mardi 24 avril 2018

Le mesmérisme et la Révolution française

Le mesmérisme et la Révolution française

Annales historiques de la Révolution française 2018/1 (n° 391)

Introduction
David Armando, Bruno Belhoste
Le mesmérisme entre la fin de l’Ancien Régime et la Révolution : dynamiques sociales et enjeux politiques




Articles
Bruno Belhoste
Franz Anton Mesmer : magnétiseur, moraliste et républicain
François Zanetti
Contretemps et contrepoints au mesmérisme. Savoirs et acteurs des marges à la fin de l’Ancien Régime

Bernard Gainot
Des baquets sous les Tropiques. À propos de la diffusion du magnétisme animal à Saint-Domingue en 1784

Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire
Le baquet entre l’équerre et le compas. Luttes d’influence maçonnique autour du magnétisme animal et des Sociétés de l’Harmonie

David Armando
Crises magnétiques, convulsions politiques : les mesméristes à l’Assemblée constituante

Francisco Javier Ramón Solans
Le mesmérisme à la rencontre de la prophétie. Le cercle de la duchesse de Bourbon

Karine Rance
Entre Lumières et Romantisme, un mesmérisme contre-révolutionnaire ?

Bruno Belhoste, Robert Darnton
La fin des Lumières, cinquante ans après : entretien avec Robert Darnton



Histoire de l'agression sexuelle et de sa condamnation

The Psychology and History of Sexual Violation and Its Condemnation


Call for Papers



The Fall 2018 Special Feature Issue of Clio’s Psyche

Why has sexual violation by powerful men—covered up, denied, suppressed, and repressed for so long—become a powerful theme in the media since the fall of 2017? Why are men, whose predecessors usually got away with sexual assault, now being exposed, shamed, forced to retire, and sometimes fired for unwanted touching and worse? What makes for this change of standards? Blaming the victim by saying they were “asking for it” is now being challenged. In the Fall 2018 Special Feature Issue we are searching for psychodynamic reasons.

We are looking for articles commenting on the following and other topics, especially from the perspective of psychological/psychoanalytic anthropology:
  • sexual privilege/harassment/exploitation/violation in cross-cultural perspective
  • cultural childrearing practices and sexual violation around the world
  • symbols and myths as they relate to sexual privilege/exploitation
  • sexual exploitation/violation of children and teenagers
  • blaming victims (as “asking for it”)
  • the equivalent of the #MeToo movement outside North America
  • defense mechanisms and sexual violation
  • thresholds of sexual violation as mental illness
  • Why in America and why now have the barriers to making these issues public broken down?
  • To what extent is the openness about these abuses related to Donald Trump and the Trump presidency?
  • varied responses to charges of sexual abuse, especially denial by authorities
  • charges for political purposes and fantasies of sexual intrusion
  • cases of a rush to judgment without due process, ruining a person’s career
  • sexual abuse and sexual fantasy in the Freudian tradition
  • sexual privilege and exploitation in the workplace, in athletics and the military, in medical and therapeutic relationships
  • sexual violation in history
  • case studies
  • contributors to the study of cross-cultural sexual violation – profiles and discussion of their work

We seek articles from 500-2,500 words—including seven to ten keywords, a 100-word abstract, and your brief biography ending in your e-mail address—by May 31, 2018. An abstract or outline by May 1 or before would be helpful. Send them as attached Microsoft Word document (*.docx) files to cliospsycheeditor@gmail.com.

It our style to publish thought-provoking, clearly written articles based upon psychological/psychoanalytic insight; developed with examples from history, current events, and the human experience; and without psychoanalytic/psychological terminology or jargon and without foot/endnotes or a bibliography (use internal citations for quotations). Submissions the editors deem suitable are anonymously refereed.

Clio's Psyche is in its 24th year of publication by the Psychohistory Forum. Please visit our website at cliospsyche.org.

Contact co-editors Paul Elovitz, PhD, at cliospsycheeditor@gmail.com or Eva Fogelman, PhD, at evafogman@aol.com regarding this CFP.

lundi 23 avril 2018

Les monstres humains à la Renaissance

Portraits of Human Monsters in the Renaissance. Dwarves, Hirsutes, and Castrati as Idealized Anatomical Anomalies

Touba Ghadessi

220 pages
Hardback (March 2018)
ISBN-13 9781580442756




At the center of this interdisciplinary study are court monsters--dwarves, hirsutes, and misshapen individuals--who, by their very presence, altered Renaissance ethics vis-à-vis anatomical difference, social virtues, and scientific knowledge. The study traces how these monsters evolved from objects of curiosity, to scientific cases, to legally independent beings. The works examined here point to the intricate cultural, religious, ethical, and scientific perceptions of monstrous individuals who were fixtures in contemporary courts.



Introduction
Difference as an Inquiry
Renaissance Portrait and Intellectual Frame
Perfected Miniatures - Dwarves at Court
A Civilized Savage - The Hirsute's Conquest
Audible Absence - The Castrato's Voice
Epilogue
Bibliography

Les archives des institutions de santé

Archives of Healthcare Institutions: History and Documentation

Conference


General State Archives
Historical Archive of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Historical Archive of the Municipality of Athens and Network for the History of Health

25-27 April 2018
Athens, General State Archives, 61 Dafnis St., Psychiko

PROGRAMME

Wednesday 25 April 2018

16:00-19:00

16:00 | Greetings

16:30 | INTRODUCTORY TALKS: HISTORY OF HEALTH AND ARCHIVAL MANAGEMENT POLICY

Katerina Gardikas: What are historians looking for in the archives of healthcare institutions?

Nikos Karapidakis: Conceptualising the question “Health’s archives”

17:20 | Break

17:30 | 1ST SESSION: HEALTHCARE PROTAGONISTS: EDUCATION, RESEARCH AND MEDICAL BODIES
Chair: Anastasia Papadia-Lala

Vangelis Karamanolakis, Chaido Barkoula: The University of Athens and the Greek healthcare network (1837-1937): archival records and research questions

Maria Stefanidou, George Loutsidis, Sotirios Athanaselis: The archives of the Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, School of Medicne, University of Athens

Evgenia Bournova: The archive of the Medical Association of Athens: exploring the formation of the medical body

Christos Dinos, George Dounias: Athens School of Hygiene (YSA). Alumni profiles, 1931-1940

18:30 | Discussion

Thursday 26 April 2018

10:00-14:00

10:00 | 2ND SESSION: ARCHIVES OF MUNICIPAL AND STATE HOSPITALS
Chair: Efi Poulakou-Rebelakou

Zetta Antonopoulou: The historical records of the Athens Municipal Hospital “ELPIS”.

Yannis Gonatidis: “…since they began keeping books…”. The historical archive of the Municipal Hospital of Hermoupolis, 1834-1954

Annita Prassa: Treating diseases in Magnesia. Hospital archives in the Regional General State Archives of Magnesia

Dimitris Anoyatis-Pelé and Costas Tsiamis: Sotiria Hospital, Parnitha Sanatorium, Penteli Sanatorium: the records of patients as a demographic, historical and medical source

Costas Tsiamis and Dimitris Anoyatis-Pelé: The hospital proceedings as a medico-historical source: the case of Hospital "Evangelismos" (1927-1939)

11:15 | Discussion

11:45 | Coffee Break

12:15 | 3RD SESSION: ARCHIVAL INSTITUTIONS AND HEALTHCARE DOCUMENTS
Chair: Marietta Minotou

Symeon Tsempoglou: Sorting and selection of public health archives by the Department of Contemporary Archives of the Central Service of General State Archives

Katerina Zografou: Healthcare and archives: an overview of the resources of the General State Archives (GSA) of Greece (Central Service)

Dimitris Bacharas: The health-related archives in ELIA-MIET / Les archives de ELIA-MIET sur la santé

Nikolaos Melios, Evangelia Bafouni: Greek Documentation Centre for the history of Hansen’s Disease: from a conventional archive to a documented archive

13:15 | Discussion

17:00-20:00

17:00 | 4TH SESSION: MENTAL HEALTHCARE

INSTITUTIONS
Chair: Yannis Evdokimidis

Despo Kritsotaki: The archive of the Centre for Mental Health and Research (1956-1978)

Vasia Lekka: Writing Eginition Hospital’s oral history (1950-1979): research questions and perspectives

Marianna Kolyva: The archives of the “Madhouse” / Psychiatric Hospital of Corfu (1838-2000)

17:45 | Discussion

18:15 | A documentary The man who disturbed the world, by Stavros Psyllakis, (on the Psychiatric Hospital of Chania)”, 52', co-produced with Ε.Κ.Κ.© 2000

With an introduction from Stavros Psyllakis.

Friday 27 April 2018

10:00-13:30

10:00 | 5TH SESSION: ADMINISTRATIVE INSTITUTIONS AND HEALTHCARE
Chair: Lydia Dracaki-Sapounaki

Thanasis Barlagiannis: Police and health during king Otto's reign: an archival approach

Foteini Lekka: “What the Municipality, our politicians and even the rich of our town failed at, was accomplished by the bishop himself”: the hospital “Saint Seraphim” (1935) and the debate about public health in the first half of the 20th century in Karditsa (Thessaly)

Yannis Stoyannidis: Archives and the restoration of anti-TB policy. The Greek state and private sanatoria in the early 20th c.

Evangelos Chekimoglou: The religious communities of Thessaloniki as healthcare providing institutions: their archival remnants

11:00 | Discussion

11:30 | Coffee Break

12:00 | 6TH SESSION: HEALTHCARE POLICY AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
Chair: Maria Stratigaki

Zetta Antonopoulou, Vassiliki Sfika: Healthcare in local government. The “Metropolitan” example

Myrto Dimitropoulou, Evgenia Bournova: The Civil Act Registry as a source for the history of health

Efstathia (Evi) Tzavella: Primary healthcare in the Municipal Clinics of Athens. Establishment, progression and development

Ipakoi Chatzimichail: The First Aid Station of the Assistance Department of the Greek Red Cross (1931-1995): approaches to the archive through the eyes of a researcher

13:00 | Discussion

17:00-21:00

17:00 | 7TΗ SESSION: ARCHIVES OF INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
Chair: Vassiliki Theodorou

Katerina Konstantinidou: Plague, the historian and the Venetian State Archive

Lena Korma: Infectious diseases in times of war. The case of the Armée française d’Orient, 1915-1918

Katerina Gardikas: The UNRRA archive

Andreas Vourtsis and Sylva Haralampous, The historical archive of the Hellenic Pasteur Institute: preserving a century of history

18:00 | Discussion

18:30 | Coffee Break

18:45 | ROUND TABLE: CONCLUSIONS AND PROSPECTS

Evgenia Bournova, Giorgos Dounias, Yannis Evdokimidis, Amalia Pappa

20:00 | Légion d’honneur, a film produced by the

Historistai Group with Loft12 and COSMOTE TV (45'), 2018

With an introduction from Maria Sabatakaki of the Historistai Group.

An exhibition of documents will be on display during the Conference.

ORGANISING - SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE
Zeta Antonopoulou
Chaido Barkoula
Evgenia Bournova
Katerina Gardikas
Vangelis Karamanolakis
Marietta Minotou
Christina Sarra
Yannis Stoyannidis
Secretariate: Myrto Karageorgi-Gyftodimou

Participants
  • Anoyatis-Pelé, Dimitris, Historian, Department of History, Ionian University, anopele@gmail.com
  • Antonopoulou, Zetta, PhD in Art History from National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Head of City of Athens Historical Archives, g.antonopoulou@athens.gr
  • Athanaselis, Sotirios, Professor of Toxicology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, sathan@med.uoa.gr
  • Bacharas, Dimitris, Historical Archives, ELIA-MIET, dbacharas@yahoo.com
  • Bafouni, Evangelia, Historian, Institute for the Study of Local and Business History, ebafouni@gmail.com
  • Barkoula, Chaido, Laboratory teaching staff, Historical Archive, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, cbarkou@pspa.uoa.gr
  • Barlagiannis, Thanasis, Historian, athbag@yahoo.gr
  • Bournova, Evangelia, Historian, Professor, Department of Economics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, bournova@econ.uoa.gr
  • Chatzimichail, Ipakoi, Philologist, Historian, General State Archives, Central Service, ipakoi@sch.gr
  • Chekimoglou, Evangelos, Director, Jewish Museum of Thessaloniki, echekimoglou@gmail.com
  • Dimitropoulou, Myrto, PhD, Historian, Researcher, myrtodem@hotmail.com
  • Dounias, Georgios, Dir. MPH Occupational & Environmental Health, National School of Public Health, gdounias@esdy.edu.gr
  • Dracaki-Sapounaki, Lydia, Professor, Department of Economic and Regional Development, Panteion University, ldracaki@panteion.gr
  • Evdokimidis, Yannis, Professor emeritus, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, ievdokim@med.uoa.gr
  • Gardikas, Katerina, Historian, Department of History and Archaeology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, kgardika@arch.uoa.gr
  • Gonatidis, Yannis, Historian, PhD candidate in modern history, University of Crete, gonatidis@gmail.com
  • Haralambous, Sylva, Dr., Senior Researcher, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, sharalambous@pasteur.gr
  • Karageorgi Gyftodimou, Myrto, Philologist, General State Archives, Central Service, mkarageorgi@sch.gr
  • Karamanolakis, Vangelis, Historian, Chairman of Governing Committee, Historical Archive, University of Athens, Department of History and Archaeology, University of Athens, karamanolaki@arch.uoa.gr
  • Karapidakis, Nikos, General State Archives, President of the Supervisory Council, pakar1@otenet.gr
  • Kolyva, Marianna, Professor of Archives Science, Ionian University, mkolyva@ionio.gr
  • Konstantinidou, Katerina, Assistant Professor, Department of History and Archaeology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, kkonstantin@arch.uoa.gr
  • Korma, Lena, Historian, École Française d’Athènes, lenakorma80@gmail.com
  • Kritsotaki, Despo, Historian, Post-doctoral Researcher, University of Crete, despo.kritsotaki@gmail.com
  • Lekka, Foteini, PhD, Museologist, Historian, University of Thessaly, Municipal City Museum of Karditsa, fenia.lekka@gmail.com
  • Lekka, Vasia, Historian, Adjunct Academic Staff, Hellenic Open University, vasia_lekka@hotmail.com
  • Loutsidis, Georgios, Historian, Research Assistant, Laboratory of Toxicology and Forensic Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, giorgosloutsidis@gmail.com
  • Melios, Nikolaos, Historian, Institute for the Study of Local and Business History, meliosni@otenet.gr
  • Minotou, Marietta, General State Archives, Director of the Central Service, director@gak.gr
  • Ntinos, Christos, Public Health Officer, ‘Gennimatas’ Hospital, xtin@otenet.gr
  • Papadia-Lala, Anastasia, Professsor of History of Early Modern Hellenism, Department of History and Archaeology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, apapadia@arch.uoa.gr
  • Pappa, Amalia, Archivist, General State Archives, Head of Department of Library and Reading Room & Deputy Director of the Central Service, anagn1@gak.gr
  • Poulakou-Rebelakou, Efi, Associate Professor of History of Medicine, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, efpoulrebel@med.uoa.gr
  • Prassa, Annita, Archivist, Historian, General State Archives, Head of the Regional Service of Magnesia, annita_prassa@yahoo.gr
  • Psyllakis, Stavros, Film Director, stavrospsill@gmail.com
  • Sampatakaki, Maria, Historian, historistai Group for the Production of Public History, sampmaria@hotmail.com
  • Sarra, Christina, Archivist, General State Archives, Head of Department of Planning, Coordination and Studies of the Central Service, organosis@gak.gr
  • Sfika, Vasiliki, Archaeologist, Msc HOU, City of Athens Historical Archives, b.sfika@athens.gr
  • Stefanidou, Maria, Professor of Toxicology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens,mstefan@med.uoa.gr
  • Stoyannidis, Yannis, Historian, University of West Attica, yannis.stoyannidis@gmail.com
  • Stratigaki, Maria, Vice Mayor for Social Solidarity Welfare & Equality, Municipality of Athens, Associate Professor of Social Policy, Panteion University, m.stratigaki@athens.gr
  • Theodorou, Vassiliki, Professor of Modern History, Democritus University of Thrace, vtheodor@eled.duth.gr
  • Tsempoglou, Symeon, Archivist, General State Archives, Head of Department of Appraisal and Disposal of the Central Service, synchrona@gak.gr
  • Tsiamis, Costas, Laboratory of Microbiology, School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, ctsiamis@med.uoa.gr
  • Tzavella, Evi, Dental Surgeon, Msc of School of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Head of Department of Social Solidarity & Public Health Care, Athens Municipality, e.tzavella@athens.gr
  • Vourtsis, Andreas, Historical Archive, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, andreasw19@gmail.com
  • Zografou, Katerina, Archivist, General State Archives, Central Service, ina.zogr@gmail.com

dimanche 22 avril 2018

La pratique médicale de Richard Napier

Medicine, Religion, and Magic in Early Stuart England: Richard Napier's Medical Practice 

Ofer Hadass

Series: Magic in History
Hardcover: 232 pages
Publisher: Penn State University Press; 1 edition (March 26, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-0271080185


The astrologer-physician Richard Napier (1559-1634) was not only a man of practical science and medicine but also a master of occult arts and a devout parish rector who purportedly held conversations with angels. This new interpretation of Napier reveals him to be a coherent and methodical man whose burning desire for certain, true knowledge contributed to the contemporary venture of putting existing knowledge to useful ends.

Originally trained in theology and ordained as an Anglican priest, Napier later studied astrological medicine and combined astrology, religious thought, and image and ritual magic in his medical work. Ofer Hadass draws on a remarkable archive of Napier’s medical cases and religious writings—including the interviews he claimed to have held with angels—to show how Napier’s seemingly inconsistent approaches were rooted in an inclusive and coherent worldview, combining equal respect for ancient authority and for experientially derived knowledge. Napier’s endeavors exemplify the fruitful relationship between religion and science that offered a well-founded alternative to the rising mechanistic explanation of nature at the time.

Carefully researched and compellingly told, Medicine, Religion, and Magic in Early Stuart England is an insightful exploration of one of the most fascinating figures at the intersection of medicine, magic, and theology in early modern England and of the healing methods employed by physicians of the era.

Les peaux médiévales

Skins

Call for Papers

Mid-America Medieval Association 42nd Annual Conference
University of Kansas, Lawrence
September 22, 2018

We construe the notion of skin, or skins, as having multiple meanings, contexts, and sites of enquiry; it could pertain to humans or animals; as a covering or a disguise, revealing or concealing identity, a marker of difference and similarity, race, class, and gender; the mutilated witness to heroic and saintly deeds, or the epitome of idealized beauty; it can be sacred or profane; it may also evoke science, medicine, and the body; skin as writing surface and manuscript; as palimpsest, the scraping away of layers of meaning; it may allude to blank spaces and lacunae; skin as the polychrome surface of a statue, or a fresco; architectural skins and façades; it could relate to surfaces, spaces, and landscapes; to the veneers of civilization and society. We invite papers thatengage these topics, or any related to the fieldof medieval studies.

Plenary address by Dr. Andrew Beresford,
University of Durham: "Dermal
Identities in the Legend of St Bartholomew"

Professor Beresford is the Associate Director of the Centre for Visual Arts and Culture, and a founding member of the Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies at Durham. His internationally recognized work focuses on intersections in early Spanish literature, art, and culture, with a focus on hagiography, gender, and literary theory. His many publications include The Severed Breast: The Legends of Saints Agatha and Lucy in Medieval Castilian Literature (2010), The Legend of Saint Agnes in Medieval Castilian Literature (2007), and The Legends of the Holy Harlots: Thaïs and Pelagia in Medieval Spanish Literature (2007).

Please send proposals of 250 words by June 1st to Caroline Jewers at cjewers@ku.edu.

Sponsored by The University of Kansas College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Hall Center for the Humanities, KU School of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, The Franklin D. Murphy Lecture Fund, The Kress Foundation Department of Art History, KU Libraries, KU School of Music, and the KU Departments of: French, Francophone & Italian Studies, English, Germanic Languages & Literatures, History, Philosophy, Religious Studies, Slavic Languages & Literatures, Spanish and
Portuguese. Our special thanks to the journal La Corónica.

Organized by:
University of Kansas MEMS (Medieval and Early Modern Studies)

samedi 21 avril 2018

Histoires transculturelles des psychothérapies

Towards Transcultural Histories of Psychotherapies

European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 20 (1), 2018


Guest Editor: Sonu Shamdasani



Introduction
Introduction to special issue ‘Towards transcultural histories of psychotherapies’
Del Loewenthal Editor-in-Chief

Editorial
Towards transcultural histories of psychotherapies
Sonu Shamdasani

Articles
Suggestion, persuasion and work: Psychotherapies in communist Europe
Sarah Marks

Manualizing psychotherapy: Aaron T. Beck and the origins of Cognitive Therapy of Depression
Rachael I. Rosner

Modernist Pills against Brazilian Alienism (1920–1945)
Cristiana Facchinetti

Buddhism, Christianity, and psychotherapy: A three-way conversation in the mid-twentieth century
Christopher Harding

Inferiority and bereavement: Implicit psychological commitments in the cultural history of Scottish psychotherapy
Gavin Miller

Towards trans-cultural histories of psychotherapies
Hans Pols

Transcultural histories of psychotherapy
Keir Martin

Book Reviews  

Slavoj Žižek and radical politics
Nebojša Blanuša

Diagnostic cultures: A cultural approach to the pathologisation of modern life
Anne Cooke

Immigrants and refugees. Trauma, perennial mourning, prejudice and border psychology
Diana Brotherton

50e congrès Cheiron

Cheiron 50th Anniversary Conference 

The Cummings Center for the History of Psychology is pleased to host the 50th anniversary of Cheiron: The International Society for the History of Behavioral and Social Sciences. This special celebratory year promises to be filled with great presentations, stimulating conversation, and special surprises!

When: June 21-24, 2018

Where: The University of Akron campus What: The annual meeting of Cheiron, formed in 1968 to promote international cooperation and multidisciplinary studies in the history of the behavioral and social sciences.

Program : https://www.uakron.edu/cheiron/annual-meeting/Program2018.pdf

vendredi 20 avril 2018

L'histoire de la psychiatrie en dix traitements

The Drugs That Changed Our Minds: The history of psychiatry in ten treatments 

Lauren Slater

Hardcover: 416 pages
Publisher: Simon & Schuster Ltd (March 22, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1471136887


As our approach to mental illness has oscillated from biological to psychoanalytical and back again, so have our treatments. With the rise of psychopharmacology, an ever-increasing number of people throughout the globe are taking a psychotropic drug, yet nearly seventy years after doctors first began prescribing them, we still don't really know exactly how or why they work - or don't work - on what ails our brains. In The Drugs that Changed Our Minds, Lauren Slater offers an explosive account not just of the science but of the people - inventors, detractors and consumers - behind our narcotics, from the earliest, Thorazine and Lithium, up through Prozac, Ecstasy, 'magic mushrooms', the most cutting-edge memory drugs and neural implants. In so doing, she narrates the history of psychiatry itself and illuminates the signature its colorful little capsules have left on millions of brains worldwide, and how these wonder drugs may heal us or hurt us.

Postdoctorat sur les pathologies de la solitude

3 year Postdoc to work on ‘Pathologies of Solitude, 18th – 21st century’

Call for applications 


The School of History at Queen Mary University of London wishes to recruit a three-year Postdoctoral Research Assistant to work on a Wellcome Trust funded research project, ‘Pathologies of Solitude, 18th – 21st century’, led by Professor Barbara Taylor (PI).

This project, which begins in September 2018, is a four-year investigation into changing perceptions of solitude in Britain from the 18th century to the present, with particular emphasis on the perceived health risks of solitude and loneliness. The project is collaborative, involving a research network and visiting scholars who will explore solitude from multiple disciplinary perspectives. The project will also engage with campaigns devoted to alleviating loneliness, while an ambitious outreach programme will take its findings to the general public.

Two further Postdoctoral Research Assistant posts will be advertised in the course of the project (for posts beginning in January 2019 and September 2019).Full details of the project can be requested from Professor Taylor: b.g.taylor@qmul.ac.uk.

The successful candidate will hold a PhD in a relevant area which will have been awarded before the start of the role. Relevant subject areas include but are not limited to: history of the emotions; medical humanities; English literature; history of religion; cultural history; philosophy; intellectual history; gender studies; scientific studies of the emotions; psychology; psychiatry; psychoanalysis; social anthropology; sociology; urban studies; gerontology; comparative literature.

Applications close 24 April 2018. More details are available here.

jeudi 19 avril 2018

Médecine et magie dans la Norvège moderne

Medicine, Magic and Art in Early Modern Norway: Conceptualizing Knowledge


Ane Ohrvik




Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic
Hardcover: 302 pages
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan; 1st ed. 2018 edition (April 2, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-1137467416

This book addresses magical ideas and practices in early modern Norway. It examines a large corpus of Norwegian manuscripts from 1650-1850 commonly called Black Books which contained a mixture of recipes on medicine, magic, and art.

Ane Ohrvik assesses the Black Books from the vantage point of those who wrote the manuscripts and thus offers an original study of how early modern magical practitioners presented their ideas and saw their practices. The book show how the writers viewed magic and medicine both as practical and sacred art and as knowledge worth protecting through encoding the text. The study of the Black Books illuminates how ordinary people in Norway conceptualized magic as valuable and useful knowledge worth of collecting and saving despite the ongoing witchcraft prosecutions targeting the very same ideas and practices as the books promoted. 

Medicine, Magic and Art in Early Modern Norway is essential for those looking to advance their studies in magical beliefs and practices in early modern Europe as well as those interested in witchcraft studies, book history, and the history of knowledge.

Les handicapés de la Première Guerre mondiale

War-disabled people: the continuing 1914-1918 war


Call for papers


The Journal ALTER European Journal of Disability Research welcomes all propositions of articles to the issue of war-disabled people during the post WW1 period (1918-1939).It seems necessay to foster the production of new research focused on war-wounded people during the inter-war period at local, national and international levels. A number of issues deserve attention : - Daily life of war wounded people returning to civilian life- Feelings and emotions (resentment, pride, etc.)- The impact of high social visibility of war-wounded people on the social representation of disability- Work, economic and family situation- Gender and physical, psychological and sexual violence- Transnational dimension of organizations mobilization and the making of rehabilitation policies for war wounded.

Presentation
World War I led to six to seven million maimed men at international level. In Europe, governments afterwards had to face an issue which varied in magnitude in different countries. In each of the following five countries, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, more than 800 000 war disabled men had to be provided for, whereas other countries (Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, the Serbian, Croatian, Slovenian Kingdom, United States) had to deal with 100 000 to 350 000 men disabled by the conflict. In all these countries, war-disabled men formed organizations whose political positioning was often adversarial (apolitical, communist, social catholic, etc.). Because they had so many members, and because they spoke for war victims, they became influential partners of public authorities. Generally, these associations did not challenge existing social attitudes but prided themselves in promoting the sacrifice of soldiers and their wounded members[1].

Almost all war disabled were men, a majority of them being between 20 to 40 years old, however, there were a few war disabled female nurses too. Many encountered difficulties in returning to their agricultural, artisanal, or industrial jobs. Although they had been in working life for only 10 or 20 years, a number of them were forced to consider another career to provide for their families. To solve the problem of their continuing employment, in many European countries (Austria, Germany, Great Britain, France, Italy) associations demanded that all employers whether public or private were forced to hire a certain proportion of disabled men. Therefore several European countries (Austria, Germany, France, Italy, Poland) adopted legal measures between 1916 and 1924 imposing an obligation on private and public companies to employ war-wounded workers.

The first studies on war wounded people focused on public policies, legislation and mobilization of organizations. More recent studies focus on life experience, on the representation of war disabled in media[2] and on other aspects such as the pain associated with lost limbs[3]. Many of these studies are centered on the local or national level (France[4], Great Britain, Italy[5], Belgium[6], Germany[7], Austria, Poland[8], etc.).Very few collective or individual books[9] plus the recent special issue of the First World War Studies journal[10] allow crossing view points on several national cases. Historians have started adopting transnational perspectives on the matter[11]. This interest is likely to develop considering the increasing exchange of experience and data between associations and medical doctors from different countries.

However, a vast majority of these studies focus on the war and post-war period itself, overlooking mid- and long-term consequences of the war on the life of individuals. It seems therefore necessary to foster the production of new research focused on war-wounded people during the inter-war period at local, national and international levels. A number of issues deserve attention:
  • Daily life of war wounded people returning to civilian life
  • Feelings and emotions (resentment, pride, etc.)
  • The impact of high social visibility of war-wounded people on the social representation of disability
  • Work, economic and family situation
  • Gender and physical, psychological and sexual violence
  • Transnational dimension of organizations mobilization and the making of rehabilitation policies for war wounded.

Submission Guidelines 
The journal welcomes all responses to the issue of war-disabled people during the post WW1 period (1918-1939). Articles should be submitted to the Journal ALTER European Journal of Disability Research on the website http://ees.elsevier.com/alter/ before October 31th 2018.

Articles selected after blind peer reviewing will be published in a special issue of ALTER-European Journal of Disability Research in commemoration of WW1, end of 1919.



[1] Gerber David (ed.), Disabled Veterans in History, University of Michigan Press, Enlarged and revised edition, 2012, p. xiii.

[2] Alexandre Sumpf, "War disabled on screen : remembering and forgeting the Great War in the Russian and Soviet cinema, 1914-1940", First World War Studies, 2015, pp. 57-79.

[3] Delaporte Sophie, « Le corps et la parole des mutilés de la Grande Guerre », Guerres mondiales et conflits contemporains, n° 205, 2002/1, p. 5-14.

[4] Jean-François Montès, 1915-1939, (re)travailler ou le retour du mutilé : une histoire de l’entre-deux-guerres, Rapport de recherche effectué pour l’Office national des anciens combattants et victimes de guerre, 1991 ; Romien (Pierre), « A l’origine de la réinsertion professionnnelle des personnes handicapées : la prise en charge des invalides de guerre », Revue Française des Affaires Sociales, n°2, 2005, pp. 229-247 ; Rebecca Scales, "Radio Broadcasting, Disabled Veterans, and the Politics of National Recovery in Interwar France", French Historical Studies, vol. 31, n°4, 2008, pp. 643-678.

[5] Ugo Pavan Dalla Torre, "Entre public et privé : l’assistance aux invalides de guerre et les origines d’un nouveau système de welfare en Italie (1915-1923)", Revue d'histoire de la protection sociale, 2015, p. 46-64.

[6] Pieter Verstraete, Christine Van Everbroeck, Le silence mutilé. Les soldats invalides belges de la grande guerre, Presses Universitaires de Namur, 2014.

[7] Heather R. Perry, Recycling the disabled : Army, medicine, and modernity in WWI Germany, Manchester University Press, 2014.

[8] Magowska, Anita, "The Unwanted Heroes : War invalids in Poland after World War I", Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, vol. 69 (2), 2014, pp. 185-220.

[9] Deborah Cohen, The War Come Home. Disabled Veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939, University of California Press, 2001.

[10] Pieter Verstraete, Martina Salvante and Julie Anderson, "Commemorating the disabled soldier : 1914-1940", First World War Studies, 2015, p. 1-7

[11] Gildas Brégain, « Un problème national, interallié ou international ? La difficile gestion transnationale du problème des mutilés de guerre (1917-1923) », Revue d'Histoire de la protection sociale, n°9, 2016, pp. 110-132.


CONTACTS
GILDAS BREGAIN
courriel : gildasbregain [at] hotmail [dot] fr



mercredi 18 avril 2018

130 ans de médecine à Hong Kong

130 Years of Medicine in Hong Kong: From the College of Medicine for Chinese to the Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine

Frank Ching


Hardcover: 509 pages
Publisher: Springer; 1st ed. 2018 edition (March 15, 2018)
Language: English
ISBN-13: 978-9811063152 

This book reviews the medical history of Hong Kong, beginning with its birth as a British colony. It introduces the origins of Hong Kong’s medical education, which began in 1887 when the London Missionary Society set up the Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese. When the University of Hong Kong was established in 1911, the College became its medical faculty. The faculty has gained distinction over the years for innovative surgical techniques, for discovering the SARS virus and for its contribution to advances in medical and health sciences. This book is meant for general readers as well as medical practitioners. It is a work for anyone interested in Hong Kong or in medical education.

La réanimation contemporaine

Resuscitation, Reanimation, and the Modern World

Call for Papers

5-6 October 2018

Maison Française d’Oxford



Drag the pale victim from the whelming wave,
And snatch the body from the floating grave;
Breathe in the lips re-animating fire,
Till, warm’d to second life, the drown’d respire.

The emergence of societies ‘for the recovery of persons apparently drowned’ within Europe —Amsterdam 1767, Paris 1772, London 1774 — institutionalized a shift in the 18th century, whereby different groups in society became involved with a common concern. The act of resuscitation took on social as well as medical significance: medals were awarded to bystanders who leapt into rivers to save hapless swimmers; attendants were stationed at the edge of hazardous boating lakes; and a variety of life-saving tools were touted to a burgeoning consumer society. These endeavours drew upon broader understandings of breath, air, and the functions of bodies, and also held the potential for spiritual transformation by making bodily ‘resurrection’ a real possibility.

Coinciding with the 200th anniversary of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818), this workshop seeks to explore the social, cultural, political, and medical aspects of reanimation and resuscitation from the early modern period to the present. We will consider how these phenomena have been understood – as miraculous moments, displays of medical prowess, and manifestations of civic responsibility. We will ask if they represent a profound shift regarding ideas about the origin of life as well as its value, connected to the development of a society of risk management. We will also explore how these practices have developed through time in literary, popular, and medical narratives, as new technologies both ‘medicalised’ resuscitation and extended its practice beyond the medical arena. In this way, we hope to gain insight not only into the development and dissemination of medical knowledge but also into broader cultural issues – citizenship, duty, and changing perceptions of what it means to be human.

We ask participants to submit proposals for papers of 20 minutes in length, covering any aspect of reanimation or resuscitation from the early modern period onwards. Possible themes or topics might include:
  • How these practices affected contemporary attitudes towards life and death
  • Resuscitation/reanimation and the uncanny body
  • Resuscitation/reanimation as a spiritual experience
  • Literary depictions of resuscitation/reanimation
  • Resuscitation technologies, from bellows to electrical stimulation of the heart
  • The use of humans and animals in the development of resuscitation techniques
  • The role of the bystander and notions of civic responsibility
  • First Aid training and the spread of medical knowledge and practices
  • Risky locations – from lakes and rivers to the emergency room

Please submit a title, abstract of up to 250 words, and brief biography, to marie-aline.thebaud-sorger@history.ox.ac.uk by Sunday 1 July 2018.


Resuscitation, Reanimation, and the Modern World is organised by Dr Marie Thébaud-Sorger (CNRS/Maison Française d’Oxford) and Dr Jennifer Wallis (QMUL). The workshop is free. We are currently seeking funding that we hope will contribute towards travel and accommodation costs for a number of early career researchers and unfunded scholars.

mardi 17 avril 2018

Histoire de la neurochirurgie

Neurosurgery, Psychiatry, and Function: The History of Altering Behavior, Thought, and Function Through Neurosurgery

Neurosurgical Focus, September 2017, Volume 43, Issue 3


Introduction. Neurosurgery, psychiatry, and function: the history of altering behavior, thought, and function through neurosurgery
by Mark C. Preul, MD, T. Forcht Dagi, MD, Charles J. Prestigiacomo, MD, and Chris A. Sloffer, MD, MBA

Sanger Brown and Edward Schäfer before Heinrich Klüver and Paul Bucy: their observations on bilateral temporal lobe ablations
by Prasad S. S. V. Vannemreddy, MD, and James L. Stone, MD

Editorial. The Klüver-Bucy syndrome and the golden age of localization
by Chris A. Sloffer, MD, MBA

The early argument for prefrontal leucotomy: the collision of frontal lobe theory and psychosurgery at the 1935 International Neurological Congress in London
by Lillian B. Boettcher, BA, and Sarah T. Menacho, MD

Editorial. London 1935: the frontal lobe, insanity, and a brain surgery
by Mark C. Preul, MD, and T. Forcht Dagi, MD, DMedSc, DHC

Psychosurgery, ethics, and media: a history of Walter Freeman and the lobotomy
by James P. Caruso, BS, and Jason P. Sheehan, MD, PhD

Topectomy versus leukotomy: J. Lawrence Pool’s contribution to psychosurgery
by Ryan Holland, MD, David Kopel, MD, Peter W. Carmel, MD, MedSci, and Charles J. Prestigiacomo, MD

The origins and persistence of psychosurgery in the state of Iowa
by Francis J. Jareczek, BS, BA, Marshall T. Holland, MD, Matthew A. Howard III, MD, Timothy Walch, PhD, and Taylor J. Abel, MD

History of psychosurgery at Sainte-Anne Hospital, Paris, France, through translational interactions between psychiatrists and neurosurgeons
by Marc Zanello, MD, MSc, Johan Pallud, MD, PhD, Nicolas Baup, MD, PhD, Sophie Peeters, MSc, Baris Turak, MD, Marie Odile Krebs, MD, PhD, Catherine Oppenheim, MD, PhD, Raphael Gaillard, MD, PhD, and Bertrand Devaux, MD

Pneumoencephalography in the workup of neuropsychiatric illnesses: a historical perspective
by Mariam Ishaque, PhD, David J. Wallace, MD, and Ramesh Grandhi, MD

Neuroplasticity and the brain connectome: what can Jean Talairach’s reflections bring to modern psychosurgery?
by Pierre Bourdillon, MD, Caroline Apra, MSc, MD, Marc Lévêque, MD, and Fabien Vinckier, MD, PhD

Dr. Robert G. Heath: a controversial figure in the history of deep brain stimulation
by Christen M. O’Neal, BS, Cordell M. Baker, BS, Chad A. Glenn, MD, Andrew K. Conner, MD, and Michael E. Sughrue, MD

A brief note on the history of psychosurgery in Japan
by Jiro Nudeshima, PhD, and Takaomi Taira, MD, PhD

Exploring the brain through posterior hypothalamus surgery for aggressive behavior
by Michele Rizzi, MD, Andrea Trezza, MD, Giuseppe Messina, MD, Alessandro De Benedictis, MD, PhD, Angelo Franzini, MD, and Carlo Efisio Marras, MD

The hypothalamus at the crossroads of psychopathology and neurosurgery
Daniel A. N. Barbosa, Ricardo de Oliveira-Souza, MD, PhD, Felipe Monte Santo, MD, Ana Carolina de Oliveira Faria, MSc, PhD, Alessandra A. Gorgulho, MD, MSc, and Antonio A. F. De Salles, MD, PhD

Abstracts and Full Texts can be found here: http://thejns.org/toc/foc/43/3

Les études psychédéliques

Études psychédéliques : approche historique de la construction d’un champ disciplinaire

Journée d’étude 

Le 9 mai 2018, de 9h à 18h, au Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, amphithéâtre Rouelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005, Paris

Organisée par la Société psychédélique française (Vittorio Biancardi, Zoë Dubus, Élise Grandgeorge, Sara Velimirovic, Vincent Verroust)

Contact : Vincent Verroust (vincent.verroust@ehess.fr)

Le champ des Psychedelic Studies s’affirme et s’autonomise aujourd’hui, en particulier aux Etats-Unis et en Grande-Bretagne. La journée d’étude Études psychédéliques : approche historique de la construction d’un champ disciplinaire souhaite présenter les travaux de chercheurs en sciences humaines qui étudient les usages des substances psychédéliques au XIXe et au XXe siècle. Elle constitue la première du genre en France, en ce qu’elle a pour objet spécifique le champ d’étude ouvert par la découverte de substances psychoactives dites “psychédéliques”, selon le terme forgé en 1956 par le psychiatre britannique Humphry Osmond. Dans une approche interdisciplinaire, ces travaux interrogent les usages de ces substances, que ceux-ci soient liées à des activités scientifiques, artistiques, politiques ou encore à une quête de performance. Certaines de ces recherches analysent les processus qui amènent à leur rejet ou à leur acceptation. D’autres encore interrogent leur potentiel créatif. Enfin, la conférence de Robin Carhart-Harris, emblématique de la “renaissance psychédélique”, permettra la mise en perspective de la documentation historique et des recherches contemporaines menées avec la psilocybine en thérapeutique.

Si la recherche sur ces substances, longtemps influencée par des représentations défavorables, est en train d’évoluer depuis une vingtaine d’années dans de nombreux pays étrangers (États-Unis, Angleterre, Suisse, Espagne, Israël…) la France reste quant à elle significativement en retrait. Une législation nationale restrictive y contribue sans doute ; le manque d’information disponible en langue française est certainement aussi un frein important à la diffusion des travaux étrangers. Il apparaît par conséquent nécessaire d’œuvrer à une meilleure réception des travaux sur les psychédéliques en France, de manière à enrichir et stimuler les questionnements des chercheurs, notamment dans le domaine de la santé. Cette journée offrira donc l’opportunité d’une discussion entre histoire, médecine, pharmacie, anthropologie et philosophie.

Les conférences auront lieu au Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, établissement de recherche historique où virent le jour les premiers travaux sur les champignons à psilocybine, dès 1953, avec les investigations de Roger Heim. La journée d’étude Études psychédéliques : approche historique de la construction d’un champ disciplinaire constitue la première d’une série de rencontres sur la thématique, organisées par un groupe de chercheurs d’affiliations académiques diverses, réunis en association, pour promouvoir les études psychédéliques.


Programme

Matinée :

• Introduction, par Sara Velimirovic (SSDP) et Vincent Verroust (CAK, IHM)

• “Une science est née”. Roger Heim et la découverte des champignons divinatoires du Mexique
Vincent Verroust (CAK, IHM) :

o À partir de l’étude historique de la découverte des champignons divinatoires du Mexique par le Professeur Roger Heim du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, suite à sa collaboration avec les époux Wasson, un couple d’ethnologues extra-académiques états-uniens, nous verrons comment un dialogue pionnier et fécond s’établit entre des disciplines jusque là disjointes telles que : la mycologie, l’ethnologie, la biologie culturale, la psychiatrie, l’archéologie l’histoire de l’art et même la parapsychologie. Nous verrons aussi comment la découverte des champignons divinatoires peut être analysée comme la rencontre de savoirs et savoir-faire scientifiques avec ceux des amérindiens mazatèques. À partir des écrits de Roger Heim, notamment de sa correspondance, nous pourrons examiner comment fut domestiqué un type d'expérience psychique alors jusque là quasiment inconnu de la science et quelles ont été les conséquences de cette rencontre sur l’intellection d’un savant.

• Les programmes expérimentaux impliquant l’usage de psychédéliques avec des artistes dans les années 1950 et 1960
Élise Grandgeorge (HAR) :

o Au cours des années 1950-1960 plusieurs protocoles expérimentaux de substances psychédéliques (LSD et psilocybine principalement) en psychiatrie et en psychologie ont intégré dans leur cadre des artistes. Des expérimentations quantitatives et qualitatives sont menées. Dans certains cas, le questionnement qui motive l’expérimentation est celui d’un possible accroissement de la créativité provoqué par la substance ingérée. Dans d’autres cas, face au constat partagé de la difficulté de rendre compte par le moyen du langage de l’expérience psychédélique, le recours à l’artiste permet d’espérer une communication plus entière et subtile de l’expérience vécue. Dans ces mêmes années, hors du cadre du laboratoire certains artistes ont souhaité transmettre au plus près l’expérience psychédélique. Allant au delà des productions linguistiques et visuelles, un art psychédélique émerge alors, qui au recours de la technologie et par l’intermédiaire de la machine, propose au spectateur de vivre une expérience pensée comme étant comparable, si ce n’est identique, à celle des hallucinogènes. Proches du biofeedback training, conceptualisé dans le champ scientifique dans les années 1970, ces œuvres souhaitent modifier très directement l’état de conscience de celui qui l’expérimente.

• Psychédéliques, créativité et flexibilité cognitive
Martin Fortier (IJN, Stanford University) :

o Dans les années 1960 et 1970, lorsque la recherche sur les psychédéliques battait son plein, de nombreuses expériences furent menées afin d’explorer le potentiel créatif de ces substances. En raison de leur manque de rigueur méthodologique, ces travaux furent toutefois peu concluants. Je me propose ici d’explorer à nouveaux frais la question des psychédéliques et de la créativité. Je me reposerai pour ce faire non seulement sur des travaux classiques, mais également et avant tout sur série d’études récemment parues. Je poserai dans un premier temps quelques distinctions conceptuelles importantes tirées des modèles bayésiens de la cognition (par ex. la différence entre la créativité procédant d’un affaiblissement des hypothèses a priori et celle procédant d’un élargissement de l’espace d’hypothèses). Ces clarifications faites, j’évaluerai le potentiel créatif des psychédéliques en les comparant à d’autres substances psychoactives (comme la kétamine et les agents antimuscariniques) ainsi qu’à la cognition éminemment flexible des jeunes enfants. Je me demanderai par ailleurs si la flexibilité introduite par les psychédéliques opère aussi bien dans le domaine de la cognition que dans celui de la perception.

• Projection du film Entrée libre - champignons et hallucinations, émission de télévision produite en 1966 par l’ORTF et réalisée par Jean Lallier (30’43’’)

o Consacrée à la prise de champignons hallucinogènes, traitée sous l'angle historique, ethnologique mais aussi clinique et thérapeutique, l’émission alterne des extraits commentés du film Les champignons hallucinogènes du Mexique, réalisé par Pierre Thevenard en 1963, et un entretien avec le professeur Roger Heim du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle. Elle constitue un document précieux sur les investigations interdisciplinaires sur l’expérience psychédélique en France.

• Table ronde de la matinée, présidée par Claude Blanckaert, historien des sciences (CAK, CNRS). Discutants :
o Jelena Martinovic, chercheure post-doctorante en histoire de la médecine et de la santé publique (IAS, UCL, IHM)
o Pascal Rousseau, professeur d’histoire de l’art (UP1PS, HiCSA)
o Éléonore Willot, chercheure en art et esthétique (UB, CGC)

Après-midi :

• Substances psychédéliques au quotidien : une histoire sociale de la “bonne dose” de 1943 à aujourd'hui
Vittorio Biancardi (CRH) :

o Mon propos consiste en une analyse en deux temps d'une pratique qui apparaît aujourd'hui de plus en plus répandue au sein de la communauté des consommateurs de substances psychoactives : la consommation de substances psychédéliques à doses perçues comme subliminales (sub-threshold ou sub-perceptual doses) ou presque. Premièrement, je présenterai une histoire de l'usage de drogues psychédéliques à faible dose de 1943 jusqu'à présent, en particulier à partir des groupes de la contre-culture italienne dans la période 1960-1980. Dans un deuxième temps, je présenterai les premiers résultats d’une enquête fondée sur des entretiens avec des usagers, l’analyse de forums et de questionnaires en ligne, afin de cartographier l'utilisation contemporaine des psychédéliques à faible dose. Il s’agira de définir une pratique en progression et qui pourrait, par hypothèse, constituer une modalité d'utilisation thérapeutique nouvelle.

• La morphinophobie comme modèle des savoirs naïfs empêchant l'utilisation médicale des psychédéliques
Zoë Dubus (UMR Telemme)

o La prise en charge de la douleur par la morphine a mis presque deux siècles à s’installer dans les pratiques médicales en France . Le développement de son usage dans la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle aurait pu laisser croire que l’analgésie deviendrait courante au XXe siècle. En réalité, la peur de la morphinomanie, qui apparait dans les années 1870 et la loi de 1916 l’assimilant à un stupéfiant, provoquèrent une telle méfiance des professionnels de santé que ces problématiques ne refirent réellement surface qu’aux alentours des années 1990. La morphinophobie, idée selon laquelle la morphine serait une substance trop dangereuse pour être utilisée, pèsera lourdement sur la pratique médicale française. Sa réhabilitation nous permet d’utiliser la morphine comme substance « type » caractérisant le traitement réservé aux autres psychotropes en médecine. La communication visera donc à montrer, à travers le cas de la morphine, comment la pratique médicale peut être durablement influencée par des croyances liées à des savoirs naïfs sur les psychédéliques dont l’utilité thérapeutique est pourtant désormais reconnue.

• Mechanisms of action and therapeutic potential of psychedelic drugs
Robin Carhart-Harris (Centre for Neuropsychopharmacology, Imperial College of London) :

o Première conférence en France de Robin Carhart-Harris, neuropsychopharmacologue administrant de la psilocybine à des patients et des volontaires dans le cadre de ses recherches biomédicales. L’imagerie par résonance magnétique fonctionnelle a permis des avancées significatives sur la compréhension de l’expérience psychédélique, dont il s’avère qu’elle possède des propriétés thérapeutiques sous certaines conditions qu’il convient de comprendre.

• Table ronde de l’après-midi, présidée par Bernard Bodo, Professeur de chimie des substances naturelles (MNHN). Discutants :
o Pierre Champy, Professeur de pharmacognosie (faculté de pharmacie de Châtenay-Malabry)
o Alessandro Stella, historien (CRH, CNRS)
o Christian Sueur, psychiatre (Centre hospitalier Le Vinatier)

lundi 16 avril 2018

Histoire de la Faculté de médecine de l'Université Laval

Histoire de la Faculté de médecine de l'Université Laval

Denis Goulet


Éditeur : Septentrion
Code Dimedia : 000175555
Format : Broché
Pages : 336
En librairie le 10 avril 2018
EAN : 9782894489468


Cet ouvrage abondamment illustré retrace la longue histoire de la première faculté de médecine francophone en Amérique du Nord. De ses débuts au centre-ville de Québec en 1851 à son déménagement à Sainte-Foy en 1957, cette faculté a subi de nombreuses transformations et s’est peu à peu déployée grâce à l’évolution des savoirs et des pratiques. Denis Goulet décrit les événements de sa fondation, présente les principaux acteurs qui ont présidé à son développement et expose les créations successives des départements, l’apparition des spécialités, les réformes pédagogiques novatrices et les services à la collectivité qu’elle a rendus à la population du Québec. L’auteur souligne aussi la contribution remarquable de la Faculté de médecine de l’Université Laval au développement de la recherche biomédicale au Québec à partir des années 1960.

Médecine, santé, société dans l'Occident médiéval

Médecine, santé, société (Occident médiéval, XIIe-XVe siècles)

Appel à candidatures

Contrat doctoral de l’Université d’Avignon
Ecole Doctorale 537 (Culture & Patrimoine)
2018-2021

Proposition de sujet du CIHAM-UMR 5648
Directeur de thèse : Madame Marilyn Nicoud
Adresse mail : marilyn.nicoud@univ-avignon.fr
Co-directeur (éventuel) : possibilité de co-tutelle et de co-direction
Date limite de dépôt des dossiers de candidatures : 21 mai 2018
Auditions : 4 juin 2018
Informations complémentaires : http://univ-avignon.fr/recherche/la-formation-doctorale/

Profil du candidat :
Le/la candidat(e) devra être titulaire d’un Master 2 (ou diplôme équivalent) en histoire médiévale. Il/elle devra faire montre de connaissances en latin et en paléographie, qui le/la rendent apte à travailler, le cas, échéant, sur des sources inédites.
Présentation du sujet :
Le contrat doctoral proposé par l’ED 537 est adossé à l’UMR 5658-CIHAM (CNRS, Université Lumière-Lyon 2, EHESS, UAPV, ENS de Lyon, Université Lyon 3) spécialisée en histoire, archéologie et littérature des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Il vise à promouvoir des recherches doctorales en histoire de la médecine et de la santé qui ont vocation à s’incrire dans l’axe 3 du laboratoire (« Construction et communication des savoirs au Moyen Age »), dans l’axe 4 (« Ecritures, livres, translations ») ou encore dans l’axe transversal (« Humanités numériques »).
Porté par les acquis récents de l’historiographie qui ont souligné le rôle des médecins et des savoirs médicaux dans de nombreuses dimensions de la vie des individus et des collectivités (aussi bien politiques, sociales, économiques que culturelles), le sujet proposé, volontairement large, laisse toute latitude au candidat/e de choisir son objet d’enquête et les sources qu’il envisage d’étudier.
Ces dernières peuvent être de nature variée : littérature médicale, écrits pragmatiques de diverses sortes (statuts de métiers, contrats notariés, correspondances, délibérations communales, documentation judiciaire…), mais aussi des sources issues d’autres domaines disciplinaires (droit, théologie).

Les objets d’études retenus peuvent concerner :
- l’analyse d’un milieu professionnel, curial, urbain, universitaire (à l’image de de la cour pontificale d’Avignon ou de la cité de Bologne par exemple)
- les rapports entre médecine et environnement (à travers par exemple l’essor d’un thermalisme médical ou l’évolution des facteurs « non naturels » dans le discours médical)
- des monographies d’auteurs ou des éditions d’ouvrages inédits (y compris sous format numérique)
- les formes du livre médical (manuscrit et/ou imprimé) et leur diffusion
- les rapports entre patients et médecins, à travers la prise en charge individuelle des malades ou des problèmes de santé publique
- la formation d’une éthique médicale dans la pensée médiévale.
En croisant divers types de sources et d’approches, il s’agit de mieux saisir le rôle des savoirs médicaux, des praticiens et des pratiques dans les sociétés occidentales de la fin du Moyen Age, la manière dont les besoins et les questions de santé modifient les discours savants, et de rendre compte de l’importance de la santé et de la maladie sur le devenir des individus et des collectivités.

Bibliographie succincte :
J. Chandelier, Avicenne et la médecine en Italie. Le Canon dans les universités (1200-1350),
Paris, 2017
Etre médecin à la cour (France, Italie, Espagne, XIIIe- XVIIIe siècle), éd. E. Andretta, M. Nicoud,
Florence, 2013
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D. Jacquart, F. Micheau, La médecine arabe et l’Occident médiéval, Paris, 1990
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Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death, éd. L. García-Ballester, R. French, J.
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French, J. Arrizabalaga, A. Cunningham, L. García Ballester, Aldershot, 1998

dimanche 15 avril 2018

Sociologie des transidentités

Sociologie des transidentités


Arnaud Alessandrin




Les figures trans sont partout. Dans les clips, la mode, les séries, les faits divers… Pourtant, cette visibilité ne s’accompagne pas toujours d’une plus grande acceptation. Tour à tour caricaturé, psychiatrisé, dans le meilleur des cas ignoré, dans le pire rejeté, le fait transidentitaire pose problème. A l’image de l’homosexualité, les peurs et les tabous demeurent.
C’est sur la base de ce constat que ce livre propose un bilan des savoirs sur « les » questions trans, en insistant sur les différents fronts, de l’espace médical à l’espace social, en passant par les arènes juridiques et scientifiques. Laissant de côté la question du « pourquoi » (« pourquoi est-on trans ? » ou « pourquoi le devient-on ? »), l’auteur s’intéresse à la question du « comment » et des logiques sociales à l’œuvre dans les controverses transidentitaires.


Sommaire

INTRODUCTION
Pour une sociologie des transidentités
Quelques pièges à éviter

HISTOIRE DU « TRANSSEXUALISME » EN FRANCE
Avant le « transsexualisme »
Anachronismes conceptuels
Travestissement et sexes intermédiaires
L’invention du « transsexualisme »
L’instant définitionnel
Les résistances de la psychanalyse
Institutionnalisation du « transsexualisme » en France
Casablanca et les premières opérations
Les protocoles français
La Société française d’étude et de prise en charge du transsexualisme

DÉCONSTRUCTION DU « TRANSSEXUALISME »
Controverses psychiatriques
Du « transsexualisme » à la « dysphorie de genre »
Redéfinitions psychiatriques récentes
Controverses dans le droit
En Europe : la CEDH contre la France
En France : la lente reconnaissance des transidentités
Déliaison des parcours
Mondialisation des parcours
Multiplication des parcours et des nominations
L’identité de genre et ses ramifications

LES MOUVEMENTS TRANS
Les premières associations
Explosion associative des années 2000
Mondialisation des mouvements trans
Manifestations trans

TRANSPHOBIE(S)
Définir la transphobie
Une approche juridique
Une approche sociologique
Panorama général de la situation en France
Santé trans et discriminations
École
L’épreuve scolaire
Prise en charge des mineurs trans entre famille, médecine et école
Travail
Emploi, précarité et discriminations
Transidentité et travail du sexe

TRANSIDENTITÉS ET REPRÉSENTATIONS
Au cinéma
Multiplication progressive des représentations
2011-2016 : cinq années cinématographiques trans
Invisibilité FtM
A la télévision
Maltraitance médiatique
Du dégout à l’autoreprésentation, explosion récente des modèles : l’exemple des séries
Visibilités trans : une arme à double tranchant

CONCLUSION : Questions actuelles autour des transidentités
Un nouvel horizon transféministe
Perspectives en trans studies

Cartographies de la souffrance et de la santé mentale en Amérique latine

Cartographies of Suffering and Mental Health in Latin America. A Century of the ‘Social Question’

Call for papers

International Workshop, London, 5th and 6th October 2018

Inequality, instability and vulnerability has shaped daily life in contemporary Latin America. In this context, discomfort and suffering have become more present for individuals. The ‘mental health’ field has thus become the political locus of new concerns and demands. The extended use of diagnostic categories such as depression, stress, anxiety, and addiction, as well as therapeutic and
medical techniques, have been used as conceptual, moral and political tools to understand and intervene complex social realities.
In the early 20th century, Latin America faced the emergence of a process that was named the ‘social question’. This expression was imported from industrialised countries in North America and Europe and it summarised the diverse challenges imposed by modernisation and urbanisation processes. The social question pointed to urban poverty, overcrowding, epidemics, and high rates of child mortality. The term also referred to a ‘moral crisis’ in Latin American societies, a decay in ethical principles. The social question was addressed by States through a set of policies directed to improve health and quality of life, while at the same time grass roots movements flourished.
One century later, the Latin American academic and political debate has returned to the term, pointing to the existence of a ‘new social question’. Despite the different approaches to this issue in the 20th and 21st century, current debate has continued to focus on the existence of a mismatch between economic and technological advances and the conditions of vulnerability and poverty experienced by the population. The new social question can be viewed in the emergence of a new dynamic of organisation in labour markets and the social support system, the transformation of social structure, the implementation of new economic models and the accelerated demographic and epidemiologic transition. Thus, the discussion about the new social question has led to a redefinition of the limits between social and sanitary issues.
The aim of the PLASMA Workshop #2 is to map these tensions and to study the boundaries between
social suffering and mental health from a historical, sociocultural and political perspective. The discussion around realities in Latin America will contribute to the development of a contemporary and integrated view on the region’s challenges in the field of mental health. This invitation is a continuation of PLASMA
Workshop #1: Mapping new voices: towards a Latin American perspective on global mental health, that took place in Paris in June 2017. At this meeting, the debate focused on the position and the role of Latin America and the social sciences in the development of the contemporary global mental health agenda.
On this occasion, we propose new questions:
• What are the historical and sociocultural roots of contemporary suffering in Latin America? What are the continuities and divergences between current issues and those of the early 20th century? What are the forms of discomfort and suffering in Latin America today?
• In what way are psychiatry and the field of mental health redirecting the social and political response to poverty, exclusion and suffering? How do the different languages and technologies of psychiatry and mental health redefine the imaginaries on the so called ‘new social question’?
• How do health institutions, user organisations, academia, and other public and private actors in the mental health interplay in current contexts in Latin America? What challenges does the so called ‘new social question’ pose to mental health-related institutions, actors and organisations?
Key Themes
(1) Historical and epistemological approaches to suffering and mental health in Latin America.
(2) Inequality, instability, vulnerability and mental health in Latin America.
(3) Social research methods on suffering and mental health in Latin America.
(4) Public and private institutions, social policies and mental health in Latin America.
‘Psy’, medical and ‘neuro’ knowledge and practices have transformed the vocabulary in public policy, redefining the questions about the subjective effects of poverty, inequality and vulnerability. Thus, a twofold challenge ensues the region: (1) thinking about new societal dynamics in terms of individual trajectories, resources and capacities and, (2) thinking about the field of intervention in mental health in relation to heterogeneous institutions and territories. 

Date: 5th and 6th October 2018 | Venue: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England.
Register: This event is free of charge and open to all who would like to attend.
Submission of proposals: Contributions from graduate students and early researchers are especially
welcomed. Those wishing to submit an abstract or express an interest in contributing please email
emailplasma@gmail.com. Abstracts should be written in English and have an extension of 500-600 words.
Abstracts should contain a brief and precise title of the work, the background of the study, the method used, a discussion of the findings and main conclusions. Additionally, abstracts must contain the names of the authors, their institutional affiliation and level of degree. Abstracts will be reviewed by a scientific committee and evaluated based in criteria of quality and pertinence. All contributions should be submitted before April 30th, 2018.
Abstract notifications: Corresponding authors will be notified by e-mail about the status of their submitted abstract due to June 10th, 2018.
· · ·
Keynote Speakers: Francisco Ortega (Universida de do Estado do Rio de Janeiro); Angela García (StanfordUniversity); David Orr (University of Sussex).
Special participation: Nikolas Rose (King’s College London)
Organizing Committee: Gabriel Abarca (King’s College London), Sofía Bowen (King’s College London), Elaine Flores (London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine), Álvaro Jiménez (Millennium Institute for Research inDepression and Personality, Chile), Cristián Montenegro (London School of Economics and Political Science), Claudio Maino (Université Paris Descartes), Felipe Szabzon (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris), Norha Vera (King’s College London).
To register and for further information about Plasma, please visit our Website:
https://blogplasma.wordpress.com/

samedi 14 avril 2018

Histoire de l'inflammation

La flamme salvatrice. "Il était une fois l'inflammation"


Jean-Marc Cavaillon


Editeur : Editions Docis (2017)
ISBN-10: 2855254043
ISBN-13: 978-2855254043


Dans cet ouvrage, l'auteur cherche à faire découvrir au lecteur la fascinante histoire de l'inflammation, sa beauté quand elle rime avec immunité et protection contre les infections, sa laideur quand elle rime avec maladies, voire avec mort. Au gré de ses recherches bibliographiques, l'auteur emmène le lecteur de l'âge des dinosaures aux découvertes les plus récentes du XXIe siècle. Il nous détaille les nombreux paramètres qui influencent la qualité de la réponse inflammatoire, le stress, le sexe, la vieillesse, le système nerveux... de l'effet placébo à l'effet nocébo. Il décrypte les étapes qui permirent de faire le lien entre miasmes, microbes et maladies infectieuses. Il évoque les luttes contre ces dernières, et salue les précurseurs de l'hygiène. Il s'incline devant la tombe du scientifique inconnu, rend hommage aux pionniers célèbres ou oubliés, aux savants qui déchiffrèrent les mécanismes de l'inflammation, à ceux qui proposèrent de nouvelles thérapies, ou mirent fin à des approches thérapeutiques millénaires inutiles telle que la saignée.

Contextes du changements technologiques en médecine


vendredi 13 avril 2018

La pensée de la race en Italie

La pensée de la race en Italie. Du romantisme au fascisme
Archives de l'imaginaire social n° 33

Aurélien ARAMINI et Elena BOVO (dir.)

Éditeur : Presses universitaires de Franche-Comté
avril 2018 -
278 pages - format : 16 x 24 cm
ISBN : 978-2-84867-621-0 
L’importance de la pensée italienne de la race a été longtemps sous-estimée. Cependant, en Italie autant qu’en France ou en Allemagne, nombre d’œuvres littéraires ou de discours scientifiques mobilisent le concept de race dans une perspective aussi bien théorique que politique. Des premières décennies du XIXe siècle à la période fasciste, trois moments – philologie romantique, anthropologie positiviste et idéologie fasciste – constituent les jalons d’une archéologie de la pensée italienne de la race dont l’étude révèle un usage spécifique qui engage non seulement le rapport que la Péninsule entretient avec l’autre mais aussi le rapport qu’elle entretient avec elle-même.

Médecine et philosophie naturelle

Collective Wisdom Workshop: Early modern English and German collecting networks and practice: medicine and natural philosophy

Call for Papers

8-9 June 2018
Leopoldina, German National Academy of Sciences, Halle

The shift from a purposefully and playfully disordered Kunstkammer to the well-ordered Enlightenment museum is known. What has yet to be explored fully is the process through which this transformation occurred. This two-day workshop will investigate the role of learned societies in that transformation between England and German-speaking lands, focusing on the relatively understudied period from the foundation of the Leopoldina as a medical association (1652) to the start of the Royal Society Presidency of Joseph Banks (1778). It will explore why it was that physicians seemed to have such a seminal role in collecting and connoisseurship in both regions. Did medics in the Leopoldina, the Society of Antiquaries in London and the Royal Society have similar collecting practices, strategies, and underlying reasons for collecting? What were their contributions to the creation of wonder cabinets and early museums, as well as their development of norms of connoisseurship and classification of knowledge?

Participants will engage with the archives of the Leopoldina and the Francke Foundation’s extant Kunst- und Naturalienkammer (art and natural history cabinet) in Halle, a rare survivor from the 17th century. The Kunst- und Naturalienkammer was assembled as a teaching tool for children in the Francke Orphanage and Hospital, where a hands-on, and playful curriculum using objects and instruments, the practice of crafts, and musical performance was prized. This workshop will thus be accompanied by a concert of baroque chamber music to raise public awareness of the work of the Francke Foundation, an instance of collecting for charity. The workshop is also being held during the Handel Festival in Halle.

Speakers include Julia Schmidt-Funke, Dominik Hunniger, Vera Keller, Fabian Krämer, Anna Maerker, Anna Marie Roos, and Kelly Whitmer.

This workshop is part of a very recent networking grant award from the AHRC: Collective Wisdom: Collecting in the Early Modern Academy. (PI: A.M. Roos, Co-I: Vera Keller).

Please send a 200-word abstract for a 20-minute paper and a CV to Anna Marie Roos (aroos@lincoln.ac.uk) by 8 May 2018. Early career researchers and established scholars are welcome.