dimanche 26 mars 2017

Histoire des systèmes de santé africains


Historical Perspectives on the State of Health and Health Systems in Africa, Volume I: The Pre-Colonial and Colonial Eras 

Mario J. Azevedo


Series: African Histories and Modernities
Hardcover: 382 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2017 edition (January 31, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-3319324609


This book examines the historical and current state of health and the health of the African people, including the Arab North, impacted by such factors as geography and natural elements, cultural and colonial traditions, and competing biomedical and traditional systems. It also looks at technological advances, poverty and health disparities, utilization of resources, and international presence, as reflected by the work of the World Health Organization, and structural adjustments imposed by the IMF and the World Bank.

La peste noire dans les pays scandinaves

The Black Death and Later Plague Epidemics in the Scandinavian Countries: Perspectives and Controversies


Benedictow, Ole Jørgen


De Gruyter 
736 pages
To be published: March 2017
ISBN 978-3-11-036815-4


This monograph represents an expansion and deepening of previous works by Ole J. Benedictow - the author of highly esteemed monographs and articles on the history of plague epidemics and historical demography. In the form of a collection of articles, the author presents an in-depth monographic study on the history of plague epidemics in Scandinavian countries and on controversies of the microbiological and epidemiological fundamentals of plague epidemics.

Histoire du vieilissement en santé

Histories of Healthy Ageing

Conference


University of Groningen, 21-23 June 2017


As Western populations grow increasingly older, 'healthy ageing' is presented as one of today's greatest medical and societal challenges. However, contrary to what many policy makers want us to believe, the aspiration to live long, healthy and happy lives is not a problem specific to our times. On the contrary successful ageing has a long history.

The conference Histories of Healthy Ageing is based on the assumption that 'healthy ageing' has informed the medical agenda since Antiquity. With 'healthy ageing' we refer to ways of thinking about and treating the body not only from a medical perspective, but also taking into account questions of what constitutes a happy and fulfilled life. In particular these latter issues were central to medicine before 1800 and relate to healthy living as much as to questions connected specifically to old age. Thus whether we speak of classic ways of training the athlete's body, medieval religious rites, the pre-modern obsession with regimen (rules for living a healthy life), or the upper-class fancy to visit spas, at the root of it all was a wish for wellbeing, health and longevity.



Info, Programme and Registration: www.historiesofhealthyageing.nl



PRELIMINARY PROGRAMME

Conference location: VAN SWINDEREN HUYS

WEDNESDAY 21 JUNE


13.00
Registration

Coffee & Tea


13.30 – 14.15

Welcome and Keynote lecture on Airs & Places

Rina Knoeff (Groningen): From Places of Illness to Regions of Health:On the Eighteenth-Century Changing Politics of the Airs, Waters and Places Tradition in the Low Countries


14.45 – 15.45

František Šimon (Šafárik University):Six res non naturales according to Celsus

Melina Kostidi (Thessaly):Greek Spas and Healthy Ageing: Nineteenth-Century Medical Texts on Thermal and Sea Baths

15.15 – 15.45 Break

15.45 – 16.30
Irina Metzler (Swansea):Keynote lecture on Emotional Balance

16.30 – 18.00
James Kennaway (Groningen):Passions of the Mind

Jacomien Prins (Warwick):Health and Happiness in Self-Help Books of the Italian Renaissance

Tessa Storey (Royal Holloway, London): Readership and Healthy Ageing Advice

18.00
Welcome reception / City of Groningen
Opening Exhibition and museum visit Gelukkig Gezond! Histories of Healthy Ageing


THURSDAY 22 JUNE

8.30 – 9.00 Coffee / Tea

9.00 – 9.45
Onno van Nijf (Groningen): Keynote lecture on Exercise & Rest


9.45 – 10.45

Marieke Hendriksen (Utrecht):Healthy Feet between Theory and Technique:(Re)constructing Camper's Ideal Shoe

Megan Williams (Groningen):"Sum mortalis, et senex, et laborans podagra": Negotiating Healthy Aging in Early Modern Diplomacy


10.45 – 11.15 Break


11.15 – 12.45
Narratives of Healthy Ageing

Siglinde Clementi (Bozen-Bolzano):Healthy Body and Good Life as Unreacheable Ideals: The Case of the Trentino-Tyrolean Noblesman and Melancholic Osvaldo Ercole Trapp (1634–1710)

Jane Corrie (Glasgow):An Exemplary Retirement: William Cullen and the Art of Ageing in Enlightenment Scotland

Leonieke Vermeer (Groningen):Healthy through Writing?


12.45 – 13.30 Lunch

13.30 – 14.15
Keynote lecture on Food & Drink

Elizabeth Williams (Oklahoma):Eating after the Climacteric: Food, Gender, and Ageing in Early Modern and Enlightenment Medicine


14.15 – 16.15
Practitioner's Session (Chair: Jane MacNaughton)

Gerjan Navis (UMCG):
Let Food be thy Medicine: Histories of Nutrition and Healthy Ageing

Erik Buskens (UMCG):Noblesse Oblige

Paul Jutte (UMCG):
How 3D Technology Can Be Used to Improve Orthopedic Care


16.15 – 16.45 Break


16.45 – 17.45

Alexander Pyrges (Würzburg): Old, Fat, and Healthy? Exploring the Connection between Corpulence and Ageing in Early Modern Medical Literature

Anthony Mahler (Zürich):The Poet's Diet


19.30
Public Lecture
Robert Zwijnenberg (Leiden):Healthy Ageing and the Importance of Art




FRIDAY 23 JUNE

8.30 – 9.00 Coffee & Tea

9.00 – 9.45
Michael Stolberg (Würzburg):
Keynote Lecture on Excretion & Retention

9.45 – 10.45

Rebecca Fallas (Open University/Leeds): Menopause in the Hippocratic Corpus and the Biological Works of Aristotle

Natalie Köhle (ANU, Canberra):Perceiving, Purging, Preventing: Changing Conceptions of Phlegm in the History of Chinese Medicine

10.45 – 11.15 Break

11.15 – 12.45
Semen, Menses, Milk and Sweat Panel

Fabrizio Bigotti (Exeter):
"Medicina est additio et ablatio”:Santorio on the Prolongation of Life

Sarah Toulalan (Exeter):
Old Age and Sex in Early Modern Europe:"Exceedingly Hurtfull and Most Pernitious"

Ruben Verwaal (Groningen):
Crying Over Spilled Milk: Chemistry, Drugs, and Breastfeeding in the Eighteenth Century

12.45 – 13.45 Lunch

13.45 – 14.30 
William MacLehose (UC London):
Keynote Lecture on Sleeping & Waking



14.30 – 15.30

Catrien Santing (Groningen)

Zdeněk Žalud (South Bohemia):

Advices for Retardation of Ageing in Latin Manuscripts of Prague Libraries and their Intertextual Relations



15.30 – 16.00 Break


16.00 – 17.30
Appearances of Healthy Ageing

Katerina Georgoulia (York): "Aetatis Suae XXXV": Rubens' Body in the Prima of Life

Leo Delfgaauw (Hanze / Groningen): Topos of Ageing in Art

Cara Kiernan Fallon (Harvard): Surfaces: Successful Ageing and the Skin



17.30 – 18.00
Round Table
Comments and discussion with experts


18.00
Conference Dinner and Farewell Party at Café Hammingh in Garnwerd

samedi 25 mars 2017

Félix Vicq d'Azyr

Félix Vicq d'Azyr, créateur révolutionnaire de l'anatomie comparée 

Paul Mazliak


Broché: 198 pages
Editeur : Hermann (20 février 2017)
Collection : HR.HIST.SCIENCE
Langue : Français
ISBN-13: 978-2705693732


Le médecin français Félix Vicq d’Azyr (1748-1794) fut un précurseur révolutionnaire. En créant l’anatomie comparée, il ouvrit la voie à la théorie de l’évolution et, en étudiant les « maladies des bêtes à cornes » (épizooties), il souligna le lien entre connaissances scientifiques et développement économique de la société.
Les études de Vicq d’Azyr entraînèrent la création de la Société royale de médecine (1776), ancêtre de l’actuelle Académie de médecine. Quant à son Nouveau plan de constitution de la médecine en France, présenté en 1790 devant l’Assemblée constituante, il contenait nombre de préconisations aujourd’hui réalisées : l’enseignement de la médecine se fait en français et non plus en latin, les matières fondamentales et les disciplines cliniques sont désormais associées dans les cursus, les centres hospitalo-universitaires ont été créés, les bourses d’études existent et la Sécurité sociale a vu le jour.

Le spiritualisme au XIXe siècle en Nouvelle-Orléans

Spiritualism in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans: The Life and Times of Henry Louis Rey 

Melissa Daggett

 Hardcover: 208 pages
Publisher: University Press of Mississippi; 1 edition (December 2, 2016)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1496810083

Modern American Spiritualism blossomed in the 1850s and continued as a viable faith into the 1870s. Because of its diversity and openness to new cultures and religions, New Orleans provided fertile ground to nurture Spiritualism, and many séance circles flourished in the Creole Faubourgs of Tremé and Marigny as well as the American sector of the city. Melissa Daggett focuses on Le Cercle Harmonique, the francophone séance circle of Henry Louis Rey (1831–1894), a Creole of color who was a key civil rights activist, author, and Civil War and Reconstruction leader. His life has so far remained largely in the shadows of New Orleans history, partly due to a language barrier.

Spiritualism in Nineteenth-Century New Orleans focuses on the turbulent years between the late antebellum period and the end of Reconstruction. Translating and interpreting numerous primary sources and one of the only surviving registers of séance proceedings, Daggett has opened a window into a fascinating life as well as a period of tumult and change. She provides unparalleled insights into the history of the Creoles of color and renders a better understanding of New Orleans’s complex history. The author weaves an intriguing tale of the supernatural, of chaotic post-bellum politics, of transatlantic linkages, and of the personal triumphs and tragedies of Rey as a notable citizen and medium. Wonderful illustrations, reproductions of the original spiritual communications, and photographs, many of which have never before appeared in published form, accompany this study of Rey and his world.

Fictions identitaires, fictions alimentaires

« Dis-moi ce que tu manges, je te dirai ce que tu es » : fictions identitaires, fictions alimentaires

Appel à communications

Colloque international, Strasbourg, 8-10 novembre 2017


L’aphorisme qui donne son titre à ce colloque est sans doute la formule la plus célèbre de Brillat-Savarin qui, dans sa Physiologie du goût (1825), ambitionnait de proposer une réflexion sur l’alimentation à la fois pratique, esthétique, philosophique, et sociopolitique. Très tôt repris dans le discours gastronomique du XIXe siècle, cet aphorisme délivre une vérité dont les discours anthropologique et sociologique se sont aujourd’hui emparés. En témoigne, en particulier, le développement des travaux relevant de l’histoire culturelle de l’alimentation et, dans le domaine anglo-saxon, les nombreuses approches contemporaines que les « food studies » essaient de fédérer.

Pour qui s’intéresse à « l’anthropos-mangeur » ou « phaganthrope » (Claude Fischler), le lien entre les choix alimentaires et la construction d’une identité constitue en effet une problématique centrale où se croisent facteurs physiologiques et idéologiques. Considérer le fait alimentaire comme un fait identitaire suppose certes que l’on s’interroge sur les goûts propres de l’individu, mais surtout sur la manière dont un contexte socioculturel les définit et induit une reconnaissance, comme l’appartenance à une communauté, une classe sociale, une nation, voire une « race » ou un « genre ». L’identité envisagée par le prisme de l’alimentation mobilise par conséquent un ensemble de représentations assez vaste, globalement « culturelles », mais qui s’ancrent dans une histoire (partagée ou refusée) et dans une idéologie (implicite ou revendiquée). Savoir qui l’on est par le biais de ce que l’on consomme pose finalement moins la question du rapport à soi (ce que j’aime, les goûts qui me définissent) que celle du rapport à l’Autre, tant il est vrai que l’incorporation constitue une expérience fondamentale de l’altérité, dont l’issue (rejet ou reconnaissance) dépasse le simple critère du penchant naturel. La relation que suppose cette incorporation témoigne en outre du poids de l’imaginaire dans l’élaboration du goût, l’aliment se trouvant investi de vertus magiques, positives ou négatives, et d’un ensemble de représentations dont l’évolution de la diététique ne rend que partiellement compte.

Étudiés de longue date par l’anthropologie historique, ces phénomènes parcourent également la littérature, sensible aux discours normatifs sur la nutrition mais aussi et surtout à la part d’imaginaire sollicitée par l’incorporation alimentaire. C’est cette mise en œuvre que le présent colloque souhaite constituer en objet d’étude littéraire, en analysant les implications et conséquences du célèbre aphorisme de Brillat-Savarin, et en explorant les fictions auxquelles il a pu fournir un principe de composition. Quelle est par exemple la place que l’œuvre littéraire accorde à l’alimentation dans la légitimation de déterminismes sociaux, sexuels ou raciaux ? Que disent les choix alimentaires des croyances représentées ? Dans quelle mesure participent-ils de la construction du personnage et de la mise en place d’une axiologie, voire d’une imagologie littéraire ?

Ouvertes d’un point de vue chronologique, les propositions de communication pourront se consacrer à l’archéologie de l’axiome de Brillat-Savarin, à son actualisation au XIXe siècle, ou à sa postérité. Elles devront néanmoins prendre pour cadre de référence la culture occidentale, et interroger la manière dont les pratiques alimentaires mobilisées dans la fiction participent d’une représentation identitaire.

Les propositions devront s’inscrire en priorité dans l’un des axes suivants :

Fictions alimentaires, fictions essentialistes :

- Identité alimentaire et identité sexuelle (ce que mangent les hommes / ce que mangent les femmes)

- Identité alimentaire et théories des races
Fictions alimentaires, fictions sociales :

- Choix alimentaires et appartenance sociale

- Choix alimentaires et choix politiques (y a-t-il une alimentation de gauche ou de droite ? quels liens sont établis entre régime politique et régime alimentaire ?) 
Fictions alimentaires et genèse

- Diététique et création (choix alimentaires et fables auctoriales)

- Alimentation et sémiologie du personnage

- Alimentation et mythes (ce que mangent les Dieux / ce que mangent les hommes ; Tantale, Midas, etc.)


Les propositions de communication, accompagnées d’une courte notice biobibliographique, sont à adresser à Bertrand Marquer (bmarquer@unistra.fr) avant le 15 mai 2017. Elles seront examinées par le comité scientifique, qui communiquera sa réponse fin juin.

Le colloque aura lieu à Strasbourg du 8 au 10 novembre 2017 et donnera lieu à publication.


Comité scientifique
Guy Ducrey (Université de Strasbourg)
Françoise Hache-Bissette (Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines)
Anthony Mangeon (Université de Strasbourg)
Hugues Marchal (Université de Bâle)
Bertrand Marquer (Université de Strasbourg)
Muriel Ott (Université de Strasbourg)
Christine Ott (Université de Francfort)
Éléonore Reverzy (Université Paris 3-Sorbonne Nouvelle)
Geneviève Sicotte (Université Concordia)

vendredi 24 mars 2017

Tertullien et l'enfant à naître

Tertullian and the Unborn Child: Christian and Pagan Attitudes in Historical Perspective

Julian Barr


Series: Medicine and the Body in Antiquity
Hardcover: 208 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (February 24, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1472467409

Tertullian of Carthage was the earliest Christian writer to argue against abortion at length, and the first surviving Latin author to consider the unborn child in detail. This book is the first comprehensive analysis of Tertullian’s attitude towards the foetus and embryo. Examining Tertullian’s works in light of Roman literary and social history, Julian Barr proposes that Tertullian's comments on the unborn should be read as rhetoric ancillary to his primary arguments. Tertullian’s engagement in the art of rhetoric also explains his tendency towards self-contradiction. He argued that human existence began at conception in some treatises and not in others. Tertullian’s references to the unborn hence should not be plucked out of context, lest they be misread. Tertullian borrowed, modified, and discarded theories of ensoulment according to their usefulness for individual treatises. So long as a single work was internally consistent, Tertullian was satisfied. He elaborated upon previous Christian traditions and selectively borrowed from ancient embryological theory to prove specific theological and moral points. Tertullian was more influenced by Roman custom than he would perhaps have admitted, since the contrast between pagan and Christian attitudes on abortion was more rhetorical than real.

Grossesse et naissance

Pregnancy and Childbirth: History, Medicine and Anthropology. 

International Symposium

May, 30-31 2017

Sala della Societa’ Medica Chirurgica,
Palazzo dell’Archiginnasio, Piazza Galvani 1, Bologna.



30 May, Tuesday afternoon


14.30 - 15.00
Welcome and Introduction
Costanza Gislon Dopfel (Saint Mary’s College of California, USA) - Bruno Cola (Presidente della Società Medica Chirurgica di Bologna) - Luigi Tomassini (Direttore del Dipartimento di Beni Culturali)
Sala Società Medica Chirurgica, Palazzo dell'Archiginnasio, piazza Galvani 1, Bologna

15.00 - 15.30
Introductory Lecture
Charles Burnett (Warburg Institute, U.K)

Panel 1: Medicine and the Transmission of Knowledge
15.30 - 15.50
Abraham Ibn Ezra’s Role in the Creation and Diffusion of the Trutina Hermetis
Shlomo Sela (Dept. of Jewish Thought, Bar-Ilan University, State of Israel)
15.50 - 16.10
Fetal Death in High Medieval Pregnancy
Fiona Harris-Stoertz (Department of History, Trent University, Canada)
16.10 - 16.30
Postmortem Caesarean Section in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Period: Myth, Law, Religion and Surgery
Alessandra Foscati (Università di Bologna, Italy)
16.30 - 16.40 Coffee break

16.40 - 17.00
Risk as a Theme in the History of Childbirth
Adrian Wilson (Faculty of Arts, University of Leeds, U.K.)
17.00 - 17.20
Gravidanza e feto nelle dissertazioni mediche del XVIII secolo
Iolanda Ventura (Université d’Orléans – IRHT Paris)
17.20 - 17.40
Da Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire a Cesare Taruffi: alle origini della moderna teratologia
Stefano Arieti (Università di Bologna, Italy)
17.40 Discussion

18.00 Guided tour to Palazzo dell’Archiginnasio and the Anatomical Theatre

Cocktail party (dinner)



31 May, Wednesday

Panel 2: Texts and Iconography

9.30 - 9.50
Giving Birth in the Garden of Eden
Alessandro Scafi (Warburg Institute, U.K)
9.50 - 10.10
La figura di Eva, prima madre nella letteratura apocrifa e nell’iconografia armena
Valentina Calzolari Bouvier (Centre de recherches arménologiques, Université de Genéve, Switzerland)
10.10 - 10.30
The Origin and Role of Illustrations in Medieval Obstetrical Texts
Francesca Marchetti (Indipendent researcher, U.K.)
10.30 - 10.50
Reality and Imagination in the Iconography of the Lying-in Room
Costanza Gislon Dopfel (Dept. of Art and Art History)
10.50 - 11.10
La scena del parto. Un confronto fra fonti visive e testi scritti (XVI-XVIII s.)
Claudia Pancino (Università di Bologna, Italy)
11.10 - 11.20 Coffee break

11.20 Discussion

12.00 Guided tour to Palazzo Poggi and the “Sala di Ostetricia”
The tour will be guided by Roberto Balzani, Presidente del Sistema Museale di Ateneo


13.30 Lunch


Panel 3: Religion, Medicine, Law and Childbirth Rituals

15.00 - 15.20
Mesopotamian Childbirth Incantations
Lorenzo Verderame (Università di Roma, Italy)
15.20 - 15.40
Understanding the Role and Seat of Semen in Sasanian Iran during Late Antiquity
Paolo Delaini (Università di Bologna, Italy)
15.40 - 16.00
Vie dell’immaginario: sogni terapeutici e prassi votiva
Luigi Canetti (Università di Bologna, Italy)
16.00 - 16.20
‘E cussì se fanno homicidiale di proprii fioli’: parti gemellari tra teorie mediche e implicazioni morali dall’Antichità al Basso Medioevo
Gabriella Zuccolin (University of Cambridge, U.K)
16.20 - 16.40
Birth Girdles as Banderoles
Mary Morse (Rider University, USA)
16.40 - 17.00
Lo stato giuridico della madre e del neonato nelle colonie veneziane durante il Basso Medioevo
Antonella Parmeggiani (Università di Bologna, Italy)
17.00 - 17.20 Coffee break

Panel 4: Anthropology and Archaeology of Childbirth

17.20 - 17.40
Mother and Child: Archaeological Evidence of Childbirth Complications in Medieval Normandy
Cécile Chapelain de Seréville-Niel (CRAHAM) , Raphaëlle Lefebvre (CRAHAM-Inrap, France)
17.40 - 18.00
Il “venire alla luce” tra gioie e complicazioni. La casistica dei parti gemellari dal XVI al XVIII secolo sulla comunità alto appenninica di Roccapelago
Mirko Traversari (Università di Bologna, Italy) , Giorgio Gruppioni (Università di Bologna, Italy)
18.00 - 18.20
Tra le braccia della madre: evidenze antropologiche di morte al parto nella Ravenna del XVIII secolo
Emanuela Gualdi-Russo, Sabrina Masotti (Università di Ferrara, Italy)
18.20 - 18.40
Tra antropologia, genetica ed ostetricia: studio di possibili casi di morte per parto nella necropoli ospedaliera di Forlì Campus (XVIII secolo)
Elisabetta Cilli (Università di Bologna) , Gaia Gabanini (Università di Bologna)
18.40 Discussion - Conclusion

La lutte des professions de santé pour la reconnaissance

Marketplace, Power, Prestige: The Healthcare Professions’ Struggle for Recognition
Developments, Conflicts, and Areas of Tension among Healthcare Professions in the Twentieth Century



Call for Papers


Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung

15.11.-17.11.2017
German Version below

The differentiation of non-physician healthcare professions that occurred at the same time as the specialisation of medicine and the development of medical technology gained momentum at the end of the nineteenth century. At this point, the academically educated doctors had already ousted their less-qualified competitors, such as traditional surgeons (Wundärzte or Handwerkschirurgen), from the medical marketplace. This development put doctors in a position, from which they had since secured great influence in the state accreditation process of new or newly regulated healthcare professions: a status that they still possess today. According to the German Vocational Training Act (Berufsbildungsgesetz), for example, the state medical associations (Landesärztekammern) are responsible for education and training of medical professionals.

As widely known, the medical care of the population is currently facing issues in a number of areas. Therefore, it is in the interest of the state and society to allow alternatives to the care by physicians. Especially in recent years, the delegation of doctors’ tasks to other healthcare professions has been discussed. Already in 2010, the Cooperative State University (Duale Hochschule) in Karlsruhe established a bachelor degree as physician assistants (Arztassistent). Examples for this endeavour are corresponding job profiles, which partly exist in other countries since decades. In this context, the professionalization or academisation of nursing plays an increasingly important role. One current example for this development represents the model course ‘Evidence Based Nursing’ at the Medical Faculty of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, established in 2016.

The shift of competency and agency, however, led and leads into a number of problems as well. Therefore, the main focus of the conference will be the conflicts and areas of tensions, which accompanied the development or differentiation of the healthcare professions.

For example, the reasons and topics will be discussed because of which conflicts among medical professions occurred. Which parties were involved, which coalitions were established, how did the parties present themselves, and for what aims did they campaign for? Of particular concern will be the question, to what extent contributed such disputes to the shift on the suppliers’ side in the medical marketplace and what consequences had this development on the demanders’ side.

The key questions can be discussed on three levels and with retrospective considerations of the pre-modern period (monopolisation, professionalization).

1. Conflicts and Areas of Tensions Within one Healthcare Profession
On the first level of investigation, the negotiation process within one healthcare profession will be analysed. Within nursing, topics such as the conflicts between men and women, migrants and natives, or also between academic and non-academic people would be possible. Within the doctors’ profession, the main questions would be the conflicts between medical specialist and general practitioners, hospital and private doctors, or also between conventional and complementary or alternative medical practitioners.

2. Conflicts and Areas of Tensions Between Different Healthcare Professions
The second level puts the lines of conflict and tension between the different healthcare professions at the core of the investigation. Which occupational groups exercised influence on the development of adjacent occupations? For this level, it would be possible to analyse the disputes between conventional and alternative practitioners, doctors and osteopaths, psychiatrists and psychologists, gynaecologists and midwives, doctors and nurses, or doctors and psychotherapists.

3. Transnational Perspectives
The transnational perspective describes the comparison of the developments in Germany with other European countries. The question is how the different structural organisation of medical care impacted the development of healthcare professions? A comparison between centralist and federalist or capitalist and socialist systems would be of particular interest to the third level.

Presentations, Discussion, and Reimbursements
A slot of 45 minutes will be given to every presenter, in which a maximum of 20 minutes should be used for the paper and 25 minutes will be reserved for discussion. The spoken language at the conference will be English. The participation at the conference will be funded by the Institute for History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation, which includes the costs of accommodation, conference meals, and 2nd class train tickets for traveling to and from Stuttgart (only in exceptional cases, cheap flights will be reimbursed as well). Unfortunately, the costs incurred when traveling by car cannot be reimbursed.

Registration
To participate at the conference, please apply with an abstract of 400 words maximum, which includes title, research question, methods, and used sources as well as possible hypothesis and results, until 30 June 2017 via post or email to Dr Pierre Pfütsch and Dr Sylvelyn Hähner-Rombach, Institut für Geschichte der Medizin der Robert Bosch Stiftung, Straußweg 17, 70184 Stuttgart, Germany, or pierre.pfuetsch@igm-bosch.de and sylvelyn.haehner@igm-bosch.de.

jeudi 23 mars 2017

Histoire des maladies et de la médecine

Histoires des maladies et de la médecine 

Frédéric Bauduer


Broché: 160 pages
Editeur : Ellipses Market (6 janvier 2017)
Collection : Sciences humaines en médecine
Langue : Français
ISBN-13: 978-2340017238


Cet ouvrage rassemble un certain nombre de thématiques développées par l'auteur en première année des études de santé (PACES) au sein du module Histoire des sciences médicales dans le cadre de l'UE7 Santé- Société-Humanité. S'il s'adresse en premier lieu à des étudiants en Médecine, il est également susceptible d'intéresser un lectorat beaucoup plus large désireux de mieux connaître certaines facettes de l'histoire des maladies et de l'art de les soigner. Le Professeur Frédéric Bauduer est praticien hospitalier au Centre hospitalier de Bayonne et assure des enseignements dans plusieurs cursus à l'Université de Bordeaux. Ses principales thématiques de recherche incluent l'étude bio-culturelle et la génétique des populations, l'hématologie géographique, la santé à travers les âges, la médecine évolutionniste.

Poste en humanités et médecine

Tenure-Track Assistant Professor in the Humanities and Medicine

Call for applications


University of Hong Kong - Centre for the Humanities and Medicine, Faculty of Arts 

Location: Hong Kong
Salary: Globally competitive 
Hours: Full Time
Contract Type: Contract / Temporary


Closes: 15th May 2017
Job Ref: 201700248


Applications are invited for tenure-track appointment as Assistant Professor in the Humanities and Medicine in the Centre for the Humanities and Medicine, to commence on September 1, 2017 or as soon as possible thereafter, on a three-year fixed-term basis, with the possibility of renewal and with consideration for tenure before the expiry of a second three-year fixed-term contract. 

The Centre for the Humanities and Medicine at the University of Hong Kong is a unique research hub with a focus on the social, cultural, and historical dimensions of health, medicine, and disease. Bringing together faculties from across the University, the Centre is recognized for its cross-disciplinary research on infectious disease, with recent projects on the history of plague, ecologies of malaria, viral imaginaries, and technologies of epidemic surveillance. The Centre promotes research that grapples with complex regional and global challenges and it has forged successful collaborative links with many leading international institutions since 2009. 

Applicants should have a Ph.D. degree and a proven track-record of research in any area that complements the Centre’s existing strengths. In addition, teamwork skills are essential. As a key member of the Centre for the Humanities and Medicine, the appointee will be expected to help develop the Centre’s interdisciplinary research programme and deepen links with the Faculty of Medicine. While primarily based in the Centre, he/she will hold a concurrent appointment in a relevant academic unit of the Faculty of Arts, where he/she will be expected to teach a half-load of disciplinary undergraduate courses and to teach postgraduate students. The University and the Hong Kong Research Grants Council provide substantial competitive funding for research projects of many kinds. Teaching development grants are also available to assist with the development of innovative undergraduate courses. 

Information about the Centre can be obtained at http://www.chm.hku.hk. Enquiries about the post should be sent to Dr. Robert Peckham (e-mail: rpeckham@hku.hk). 

A globally competitive remuneration package commensurate with the appointee’s qualifications and experience will be offered, as well as annual leave and medical benefits. At current rates, salaries tax does not exceed 15% of gross income. The appointment will attract a contract-end gratuity and University contribution to a retirement benefits scheme, totalling up to 15% of basic salary. Housing benefits will be provided as applicable. 

Applicants should send a completed application form, a letter of application, a full C.V., and a writing sample of scholarly work, along with three reference letters sent by their recommenders to chm1@hku.hk. Application forms (341/1111) can be downloaded at http://www.hku.hk/apptunit/form-ext.doc. Further particulars can be obtained at http://jobs.hku.hk. Please clearly state the post applied for on the application form. Closes May 15, 2017. 

The University thanks applicants for their interest, but advises that only candidates shortlisted for interviews will be notified of the application result. 

The University is committed to diversity and inclusivity. To promote gender diversity and professional advancement of women, the Faculty of Arts expressly encourages qualified women to apply.

Les nouvelles tendances de l'historiographie de la médecine

New trends in the historiography of medicine 

Call for Papers

Deadline for paper submission: July 31th, 2017.

Publication of the issue: December, 2017.

We are expecting to receive submissions related to the new methodological approaches and the new objects that have been recently explored in the field of the history of medicine. These submissions can either propose a kind of meta-analysis of a new field of studies in the history of medicine (such as “global health”, relation between medicine and gender or race studies, history of pharmacology, health and environment, history of medicine in Africa etc.), or propose some epistemological analysis on new methodological approaches that have emerged in these last decades (such as the articulation of ethnography and historical methods, the historical epistemology applied to medical history, the relevance of visual studies to the history of medicine etc.). Papers applying an original methodology to a specific object or historical materials are especially welcomed, as papers trying to embrace the development of an emergent field of researches in the area of history of medicine.

We are also expecting book reviews relevant for the above thematic.

In addition to English articles, Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science accepts articles in French, Portuguese and Spanish for evaluation, but after approval for publication the author should send the final version in English.

Submission details:
Submissions must be received by July 31th, 2017 via the webpage of the Journal, so they can be considered for the December 2017 issue. Submissions must be prepared for double blind review.



For any further information concerning this Call for Papers, please contact:

Prof. Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil. E-mail: carolvimieiro@gmail.com

Prof. Claude Olivier-Doron, Université Paris-Diderot (Paris VII), France. E-mail: colivierdoron@gmail.com

For any further information concerning this Journal, please contact the Editors-in-chief below.
Prof. Mauro L. Condé, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. E-mail: mauroconde@ufmg.br
Prof. Marlon J. Salomon, Federal University of Goiás, Goiania, Brazil. E-mail: marlonsalomon@ufg.br

mercredi 22 mars 2017

Littérature, électricité et politique

Literature, Electricity and Politics 1740–1840: ‘Electrick Communication Every Where’

Mary Fairclough



Series: Palgrave Studies in Literature, Science and Medicine
Hardcover: 264 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2017 edition (February 10, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 1137593148
ISBN-13: 978-1137593146


This book investigates the science of electricity in the long eighteenth century and its textual life in literary and political writings. Electricity was celebrated as a symbol of enlightened progress, but its operation and its utility were unsettlingly obscure. As a result, debates about the nature of electricity dovetailed with discussions of the relation between body and soul, the nature of sexual attraction, the properties of revolutionary communication and the mysteries of vitality. This study explores the complex textual manifestations of electricity between 1740 and 1840, in which commentators describe it both as a material force and as a purely figurative one. The book analyses attempts by both elite and popular practitioners of electricity to elucidate the mysteries of electricity, and traces the figurative uses of electrical language in the works of writers including Mary Robinson, Edmund Burke, Erasmus Darwin, John Thelwall, Mary Shelley and Richard Carlile.

Les spectres de l’érudition

Spectres de l’érudition 

Appel à communications

Université de Lausanne, Anthropole 
Lausanne, Confédération Suisse (1015) 

Un « spectre » nous hante encore, pour reprendre l’expression de Jacques Derrida, dès lors que nous tentons de concevoir et de définir l’érudition sous ses formes contemporaines. Ce spectre est celui de la religion. 

Entendons le médiéviste Georges Duby qui, en une phrase, relie ses gestes d’historien sur les archives aux travaux des « bénédictins » puisque c’est avec « une plume, une loupe, des fiches » qu’il s’agit de travailler. Voyons comment Umberto Eco, en revenant sur la vertu de l’humilité scientifique qui consiste pour lui à écouter avec respect, sans prononcer des jugements de valeur, actualise l’une des grandes qualités de l’érudition ecclésiastique classique, à savoir l’ « humilitas ». Fixons-nous, à un autre niveau, sur la manière dont Michel Foucault, attaqué sur sa posture d’historien, refuse de reconduire le clivage classique entre la stricte recherche de l’exactitude et la grande bousculade des idées approximatives. Un stéréotype que l’archéologue se propose justement de problématiser différemment dans le but de rompre avec une certaine manière de parler des savoirs. C’était là, également, l’intuition d’Emile Durkheim qui, dans L’Evolution pédagogique en France, voulut préciser le caractère « mi-ecclésiastique » et « mi-laïque » de l’Université de Paris. Une université qui s’est conçue dans une lutte ouverte contre le régulier, mais qui resta longtemps pénétrée par un certain « esprit » de cathédrale, conservant sur plusieurs points, en particulier celui des pratiques savantes, une « physionomie » propre au clerc. Cette hybridation complexe, Durkheim choisit de l’explorer, avec les moyens de la sociologie de son époque, en analysant la « cellule primitive » de l’érudition, c’est-à-dire les écoles cathédrales ou claustrales du haut Moyen-âge d’où, insiste-t-il, « est sorti tout notre système d’enseignement ».

Il s’agira d’approfondir cette intuition – qui était celle aussi de Bruno Neveu pour qui notre rapport aux savoirs a été complétement pénétré par le moment ecclésiastique du XVIIe et du XVIIIe siècle – tout en cherchant à explorer, sous une forme comparatiste ouverte à d’autres traditions religieuses, à des périodes historiques plus anciennes, à des terrains actuels, et à l’incidence que peuvent revêtir ces possibles croisements, quatre aspects de cette « matrice » religieuse de l’érudition : les lieux, les formes pédagogiques, les gestes et les outils, et l’imaginaire savant.

- Quels sont les différents « lieux » de cette érudition ? Peut-on entreprendre une description de leur performativité, c’est-à‑dire de ce qu’ils permettent de réaliser, d’accomplir, de produire et d’exposer ? Des lieux qu’il s’agira d’approcher, aussi, de manière ethnographique pour y décrire les relations qui s’y inscrivent: celles entre les acteurs présents, mais aussi celles entre les acteurs et le mobilier, les livres, les machines, les différents outils du savoir.

- Variant selon les époques, les modes académiques et les remaniements conceptuels, les pratiques d’enseignement, les formes reconnues d’interactions entre maîtres et élèves (notamment l’obéissance), la transmission silencieuse des savoirs, ou encore l’apprentissage par cœur, la dialectique, la prédication, ou la disputatio, donnent à voir comment les liens verticaux et horizontaux entre maîtres, amis, collègues, collaborateurs, étudiants, ainsi que la dimension foncièrement collective de tout savoir se structurent. « Autorité », « hiérarchie », « charisme », admiration mutuelle, sont encore des éléments qui participent de la constitution de certains réseaux savants ou de certaines « écoles » de pensée. Des élément, surtout, qui pourraient permettre de mieux comprendre comment un savoir fonde sa légitimité, ou comment se transmettent une routine, une pratique, une « ficelle », ou un style savant.

- Certains gestes classiques de l’érudition (copier, lire, critiquer, annoter, ficher, commenter…) ont-ils une attache religieuse ? Comment les érudits religieux appréhendent-ils le "travail" documentaire ? Quelle place font-ils aux outils et instruments, en particulier de type mnémotechnique, comme la liste ou la fiche, le catalogue ou le glossaire, l’index ou le tableau ? Quelle valeur attribuent-ils à ce travail dans leur parcours spirituel et plus particulièrement dans la lutte contre l’oisiveté ? Il s’agira de préciser les disciplines du corps, de la main et de l’attention, mais aussi les postures, les manières de faire et d’être, les éthiques et les pratiques du travail intellectuel et ainsi de mesurer l’importance de différents « savoir-faire » qui se déclinent jusque dans les pratiques et méthodes actuelles de la recherche.

- Après avoir considéré les lieux de production des savoirs, les différents modèles du travail savant, les méthodes de la recherche ainsi que les différentes formes de l’écriture savante, la perspective des imaginaires savants nous donnera l’occasion d’approcher la manière dont les acteurs mettent en scène, dans différents « récits », leurs croyances, leurs rapports aux savoirs et à la « culture » scientifique de leur temps, ou encore la représentation qu’ils se font de l’érudition et de son histoire.

Ce projet est donc celui d’une « archéologie » différente de l’érudition occidentale : il privilégie l’analyse de l’ordinaire de l’activité savante, fait de patience, de discipline et d’organisation, de rites d’entrée, de clivages et de hiérarchies, de dynamiques d’intégration et d’exclusion, d’éthos savant.

Modalités pratiques d'envoi des propositions 

Les propositions (max. 1000 signes) accompagnées d’un CV devront être envoyées
au plus tard le 15 er juin 2017

Comité scientifique et d'organisation
Jean-François Bert (Université de Lausanne)
Christian Jacob (CNRS-EHESS)

Les dents artificielles en Grande-Bretagne

“False Teeth for the Masses”: Artificial Teeth as Technologies, Prostheses and Commodities in Britain, 1848-1948


AHRC PhD studentship

The Centre for the History of Medicine, Ethics and Medical Humanities at the University of Kent in collaboration with the Science Museum invites applications for a fully-funded three-year PhD studentship on artificial teeth in Britain, 1848-1948. The studentship award has been made by the Science Museums & Archives Consortium under the AHRC’s Collaborative Doctoral Partnership scheme. The project, due to begin in October 2017, will be supervised by Dr Claire L. Jones at the University of Kent and Dr Oisín Wall at the Science Museum.

Project Information
Artificial teeth ha ve long been important aids for the toothless, but from the mid-nineteenth century, these items became popular consumer items. Enabled by the increasing use of anaesthesia and the professionalization of dentistry, the number of companies producing false teeth from new, cheaper and easier to work materials rapidly expanded; a huge variety of artificial teeth and dentures became available in a market that eventually came to be dominated by the standardised sets made available through the NHS from 1948.

Drawing on the artificial teeth and dental collections at the Science Museum, this project seeks to examine the transformation in the consumption and use of artificial teeth and dentures in Britain between 1848 and 1948. The working questions facing a PhD student are: 

What were the respective roles of manufacturers, dentists (professional and non-professional), retailers and the health and beauty industry in shaping this transformation?
What were the main design features of artificial teeth and dentures during this period, and how and why did they appeal to patients/users/consumers?
What was the relationship between supply and demand for these technologies?
How did social conventions and variables (age, class, gender, geography etc.) affect patient/user/consumer choice for artificial teeth?
How might research into artificial teeth be communicated to public audiences?

Is this for you?

Candidates should have, or expect to attain, a good degree and should meet AHRC eligibility criteria:

To apply for the scholarship, you must:

· Hold (or expect to achieve in 2017) a Masters Degree with Merit or Distinction;

· Hold an undergraduate degree with First-Class or Upper Second-Class Honours in relevant fields or subjects;

· Be available to commence your academic studies in the UK at the beginning of October 2017


How to apply

Applications should include: 

· a curriculum vitae (no more than 2 sides of A4);

· a sample of writing (3,000 words max);

· a covering letter including a 500-word statement detailing how you plan to engage with the above proposal;

· names and contact details of two academic references

For more details on the award, see: http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/skills/training/

Contact us

For further details, or to informally discuss the studentship, please contact Dr Claire L. Jones.

Please send applications to c.l.jones-26@kent.ac.uk by 1st May 2017. Interviews will be held in May 2017.

mardi 21 mars 2017

La santé publique et la modernisation de la Chine

Public Health and the Modernization of China, 1865–2015 


Liping Bu


Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia
Hardcover: 320 pages
Publisher: Routledge; 1 edition (March 8, 2017)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1138845817

This book, based on extensive original research, traces the development of China’s public health system, showing how advances in public health have been an integral part of China’s rise. It outlines the phenomenal improvements in public health, for example the increase in life expectancy from 38 in 1949 to 73 in 2010; relates developments in public health to prevailing political ideologies; and discusses how the drivers of health improvements were, unlike in the West, modern medical professionals and intellectuals who understood that, whatever the prevailing ideology, China needs to be a strong country. The book explores how public health concepts, policies, programmes, institutions and practices changed and developed through social and political upheavals, war, and famine, and argues that this perspective of China’s development is refreshingly different from China’s development viewed purely in political terms.

La santé publique comme outil de régulation

La santé publique, un moyen historique de réguler les sociétés

Conférence de Didier Nourrisson  (Université Lyon 1)

Lundi 3 avril 2017 à 17h 

Université du Québec à Montréal, salle A1715.


Résumé : La santé publique est née en France au XVIIIe siècle, dans le monde des Lumières (philosophiques et médicales) et dans la crainte de la dépopulation. C’est le premier hygiénisme, un hygiénisme plutôt bienveillant et humaniste.

Une seconde vague s’est développée avec les découvertes pastoriennes d’un monde invisible capable de contaminer l'ensemble de la société et de provoquer sa mort et sa « dégénérescence ». La médecine prend alors résolument la tête de ce second hygiénisme à but prophylactique et politique : le virus révolutionnaire paraît aussi dangereux que le bacille de Koch ou du choléra.

Une troisième politique de santé publique est enclenchée après la désastreuse seconde guerre mondiale qui manifeste une peur du risque grandissante. La législation (sécurité routière, lutte contre les maladies sociales, c’est-à-dire comportementales) intensifie et justifie les campagnes de « prévention des risques » (alcoolisme, tabagisme, drogues, sida). Le XXIe siècle débutant entretient la peur et la répression de toutes les toxicomanies.

Séance exceptionnelle du nouveau séminaire interdisciplinaire « La santé en débat. Rencontres autour des recherches francophones en sciences humaines et sociales sur la santé », organisé par Pierre-Marie David (Université Paris Diderot), Gabriel Girard (IRSPUM) et Alexandre Klein (Université Laval) dans le cadre des activités du réseau Québec Sciences Sociales et Santé (Q3S) et en association avec le réseau de recherches Historiens de la santé et le Centre d’Histoire des Régulations Sociales (UQAM).