lundi 11 juillet 2016

Pause estivale

Le réseau Historiens de la santé prend sa pause estivale. 
Il sera de retour de lundi 15 août 2016. 

Bon été. 

Profitez du soleil !  



dimanche 10 juillet 2016

Théorie des signatures végétales

Flore médicale des signatures XVIe - XVIIe siècles 

Guy Ducourthial

L'Harmattan
Juin 2016 • 672 pages
ISBN : 978-2-343-09472-4

On trouvera ici à la fois une histoire de l'élaboration de la théorie des signatures végétales et un exposé de son contenu à partir des principaux textes - généralement de Paracelse, mais aussi d'auteurs souvent tombés dans l'oubli, D. Sennert, J.P. Rhumelius, H.C. Agrippa, O. Crollius, G. B della Porta. Selon eux, la ressemblance entre la couleur, la morphologie ou encore la biologie de nombreuses plantes avec les parties du corps humain ou les diverses manifestations extérieures des maladies ne saurait être dû au hasard. Ces analogies doivent être interprétées comme des signatures de Dieu, afin d'informer les hommes des diverses vertus qu'elles contiennent.

La traduction dans la science

Translation in Science, Science in Translation

Call for Papers


International Conference
30-31 March 2017
Justus Liebig University Giessen

Deadline for applications: 31 July 2016


Invited speakers:
Dr Doris Bachmann-Medick (Giessen), Dr Maeve Olohan (Manchester), Dr Benedikt Perak (Rijeka)

In recent years, considerable scholarly attention has been drawn to interdisciplinary research between the fields of Translation Studies and History of Science, which has shed light on, for instance, the workings of scientific communities, the dissemination of knowledge across languages and cultures, and the transformation in the process of that knowledge and of the scientific communities involved. Translators are brought to the fore, and if they were once treated as anecdotal actors in scientific exchanges, they are now understood as key agents. The Translation in Science, Science in Translation conference precisely engages in all these questions suggested by the conversation between Translation Studies and History of Science, and understands language as a complex phenomenon that includes dialects, sociolects and disciplinary tongues, and science as encompassing the natural and the social sciences. The focus is from early modernity to the present, and the conference’s translational perspective also applies to movements across disciplines, and to communication between scholars and lays (Montgomery 2000, Elshakry 2013, Olohan 2014).

We particularly welcome proposals from scholars and PhD students working on regions and languages underrepresented in research on the following topics:

1. Scientific Translation over Time and Space

- Changes in the practice and norms of scientific translation over time, space and across disciplines.
- The role of translated texts in the appropriation of scientific knowledge.

- The impact of the language of science upon non-scientific language and everyday language on the language of science through translation (science communication).



2. Behind the Scenes: Actors and Strategies Involved in Scientific Translation

- Changes in translation policies: the role of scientific translators.

- The practice of individual and collective translation of scientific texts, spaces and networks of scientific translation (institutions, funding, freedom of research).


3. Scientific Translation as Epistemic Practice

- Scientific translation and epistemic change.

- Scientific translation and change within the scientific culture/community of the source text.

- Translating non-verbal material: images, illustrations, graphs and tables, photographs, etc.

- Scientific translation and the creation or reinforcement of cultural boundaries (Brisset 2000, Ramakrishnas 2010).


Proposals

Please submit an abstract of no more than 350 words along with a bio-bibliographical note (as a single PDF-file) by 31 July 2016 to translationinscience@gmail.com.

There are a limited number of grants to cover travel and accommodation expenses. Should you wish to be considered for one of these, please submit a short letter of motivation.


Organization

The conference is organized by Katharina Kühn (International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture, University of Giessen), Dr Rocío G. Sumillera (Universidad de Granada), and Dr Jan Surman (Herder Institute, Marburg), in collaboration with the International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture (GCSC), the Giessen Graduate School for Humanities (GGK), the Giessen Centre for East European Studies (GiZo), the Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe – Institute of the Leibniz Association, the Department for Cultural Studies at the University of Rijeka, and the University of Granada.


References

Bachmann-Medick, Doris. The Trans/National Study of Culture: A Translational Perspective. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter, 2016.

Brisset, Annie. “The Search for a Native Language: Translation and Cultural Identity,” in The Translation Studies Reader, ed. Lawrence Venuti. London/New York: Routledge, 2000, 343-375.

Elshakry, Marwa. Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860–1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Montgomery, Scott L. Science in Translation: Movements of Knowledge through Cultures and Time. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Olohan, Maeve. “History of Science and History of Translation: Disciplinary Commensurability?”, The Translator, 20.1 (2014): 9-25.

Ramakrishnas, Shanta. “Translation and the Quest of Identity: Democratization of Knowledge in 19th-Century India”, in Translation and Culture: Indian Perspectives, ed. G. J. V. Prasad. New Delhi: Pencraft, 2010, 19-35.

samedi 9 juillet 2016

Le conflit, les blessés et le soin

Wounded: Conflict, Casualties and Care
Exhibition




The Science Museum
Exhibition Road
South Kensington
SW7 2DD 
London


On 1 July 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme, British forces sustained 57,000 casualties, creating a medical emergency of unprecedented scale and severity.

On 29 June 2016 a new exhibition will open at the Science Museum, commemorating the centenary of this momentous battle and the huge medical and human impact of wounding during and beyond the First World War.

Wounded: Conflict, Casualties and Care will draw on the Science Museum’s extensive First World War medical collections as well as the words of the wounded and those who cared for them to explore the remarkable medical responses and innovations catalysed by this conflict.

Beyond the battlefields, the exhibition will also focus on the longer-term impact of the war on the soldiers who were left physically and mentally affected, and show how the medical lessons learnt still carry relevance today.

La peau à la Renaissance

"Renaissance Skin" - Senior Postdoctoral Research Fellow or Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Call for applications

Reference: THW/16/059639/000818
Salary Details: Grade 6: £32,600 - £38,896 per annum
Allowances: £2,323 London Living Allowance Contract Type: Temporary/Fixed term Contract Term: Full time

The Department of History is seeking to appoint two Postdoctoral Research Fellows to undertake the research project as described in the Wellcome Trust funded research grant proposal ‘Renaissance Skin’, led by Professor Evelyn Welch (PI). This is a five year Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator Award studying the wide range of ways in which skin, both animal and human, was conceptualised and used in Europe between 1450 and 1700, a period of enormous change in terms of global contacts and connections and scientific innovation. There will be a team of three postdoctoral fellows (one five-year senior position and two three-year junior positions which will rotate over the five years) and an administrator who will support Professor Welch in producing the research outputs, events and activities associated with this project. The Senior Postdoctoral Research Fellow and one of the Junior Research Fellows will begin work in September 2016 (the second Junior Fellow will be appointed in 2018).

The project is European-wide and to assist Professor Welch in her work, the postdoctoral fellows will collectively provide linguistic competencies in either Latin, Spanish, German, Dutch or Portuguese or other languages apart from French and Italian which would be of particular benefit to the Renaissance Skin objectives. In addition to supporting Professor Welch’s work, the Fellow will also undertake their own associated research. They will be expected to undertake approximately three research trips per year (within Europe), and undertake any other reasonable duties associated with the project as required by the PI, or within the Department as required by the Head of Department. There will be opportunities to contribute to teaching, particularly at MA level.

Applicants may apply for either or both positions – if you have a preference, please specify in your application.

The selection process will include a panel interview, including a 10 minute presentation to the panel. Candidates selected for interview will be asked to supply two writing samples.

Interviews are scheduled to be held on 09 August 2016 PM (TBC)

For an informal discussion to find out more about the role please contact Professor Evelyn Welch via evelyn.welch@kcl.ac.uk.

vendredi 8 juillet 2016

Angelo Mariani et le vin de coca

Angelo Mariani 1838-1914 : Le vin de coca et la naissance de la publicité moderne 

Aymon de Lestrange

Préface de François Monti


Broché: 192 pages
Editeur : Intervalles (17 juin 2016)
Langue : Français
ISBN-10: 2369560355
ISBN-13: 978-2369560357

Angelo Mariani, le vin de coca et la naissance de la publicité moderne est la première biographieillustrée d'Angelo Mariani (1838-1914), génial pharmacien corse qui atteignit une renomméemondiale grâce à son vin de coca et à ses méthodes publicitaires révolutionnaires qui en font,à maints égards, le père de la publicité moderne.Le vin tonique Mariani à la coca du Pérou a connu un succès fulgurant à La Belle Époque. Ilconsistait en l'infusion de feuilles de coca dans du vin de Bordeaux. Devenu le médicament leplus en vogue à la fin du xixe siècle, il est également le précurseur du Coca-Cola. Car Marianiet ses produits atteignirent peu à peu aux États-Unis une notoriété encore plus forte qu'enEurope. Mais la Prohibition et des concurrents redoutables devaient bientôt porter un coupfatal aux ambitions transatlantiques de Mariani.Angelo Mariani, le vin de coca et la naissance de la publicité moderne est le premier livre à retracer toutes les étapes de cette histoire fascinante et pratiquement inconnue du grand public.

L'unité de la physiologie de Galien

Postdoc position in ancient medicine and philosophy: "The Unity of Galen's Physiology" (1,0 fte)  

Call for applications


A PhD in Classics or (Ancient) Philosophy or History of (Ancient) Medicine; or a PhD dissertation in one of these fields already accepted by the PhD committee.

Galen of Pergamum (129–c.213 CE) may count as the father of western medicine, whose influence dominated medical history until well into the 19th century. But he saw himself as a philosopher no less than a doctor, and in his voluminous writings we find medical and philosophical perspectives combined. The NWO-funded research project ‘Human Nature: Medical and Philosophical Perspectives in the Work of Galen of Pergamum’ explores Galen’s view of human nature from a variety of perspectives: philosophical, physiological, anatomical, psychological, moral and religious. Apart from studying Galen’s position and its intellectual background, the project is designed to
contribute to present-day debates on well-being and illness, concepts of humanity in bio-ethics, the societal role of medicine and the doctor as well as multidisciplinarity and discipline-formation.
As a postdoc you will carry out the subproject "The Unity of Galen’s Physiology," focusing on the question how far Platonic tripartite psychology, Hellenistic anatomical work concerned with the nervous system and pneumatology have been integrated by Galen into a coherent theory. You will work under the supervision of the project leader prof. dr. Teun Tieleman and complete a monograph within three years. In addition, you will play your part as member of the core research team, which apart from prof.
Tieleman will consist of two post-doctoral researchers and a PhD student. As such, you will participate in and contribute to workshops and other activities related to the project. You will be based at the Utrecht Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, section History of Philosophy, which provides a relevant, stimulating and internationally oriented research environment.
  • Excellent track record and research skills relative to experience. 
  • The ability to work both independently and as part of a team.
  • A pro-active attitude and excellent communication and collaborative skills.
  • Interest in interdisciplinary work and societal challenges is considered an advantage.
You will be offered a full-time Postdoc position (1.0 fte), initially for a period of 12 months. Upon good performance, the contract will be extended for another 24 months (three years in total). The starting salary ranges between € 3,168 and € 3,400 (gross per month on a fulltime basis depending on experience and qualifications (salary scale 10).
Utrecht University offers a pension scheme, a holiday allowance of 8% per year, an end-of-year bonus of 8.3% and flexible employment conditions. Conditions are based on the Collective Employment Agreement of the Dutch Universities. More information: terms of employment.
A better future for everyone. That is the ambition that motivates our scholars in their top research and their inspiring teaching. The various disciplines within Utrecht University collaborate closely on important social themes. Our focus is on Dynamics of Youth, Institutions for Open Societies, Life Sciences and Sustainability.
The Faculty of Humanities has around 7,000 students and 900 staff members. It comprises four knowledge domains: Philosophy and Religious Studies, History and Art History, Media and Culture Studies, and Languages, Literature and Communication. With its research and education in these fields, the Faculty aims to contribute to a better understanding of the Netherlands and Europe in a rapidly changing social and cultural context.
The enthusiastic and committed colleagues and the excellent amenities in the historical city center of Utrecht, where the Faculty is housed, contribute to an inspiring working
environment.
Applications should include
  • a letter of motivation
  • a curriculum vitae
  • two references
  • two published samples (journal articles, book chapter etc)
  • a scan of the PhD certificate
The application deadline is 01/09/2016
For further information about the vacancy, please contact prof. dr. Teun Tieleman, project leader: t.l.tieleman@uu.nl.

jeudi 7 juillet 2016

Dernier numéro d'Asclepius

Asclepius. International Journal of History and Philosophy of Medicine

Vol. 5-6: 2015-2016

http://www.ijhpm.org/index.php/IJHPM







Editorials
 
Why the History of Medicine?
Garabed Eknoyan

Full Articles

Cuba’s First Smallpox Vaccination Campaign
Cristóbal S. Berry-Cabán

The Demise of Vitalism: Fernel’s and Servetus’ Vital Spirit and Harvey’s Living Blood
Ben Caputo, James Marcum

Female Anatomists and their Biographical Sketches
Artineh Hayrapetian, Peter Oakes, Fred Bertino, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Margaret Wood Balch, Anthony D’Antoni, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs

Battling for Bed Space in Kingston General Hospital, Ontario: 1927 to 1958
Daniel Paluzzi

Rhazes Doubting Galen: Ancient and Medieval Theories of Vision
Mohammadali M. Shoja, Paul S. Agutter, R. Shane Tubbs

Contribution of Romanian Scientists to Gerontology and Geriatrics
Mariana Cuceu, Mohammadali M. Shoja

History and Philosophy of Surgical Informed Consent in Children
Pranit N. Chotai, R. Shane Tubbs, Eunice Y. Huang

‘Sinning against Science Itself’: Adolf Friedrich Nolde’s 1799 Code of Good Research Practice
Allan Gaw, Thomas Demant


Short Communications

When Cold Becomes Hot and Hot Becomes Cold: Unearthing a Historical Report
Mohammadali M. Shoja, Paul S. Agutter, Ghaffar Shokouhi, R. Shane Tubbs


Biographies

Samuel Thomas von Söemmerring (1755-1830)
Islam Aly, R. Shane Tubbs, Mohammadali M. Shoja, Marios Loukas


Medical Historian

Daniel Le Clerc (1652-1728) and his “Histoire de la Medecine”
Galyna Ivashchuk, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs, Margaret Wood Balch, Mohammadali M. Shoja


Annotated Images

Elizabeth Caroline Crosby (1888-1983)
Toral R. Patel, Mohammadali M. Shoja, E. George Salter, R. Shane Tubbs

John Webster Kirklin (1917-2004)
Toral R. Patel, R. Shane Tubbs, Tim L. Pennycuff, Mohammadali M. Shoja


Hypothetical Discourses

An Artistic Portrayal of Polydactyly as Sacrilege: The Case of Todd Rundgren’s Album Nearly Human
Anand N. Bosmia, Christoph J. Griessenauer, R. Shane Tubbs

Letters to the Editor

Anand N. Bosmia, R. Shane Tubbs
PDF