samedi 22 novembre 2014

Les droits de propriété intellectuelle et les origines de l'industrie pharmaceutique moderne

Medical Monopoly. Intellectual Property rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry 

Joseph M. Gabriel

The university of Chicago Press
328 pages 
© 2014
ISBN-13: 978-0226108186



During much of the nineteenth century, physicians and pharmacists alike considered medical patenting and the use of trademarks by drug manufacturers unethical forms of monopoly; physicians who prescribed patented drugs could be, and were, ostracized from the medical community. In the decades following the Civil War, however, complex changes in patent and trademark law intersected with the changing sensibilities of both physicians and pharmacists to make intellectual property rights in drug manufacturing scientifically and ethically legitimate. By World War I, patented and trademarked drugs had become essential to the practice of good medicine, aiding in the rise of the American pharmaceutical industry and forever altering the course of medicine.

Drawing on a wealth of previously unused archival material, Medical Monopoly combines legal, medical, and business history to offer a sweeping new interpretation of the origins of the During much of the nineteenth century, physicians and pharmacists alike considered medical patenting and the use of trademarks by drug manufacturers unethical forms of monopoly; physicians who prescribed patented drugs could be, and were, ostracized from the medical community. In the decades following the Civil War, however, complex changes in patent and trademark law intersected with the changing sensibilities of both physicians and pharmacists to make intellectual property rights in drug manufacturing scientifically and ethically legitimate. By World War I, patented and trademarked drugs had become essential to the practice of good medicine, aiding in the rise of the American pharmaceutical industry and forever altering the course of medicine. 

Prix de thèse SFHM

Prix de thèse de la SFHM 2014

Appel à candidatures




La Société Française d’Histoire de la Médecine décerne chaque année deux prix donnant droit au titre de lauréat de la Société. 

Ces prix concernent des mémoires de Master ou des thèses consacrés à l’Histoire de la Médecine, publiés ou soutenus, en langue française, durant les 24 mois précédant le mois d’octobre de l’année en cours.


Ces prix sont attribués de la manière suivante :

- l’un au titre d’une thèse de médecine ;

- et l’autre au titre d’une thèse ou d’un mémoire de master émanant d’une faculté ou d’une école « autre que médecine ».


Chaque prix donne droit à une médaille de la Société gravée au nom du lauréat et sera accompagné d’un chèque (d’un montant variable décidé chaque année par le CA), à condition que le candidat assiste à la séance de proclamation et de remise des prix lors de la séance solennelle du mois de mars.

Les candidats doivent envoyer deux exemplaires de leur mémoire ou thèse, accompagnés d’une notice biographique, avant le 31 décembre de l’année en cours à l’adresse suivante :


M. Guy COBOLET
Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de Santé
12, rue de l’Ecole de Médecine
75270 PARIS Cedex 06

vendredi 21 novembre 2014

La contribution d’Henri Piéron à l’édification de la psychologie scientifique

La contribution d’Henri Piéron à l’édification de la psychologie scientifique et de l’orientation professionnelle


Colloque international en hommage à Henri Piéron (1881-1964) à l’occasion du cinquantenaire de sa disparition

INETOP – CNAM (41, rue Gay Lussac, 75 005 Paris)

Jeudi 27 et vendredi 28 novembre 2014



Jeudi 27 novembre 2014

9h30. Accueil & café



10h. Ouverture

Régis Ouvrier-Bonnaz, GREHTO, CRTD, CNAM
Pierre Falzon, Directeur du CRTD
Dominique Hocquard, Président d’ACOP-France



10h30. Conférences inaugurales

Henri Piéron et la psychologie
Françoise Parot. Professeur de psychologie. Université de Paris Descartes

L’orientation professionnelle selon Henri Piéron, une utopie ?
Michel Huteau. Professeur émérite de psychologie. CNAM



11h. Le champ de la psychologie appliquée : orientation professionnelle et psychotechnique
Président de séance : Jérôme Martin

Henri Piéron et Marcel Mauss (1923-1924) : actualité d’une confrontation

Bernard Prot. Maître de conférences. INETOP-CNAM. Centre de recherche sur le travail et le développement (CRTD).

La prédictibilité de l’efficacité entre aptitudes, types et notes. L’orientation professionnelle, un débat fondateur de la psychologie différentielle
Marco Saraceno. Docteur en Sociologie. Université de Paris-Ouest Nanterre. Laboratoire IDHE

Henri Piéron et les résultats des premières études docimologiques (dès les années 1930) : quelle pertinence au début du XXIème siècle ?
Philippe Chartier. Maître de conférences INETOP-CNAM. Equipe de psychologie de l’orientation. Centre de recherche sur le travail et le développement (CRTD).


12h30. Déjeuner


14h. Piéron, de la psychologie aux neurosciences en passant par la physiologie
Président de séance : Serge Blanchard

Le garde-frontière de la psychologie. Henri Piéron et la métapsychie
Renaud Evrard. Psychologue, docteur en psychologie. Université de Strasbourg. Membre associé de l’EA 3071.


Henri Piéron, élève et digne successeur d’Alfred Binet ?
Alexandre Klein. Chercheur postdoctoral. Université d’Ottawa

La rhétorique de l’histoire : Henri Piéron, historien et archiviste de la psychologie
Jérôme Martin. Docteur en histoire, professeur d’histoire-géographie. Chargé de cours. Université de Rouen


15h30. Pause café


16h. Piéron et l’éducation
Président de séance : Dominique Ottavi

Henri Piéron : un militant de la réforme de l’enseignement ?
Laurent Gutierrez. Maître de conférences en Sciences de l’éducation. Université de Rouen. Laboratoire CIVIIC

Henri Piéron, auteur du premier « Dictionnaire amoureux » de la psychologie (scientifique)
Francis Danvers. Professeur en Sciences de l’éducation. Université de Lille 3 (Villeneuve d’Ascq). UFR DECCID. Laboratoire PROFEOR-CIREL

Henri Piéron et la difficile légitimation de l’extension du rôle des conseillers d’orientation professionnelle dans l’enseignement secondaire à partir des années 1950 (période à préciser)
Paul Lehner. Doctorant en Science politique. ATER. Université Paris-Ouest Nanterre. Laboratoire GAP.

17h30. Fin


Vendredi 28 novembre 2014

8h30. Accueil & café

9h. Henri Piéron : figure internationale de la psychologie (1)
Président de séance : Pierre Roche

La correspondance d’Henri Piéron et la Belgique : éclairages sur les espaces et les réseaux d’Henri Piéron et de son influence sur l’évolution de la psychologie belge
Sylvain Wagnon. Maître de Conférences HDR en Sciences de l’éducation. Université de Montpellier 2. LIRDEF

Henri Piéron dans son rapport avec la psychologie espagnole appliquée pendant les premières décennies du XXe siècle
Ángel C. Moreu. Profesor Titular. Universitat de Barcelona

« Ah ce sommeil ! ». Les relations de travail et d’amitié entre Edouard Claparède et Henri Piéron d’après leur correspondance (1903-1940)
Martine Ruchat. Professeur à l’Université de Genève


10h30. Pause café

11h. Henri Piéron : figure internationale de la psychologie (2)
Président de séance : Laurent Gutierrez

Reception and forgetting of Henri Pieron and French experimental and applied psychology in the scientific culture of the Psychology Programs in Argentina
María Andrea Piñeda. Professor of History of the Psychology at the National Council of Scientific Research (CONICET). Director of the Museum of the History of Psychology at the Faculty of Psychology, National University of San Luis (FaPsi UNSL), Argentina.

L’oeuvre d’Henri Piéron en Italie dans les pages de la ‘Rivista di Psicologia’ (1906-1936)
Glauco Ceccarelli. Professeur associé d’Histoire de la psychologie et de Psychologie générale. Délégué du Recteur pour l’Orientation aux études universitaires. Département de Sciences de l’Homme. Université de Urbino “Carlo Bo” (Italie).

La psychologie brésilienne sous influence ? L’apport d’Henri Piéron dans le développement de la psychologie au Brésil (années 1920 – années 1940)
Carolina S. Bandeira de Melo. Doctorante à l’EHESS et à l’Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brésil) & Regina Helena de Freitas Campos. Professeur de psychologie. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (Brésil).


12h30. Synthèse
Jean-Luc Bernaud, CNAM

13h. Fin

47e congrès Cheiron

47th Annual Meeting of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences


Call for Papers


Conference Date: June 18—21, 2015
Conference Location: University of Kansas, Lawrence KS
Submission Due Date: January 15, 2015, 5pm EST
Website: https://www.uakron.edu/cheiron/


Papers, posters, symposia/panels, or workshops are invited for the 47th annual meeting of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences. The conference will be held at University of Kansas, Lawrence (about 45 minutes from Kansas City), with Edward K. Morris and Ruth Ann Atchley as local co-hosts. The meeting will take place beginning Thursday, June 18, to Sunday, June 21, 2015.

Submissions may deal with any aspect of the history of the human, behavioral, and social sciences or related historiographical and methodological issues. All submissions should conform to the guidelines listed below. 

All submissions must be received by 5pm EST, January 15, 2015. Please email your proposals to the 2015 Program Chair, Jennifer Bazar at jennbazar@gmail.com




Guidelines

All papers, posters, and proposed symposia/panels should focus on new and original work, i.e. the main part of the work should not have been published or presented previously at other conferences. 

To facilitate the peer review and planning process, please provide a separate page that includes: a) title; b) author’s name and affiliation; c) author’s mail and email address and phone number; d) audio/visual needs. In all types of proposals below, names of authors/presenters should not be indicated anywhere but on the separate cover page for the submission.

Papers: Submit a 700-800 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work. Presentations should be 20-25 minutes in length.

Posters: Submit a 300-400 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work. 

Symposia/Panels: Organizer should submit a 250-300 word abstract describing the symposium as a whole and a list of the names and affiliations of the participants. Each participant should submit a 300-600 word abstract plus references that contains the major sources that inform your work. 


Workshops: Organizer should submit a 250-300 word abstract describing the workshop and, if applicable, a list of the names and affiliations of those participating.


Travel Stipends & Young Scholar Award
Travel Stipends: Cheiron will make funds available to help defray travel expenses for students, as well as other scholars facing financial hardship, who present at the conference. We encourage everyone to apply for support from their home institutions. The Travel Stipend is limited to $100 to $300 per accepted submission; co-authored presentations must be divided among the presenters. If you wish to be considered for the Stipend, please apply by sending the Program Chair a separate email message, explaining your status, at the same time that you submit your proposal.

Young Scholar Award: Since 2008, Cheiron has awarded a prize for the best paper or symposium presentation by a young scholar. To be eligible for consideration, the young scholar must be the sole or first author on the paper and must be responsible for the bulk of the work of the paper. The young scholar must be a student currently or must have completed doctoral work not more than 5 years prior to the meeting.

About three weeks after the meeting, applicants for this award will submit a copy of the presented paper (rather than the abstract); it may include further, minor changes. Submissions go to the Cheiron Executive Officer, who sets the exact deadline, and the entries will be judged by members of the Program Committee and the Review Committee. The winner will receive a certificate from Cheiron and will be asked to submit the paper to the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences within a reasonable period of time. The Award winner may ask Cheiron for assistance in preparing the paper for submission to JHBS. If the paper is accepted by JHBS for publication, the winner will receive a $500 honorarium from the publisher, Wiley-Blackwell, in recognition of the Cheiron Young Scholar Award. Please note that the award committee may choose not to grant an award in any given year and that the honorarium depends on publication in JHBS, in addition to winning the Award.



---------------------------

CONTACT INFORMATION:

Concerning meeting program, contact 2015 Program Chair:
Jennifer Bazar
Postdoctoral Fellow, Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care & University of Toronto

Waypoint Centre for Mental Health Care
Research & Academics 
500 Church Street
Penetanguishene, ON L9M 1G3
telephone: 416.254.7848 (cell)


For questions about the Young Scholar Award or general organizational issues, contact
David K. Robinson, Cheiron Executive Officer: drobinso@truman.edu

jeudi 20 novembre 2014

Histoire du désordre affectif saisonnier

The Recent History of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)


Overy C and Tansey E M. (eds) (2014)

Wellcome Witnesses to Contemporary Medicine, vol. 51. London: Queen Mary, University of London.
ISBN 978 0 90223 897 8




The variation of mood with the seasons has been acknowledged for a long time. It was in 1984 that the term Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) was first used in a paper by Norman Rosenthal and colleagues at the National Institute of Mental Health in Bethesda, MD. This Witness Seminar looked at the research leading up to that paper and the thirty years of subsequent investigations into the disorder which affects a significant proportion of the population.

Chaired by Professor Sir Brian Follett, participants, some of whom suffered from SAD, included two of the scientists involved in the early SAD research in the USA – Alfred Lewy and Norman Rosenthal, biologists studying photoperiodism, and representatives from SADA, the support organization in the UK for sufferers of this disorder.

Discussion addressed the theories of causation; research into circadian rhythms and the role of melatonin; the symptoms, diagnosis and prevalence of the disorder; and treatment with artificial bright light and drugs. It also covered patient activism, the various perceptions of SAD by medical professionals and its diagnostic classification, and the difficulties of funding research and treatment.


This volume can be ordered from www.amazon.co.uk; www.amazon.com; and all good booksellers for £6/$10 plus postage, using the ISBN. For further details of this and other volumes in the series visit:http://www.histmodbiomed.org/article/wellcome-witnesses-volumes.

Séance de projection de films psychiatriques

Séance de projection de films psychiatriques

Jeudi 27 novembre, 21h.
Cinémathèque Québécoise (335, boul. De Maisonneuve Est, Montréal.)

De 1947 à 1950, l'Office National du Film du Canada produit une série de 4 films thérapeutiques suite à l'initiative de psychiatres du Allan Memorial Institute (Département de psychiatrie de l'Université McGill & de l'Hôpital Royal-Victoria) souhaitant introduire l'image mouvante à leurs expérimentations en thérapie de groupe.

La séance présentera le premier film de cette série, The Feeling of Rejection (1947), ainsi que Spontaneity Training (v1933), un film thérapeutique ayant possiblement inspiré les concepteurs de la série et que certains considèrent comme le 'premier' film produit et destiné spécifiquement à des fins thérapeutiques. 

http://cinematheque.qc.ca/fr/programmation/projections/spontaneity-training-feeling-rejection

Durée de la séance: 1 heure.

Présenté par le GRAFICS (www.grafics.ca)


Venez en grand nombre!




Screening of psychiatric films

Thursday, November 27th, 9 pm.
Cinémathèque Québécoise (335, boul. De Maisonneuve Est, Montréal.)

From 1947 to 1950, the National Film Board of Canada produced a series of 4 therapeutic films following the initiative of psychiatrists from the Allan Memorial Institute (Department of psychiatry of the McGill University and Royal-Victoria Hospital) wishing to use motion pictures in their experiments in group therapy.

The session will present the first film of the series, The Feeling of Rejection (1947), as well as Spontaneity Training(c1933), a therapeutic film that was probably known to the producers of the series, and is considered by some as the 'first' film specifically produced and intended for therapeutic use.

http://cinematheque.qc.ca/fr/programmation/projections/spontaneity-training-feeling-rejection


Approximate duration: 1 hour.
Presented by GRAFICS (www.grafics.ca)

All are welcomed!

mercredi 19 novembre 2014

Dernier numéro de Social History of Medicine

Social History of Medicine

Volume 27 Issue 4 November 2014





Editorial
Pratik Chakrabarti, Graham Mooney, and Patricia Skinner
Editorial
Full Text (PDF)






Original Articles


Alanna Skuse
Wombs, Worms and Wolves: Constructing Cancer in Early Modern England 
FREE Full Text (PDF)

Michael Stolberg
Learning from the Common Folks. Academic Physicians and Medical Lay Culture in the Sixteenth Century 
Full Text (PDF)

Annemarie Kinzelbach
Erudite and Honoured Artisans? Performers of Body Care and Surgery in Early Modern German Towns
Full Text (PDF)

S.-M. Grant
‘Mortal in this season’: Union Surgeons and the Narrative of Medical Modernisation in the American Civil War 
Full Text (PDF)

Ben Curtis and Steven Thompson
‘A Plentiful Crop of Cripples Made by All This Progress’: Disability, Artificial Limbs and Working-Class Mutualism in the South Wales Coalfield, 1890–1948
FREE Full Text (PDF)

Julia Ross Cummiskey
Drugs, Race and Tuberculosis Control in Baltimore, 1950–1978 
Full Text (PDF)

Despo Kritsotaki
Mental Hygiene and Child Guidance in Post-war Greece: The Case of the Centre for Mental Health and Research, 1956–1970 
Full Text (PDF)

Jessica M. Parr
Obesity and the Emergence of Mutual Aid Groups for Weight Loss in the Post-War United States 
Full Text (PDF)


Second Opinion

Howard Phillips
The Recent Wave of ‘Spanish’ Flu Historiography 
Full Text (PDF)


Focus on Early Modern Medicine

Laurence Brockliss
Robert Weston, Medical Consulting by Letter in France, 1665–1789
Full Text (PDF)

Leah Astbury
Adrian Wilson, Ritual and Conflict: The Social Relations of Childbirth in Early Modern England
Full Text (PDF)

Maríaluz López-Terrada
Kristy Wilson Bowers, Plague and Public Health in Early Modern Seville
Full Text (PDF)

James E. Shaw
Sandra Cavallo and Tessa Storey, Healthy Living in Late Renaissance Italy
Full Text (PDF)

Victoria Sparey
Sara Read, Menstruation and the Female Body in Early Modern England
Full Text (PDF)

Book Reviews

Approches du handicap intellectuel au Moyen-âge

Approaches to intellectual disability in the Middle Ages: Thinking about ‘fools’ and ‘idiots

Dr Irina Metzler (Swansea University)

Tuesday (25th November) 
Wellcome Library, 183 Euston Road, London, NW1 2BE.
Doors open at 6pm prompt, the seminar will start at 6.15pm.

Physical disability in the Middle Ages has become a rapidly emerging topic for scholarly engagement in the past decade. However, mental, or intellectual, disability has not been adequately researched yet. ‘Even the most radical historians have only ever treated “intellectual disability” either as a footnote to the history of mental pathology dominated by mental illness, or of disability dominated by the physical disability’ (Goodey, A History of Intelligence and “Intellectual Disability”). This paper seeks to investigate the constructedness of medieval concepts and categories of intellectual impairment, including the problem of imposing modern definitions of ‘cognitive /intellectual/ mental disability’ onto the past. Philosophically, and subsequently judicially, medieval intellectual disability was considered the absence of reason, which contrasted the mentally disabled with the Aristotelian concept of man as the rational animal. Although normative texts will be the primary focus of the paper, some consideration will be given as to how these concepts affected quotidian life for mentally disabled persons, especially by looking afresh at the popular stereotype of the medieval court fool or jester.


More info here: http://blog.wellcomelibrary.org/2014/11/approaches-to-intellectual-disability-in-the-middle-ages/