vendredi 27 novembre 2015

Dernier numéro d'History of Psychiatry

History of Psychiatry

December 2015; 26 (4)

Claude-Olivier Doron
Félix Voisin and the genesis of abnormals

J Cutting and M Musalek
The nature of delusion: psychologically explicable? psychologically inexplicable? philosophically explicable? Part 1

Pascal Le Maléfan and Andreas Sommer
Léon Marillier and the veridical hallucination in late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century French psychology and psychopathology

Lara Rzesnitzek
‘A Berlin psychiatrist with an American passport’: Lothar Kalinowsky, electroconvulsive therapy and international exchange in the mid-twentieth century

Eitan Bronschtein
The multiaxial assessment and the DSM-III: a conceptual analysis

Roberta Passione
Epistemological issues in the history of Italian psychiatry: the contribution of Gaetano Perusini (1879–1915) 

Holger Steinberg
The creator of the term ‘anancasm’ was Hungarian: Guyla Donáth (1849–1944) 

Classic Text No. 104

SE Starkstein and GE Berrios
The ‘Preliminary Discourse’ to Methodical Nosology, by François Boissier de Sauvages (1772)

Book Reviews

Mathew Thomson
Book Review: Andrew Scull, Madness in Civilization: A Cultural History of Insanity From the Bible to Freud, from the Madhouse to Modern Medicine

Yolana Pringle
Book Review: Leonard Smith, Insanity, Race and Colonialism: Managing Mental Disorder in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1838–1914

Lucas Richert
Book Review: Susan Lamb, Pathologist of the Mind: Adolf Meyer and the Origins of American Psychiatry

Chris Millard
Book Review: Elizabeth Lunbeck, The Americanization of Narcissism

Anne-Kathleen Tillack-Graf
Book Review: Thomas R. Müller, Wahn und Sinn. Patienten, Ärzte, Personal und Institutionen der Psychiatrie in Sachsen vom Mittelalter bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts

Sam Fellowes
Book Review: Peter Zachar, Drozdstoj St. Stoyanov, Massimiliano Aragona and Assen Jablensky, Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Validation: DSM, ICD, RDoC, and Beyond

Research on the history of psychiatry

Dissertation Abstracts 

Letter to the Editor

Humberto Casarotti
Henri Ey’s Études Psychiatriques, Traité des Hallucinations and La Conscience, 2nd edn: the history of the Spanish translations 

Les objets de la psychiatrie

Objects of psychiatry: Between thing-making, reification & personhood

Call for Papers

Zurich, June 8 – 11, 2016

Psychiatry is situated at the interface between the natural sciences, the social sciences and the humanities. The ensuing hybrid nature invites inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. This conference aims to give a platform to such approaches asking the central question: Who or what is, becomes or constitutes psychiatry’s object?

Taking its starting point from the study of concrete research objects – case notes, images, films and texts, diagnostic concepts and labels, research instruments and therapeutic procedures, doctors and patients – it invites reflection on how objects are related to subjects, selves and personhood. Can this relationship be conceptualized along the lines of the traditional Western dichotomy between object and subject or does it have to be fundamentally re-thought? And is it linked to other classical dichotomies e.g. the one between matter and meaning? Is there a role for agents as object-, subject-, self- or thing-makers?
OBJECTS OF PSYCHIATRY takes up current debates within psychiatry namely the debate about the reification of psychiatric diagnoses like “schizophrenia”, but also deliberations about autonomy, human rights and participation. At the same time, it considers how the humanities situate psychiatric objects in wider societal contexts and discourses and bring into focus their historical genesis and configuration.
Drawing together heterogeneous traditions of thought and methods, it invites participants to build – and to reflect on – transdisciplinary bridges between sciences and humanities as well as between theory and practice. Contributions are invited, but not limited to, perspectives from psychiatry, philosophy, psychology, linguistics, history, history of science and medicine, neurosciences, as well as cultural, literary, film & visual studies. Medical Humanities
approaches are welcome.

International Conference organised by the interdisciplinary research project: “Schizophrenia”: Reception, semantic shift, and criticism of a concept in the 20th century. University of Zurich, Psychiatric Hospital Zurich University.

Proposals (max. 250 words) for 20-minute papers should be sent to Veronika Rall,, Deadline: Dec. 1, 2015.

jeudi 26 novembre 2015

Histoire de la pilosité faciale

Framing the Face. New perspectives on the history of facial hair


Saturday 28th November,

Friends Meeting House, Euston Road, London NW1

Over the past five centuries, facial hair has been central to debates about masculinity. Over time, changing views of masculinity, self-fashioning, the body, gender, sexuality and culture have all strongly influenced men’s decisions to wear, or not wear, facial hair. For British Tudor men, beards were a symbol of sexual maturity and prowess. Throughout the early modern period, debates also raged about the place of facial hair within a humoural medical framework. The eighteenth century, by contrast, saw beards as unrefined and uncouth; clean-shaven faces reflected enlightened values of neatness and elegance, and razors were linked to new technologies. Victorians conceived of facial hair in terms of the natural primacy of men, and new models of hirsute manliness. All manner of other factors from religion to celebrity culture have intervened to shape decisions about facial hair and shaving. 

And yet, despite a recent growth in interest in the subject, we still know little about the significance, context and meanings of beards and moustaches through time, or of its relationship to important factors such as medicine and medical practice, technology and shifting models of masculinity. To promote research on this issue we will be hosting a one-day workshop in London. 

For further information please contact the organisers: Dr Alun Withey, University of Exeter Jennifer Evans, University of Hertfordshire

9:30-10:00 Registration

10:00-11:30 Panel One: Representations of Facial Hair in Popular Culture/Media

Ellie Rycroft Facial Hair and Liminal Masculinities on the Early Modern Stage

Het Phillips The Moustache as Masculinity’s Moral Signifier in Screen Media

Helen Casey Poirot’s Moustache: The cultural language of facial hair in fictional characters.

11:30-12:00 Break

12:00-13:00 Panel Two: Self-fashioning and Identity

Hanna Weibye,  Speaking through his beard: facial hair as self­narrative in the case of Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778­1852)

Maria Victoria Alonso Beardless young men? Some notes on the visual representation of masculinity in Nineteenth-century Spanish young artists.

13:00-14:00 Lunch

14:00-15:30 Panel Three: External influences on facial hair fashion

John Gagné Italian Beards and the Horizons of Violence around 1500

Justin Bengry Consuming Men: Masculinities and Shaving Advertisements

Christopher Oldstone-Moore Title (TBC)

15:30-16:00 Break

16:00-17:00 Plenary
Dr Margaret Pelling ‘The head and front of my offending’: Barbers and self-presentation in early modern England

La dispersion des maladies dans l'océan indien

Disease Dispersion and Impact in the Indian Ocean World

Call for communications

International Conference
Indian Ocean World Centre (IOWC), McGill University, Canada
23-24 September 2016

organised by the IOWC & Max Planck Fellow Group "Connectivity in Motion: Port Cities of the Indian Ocean" of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale, Germany

This conference focuses on the causes, means of dispersal, geographical extent and impact of human diseases in the Indian Ocean World (IOW), from early times to the present day. The IOW, a macro-region running from Africa through the Middle East, South Asia and Southeast Asia to the Far East, comprises both continental (Asia and Africa) and maritime (Indian Ocean, China seas, Indonesian Sea) spaces. The disease histories of these regions have been affected by a number of both human and environmental factors, including war, land distribution, water storage and distribution, deforestation, migration, volcanism, cyclones, and climate change.

We welcome papers that explore the dispersion and impact of human diseases in and across the IOW in any time period, and in any region. Papers which address theoretical and methodological questions about how to study “travelling diseases” and/or epidemiological issues, on the basis of their empirical data, are also welcome. We particularly welcome interdisciplinary studies that focus on societies indigenous to the IOW, and on women and children.

The conference fee is $70 for non-students, and $35 for students. Conference participants will be required to pay for their own travel and accommodation, but refreshments, lunch and a conference dinner will be provided.

Those interested should send a title and short (1-2 paragraph) abstract to, by 15 December 2015. Prospective participants will be informed if their paper has been accepted by 1 March 2015.

Contact Info: 
Prof. Gwyn Campbell
Indian Ocean World Centre, McGill University
Contact Email:

mercredi 25 novembre 2015

Cinquante ans de psychiatrie à l’Université de Montréal

Cinquante ans de psychiatrie à l’Université de Montréal (1965-2015)

Santé mentale au Québec -Volume 40, numéro 2, été 2015

Sous la direction de Emmanuel Stip

Hugues Cormier

Emmanuel Stip
Présentation. Histoire de la psychiatrie à l’Université de Montréal : passages et impasses

Pierre Doucet
Devenir psychiatre au Québec dans les années 1950-1960

Isabelle Perreault
La folie, c’est de n’avoir pas d’autres normes que soi-même : la psychiatrie au cours de l’après-guerre au Québec

Hubert Wallot
Quel est l’avenir du Centre hospitalier Louis-H. Lafontaine ?

Hubert Wallot
De l’École Gamelin à Rivière-des-Prairies : de la cassure du château à sa restauration ?

Wilfrid Reid et Arthur Amyot
Le rôle des psychanalystes dans l’histoire du Département de psychiatrie de l’Université de Montréal

Ouanessa Younsi
Histoire vécue, histoire transmise : regards de psychiatres sur l’évolution du Département de psychiatrie de l’Université de Montréal

Alain Lesage
50 ans de service public pour les politiques et l’organisation de services de psychiatrie communautaire au Québec : partie I

Alain Lesage
50 ans de service public pour les politiques et l’organisation des services de psychiatrie communautaire au Québec : partie II (2003-2015 et suite)

Pierre Lalonde
La psychiatrie au Québec : autrefois/maintenant

François Borgeat et Maurice Dongier
Le changement de nos valeurs et certitudes au long de ce demi-siècle

Laurent Mottron
Considérations sur la place de la psychiatrie en autisme, à partir de l’histoire récente des rôles professionnels vis-à-vis de l’autisme au Québec

Martin Gignac, Bernard Boileau, Charles Nagy Bedwani, Vicenzo DiNicola, Yvon Gauthier, Alain Lévesque et Louis Morissette
La croisée des chemins, 50 ans de soins aux enfants

Isabelle Paquette, Arthur Amyot et Geneviève Létourneau
L’éclosion de la gérontopsychiatrie à l’Université de Montréal, une histoire à découvrir

Anne-Marie Bouchard, Louis Morissette et Fédéric Millaud
L’Institut Philippe Pinel et le Département de psychiatrie de l’Université de Montréal : des parcours intriqués

Jacques Montplaisir
La médecine du sommeil : 1965-2015

Roger Godbout
Le développement d’une approche clinique pour les troubles du sommeil en pédopsychiatrie

Sonia Lupien
L’histoire de la science du stress : de Hans Selye à la découverte des anti-inflammatoires

Céline Lamontagne et Lorraine Palardy
Les Impatients : un parfum de santé

Alexis Thibault
Cinquante ans de résidence : nécessité et pertinence de l’ARPUM

Histoire des neurosciences

De l'histoire des neurosciences à la neuropsychiatrie du futur


Organisé dans le cadre d'une collaboration entre le Comité d'Histoire de la FENS et l'ICM
3-4 décembre 23015

Amphithéâtre de l'ICM, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris

Inscription gratuite mais obligatoire:

Jeudi 3 décembre 2015

14h Accueil café

I. Introduction - Les concepts : de l’histoire à l’innovation (prés. séance Laura Bossi)

14h30 Bienvenue Yves Agid (ICM) et Lorenzo Lorusso (FENS)

14h40 Le philosophe : À quoi sert l'histoire des sciences? Claude Debru

15h10 L’historien : Histoire des neurosciences ou épistémologie historique? Jean-Gaël Barbara

15h40 Le scientifique : Une histoire pour le futur ? Yves Agid

16h10 Discussion

16h30 Pause café

II. Figures de l'histoire des neurosciences en France (prés. séance Claude Debru)

16h45 Jean Martin Charcot hier et aujourd'hui Christopher Goetz

17h15 Jules et Augusta Dejerine, les explorateurs du cerveau Michel Fardeau

17h45 Les neurologues, torpilleurs pendant la Grande guerre Jacques Poirier

18h10 Discussion

18h30 Cocktail

Vendredi 4 décembre 2015

08h30 Accueil café

III. Les illustrations par discipline : de l’histoire à l’innovation

a. La neurophysiologie (prés. séance Jean-Claude Dupont)

09h00 Le neurone Michel Imbert

09h20 La cellule gliale Yves Agid

09h40 L'école de Alfred Fessard Jean-Gaël Barbara

10h00 Discussion

10h20 Pause-café

b. Les cognisciences (prés. séance Michel Imbert)

10h35 L’histoire des cognisciences François Clarac

11h05 Biologie de la lecture: 150 ans d'histoire Laurent Cohen

11h30 Alan Turing, visionnaire de l'intelligence artificielle Jean-Gabriel Ganascia

11h50 Discussion

c. La psychiatrie (prés. séance Anne Fagot -Largeault)

12h00 Notes d'histoire de la psychiatrie Jean-Pierre Olié

12h30 La schizophrénie Raphael Gaillard

12h50 Pause déjeuner

13h20 La dépression Philippe Fossati

13h40 La recherche en psychiatrie Roland Jouvent

14h00 Discussion

d. La neuro-dégénérescence (prés. séance C. Goetz)

14h20 L’histoire de la neurodégénérescence Laura Bossi

14h50 La maladie d’Alzheimer Bruno Dubois

15h15 La maladie de Parkinson Jean Claude Dupont

15h40 Discussion

16h00 Pause-café

e. Exemples de maladies neuropsychiatriques (prés. séance Jean-Pierre Olié)

16h15 L'autisme entre neurologie et psychiatrie Anne Fagot- Largeault

16h40 La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette Céline Chérici

17h00 Archives inédites de Gilles de la Tourette Olivier Walusinski

17h20 Discussion

IV. 17h35 Table ronde - Conclusion et perspectives (prés. séance Yves Agid)

Claude Debru
Anne Fagot- Largeault
Christopher Goetz
Jean Claude Dupont
Jean Pierre Olié

18h30 Fin du colloque

Comité d'organisation
Yves Agid, ICM, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Jean-Gaël Barbara, CNRS, SPHERE, Paris
Laura Bossi, SPHERE, Paris
Céline Chérici, Université de Picardie, Amiens
Jean-Claude Dupont, Université de Picardie, Amiens

Orateurs et présidents de séance
Yves Agid, ICM, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Jean-Gaël Barbara, CNRS, SPHERE, Paris
Laura Bossi, SPHERE, Paris
Céline Chérici, Université de Picardie, Amiens
François Clarac, CNRS, Université Aix-Marseille, Marseille
Laurent Cohen, ICM, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Claude Debru, Académie des Sciences, Paris
Bruno Dubois, ICM, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Jean-Claude Dupont, Université de Picardie, Amiens
Anne Fagot-Largeault, Collège de France, Paris
Michel Fardeau, Institut de Myologie, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Philippe Fossati, ICM, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Raphaël Gaillard, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Paris
Jean Gabriel Ganascia, Université Paris VI, Paris
Christopher Goetz, Rush University, Chicago, USA
Michel Imbert, École Normale Supérieure, Paris
Roland Jouvent, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Lorenzo Lorusso, FESN, Université de Brescia, Italie
Jean-Pierre Olié, Centre Hospitalier Sainte Anne, Paris
Jacques Poirier, CHU Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
Olivier Walusinski, Médecin et historien, Brou

Sous le patronage de :
Institut du Cerveau et de la Moelle (ICM), Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris
FESN Federation of European Neuroscience Societies
Société des Neurosciences
Laboratoire SPHERE, Université Paris Diderot
Club d'Histoire des Neurosciences

mardi 24 novembre 2015

Avortement sous l'apartheid

Abortion Under Apartheid. Nationalism, Sexuality, and Women's Reproductive Rights in South Africa
Susanne M. Klausen

Oxford University Press
October 2015
ISBN: 9780199844494 

Abortion Under Apartheid traces the criminalization of abortion in South Africa during the apartheid era (1948-1990), the emergence of a flourishing clandestine abortion industry, and 1975 passage of the country's first statutory law on abortion. The book examines the politics of sexuality, racism and nationalism in apartheid culture, arguing that the authoritarian National Party Government regulated white women's reproductive sexuality in the interests of maintaining white supremacy. One major focus is the battle that erupted in the late 1960s when doctors and feminists called for liberalization of the colonial-era laws criminalizing abortion. The movement for abortion law reform spurred a variety of political, social and religious groups to grapple with the meaning of abortion in the context of changing ideas about the traditional family and women's place within it. Abortion Under Apartheid shows that all women, regardless of race, were oppressed under apartheid. Yet, although the National Party was preoccupied with denying young white women reproductive control, black women bore the brunt of the lack of access to safe abortion, suffering the effects of clandestine abortion on a shocking scale in urban centers around the country.

At the heart of the story are the black and white girls and women who -- regardless of hostility from partners, elders, religious institutions, nationalist movements, conservative doctors and nurses, or the racist regime -- persisted in determining their own destinies. Although a great many were harmed and even died as a result of being denied safe abortion, many more succeeded in thwarting opponents of women's right to control their capacity to bear children. This book conveys both the tragic and triumphant sides of their story.

Poisons et médicaments dans la Chine médiévale

Toxic Cures: Poisons and Medicines in Medieval China

Dr Yan Liu (Jackman Humanities Institute Postdoctoral Fellow)

4.10 -5pm, Wednesday 25th of November 2015

Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto
125 Queens Park, 3rd floor, Room 310

A striking feature of traditional Chinese medicine, perhaps against our common knowledge, is its regular use of poisons. For example, one of the most frequently deployed drugs in China was aconite (fuzi), a highly toxic herb. Why did poisons figure prominently in traditional Chinese pharmacy? What contributed to their therapeutic value? And how does a study of poisons teach us about medieval Chinese society? Probing the roots of this tradition from the third to the tenth century, when the major outlines of Chinese toxicology took shape, my talk examines the centrality of poisons to the practice and theory of medicine in China with special attention to a variety of techniques that transformed poisons into medicines. Moreover, it explores how poisons altered the body in Daoist alchemical practice and how this knowledge shaped the medical understanding of toxic substances. I also highlight the complexity of drug materiality that defied stable categorization. Whether a substance was a medicine or a poison, I contend, always depended on the method and context of its usage, the bodily experience it induced, and its perceived value in society. This study seeks to not just unveil an important yet ignored history of Chinese medicine, but also bring fresh insights into the paradoxical nature of drug therapy in our own life.

For enquiries contact: