mardi 28 juin 2016

La naissance de la gérontologie

Dr Hugues Destrem, témoin de la naissance de la gérontologie


Jean-Jacques Amyot

L'harmattan
Juin 2016 • 228 pages
ISBN : 978-2-343-09312-3


Ce livre n'est pas seulement l'histoire chronologique des premiers pas de la gérontologie française, du début des années 1950 à l'après 1975. C'est aussi le récit détaillé d'un cheminement culturel, social, politique et technique qui a conduit à reconsidérer ce dernier tiers d'une vie toujours plus longue. C'est encore un témoignage sur la construction, formelle et informelle, d'un secteur d'activité et d'un domaine théorique qui concerne nombre d'entre nous au titre de l'âge, de la profession ou d'une réflexion sur nous-mêmes.



Histoire du handicap et de la sexualité

Histories of Disability and Sexuality


Call for papers


How has the relationship between disability and sexuality been conceptualized in different cultures and changed over time? How have ideas about able-bodies shaped concepts of sexual norms and variance? How have changing ideas about sexuality and disability informed each other?

NOTCHES invites submissions on the histories of disability and sexuality. We welcome blog posts (1000-1500 words); interviews with scholars, archivists, and activists; as well as submissions to our “Archives of Desire” series in which historians reflect on a primary source and its value in research or teaching.

We define the term disability capaciously and seek to include submissions covering any form of impairment or disability identity.

Possible questions for exploration include (but are not limited to):
  • How have ideas about able-bodies and disabled-bodies changed over time and in relation to shifting notions of sexuality?
  • What has counted as a sexual disability?
  • In what ways has disability been influential in the creation and perception of sex work?
  • How has disability been historically coupled with non-normative sexuality?
  • What roles do concepts of deviance, asexuality, reproductive issues, and pleasure have in the social construction of disability?
  • How have people with disability (PWD) expressed their sexuality?
  • How have PWD conformed to, complicated, or resisted dominant definitions of disability and sexuality?
Style and image guidelines:
Submissions should be written for a non-specialist and international audience. Therefore, avoid jargon and use hyperlinks – not footnotes – to clarify terms or concepts that may be unfamiliar to a general readership.
Include at least one relevant image for which you have obtained permission, and caption your image with clear attribution information. We welcome your use of a range of sources such as movies or sound files.
Include a short hyperlinked author bio and photo with your submission
For more information see www.notchesblog.com/write-for-notches

Please send submissions or proposals to NOTCHES assistant editor Saniya Lee Ghanoui (ghanoui2@illinois.edu) by August 1, 2016. Submissions from outside North America are especially welcome. All submissions to NOTCHES will undergo an internal peer-review process. Proposals and queries are most welcome.

lundi 27 juin 2016

La tuberculose en Inde au XXe siècle


Languished Hopes: Tuberculosis, the State and International Assistance in Twentieth-century India




Niels Brimnes


Orient BlackSwan
Series : New Perspectives in South Asian History
Pages : 336
ISBN : 978-81-250-6282-0


Tuberculosis in India is one of the most frightening challenges to public health today. Recent WHO figures state that in 2013, India had 2.6 million cases of tuberculosis, of which 80 per cent were new, and the disease claimed nearly 300,000 lives. This means that almost a fifth of the world’s tuberculosis related deaths occurs in India. 

Languished Hopes: Tuberculosis, the State and International Assistance in Twentieth-century India narrates and analyses the history of tuberculosis in India in the twentieth century: how the disease was ‘discovered’, how it has been understood, and how national and international agencies have struggled to bring it under control. 

The author begins in the early decades of the century, when colonial authorities realised that tuberculosis might be a severe health threat, and traces debates and initiatives from late colonialism through independence into post-colonial India. His focus is on the first two decades after independence, when tuberculosis control received unprecedented attention and underwent fundamental transformations. 

In this period the world’s largest vaccination campaign was rolled out in India, and new antibiotic drugs were distributed to infected Indians through the ambitious National Tuberculosis Programme. The analysis ends with the early 1990s, when Indian authorities realised that 80 years of control efforts had achieved little, and prepared to revamp the official control programme. The final section presents more promising results from the past twenty years.

Through his analysis of tuberculosis control measures in India, the author proffers a simple message: where there is massive poverty, there will be severe tuberculosis. Vaccines and drugs cannot do the job alone.

The book will be of interest to students and scholars of history, medical sociology, and to health practitioners.

Bouses de recherche de la NYAM

NYAM 2017 Research Fellowships

Call for applications

Does a one-month residence in The Drs. Barry and Bobbi Coller Rare Book Reading Room, immersed in resources on the history of medicine and public health, sound like a dream come true?

The Academy Library offers two annual research fellowships, the Paul Klemperer Fellowship in the History of Medicine and the Audrey and William H. Helfand Fellowship in the History of Medicine and Public Health, to support the advancement of scholarly research in the history of medicine and public health. Fellowship recipients spend a month in residence conducting research using the library’s collections.

Applications for our fellowships are being accepted now through late August for fellowships that may be used at any time during 2017.

Preference in the application process is given to early career scholars, although the fellowships are open to anyone who wishes to apply, regardless of academic status, discipline, or citizenship. While both fellowships are for researchers engaged in history of medicine projects, the Helfand Fellowship emphasizes the role of visual materials in understanding that history.

Applications are due by the end of the day on Friday, August 26, 2016. Letters of recommendation are due by the end of the day on Monday, August 29, 2016. Applicants will be notified of whether or not they have received a fellowship by Monday, October 3, 2016.

Prospective applicants are encouraged to contact Arlene Shaner, Historical Collections Librarian, at 212-822-7313 or history@nyam.org with questions or for assistance identifying useful materials in the library collections.

dimanche 26 juin 2016

Histoire de la quarantaine

Pavillon jaune. Histoire de la quarantaine, de la Peste à Ebola


Sofiane Bouhdiba



L'Harmattan
Acteurs de la Science
Juin 2016 • 234 pages
ISBN : 978-2-343-09357-4

L'auteur examine ici la quarantaine, qui consiste à isoler l'autre, l'étranger, le voyageur, et à prévenir tout contact avec la population saine. Et c'est précisément là que se situe la problématique du présent ouvrage : le fait de placer en quarantaine des voyageurs relève-t-il d'une stratégie raisonnée ? Les espaces de quarantaines ne sont-ils finalement pas des bouillons de culture, véritables mouroirs programmés ? Quid alors d'une personne saine qui se retrouve au milieu de moribonds hautement contagieux ?

Histoire des innovations dans le soin des blessures

Exploring Histories and Futures of Innovation in Advanced Wound Care



Call for Papers


Workshop at the Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds

11am – 4pm, 20 September 2016

Advanced wound care deals with chronic, complex wounds, including leg ulcers, pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers and dehisced surgical wounds. Most chronic wounds in the UK are managed by community nurses and the experience of wound care falls as much in the domain of the domestic and everyday as in that of professional medicine and healthcare. Although they are a fundamental part of everyday healthcare, the technologies associated with wounds are often considered mundane and overlooked by both researchers and practitioners, with important consequences for patients and service users.

The workshop and wider project connects academics from a broad range of disciplines with health professionals, patients, carers, service users and industry representatives to explore what we can learn from current and past developments in advanced wound care, from mundane dressings to increasingly technologized products which claim to enhance the healing process.

We invite proposals for research papers (20 minutes) or short provocations (5-7 minutes) which explore and reflect on the history of wound care and/or its current practices in the UK. Please send abstracts of no more than 250 words to Dr Mary Madden (M.T.Madden@leeds.ac.uk) by Friday 8 July 2016. The overall project seeks to explore new areas of research in the history and sociology of wound care and critically examine the current pathways to innovation in their wider context; we are looking to develop larger research projects, new collaborations and interdisciplinary publications.

Topics for this workshop (the first in a series of three) might include historical/sociological approaches to:

(i) nursing and other professions

(ii) the emergence and reorganisations of the NHS

(iii) domestic and clinical wound care practices

(iv) collaborations between industry, patients/service users and health professionals

(v) the role of patients and service users as innovators

(vi) changing conceptualisations of innovation

Travel costs for speakers based in the UK will be covered thanks to support from the AHRC.

Participants include: Professor Alex Faulkner, Professor Christine Hallett (TBC), Professor Dan Bader, Professor Peter Vowden and Dr Madeleine Flanagan.

For further information visit the project website (http://wounds.leeds.ac.uk/) and Twitter feed (http://www.twitter.com/woundinnovation) or contact Principal Investigator Dr Mary Madden (m.t.madden@leeds.ac.uk) or Co-investigator Dr James Stark (j.f.stark@leeds.ac.uk).

samedi 25 juin 2016

La construction de la médecine arabe médiévale

La construction de la médecine arabe médiévale
 
Pauline Koetschet et Peter E. Pormann (dir.)


Beyrouth 2016
coédition : Ifpo/IFAO
ISBN IFPO 978-2-35159-712-5
192 p.




L’histoire de la médecine arabe pré-moderne demeure nimbée d’un certain mystère, non pas parce que nous n’aurions pas de sources, mais parce que dans leur majorité, ces sources n’ont été ni éditées ni étudiées. Ce sont ces sources qui forment la base des articles publiés dans cet ouvrage. Ces articles traitent, entre autres, du transfert des connaissances médicales et de la construction de le médecine arabe à partir des sources grecques, indiennes, et persanes traduites en arabe, et des modifications apportées au savoir médical passé.

Epidémies et catastrophes naturelles dans la Horde d'or

Epidemics and Natural Disasters in the Golden Horde and the Neighboring Territories (13th­16th centuries)

Call for papers


M.A.Usmanov Center for Research on the Golden Horde and Tatar Khanates of Sh.Marjani Institute of History of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tatarstan invites you to submit your papers for publication in an international and interdisciplinary collection of research papers “Epidemics and Natural Disasters in the Golden Horde and the Neighboring Territories (13th–16th centuries)”.

The collection will focus on interdisciplinary research methods revealing the processes of interaction between man, nature and society during the “Black Death” period in the Magna Tartaria region and will provide materials for the study of epidemic, natural, environmental and climate changes and disasters, variations of adaptation strategies; as well as cultural, military, political and economic factors, cultural elements of human impact on the natural environment, practices of landscape transformation in the Magna Tartaria and neighboring regions.

The second pandemic of “Black Death” was a kind of Rubicon that separated the era of the Middle Ages from the Modern Times, medieval scholasticism from anthropocentrism and rationalism, feudalism from capitalism. According to unconfirmed data the total number of deceased around the world amounted to about 60 – 80 million people. Its consequence were both tremendous social and political upheaval as well as very powerful technological breakthrough. The new world that emerged on the ruins of the old one, brought to the human communities totally different ideas about the state and administrative structure, ethnic, linguistic, religious, inter-cultural and inter-civilizational relations. In any case, these changes were not readily apparent to their contemporaries. Only recently, researchers have attempted to comprehensively reconsider the theme of “The Epidemic of the Black Death and Its Impact on Economic and Social Development”. The result of these studies was the publication of information on Western Europe, the Middle East and China to some extent. However, similar findings are not yet available regarding the Magna Tartaria (the Golden Horde) and neighboring regions (Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Anatolia, Persia).

We will accept papers after preliminary approval of their topics. Papers should be written in English (with an extensive summary in Russian) or Russian with an extensive English summary.

Deadline for submitting papers: November 20, 2016.


Please adhere strictly to these requirements!

We ask the researchers to submit their papers to Timur Khaydarov: timkh2000@yandex.ru or to the Center’s email: zolotayaorda.centr@mail.ru

Coordinator of the Collection: Head of the Center Ilnur Mirgaleev. E-mail: dilnur1976@mail.ru

We invite the colleagues to get acquainted with our journal “Golden Horde Review”: