dimanche 30 juin 2013

Histoire de l'hérédité

Human Heredity in the Twentieth Century

Bernd Gausemeier, Staffan Muller-wille & Edmund Ramsden (Editors)

Hardcover: 256 pages
Publisher: Pickering & Chatto Ltd (July 31, 2013)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1848934262
ISBN-13: 978-1848934269

This collection of essays looks at how human heredity was understood between 1900 and the late 1970s. Developments are explored across three themed sections: concepts, practices and institutions. The contributors explore the interaction of science, medicine and society in determining how heredity was viewed across the world during the politically turbulent years of the twentieth century.

Introduction: The history of human heredity – Bernd Gausemeier, Staffan Müller-Wille and Edmund Ramsden 

Part I: Constructing surveys of heredity 

1 Borderlands of heredity: The debate about the hereditary susceptibility to tuberculosis, 1882–1945 – Bernd Gausemeier 

2 Championing a US clinic for human heredity: Pre-war concepts and post-war constructs – Philip Wilson 

3 The disappearance of the concept of anticipation in the postwar world – Judith E Friedman 

4 Remodelling the boundaries of normality: Lionel S Penrose and population surveys of mental ability – Edmund Ramsden 

Part II: Blood and populations 

5 From ‘races’ to ‘isolates’ and ‘endogamous communities’: Human genetics and the notion of human diversity in the 1950s – Veronika Lipphardt 

6 Blood group genetics and the transfusion services during World War II – Jenny Bangham
7 The abandonment of race: Researching human diversity in Switzerland, 1944–1956 – Pascal Germann 

8 Post-war and post-revolution: Medical genetics and social anthropology in Mexico – Edna Suárez and Ana Barahona 

Part III: Human heredity in the laboratory 

9 From agriculture to genomics: The animal side of of human genetics and the organization of model organisms in the longue durée – Alexander von Schwerin 

10 Cereals, chromosomes and colchicine: crop varieties at the Estación Experimental Aula Dei and human cytogenetics, 1948–1958 – María Jesús Santesmases 

11 Putting human genetics on a solid basis: Human chromosome research, 1950s–1970s – Soraya de Chadarevian 

Part IV: Managing disease
12 'The Most Hereditary of All Diseases': Hemophilia and the Utility of Genetics for Hematological Discipline, 1930–1965 – Stephen Pemberton 

13 The Emergence of Genetic Counselling in the Federal Republic of Germany: Continuity, Changes, and Shifts in Eugenics Themes in the narratives of Human Geneticists, c.1968–1980 – Anne Cottebrune 

14 How PKU Became a Genetic Disease – Diane Paul
Part V: Reconstructing discipline(s) 

15 No Revolution: toward a gradualist narrative of American medical genetics – Nathaniel Comfort 

16 Performing anger: H J Muller, James V Neel, and radiation risk – Susan Lindee 

17 The organisation of the 9th International Congress of Genetics in Bellagio and the struggle for authority in Italian Genetics (1948–1953) – Francesco Cassata 

18 Human Objects and Objections: Coerced Experimentation and Hereditary Research in Nazi Germany – Paul Weindling

Histoire de la psychologie appliquée

History of applied psychology
Call for symposia ICAP 2014

Submission process:
Submissions are to be made exclusively electronically via the congress websitewww.icap2014.com
Submissions by e -mail, surface mail or fax will not be accepted for review

Important dates:
Submission deadline for symposia: 15 July 2013
Notification of acceptance to symposia organizers and presenters: mid September 2013
Submission deadline for co-opted symposium abstracts: 1 December 2013

Submissions shall be done either in English or French

Symposium Format:
A Symposium is designed to be a focused session in which speakers present on a common theme, issue or question.
The symposium would usually consist of a chairperson briefly introducing the topic and providing an introduction to the session. This would usually be followed by at least 4 but no more than 5 individual speakers (ideally 3 from different affiliations or countries), and ending with concluding remarks by a discussant. Every effort shoud be made to ensure close interaction between the speakers to provide new and non-overlapping presentations. There should be opportunity for the audience to ask questions to presenters and for an exchange of views.
A symposium session will run for 90 minutes.
Symposia shall be proposed either in English or in French (for inclusion in the French speaking program). Speakers who will be presenting in a French Symposium will have to submit an abstract in English and will have to prepare slides in English.

Submission rules:
All submissions will be considered on the basis of the interest of the individual submission and will be ranked according to the following criteria:
o Relevance to Congress themes (see topic list hereafter)
o Significance of content in terms of applications
o Relevance of content to audience
All presenters and discussants are required to register and pay to attend the Congress. The acceptance of a submission does not imply funding of registration, travel arrangements, accommodation or other costs by the Congress Organizers.
It is not necessary to be a member of the International Association of Applied Psychology (IAAP) to submit a symposium for ICAP 2014.
A submission which does not adhere to these rules is likely to be rejected.


The invitation to submit a symposium does not constitute an offer to pay travel, accommodation or registration costs associated with the Congress.

By submitting a symposium:
You confirm that it has not been published before;
You also grant the Organizing Committee permission to publish the abstract in the Congress Handbook in hard copy and electronic format;
You grant a non-exclusive right to publish, reproduce, distribute, display and store the abstract worldwide in all forms, formats and media now known or as developed in the future, including print, electronic and digital forms. You will retain copyright of your abstract, in addition to the moral rights you are entitled to as author of the abstract
You grant permission for your presentation to be audio/video recorded and hereby grant to the Congress a non-exclusive right to reproduce or display and store the recorded material for the purpose of providing Professional Development either by download from the ICAP or the hosts websites or via distribution of a CD/DVD;
You grant permission for the PDF of your presentation to be made available online to all conference delegates following the congress.

If you do not wish to do this but still wish to submit a symposium, please contact the Organizing Committee through the congress office abs@icap2014.com . The Organizing Committee's decision on acceptance of the submission will be final.

Instructions for the preparation of your symposium proposal:

The symposium summary cannot contain more than 3500 characters (Blank spaces and punctuation are included. Title and authors’ list & affiliation are not included). The minimum size is 2000 characters.

The structure of your proposal should be as follows:

o Title of the symposium

o List of authors (including the symposium organizer as first author)

o Introduction & Objectives of the Symposium (2000 characters, spaces included)

o Preliminary program of the symposium including :

Speakers presentation titles, full names, affiliations, cities and countries (250 characters, spaces included, each)

It is not possible to insert tables or images.

Abbreviations may be used after defining them first.

After the submission:

The reviewers will judge the submissions according to the relevance to ICAP 2014, standard of language, objectivity of statements and content.

The submitting authors will be notified by September 2013, to the e-mail address (submitting author) provided during the submission process, whether the symposium has been accepted. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that emails from ICAP 2014 can reach them.

Submission of speakers abstracts:

Speakers from accepted symposiums will be required to submit their final abstract starting October 2013.

Full presentation guidelines will be included in the acceptance letter and posted on the ICAP 2014 website in September 2013.

samedi 29 juin 2013

L'hystérie démaquillée

Paul Sollier contre Sigmund Freud. L'hystérie démaquillée

Roger Teyssou

ISBN : 978-2-343-01060-1
 juillet 2013 
124 pages

Paul Sollier (1861-1933) a été l'un des derniers élèves de Charcot (1825-1893). Il en fut le continuateur, il voyait dans l'hystérie un tempérament et une manière spéciale de réagir au stress plus qu'une véritable maladie. A l'encontre de Sigmund Freud qui faisait du refoulement la cause de l'hystérie, il attribuait à l'hystérie la cause du refoulement. Il démaquillait ainsi le visage d'une affection favorisée par la complexion, les aléas du destin et la place de chacun dans la société.

Poste de doctorant à McGill

PhD Fellowship at McGill University

A fellowship is available for a PhD student in the history of medicine at McGill University, Departments of History and of Social Studies of Medicine. Research will be within the framework of a larger project on the history of Minimally Invasive Surgery (“keyhole surgery”) 1980s-2000, funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR) for 4 years. 

Applications will go through the History Department of McGill University. Start Sept. 2014, application between Nov. 1 2013 and Jan. 15 2014

For further information please contact Prof. Thomas Schlich (thomas.schlich@mgill.ca).

vendredi 28 juin 2013


Quarantine: History, Heritage, Place

14-16 August 2014

The Quarantine Station, Sydney, Australia

We invite abstracts from historians, geographers, heritage scholars and archaeologists for papers on: place-making and place-marking quarantine and dark tourism graffiti and incarceration shrine creation in places of isolation heritage, materiality and immateriality traces and spaces of disease landscapes of quarantine.

Please send 300 word abstract + short CV for consideration to Peter Hobbins

Deadline: 16 September 2013

The practice of quarantine has always been grounded in contested locations. The history and heritage of quarantine stations and places of isolation the world over remain in these landscapes, as built environments and in artefacts. In this way, sites of segregation have been both enduring and ephemeral. These vestiges intersect in powerful ways with memory and history, but what is being invoked? Who – or what – were the actors bound up by quarantine regulations? How can the material, documentary, legislative and spatial heritage of quarantine help us untangle narratives of global movement that were interrupted by incarceration?

Encompassing people and pathogens, vectors and vessels, flora and fauna, this conference seeks new interpretations of the place of quarantine. Moving in scale from intimate marks made by internees to multi-site or cross-regional comparisons, we seek to bring together maritime histories of quarantine with analyses of the inland islands of terrestrial quarantine. Above all, we hope to prompt surprising and productive conversations between archaeologists, historians, cultural and human geographers, and heritage scholars.

This international conference builds from a large multidisciplinary investigation of more than 1,000 sandstone inscriptions that cover the stunning Quarantine Station in Sydney, Australia (www.qstation.com.au). This unique site will form our venue for the conference, inspiring themes that are both local and global: mark-making, isolation, identity, and place.

Keynote speakers:
Nadav Davidovitch, Ben Gurion University of the Negev
Gareth Hoskins, Aberystwyth University
Harold Mytum, University of Liverpool
Nayan Shah, University of Southern California
Alexandra Minna Stern, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

University of Sydney Organizing Committee: Alison Bashford, Annie Clarke, Ursula Frederick, Peter Hobbins.

The Quarantine Project: sydney.edu.au/arts/research/quarantine/

Histoire du handicap

EveryBody: An Artifact History of Disability in America

Online exhibition

People with disabilities have been present throughout American history.
Many stories and events related to people with disabilities never make it into the history books or shared public memories. Familiar concepts and events such as citizenship, work, and wars become more complicated, challenge our assumptions about what counts as history, and transform our connection with each other when viewed from the historical perspective of people with disabilities, America’s largest minority.

Knowing these histories deepens understanding of the American experience and reveals how complicated history really is. In addition, when history comes through artifacts, distinct themes emerge—for example, the significance of place, relationships, and technology—that are less apparent when only books and words are used.

jeudi 27 juin 2013

Nourriture, boisson et écriture

Devouring: Food, Drink and the Written Word, 1800-1945

Call for Papers

Conference Saturday 8 March 2014 at Warwick, United Kingdom

This one day interdisciplinary conference will explore the place of food, drink and acts of consumption within the textual culture of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The years 1800-1945 are marked by food adulteration scandals, the growth of the temperance movement, and significant reforms in the regulation and legislation of food standards, as well as the influence of the colonies on British cuisine and a relationship with food and drink made increasingly complex by wartime paucity and rationing.

These changes are both precipitated and responded to in a vast array of textual forms, including periodicals, the press, recipe books, household management manuals, propaganda, literature and poetry. This conference will therefore engage with the intersections of food/drink cultures and the written word.

We are seeking papers which explore how food and drink were written, experienced and imagined during the period: as a commodity, a luxury item, a source of poison or nutrition, in its abundance or in short supply.

We hope to attract all researchers who have an interest in the culinary cultures of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, including those working in the histories of medicine, art and food, as well as
anthropologists, historians of the nineteenth century and war years, and those working in literary studies.

By bringing together scholars from many disciplines, we hope to provide a space in which to open up dialogue about nineteenth and early twentieth century narratives of eating, drinking, consuming, and their worth, and to provide a timely examination of our relationship with food and drink at a moment when economic and ecological pressures herald a re-appropriation of the values of wartime thrift and Victorian domestic economy.

Possible topics might include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Representations of food and drink in specific texts and their wider implications.
  • Cultures of eating, drinking and cooking.
  • Social histories of food and drink.
  • The uses of food and drink in the articulation (or challenging) of community, nation or empire.
  • Food or drink as metaphor/trope/structural device.
  • The relationship(s) between reading and eating or drinking.
  • The role of food and drink in cultural constructions of domestic space.
  • Perspectives from ‘fat studies’/‘fat feminism’.
  • Gendered practices of food and drink consumption.
  • Food and drink in medical/psychiatric discourse: alcoholism, eating disorders, compulsive behaviour.
  • The cultural legacies and/or persistence of Victorian and early twentieth century cultural imaging of food and drink.
  • Recipe books, household management manuals and aspirational food.
  • The narrating of gluttony or hunger.
  • Textual representations of farms, breweries, pubs and restaurants.

Applicants should note that papers may also be considered for inclusion in a possible publication resulting from the conference.

Abstracts of no more than 300 words, accompanied by a brief biographical note of no more than 100 words, should be sent to devouring2014@gmail.com by 31st October 2013.

This conference is being organised by Mary Addyman, Laura Wood and Christopher Yiannitsaros (University of Warwick).

Postdoctorat à Louvain

Postdoc position in the cultural history of science and medicine, 19th-20th c.

The research group Cultural History since 1750 of the University of Leuven seeks to cover many aspects of the cultural landscape of the past, ranging from the history of science and universities, the history of historiography and historical culture, heritage and history education to the development of cultural infrastructure and the history of cultural transfers.

Its members study the development of the humanities and the social sciences, the history of modern laboratory culture and of scientific practices in medical societies, the history of hypnosis, the public function of history education, the history of art patronage, shopping culture and many other cultural-historical topics. They aspire to do so in a broad-minded way, considering the various shapes and meanings of scientific and cultural practices.



The postdoctoral researcher will be involved in two research projects in the cultural history of science and medicine. The first project, ‘Anatomy, scientific authority and the visualized body in medicine and culture’ investigates the ways in which human anatomy gained and/or lost prestige and visibility within the medical and the broader educational and cultural field in Belgium between 1780 and 1930. The postdoctoral researcher will focus his/her research on a transnational aspect of the research project and organize an international conference on the transnational circulation of anatomical knowledge and visual representations. The candidate will work in a team with two PhD- researchers and four staff members (Kaat Wils, Raf De Bont, Jo Tollebeek, Geert Vanpaemel)

The second project, which has its main seat at the University of Stockholm and a partner research center at the University of Groningen, is entitled ‘Scientific Personae in Cultural Encounters in Twentieth Century Europe’ (SPICE). The main objective of this project is to analyze the historical construction of scientific personae through scientific travel and international exchange in a sample of representative countries from the European ‘periphery’, Belgium, the Netherlands and Sweden. The candidate will be the main researcher for the Belgian case, and will be involved in the activities of the international research team, together with the Leuven promoter Kaat Wils.


You have completed a Doctoral Dissertation in History, Cultural History, History of Science or Science and Technology Studies, or an equivalent degree in which a historical perspective played a prominent role. You have a track-record of international journal publications.

You have strong organisational skills, excellent writing skills, excellent reading skills in French, knowledge of (or a willingness to learn) Dutch and proven ability to work in a team.


We offer a 3-year full-time postdoctoral position. (The first year will be a probation period, after a positive assessment the position will be extended with another two years.)

Startdate: 01.10.2013

You will be provided with shared office space at the History Department in Leuven.


For more information please contact Prof. dr. Kaat Wils, tel.: +3216324971, mail: kaat.wils@arts.kuleuven.be or Prof. dr. Geert

Vanpaemel, tel.: +3216324983, mail: geert.vanpaemel@wet.kuleuven.be no later than July 19th.

Candidates are invited to submit their application, consisting of:

1. A letter with motivation stating the candidate’s qualifications and reasons for interest in the position

2. A CV, including a list of marks/grades of bachelor, master and PhD studies.

3. The contact information of two references (including e-mail, phone number, mailing address, and relationship to the applicant)

4. One writing sample (published article or PhD chapter)

You can apply for this job no later than July 28, 2013 via the online application tool :


KU Leuven carries out an equal opportunity and diversity policy.

mercredi 26 juin 2013

Corps en formes

Corps en formes

Sous la direction de  David Le Breton, Nadine Pomarède, Georges Vigarello, Bernard Andrieu, Gilles Boëtsch.

CNRS éditions
ISBN : 978-2-271-07758-5
Format : 14 x 22 cm
250 pages`
Parution : 27 juin 2013

Il n’est d’individu que de chair ! Car l’identification de notre corps relève d’abord de la biologie. Inéluctablement, nous sommes insérés dans une anatomie et une physiologie qui suivent leur chemin propre. Et parfois, dans la douleur ou la maladie, nous refusons de nous y reconnaître, enfermés dans un dualisme où le corps se fait autre que soi. Mais le reste du temps, nous sommes immergés dans l’évidence du corps, la jouissance d’être soi qui n’est jamais la même d’une période à l’autre de la vie.

Cette géographie du continent corporel n’échappe ni au temps ni à l’espace. D’une époque ou d’une culture à une autre, les valeurs qui lui sont associées se transforment, changent de valeur, se segmentent selon les conditions sociales, les appartenances de genre ou de génération. Cet ouvrage explore ainsi sous une forme pluridisciplinaire les représentations du gras, du surpoids ou de la minceur. Il s’interroge sur les lieux du corps fortement investis dans nos sociétés comme le visage ou les seins. Il questionne les ritualités intimes mises en œuvre dans les salles de bain, ou lors de soins de beauté.

Une exploration inattendue de nos représentations du corps et de ses usages.

Histoire de Salutaris

NLM History of Medicine program

Salutaris: Past, Present, and Future - A Retrospective, A Celebration.

Friday, June 28, 2013, 2-3pm, 

Lister Hill Auditorium, Bldg 38A, 
National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

This panel discussion, to be held on the anniversary of the Stonewall riots, will recognize June as LGTBQ Awareness Month and draw attention to history of Salutaris, the organization of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender (GLBT) and allied NIH employees whose mission is to foster an atmosphere at NIH that is open and inclusive of all employees regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity.

All are welcome.

Sign language interpretation is provided. Individuals with disabilities who need reasonable accommodation to participate may contact Stephen Greenberg at 301-435-4995, e-mail
greenbes@mail.nih.gov, or the Federal Relay (1-800-877-8339).

Due to current security measures at NIH, off-campus visitors are advised to consult the NLM Visitors and Security website: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/about/visitor.html

Sponsored by:
NLM's History of Medicine Division
Jeffrey S. Reznick, PhD, Chief

mardi 25 juin 2013

Histoire de la dentisterie

Dentistry at a Crossroads: Divining the Future from the Past

Call for Papers : American Academy of the History of Dentistry 62nd Annual Meeting 

October 18 & 19, 2013 Boston, Massachusetts

AAHD 62nd Annual Meeting

The American Academy of the History of Dentistry will hold its 62nd Annual Meeting in Boston, October 18th-19th, 2013. The theme of this year’s conference is: “Dentistry at a Crossroads: Divining the Future from the Past.”

Dentistry as we know it was born in the 18th century, had its professional coming-of-age in the 19th century, and became fully established its present form in the 20th century. Throughout the centuries, our predecessors forged ahead with remarkable achievements and discoveries; but they did not shy away from confronting the new challenges which came along with these milestones. Changing times bring new questions requiring understanding, refinement and integration into the art and science of the profession of dentistry. And yet today, the dental profession must grapple with the very same questions our forebears did: how to integrate cutting-edge technological breakthroughs; how to structure dental education; and perennial issues of ethics, advertising and social responsibility.

In the spirit of our ongoing quest for knowledge and professional development, the American Academy of the History of Dentistry invites you, our colleagues, to submit papers and proposals for what is sure to be a vibrant series of presentations and conversations.

Please send a brief abstract with title to the following e-mail address:

Deadline for submissions is August 15th, 2013

Here is a selection of possible topics for your consideration:

  • Dentists, dentistry, medicine & public perception
  • The persistence of charlatans: dentistry’s responsibility to police pseudoscience
  • Technological and aesthetic advancements in patient care
  • Improved dental diagnostics: implications for patients and practitioners
  • Solo, group, corporate: the changing structure of dental practices
  • Conflicts and controversies in organized dentistry
  • Evidence-based dentistry: what do numbers really say?
  • Dental education after the Gies report
  • Scholarship: information vs. knowledge

Genre, santé, sexualités

Genre, santé, sexualités
De l'injonction aux résistances

Les institutions mondiales, européennes et françaises de santé construisent leurs politiques publiques autour d’une vision positive et idéalisée de la santé comme « un état de bien-être physique, mental et social et [qui] ne consiste pas seulement en une absence de maladie ou d'infirmité». Cette définition amène à s’interroger sur les questions de sexualités, de précarités, d’inégalités, de discriminations et de violences au prisme du genre.Pourtant, les discours et les injonctions à une « bonne santé » et à une « bonne sexualité », qui seraient gages d’épanouissement et de bien-être, tout comme les dispositifs et les pratiques censées les favoriser, sont sous-tendus par des normes de genre qui peuvent aller à l’encontre de ces objectifs. Cette journée d’étude propose ainsi d’interroger ce paradoxe et sera consacrée aux articulations entre genre, santé et sexualités. L’appel à contribution s’adresse à des jeunes chercheuses et chercheurs (étudiant·e·s en master, doctorant·e·s, post-doctorant·e·s) et se veut résolument pluridisciplinaire. Différents axes de recherche, non exhaustifs, ont été dégagés.

Axes thématiques 

La santé, (nouvelle) morale sexuelle ?
La science a aujourd’hui la capacité d’expliquer le fonctionnement du corps ainsi que l’origine et la transmission des maladies, et l’on pourrait donc penser que la médecine n’est plus le terrain de la morale. Cependant, des discours non scientifiques, voire moraux, occupent encore un terrain que l’on penserait dévolu à la médecine et cette dernière n’est elle-même pas exempte de moralisation. Le sida punirait ceux qui pratiquent la sodomie, ou bien, sur un autre plan et avec d’autres enjeux, des praticiens de la médecine ne laissent pas le choix de leur contraception à certaines patientes (refus de pose d’un stérilet pour cause de vie sexuelle non « stable »). Ils peuvent aussi refuser de pratiquer l’IVG pour des raisons personnelles, religieuses ou morales (objecteurs de conscience). Ces pratiques et ces discours jouent sur la culpabilité des sujets qui échappent à une sexualité normative et aujourd’hui encore les IST (infections sexuellement transmissibles) peuvent être considérées comme des sanctions frappant les individu·e·s en raison de leurs « turpitudes » et de leur sexualité hors-norme.

Dans cet axe, il s’agit d’interroger non seulement les représentations des infections et des patient·e·s atteint·e·s d’IST mais plus largement la santé en tant que morale sexuelle. L'importance donnée au maintien de la santé physique et sexuelle est-elle susceptible de s'appuyer, volontairement ou non, sur l'inculcation d'une morale implicite ? Dans quelle mesure ce phénomène est-il perceptible dans les discours médicaux ? Et plus largement dans les campagnes de sensibilisation et de prévention liées à la sexualité, dans les cours d’éducation sexuelle délivrés au collège et au lycée ? 

Sexisme et hétérosexisme du regard médical et scientifique
De nombreuses vérités médicales se sont succédées au cours des derniers siècles, dont certaines peinent à s’estomper : l’hystérie serait une maladie spécifiquement féminine, les hommes auraient des besoins sexuels plus importants que les femmes, la matrice (l’utérus) serait un pénis retourné et inversé à l’intérieur du corps, etc.

Nous aimerions dans cet axe aborder le sexisme et l’hétérosexisme à l’œuvre dans les sciences tant sur le plan des représentations scientifiques et des recherches entreprises que sur celui des rapports entre soignant·e·s et soigné·e·s. Les communications pourront aborder la prise en compte des spécificités des corps et de la santé des femmes, l’hétéronormativité de la prise en charge médicale des corps trans ou intersexués, la méconnaissance et la stigmatisation des pratiques, des plaisirs et des risques spécifiques aux sexualités dissidentes, mais aussi le tabou entourant les pratiques sexuelles des personnes handicapées et des personnes affectées par une maladie de longue durée.

D’autres questions peuvent être également abordées, notamment les pratiques sexuelles ou les normes relatives à une bonne santé pendant la grossesse. Les contributions mettant en valeur les formes de résistances vis-à-vis des injonctions médicales et thérapeutiques et de réappropriation des savoirs scientifiques concernant le corps et la sexualité ainsi que les critiques féministes et queer du monde médical sont également les bienvenues. 

Discriminations, inégalités et justice sociale
Ne pas se conformer aux injonctions normatives de genre, de sexualité et de santé, c’est s’exposer, ou se retrouver exposé·e à des discriminations qui relèvent de la reconnaissance citoyenne et qui prennent place dans l’espace public. Il en va ainsi de l’accès aux soins et à la prévention en matière de santé, souvent conditionné par les orientations de genre et de sexualité et également influencé par les localisations géographiques. Il en va de même de la question des mobilités et des pratiques urbaines, tout comme de l’accès à l’espace public : ne sort pas qui veut, où, quand, comme il·elle le souhaite.

L’analyse de ces discriminations amène à s’interroger sur les possibilités pour chacun·e de mener sa vie quotidienne sans entraves, tout comme sur les buts et les enjeux des politiques publiques. Pour qui sont pensées ces politiques ? En quoi orientent-elles les définitions de genre, santé et sexualités ? Quelles mesures sont prises ou non pour garantir un accès à l’espace citoyen en toute sécurité ? Enfin, le rôle joué par les aménagements urbains et architecturaux est également à l’ordre du jour : en quoi l’agencement des différents lieux et espaces (domestique, urbain, public, carcéral, etc.) impose-t-il des normes implicites en matière de genre, santé et sexualité ? Dans cette optique, les questions – aux enjeux multiples – du travail du sexe et du système prostitutionnel ainsi que de la santé de leurs différents acteur·trices·s pourront être mises en perspective.

L’analyse critique des actions menées par ces politiques publiques, tout comme celle des situations de discriminations vécues au quotidien permettra également de relever comment ces discriminations de genre, santé et sexualité s’imbriquent de façon étroite avec d’autres types d’inégalités.

Violences, sexualités et santé

S’exerçant au sein des espaces, privés, publics et professionnels, les violences sexuelles prennent différentes formes : agressions, harcèlement, mutilations, viols, esclavagisme sexuel etc. Ces violences ont des répercussions importantes sur la santé tant physique que psychologique des victimes: comment ces conséquences se manifestent-elles ? Comment les violences sexuelles impactent-elles la sexualité des victimes ? Comment ces effets sont- ils pris en charge par les organismes de santé ? Et a contrario, comment les institutions juridiques, carcérales et médicales encadrent-elles et prennent-elles en charge la sexualité des auteur·e·s de violences sexuelles ?

Par ailleurs, femmes, lesbiennes, gays, trans’ sont exposé·e·s de manière fréquente à différentes violences (hétéro)sexistes, homophobes et sexuelles. De l’injure aux viols « correctifs », qui visent à punir la sexualité supposée des victimes, différents mécanismes sociaux violents se mettent en place dans le but de guérir l’individu·e de sa « déviance ». Le rôle des organismes de soin dans ces réassignations à l’œuvre sera alors à examiner. 

Résistances et appropriations

Contraints par des normes, des injonctions voire des oppressions, sexualités et genre deviennent-ils des lieux de résistance allant jusqu’à mettre en jeu la santé des individu·e·s ? Dans quelle mesure résister ou se réapproprier des normes de sexualité et de genre revient- il à en faire de même avec celles de santé ? Dans cet axe, nous nous intéresserons aux revendications de santé des femmes, des gays, des lesbiennes, des bisexuel·le·s, des trans’, des intersexué·e·s, des queers, des « putes » et acteur·ice·s pornos. Quid de la santé sexuelle des asexuel·le·s ? Considérant que les luttes minent aussi la santé (fatigue, stress et parfois exposition physique des militant·e·s), comment soignent-ils·elles leurs forces, développent-ils·elles ou non en interne des pratiques de care ? Les stages d’autodéfense en font-ils partie ?

Résister à des sexualités normatives, c’est-à-dire développer des sexualités queer, inclut les résistances hétérosexuelles à la norme et ne se joue pas dans un opposition straight/queer : résister, c’est aussi s’émanciper ou détourner des représentations, des pratiques, des objets, des lieux conventionnels et hégémoniques. Ces mouvements déplacent les enjeux de santé et créent un décalage entre les individu·e·s, leurs besoins, les institutions médicales, les associations, les savoirs et contrôles sanitaires. On peut citer parmi ces mouvements : les lieux de drague extérieurs, le développement d’Internet et des cybersexualités, etc. Internet est-il le nouveau préservatif ? Nous attendons aussi des communications ayant trait à la culture visuelle, dont les pornos féministes, queer et do it yourself : comment la santé est-elle prise en compte dans et hors champ ?

BAJOS N. et BOZON M., Enquête sur la sexualité en France : pratiques, genre et santé, Paris, La Découverte, 2008.
BAJOS N., FERRAND M. et l’équipe Giné. De la contraception à l’avortement : sociologie des grossesses non prévues. Paris, Inserm, 2002.
CANGUILHEM G., Le Normal et le pathologique. Paris, PUF, 1966.
CHAPERON S., Les Origines de la sexologie (1850-1900), Paris, Audibert, 2007.
CHETCUTI N., JASPARD M., Violences envers les femmes : trois pas en avant deux pas en arrière, Paris, l’Harmattan, 2007.
COENNEN M. T., KNIBIEHLER Y., Corps de femmes : Sexualité et contrôle social, Bruxelles, De Boeck, 2002.
FOUCAULT, Michel. Histoire de la sexualité : la volonté de savoir. Paris, Gallimard, 2000.
FOUCAULT, Michel. Histoire de la sexualité : l’usage des plaisirs. Paris, Gallimard, 1997.
FREIDSON E., La Profession médicale, Paris, Payot, 1984.
GAYLE R., Surveiller et jouir. Anthropologie politique du sexe, textes rassemblés et édités par MESLI R., Paris, Epel, 2011.
HUBBARD P., Cities and sexualities, London, Routledge, 2011.
JONHSTON, L., LONGHURST R., Space, Place and Sex. Geographies of sexualities, Plymouth, Rowman & Littlefield, 2010.
LAQUEUR T., La Fabrique du sexe : essai sur le corps et le genre en Occident, Paris, Gallimard, 1992.
LIEBER M, Genre, violences et espaces publics, la vulnérabilité des femmes en question, Paris, Presse de Sciences-Po, 2008.
MORT F., Dangerous sexualities : medico-moral politics in England since 1830, Londres, Routledge, 1987.
PARIZOT I., Soigner les exclus. Paris, PUF, 2003.
SHORTER E., Le Corps des femmes, Paris, Le Seuil, 1984.

Modalités de soumission

La journée se déroulera le 29 novembre 2013 à Paris. Le lieu exact sera précisé ultérieurement.
Les propositions de communication de 30 lignes maximum doivent être envoyées au plus tard
le 15 août 2013

à l’adresse : efigiesje2013@gmail.com 

Elles doivent être adressées en affichant en objet du mail nom, prénom et JE2013.
Les pièces jointes doivent nous parvenir en format doc. avec indications des noms, prénoms, disciplines et rattachement universitaire s’il y a lieu.
Le choix des communications sera communiqué le 15 septembre 2013.

Comité d’organisation
Adeline Adam (Doctorante sous contrat, CERILAC, Paris 7)
Karine Duplan (Doctorante en géographie, ENeC, Paris-Sorbonne)
Lola Gonzalez-Quijano (Docteure, Gustave Roussy, URSHS)
Guillaume Roucoux (Doctorant GSRL-EPHE / Paris 8-LabTop-CEFEG)
Marie- Sherley Valzema (Doctorante en sciences de l'information et de la communication, Paris 3, Labo CIM)

lundi 24 juin 2013

La nourriture dans l'histoire

Institute of Historical Research

Senate House, Malet Street
London WC1E 7HU
United Kingdom


Thursday 11 July
9.30am                  Registration and refreshments

10.00 am               Plenary lecture 
Ken Albala, Toward a Historical Dialectic of Culinary Styles

11.15am                Parallel panel sessions

1.       Another person’s poison: food and mysterious symptoms in historical perspective
Marie Reinholdt, The role of dietary approaches in childhood hyperactivity in the US and the UK, 1975 – 2010
Val Harrington, ‘A recipe for relief’: medical and patient discourses around diet in irritable bowel syndrome
Matthew Smith, The pre-history of food allergy: idiosyncrasies in the nineteenth century

2.       Cooking health: food and health in the 19th century Americas
Ilaria Berti, ‘Eat sparingly of all kinds of fruit’
Bruna Gushurst-Moore, Gardens, foods, medicines: foods of the sickroom in nineteenth-century America
Deborah Levine, Therapeutic diets for pregnant women in maternity hospitals, 1880-1920

3.       Dark secrets shared: chocolate, coffee and glocalisation 1: Transnational approaches
Chair: Margrit Schulte, Beerbühl
Jonathan Morris, The Espresso Menu: An International History
Margrit Schulte Beerbühl, Beerbühl, Transferring Sweet Secrets: Transnational connections in the European Chocolate Industry
Angelika Epple, Chocolate and the Invention of Quality
Ruben Quass, Fair Trade Coffee. “Global” Product – “Glocal” Project – “Local” Goals? 

4.       Eating for victory: food production and consumption on the home front during the second world war
John Martin, Potatoes
Debra Reid, Canned corn
Clare Griffiths, Rhubarb

5.       Immigration, food and national identity
Chair: Peter Atkins
Maren Möhring, Transnational Food: The Dönerkebab in Germany
Jernej Mlekuž, Not Just Food, but Food for Thought: A Short History of the Burek in Slovenia
Panikos Panayi, Antisemitism, Poverty and Britishness: The Identity of Fish and Chips

6.       Wild (and tame) food
Robert Alexander Hearn, Where the Wild Things Weren’t: the Re-wilding of Ligurian Culinary Landscapes, 1800-2012
Malcolm Thick, Rabbit production (and consumption) in Eighteenth Century London
Emma C Spary, The natural diet in eighteenth-century France, or, how to feed a wild child

12.45pm               Lunch
  • Film screening
  • Food history collections and archives
    • Katherine Carter (Marks and Spencers archives)
    • Polly Russell (British Library)
    • Andrea Tanner (Fortnum and Mason)
2.00pm                  Parallel panel sessions

7.       Food and the British empire in the 18th century
Molly Perry, ‘Flowing Bowls and Bumping Glasses’: Raising Toasts, Declaring Loyalty, and Protesting in the British Empire
Lucy Dow, ‘Very Excellent Gingerbread’:  Tracing the cultural influence of empire through eighteenth and nineteenth recipes for Gingerbread
Troy Bickham, The edible map of mankind: food, the enlightenment, and imperialism in Britain
Rachel B Herrmann, No Useless Mouth: Food Diplomacy, Victual Warfare, and the Revolutionary Atlantic

8.       Eating out
Melissa Calaresu, Street food: Eating out in the early modern Italy
Marie-Adeline Guennec, Bibitur, estur quasi in popina : On food in Roman restaurants
Fernando Notario, Eating the Cynic way: anti-cuisine, food and social identity in late classical Greece

9.       Dark secrets shared 2: chocolate, coffee and glocalisation: Comparative approaches
Chair: Jonathan Morris
Tatsuya Mitsuda, The hybridization of tastes: chocolate in Japan, c.1900-1970
Yavuz Köse, Chocolate and Coffee in the Late Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic
Merry White, Coffee Japanese Style

10.   Feeding Britain in two world wars
Chair: Catherine Geissler
Rachel Duffett, Sustaining the man at the front, 1914-1918
Peter Atkins, What was the point of ‘British Restaurants’, 1940-1947?
Derek Oddy, Nutrition policy in the two World Wars: myths and realities

11.   Roundtable session
Emma Spary (Cambridge), Eating the Enlightenment: food and the sciences in Paris, 1670-1760 (University of Chicago Press, 2012)

12.   Food regimes (convened by History Lab)
Chair: Sara Pennell
Stef Eastoe, ‘Keep them quiet and tranquil’: Exploring the role of food in the long-stay asylum
Bartley Rock , ‘Making a strict distinction in the degree of need’: Aid allocation by the local authorities in Tambov province during the 1891-92 Russian famine
Sally Osborn, Food as medicine: Diet drinks in the eighteenth-century recipe book

3.30pm                  Refreshments

4.00pm                  Plenary lecture
Steven Shapin, You Are What You Eat: Historical Changes in Ideas about Food and Identity

6.00pm                  Conference reception

Friday 12 July
9.00am                  Registration and refreshments
9.30am                  Parallel panel sessions

13.   The food of the lower classes in late medieval England
Chair: Derek Keene
Chris Dyer, Wastel or treet? Buying daily bread in late medieval England
Umberto Albarella, Meat consumption in medieval England: the archaeological evidence from low status rural sites
Chris Woolgar, From hochepot to chitterling: peasant cuisine in late medieval England

14.   Drunkeness and early modern cultural change
Chair: Phil Withington
Tom Nichols, Double vision: the ambivalent imagery of drunkenness in early modern Europe
Rebecca Earle, Indians and Drunkenness in Colonial Spanish America
Angela McShane, A ‘Profane Sacrament’: Cups of Caritas in Seventeenth Century England

15.   Class, gender and heritage in food consumption in North America
Janis Thiessen, Canadian Snack Foods: Old Dutch Potato Chips and Hawkins Cheezies
Matthew Broker, Shifting Tides: Oysters and Social Class in Urban America
Laura Ishiguro, ‘Scramble and Gobble at the Camp Table’: Settler Colonial Narratives of Eating in a Global British Columbia, 1858-1914

16.   Ethnicities of food in the mediterranean world
Mark Aloisio, Regulation, Manipulation and Anti-Jewish Rhetoric in the Meat Markets of Medieval Sicily
Alexander Chase-Levenson, Food, Sensation, and Exoticism in Nineteenth-Century British Narratives of Travel
Ronald Ranta, De-Arabising and Re-Arabising Israeli Food

17.   Celebrity cooks
Jillian Adams, Betty Crocker and her Australian Lookalikes: America and Australian Post-War Culinary Culture
Lara Anderson, The emergence of Spanish culinary nationalism: Dr Thebussem and the king’s chef
Maggie Andrews, Cooking Up a Performance: Fanny Craddock and Food Preparation in British Broadcasting  

18.   Fascism, food and the home front
Kate Ferris, Constructing the empire’s home front: shopkeepers, housewives and the politics of food in fascist Venice during the Ethiopian War
Lisa Pine, Food in Nazi Germany: Consumption, Education and Propaganda in Peace and War
Simone C De Santiago Ramos, Substitute Recipes in National Socialist Germany

11.00am                Refreshments

11.30am                Parallel panel sessions

19.   Food in archaeology: frontiers, translocations and transformations of foodstuffs
Martin Jones, ‘Globalization’ of millets and other staple crops in Bronze Age Eurasia
Marijke van der Veen, The contrasts between Roman and Islamic foodways in the Indian Ocean world, and the agricultural and culinarys innovations of the Islamic period
Nilcole Boivin, Arrival and adoption of Asian crops into eastern Africa, including the Swahili period
Fuller, Dorian, Developing an archaeology of curry

20.   Roundtable session
Deborah Valenze (Barnard College, New York), Milk: a local and global history(Yale University Press, 2011)

21.   New approaches to the transnational history of food and drink
Brian Cowan, Café or Coffeehouse? Trans-national Histories of Coffee and Sociability
Brenda Assael, The Restaurant, Transnationalism and Food Cultures in Modern Britain
Marco Guidici, ‘A bridge across ethnic lines’: Italian cafes in Welsh popular culture and public history, 1980 to the present

22.   Food and drink, living standards and identity: Japan in comparative context
Chair: Janet Hunter
Penelope Francks, Rice as Luxury: Food and Comparative Living Standards in Japan 
Helen Macnaughtan, Consuming Rice in Post-War Japan:  The Electric Rice Cooker and Japanese Housewives
Harald Fuess, Beer as a transcultural commodity in Japan and East Asia

23.   Roundtable session
Rebecca Earle (Warwick), The body of the Conquistador: food, race and the colonial experience in Spanish America, 1492-1700 (Cambridge University Press, 2012)

24.   Feasting and fasting
James Hooper, Inflaming and Subduing the Body: The Role of Food and Denial in Late Antique & Early Medieval Eastern Asceticism
Stuart Palmer, The Fall and Rise of Fasting during the Early Reformation
Louise Carson, ‘For the honour of our nation’: new research on the sugar banquet at the court of Henry VIII
Heather Hess, The Carcass, Civilized: Transforming Flesh into Meat at Seventeenth-Century German Banquets

1.00pm                  LUNCH
  • Policy forum
2.00pm                  Plenary lecture 3
Susanne Friedberg, Moral economies and the cold chain

3.00pm                  Parallel panel sessions

25.   The cultural politics of food on south Asia
Rachel Berger (also chair), ‘I can’t believe it’s not ghee: regulating food in late Colonial India’
Isaka Riho, Reconstructing culinary practices in colonial India: Cooks, memsahibs and the Indian middle class
Yamane So, A Study of the Sophisticated Terms in the Urdu Writings on Cuisine Culture under the British Raj

26.   Food and national identity in modern Europe
Jelena Ivanišević, Civilising a brave new world: Croatian cooking and table manners in 1950′s
Nafsika Papacharalampous, Invented traditions and national foods of Greece: the role of cookery books
Marta Sikorska, German or Polish? A Nuremberg cookery book from 1671
Dorota Lewandowska, Drinking like a Pole. Popular images of drinking habits in Poland from the early modern ages until the beginning of the 19th century
27.   Wine in Roman Italy
Chairs: Geoffrey Kron, Steven Ellis, Willem Jongman
Wim Broekaert, Efficiency-enhancing strategies in the Roman wine trade: from producer to consumer
Claire Holleran, ‘With a single as, you can drink here; if you pay two asses, you will drink better; if you pay four asses, you will drink Falernian wine’ (CIL IV 1679, Pompeian graffito): the retailing of wine in Roman Italy
Paul Erdkamp, The consumption of wine in Roman Italy

28.   Reconstructing historic loaves of bread: three periods, three methodologies, one quest
Chair: Ken Albala
Samuel Delwen, Archaeology and the exploration of ancient bread
Richard Fitch, Our Ech Day Bred – Bread in the late medieval & early post medieval period
William Rubel, Take 2 Spoonfuls of New Barm – A Dictionary of British, French, and American Baking Terms circa 1550 to 1880

29.   Hunger and politics
Bruce E Baker, Foraged Food in the Nineteenth-Century American South
John Bohstedt, The Politics of Provisions: The Food Riots of 2007-08 in Historical Contexts
Brodie Waddell, The Politics of Hunger and the Revolution of 1688

30.   War and hunger in the Soviet Union
Elisaveta Khatanzeiskaya, Food Resources, Starvation and Death in the Wartime Arckangelsk (1941 – 1945)
Mikhail Suprun, Food Lend-Lease Aid to Russia during The Second World War
Pavel Vasilyev, Reassessing the Black Market in Food and Food Cards in Besieged Leningrad (1941-1944)

4.30pm                  Refreshments
5.00pm                  Plenary lecture 4
Cormac O’Grada, Famine is not the problem: an historical perspective

Saturday 13 July
9.30am                  Parallel panel sessions

31.   Food economics
Adina Popescu Berk, Regulating Markets: Famine and Speculation on International Grain Markets, 1890-1909
Birgit Ricquier, Kongo Cuisine and the Columbian Exchange: Lexical Evidence for Culinary Transformations at the West-Central African Coast, and Beyond
Laura Prosperi, Beyond common places: criminal power and the Italian food chain

32.   Baffling innovations: exploring the role of new foodways in the 19th and 20th centuries
Chair: Rachel Rich
Nelleke Teughels, Small Grocery Stores Become Big Business: Delhaize Frères & Cie and the Modernisation of the Traditional Corner Shop
Willem Scheire, Innovations in Food Preservation: The Domestic Refrigerator in Europe
Olivier de Maret, Setting a Trend? Italian Food Businesses in Late-Nineteenth-Century Brussels

33.   Potatoes, bread and biscuits: environmental change and industrialisation in British food, 1790-1950
Chair: Laurel Sefton MacDowell
David Fouser, From Abernethys to Zoologicals: Industry, Environment, and Culture in British Biscuits, 1830-1914
Chris Otter, White Bread Britain: Wheat, Technology and Globalization 1850-1950
David Zylberberg, Potatoes, Broths and Wheaten Breads: Fuel Prices and Yorkshire Regional Diets, 1790-1830

34.   Governing food, 1945-70Chair: Shane Hamilton
Chris Deutsch, ‘One Line of Defense against the Spread of Foreign Contagious Disease’: Regulating Industrial Beef in California, 1945 to 1960
Freear, Josie, Exploring the role of government policy and regulation in shaping the British diet from 1947
Megan Elias, , Counterculture Cuisine in the 1970s

35.   Food and drink in the Georgian workhouse
Chair: Tim Hitchcock
Jeremy Boulton, & Romola Davenport, Food, drink and diet in the Georgian Workhouse: St Martin in the Fields, 1725-1830
Susannah Ottaway, Food and the Eighteenth-Century Workhouse
Graham Butler, ‘The Necessities of life’? Food and drink in the Georgian workhouse: Newcastle-upon-Tyne c.1740-1834

36.   Food, famine and war in modern Ireland
Bryce Evans, ‘The Most Important Thing in the World’: Food and its Role in Global Conflict
Ian Miller, Did Ireland nearly starve during the First World War?
Charles Read, Hunting for Giffen Goods in 1840s Irish Market Data

11.00am                Refreshments
11.30am                Parallel panel sessions

37.   The appliance of science
Robert M Hutchings, Demands of Domesticity: Why Americans Drank Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice in the 1950s
Tani Mauriello, If Vacuums Meant ‘More Work for Mother’, Did Dishware Mean Less Food For Mother? The relationship between an increased material standard of living and nutritional inequality for women in nineteenth-century Britain
Helen Peavitt, From the daily pint to ‘Jamaican jiggers’: repositioning the domestic refrigerator within the home

38.   National health campaigns
Angela Davis, The resurgence in breastfeeding: Infant feeding in Britain, c. 1945-2000
Caroline Durand, Cooking for the French-Canadian Nation: Governing with Nutrition in the Province of Quebec, 1900-1945
Jane Hand, From ‘Look After Yourself’ to ‘Look After Your Heart’: The Role of Nutrition and Consumerism within Health Education in the UK, 1973-1991.
Érico Silva Muniz, Drink milk, avoid manioc! Nutrition knowledge and the proposals for workforce improvement in Brazil (1940-1960)

39.   Fast food
Cory Bernat, Plastics and Food Culture
Carolyn Cobbold, How a new chemical palette of dyes coloured the palate of an industrialising nation
Tom Scott-Smith, The rise of emergency feeding: technological foodstuffs in disaster and war, 1914-2013

40.   Alimentary advice in late medieval and early modern Europe
Lucinda Byatt, Florentine Treatises on Food and Household Management in mid-sixteenth century Rome
Sarah Peters Kernan, Social Aspirations and the New Audience for Cookeries in Late Medieval England
Sarah Fox, ‘The Usual Cheer’: the role of food in early modern childbirth

41.   Food and the Victorians
William Marshall, Yan ‘at eeats maist pudden gets maist meeat: Alimentary regionalism as a cultural component of nineteenth-century Yorkshire
Rachel Rich, Mealtimes and domesticity: Victorian women and the shape of the day
Lucy A Bailey, Squire, shopkeeper and staple food: The reciprocal relationship between the village shop and the country house in the early nineteenth century
Rebecca Ford, The Watercress Girl and the Watercress Garden: Cultural Landscapes of Watercress in the 19th-century

42.   Godly food
Michael Kauffmann, Imagery of food in the Bible
Allison D Fizzard, ‘A Competent Mess’: Food and Retirement at Religious Houses in England and Wales, c. 1485-1540
Katherine Harvey, Food, Drink and the Episcopal Body

1.00pm                  END OF CONFERENCE