische Philologie, Room 2103)

session 1: 9.30–11.00

Tanja Pommerening (Mainz)
Ancient Egyptian Concepts of Female Anatomy, Physiology, and Specified Pharmacotherapy.

Ulrike Steinert (FU Berlin)
Women’s Healthcare in Ancient Mesopotamian Medicine: Texts, Problems, Interpretations.

Coffee Break

session 2: 11.30–13.00

Giulia Ecca (BBAW Berlin)
Women’s (and Men’s) Infertility in Galen’s Commentary on Aphorisms, Book 5.

Siam Bhayro (Exeter)
Gynaecology in Syriac Sources: Theory and Practice.

Lunch Break

session 3: 14.30–16.00

Caroline Musgrove (Cambridge)
Finding the Authorial Voice in Late Antique Medicine: Maternal Bodies and the Generation of Seeds in the Encyclopaedic Traditions.
Tirzah Meacham (Toronto)
Reality or Theoretical Discussion: Pre-Menarchal Pregnancy, Superfetation, and Pregnancy during Lactation in Rabbinic Literature.

Coffee Break

session 4: 16.30–18.00

Monika Amsler (Zürich)
„My Mother Told Me ...“. An Evaluation of the Treatments of the Sickly Newborn in bShab 134a.

Hannah Tzuberi (FU Berlin)
The Difficult Birth in Mishnaic Law: Regulation, Failure and Empathy.


Wednesday, 29/10/2014
(Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, Institut für klassische Philologie, Room 2103)

session 1: 10.00–11.30

Tal Ilan (FU Berlin)
Salome’s Medicinal Recipes and Jewish Women Doctors in Antiquity.

Carmen Caballero-Navas (Granada)
On the Medieval Beginnings of Jewish Gynaecology.

Coffee Break

session 2: 12.00–13.00

Sean Coughlin (TOPOI Berlin), Marzia Soardi (Palermo)
The Female in Aristotle’s Biology and its Byzantine Reception.

Lunch Break

session 3: 15.00–16.30

Petros Bouras-Vallianatos (London)
Byzantine Criticism of Galenic Theories on Conception: the Case of Symeon Seth’s Refutation of Galen.
Rebecca Flemming (Cambridge)
John of Alexandria and the ‘sex which is not one’: commentary and gynaecology in late antique medical schools.

Final discussion/Concluding remarks: 16.30–17.00



We would be happy to welcome you at our conference in Berlin. Admission is free, but registration is required. Contact: f.herklotz@hu-berlin.de

For a detailed programme and other practical information please visit:
http://www.sfb-episteme.de/en/veranstaltungen/Vorschau/Tagung_A03_Gynaekologie.html

Six siecles de chirurgie de guerre

Losing sight of glory': six centuries of battlefield surgery

Reception and lecture by Michael Crumplin, leading medical historian

Free

Tuesday 28 October 2014

6pm Drinks reception, with wine and refreshments

6.30pm Lecture

Join expert Michael Crumplin to spend an evening discovering the fascinating and dramatic history of surgery. Uncover the stories behind landmark developments in military surgery, from Agincourt to Afghanistan.

The lecture celebrates the recent redisplay of the RCP museum's 'Prujean chest' - one of the most important collections of English 17th century surgical instruments.

The chest holds two trays of intricately-shaped compartments, originally holding 104 instruments. It survived the Great Fire of London and the Blitz, and holds instruments for obstetrics, gynaecology, lithotomy, trepanation, dental and bullet extraction.

The Prujean chest will be available to view before and after the lecture.

To book: email Corinne Harrison to reserve your place history@rcplondon.ac.uk by 21 October 2014

vendredi 17 octobre 2014

Gesnerus

Gesnerus

Le discours médical dans l'Europe prémoderne

Medical Discourse in Premodern Europe

Call for papers

special issue of JMEMS
Edited by Marion Turner
Volume 46 / Number 1 / January 2016

Medical language permeated all kinds of texts in premodern Europe, including legal, literary, devotional, political, autobiographical, and philosophical writings; equally medical writings drew on a range of discursive practices, often employing ostentatiously literary narrative techniques. Many modern thinkers, most famously Susan Sontag, have written about the effect of metaphors in medical writings and about the practice of narrativizing illness. In premodern cultures, too, authors were profoundly aware of the problems inherent in trying to write about suffering and of the limitations of metaphorical language. At the same time, many writers saw opportunities in the richness, polysemy, and (sometimes) novelty of medical language and deployed it in diverse genres with subtle and complex effects. This special issue focuses on how medical discourse in premodern Europe interacted with other discourses and within different genres. Essays might explore how and why writers used the language of the medicalized body, the metaphorical or scientific depiction of particular organs in the body, the way medical language is deployed alongside other discourses, or the interplay between contemporary theorizations about medical language and premodern texts.
As a whole, the issue will demonstrate some of the ways in which current work in medieval and early modern studies has an important place in the fields of medical humanities and literature and medicine.
Deadline for submission of manuscripts: November 1, 2014

jeudi 16 octobre 2014

Evolution de notre compréhension de la maladie

Confronting Contagion: Our Evolving Understanding of Disease 

Melvin Santer

  • Hardcover: 384 pages
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press; 1 edition (October 2, 2014)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 0199356351
  • ISBN-13: 978-0199356355
Throughout history, humankind's working theories regarding the cause of infectious disease have shifted drastically, as cultures developed their philosophic, religious, and scientific beliefs. Plagues that were originally attributed to the wrath of the gods were later described as having nothing to do with the gods, though the cause continued to be a mystery. As centuries passed, medical and religious theorists proposed reasons such as poor air quality or the configuration of the planets as causes for the spread of disease. In every instance, in order to understand the origin of a disease theory during a specific period of history, one must understand that culture's metaphysical beliefs.

In Confronting Contagion, Melvin Santer traces a history of disease theory all the way from Classical antiquity to our modern understanding of viruses. Chapters focus on people and places like the Pre-Socratic Philosophers, Galen and the emergence of Christianity in Rome, the Black Death in fourteenth-century Europe, cholera and puerperal sepsis in the nineteenth century, and other periods during which our understanding of the cause of disease was transformed.

The cause of contagious disease was demonstrated to be a general biological phenomenon; there are contagious diseases of plants, animals, and bacteria, with causes identical to causes of human diseases. These issues are uniquely included in this book.

In each case, Santer identifies the key thinkers who helped form the working disease theories of the time. The book features many excerpts from primary sources, from the Hippocratic Corpus to the writings of twentieth-century virologists, creating an authentic synthesis of the Western world's intellectual and religious attitude toward disease throughout history.